31 U.S. Code § 3322 - Disbursing officials

(a) The Secretary of the Treasury shall transfer public money to a disbursing official only by draft or warrant written on the Treasury. Except as provided in section 3716 andsection 3720A of this title and subsection (b) of this section, a disbursing official shall—
(1) deposit public money as required by section 3302 of this title; and
(2) draw public money from the Treasury or a depositary only—
(A) as necessary to make payments; and
(B) payable to persons to whom payment is to be made.
(b) In a place without a depositary, the Secretary, on deciding it is essential to the public interest, may authorize specially in writing that public money be—
(1) deposited in any other public depositary; or
(2) kept in another manner under regulations the Secretary decides are the safest and most effective in making a payment to a public creditor easier.
(c) A disbursing official is not liable for an overpayment provided under a United States Government bill of lading or transportation request when the overpayment is caused by the—
(1) use of improper transportation rates or classifications if the Administrator of General Services has determined that verification by a prepayment audit conducted pursuant to section 3726 (a) of this title for a particular mode or modes of transportation, or for an agency or subagency, will not adequately protect the interests of the Government; or
(2) failure to deduct the proper amount under—
(A) a land grant law; or
(B) an equalization or other agreement.

Source

(Pub. L. 97–258, Sept. 13, 1982, 96 Stat. 950; Pub. L. 98–216, § 1(3),Feb. 14, 1984, 98 Stat. 3; Pub. L. 104–134, title III, § 31001(g)(1)(A),Apr. 26, 1996, 110 Stat. 1321–363; Pub. L. 105–264, § 3(a)(1),Oct. 19, 1998, 112 Stat. 2352.)

Historical and Revision Notes 1982 Act
Revised Section Source (U.S. Code) Source (Statutes at Large)
3322(a) 31:492(a). R.S. § 3620(a); Feb. 27, 1877, ch. 69(7th complete par. on p. 249), 19 Stat. 249; Aug. 28, 1965, Pub. L. 89–145, § 1(1), 79 Stat. 582.
3322(b) 31:82g(related to disbursing officers). June 1, 1942, ch. 320(related to disbursing officers), 56 Stat. 306.

In the section, the words “disbursing official” are substituted for “disbursing officer” for consistency in the revised title.
In subsection (a), before clause (1), the words “Secretary of the Treasury” are substituted for “Treasurer of the United States” because of the source provisions restated in section 321(c) of the revised title. The words “or an assistant treasurer of the United States” in section 3620(a) of the Revised Statutes are omitted as obsolete because of the 1st–4th pars. under the heading “Independent Treasury” in the Act of May 29, 1920 (ch. 214, 41 Stat. 654). In clause (1), the words “as required by section 3302 of this title” are substituted for “with the Treasurer or some one of the assistant treasurers of the United States (subsequently changed to ‘or with one of the depositaries of the United States mentioned in section 476 of this title’)” because of 31:476. In clause (2), the words “in pursuance of law” are omitted as surplus. The text of 31:492(a)(last sentence) is omitted because of section 3323(a) of the revised title.
In subsection (b), before clause (1), the words “On and after June 1, 1942” are omitted as executed. The words “of the United States” are omitted as unnecessary. The words “for transportation” are omitted as surplus.
1984 Act
This is necessary because section 3620(a) (last sentence) of the Revised Statutes inadvertently was omitted from the codification of title 31 by section 1 of the Act of September 13, 1982 (Pub. L. 97–258, 96 Stat. 877).
In subsection (a), before clause (1), the words “Except as provided in subsection (b) of this section” are added because of the restatement.
In subsection (b), before clause (1), the word “however” is omitted as surplus. The words “treasurer or” are omitted as obsolete because of the 1st–4th pars. under the heading “Independent Treasury” in the Act of May 29, 1920 (ch. 214, 41 Stat. 654). In clause (2), the words “rules and” are omitted as surplus.
Amendments

1998—Subsec. (c)(1). Pub. L. 105–264inserted “if the Administrator of General Services has determined that verification by a prepayment audit conducted pursuant to section 3726 (a) of this title for a particular mode or modes of transportation, or for an agency or subagency, will not adequately protect the interests of the Government” after “classifications”.
1996—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 104–134inserted “section 3716 andsection 3720A of this title and” after “Except as provided in” in introductory provisions.
1984—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 98–216amended subsec. (a) generally, substituting “Except as provided in subsection (b) of this section, a” for “A” in second sentence.
Subsecs. (b), (c). Pub. L. 98–216added subsec. (b) and redesignated former subsec. (b) as (c).
Effective Date of 1998 Amendment

Pub. L. 105–264, § 3(b),Oct. 19, 1998, 112 Stat. 2354, provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending this section and sections 3528 and 3726 of this title] shall become effective 18 months after the date of the enactment of this Act [Oct. 19, 1998].”
Effective Date of 1996 Amendment

Pub. L. 104–134, title III, § 31001(a)(2)(A),Apr. 26, 1996, 110 Stat. 1321–358, provided that: “The provisions of this section [enacting sections 3720B to 3720E of this title, amending this section, sections 3325, 3331, 3332, 3343, 3701, 3711, 3712, 3716 to 3719, 3720A, and 7701 of this title, section 5514 of Title 5, Government Organization and Employees, sections 6050P, 6103, and 6402 of Title 26, Internal Revenue Code, and sections 404 and 664 of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare, enacting provisions set out as notes under sections 3701, 3711, 3716, and 3719 of this title and section 2461 of Title 28, Judiciary and Judicial Procedure, amending provisions set out as notes under section 7701 of this title and section 2461 of Title 28, and repealing provisions set out as notes under section 3718 of this title] and the amendments made by this section shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act [Apr. 26, 1996].”
Effective Date of 1984 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 98–216effective Sept. 13, 1982, see section 4(c) ofPub. L. 98–216, set out as a note under section 490 of Title 18, Crimes and Criminal Procedure.

The table below lists the classification updates, since Jan. 3, 2012, for this section. Updates to a broader range of sections may be found at the update page for containing chapter, title, etc.

The most recent Classification Table update that we have noticed was Tuesday, August 13, 2013

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31 USCDescription of ChangeSession YearPublic LawStatutes at Large

 

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