32 U.S. Code § 303 - Active and inactive enlistments and transfers

(a) Under regulations to be prescribed by the Secretary of the Army, a person qualified for enlistment in the active Army National Guard may be enlisted in the inactive Army National Guard for a single term of one or three years. Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of the Air Force, a person qualified for enlistment in the active Air National Guard may be enlisted in the inactive Air National Guard for a single term of one or three years.
(b) Under such regulations as the Secretary of the Army may prescribe, an enlisted member of the active Army National Guard, not formerly enlisted in the inactive Army National Guard, may be transferred to the inactive Army National Guard. Under such regulations as the Secretary of the Air Force may prescribe, an enlisted member of the active Air National Guard, not formerly enlisted in the inactive Air National Guard, may be transferred to the inactive Air National Guard. Under such regulations as the Secretary concerned may prescribe, a person enlisted in or transferred to the inactive Army National Guard or the inactive Air National Guard may be transferred to the active Army National Guard or the active Air National Guard, as the case may be.
(c) In time of peace, no enlisted member may be required to serve for a period longer than that for which he enlisted in the active or inactive National Guard.

Source

(Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 601; Pub. L. 87–649, § 14e(1),Sept. 7, 1962, 76 Stat. 502; Pub. L. 96–513, title V, § 515(2),Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2937.)

Historical and Revision Notes
Revised section Source (U.S. Code) Source (Statutes at Large)
303(a)
303(b)
303(c)
303(d) 32:132.
32:133 (less proviso).
32:154 (1st 26 words of last par.).
32:133 (proviso). June 3, 1916, ch. 134, § 78 (1st and 2d sentences); restated June 4, 1920, ch. 227, subch. I, § 42 (less provisos); restated Feb. 28, 1925, ch. 371, § 2 (1st and 2d sentences); restated June 15, 1933, ch. 87, § 15 (1st and 2d sentences), 48 Stat. 159; July 9, 1952, ch. 608, § 806(f), 66 Stat. 507.
June 3, 1916, ch. 134, § 110 (1st 30 words of last par.); restated Sept. 22, 1922, ch. 423, § 6 (1st 30 words of last par.); restated May 12, 1928, ch. 529 (1st 30 words), 45 Stat. 500.

In subsection (a), 32:132 (last 23 words) is omitted as covered by section 304 of this title.
In subsection (b), the words “Under such regulations as the Secretary may prescribe” are substituted for the word “likewise”.
In subsection (c), the words “in the inactive * * * National Guard” are substituted for the words “not on the active list”, since there is no active list prescribed for the National Guard.
In subsection (d), the words “under any enlistment” are omitted as surplusage.
Amendments

1980—Subsecs. (c), (d). Pub. L. 96–513redesignated subsec. (d) as (c).
1962—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 87–649repealed subsec. (c) which provided that a person enlisted in inactive Army National Guard or inactive Air National Guard is not entitled to pay under section 301 of title 37.
Effective Date of 1980 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 96–513effective Dec. 12, 1980, see section 701(b)(3) ofPub. L. 96–513, set out as a note under section 101 of Title 10, Armed Forces.
Effective Date of 1962 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 87–649effective Nov. 1, 1962, see section 15 ofPub. L. 87–649, set out as an Effective Date note preceding section 101 of Title 37, Pay and Allowances of the Uniformed Services.

 

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