33 U.S. Code § 1317 - Toxic and pretreatment effluent standards

(a) Toxic pollutant list; revision; hearing; promulgation of standards; effective date; consultation
(1) On and after December 27, 1977, the list of toxic pollutants or combination of pollutants subject to this chapter shall consist of those toxic pollutants listed in table 1 of Committee Print Numbered 95–30 of the Committee on Public Works and Transportation of the House of Representatives, and the Administrator shall publish, not later than the thirtieth day after December 27, 1977, that list. From time to time thereafter, the Administrator may revise such list and the Administrator is authorized to add to or remove from such list any pollutant. The Administrator in publishing any revised list, including the addition or removal of any pollutant from such list, shall take into account toxicity of the pollutant, its persistence, degradability, the usual or potential presence of the affected organisms in any waters, the importance of the affected organisms, and the nature and extent of the effect of the toxic pollutant on such organisms. A determination of the Administrator under this paragraph shall be final except that if, on judicial review, such determination was based on arbitrary and capricious action of the Administrator, the Administrator shall make a redetermination.
(2) Each toxic pollutant listed in accordance with paragraph (1) of this subsection shall be subject to effluent limitations resulting from the application of the best available technology economically achievable for the applicable category or class of point sources established in accordance with sections 1311 (b)(2)(A) and 1314 (b)(2) of this title. The Administrator, in his discretion, may publish in the Federal Register a proposed effluent standard (which may include a prohibition) establishing requirements for a toxic pollutant which, if an effluent limitation is applicable to a class or category of point sources, shall be applicable to such category or class only if such standard imposes more stringent requirements. Such published effluent standard (or prohibition) shall take into account the toxicity of the pollutant, its persistence, degradability, the usual or potential presence of the affected organisms in any waters, the importance of the affected organisms and the nature and extent of the effect of the toxic pollutant on such organisms, and the extent to which effective control is being or may be achieved under other regulatory authority. The Administrator shall allow a period of not less than sixty days following publication of any such proposed effluent standard (or prohibition) for written comment by interested persons on such proposed standard. In addition, if within thirty days of publication of any such proposed effluent standard (or prohibition) any interested person so requests, the Administrator shall hold a public hearing in connection therewith. Such a public hearing shall provide an opportunity for oral and written presentations, such cross-examination as the Administrator determines is appropriate on disputed issues of material fact, and the transcription of a verbatim record which shall be available to the public. After consideration of such comments and any information and material presented at any public hearing held on such proposed standard or prohibition, the Administrator shall promulgate such standard (or prohibition) with such modification as the Administrator finds are justified. Such promulgation by the Administrator shall be made within two hundred and seventy days after publication of proposed standard (or prohibition). Such standard (or prohibition) shall be final except that if, on judicial review, such standard was not based on substantial evidence, the Administrator shall promulgate a revised standard. Effluent limitations shall be established in accordance with sections 1311 (b)(2)(A) and 1314 (b)(2) of this title for every toxic pollutant referred to in table 1 of Committee Print Numbered 95–30 of the Committee on Public Works and Transportation of the House of Representatives as soon as practicable after December 27, 1977, but no later than July 1, 1980. Such effluent limitations or effluent standards (or prohibitions) shall be established for every other toxic pollutant listed under paragraph (1) of this subsection as soon as practicable after it is so listed.
(3) Each such effluent standard (or prohibition) shall be reviewed and, if appropriate, revised at least every three years.
(4) Any effluent standard promulgated under this section shall be at that level which the Administrator determines provides an ample margin of safety.
(5) When proposing or promulgating any effluent standard (or prohibition) under this section, the Administrator shall designate the category or categories of sources to which the effluent standard (or prohibition) shall apply. Any disposal of dredged material may be included in such a category of sources after consultation with the Secretary of the Army.
(6) Any effluent standard (or prohibition) established pursuant to this section shall take effect on such date or dates as specified in the order promulgating such standard, but in no case, more than one year from the date of such promulgation. If the Administrator determines that compliance within one year from the date of promulgation is technologically infeasible for a category of sources, the Administrator may establish the effective date of the effluent standard (or prohibition) for such category at the earliest date upon which compliance can be feasibly attained by sources within such category, but in no event more than three years after the date of such promulgation.
(7) Prior to publishing any regulations pursuant to this section the Administrator shall, to the maximum extent practicable within the time provided, consult with appropriate advisory committees, States, independent experts, and Federal departments and agencies.
(b) Pretreatment standards; hearing; promulgation; compliance period; revision; application to State and local laws
(1) The Administrator shall, within one hundred and eighty days after October 18, 1972, and from time to time thereafter, publish proposed regulations establishing pretreatment standards for introduction of pollutants into treatment works (as defined in section 1292 of this title) which are publicly owned for those pollutants which are determined not to be susceptible to treatment by such treatment works or which would interfere with the operation of such treatment works. Not later than ninety days after such publication, and after opportunity for public hearing, the Administrator shall promulgate such pretreatment standards. Pretreatment standards under this subsection shall specify a time for compliance not to exceed three years from the date of promulgation and shall be established to prevent the discharge of any pollutant through treatment works (as defined in section 1292 of this title) which are publicly owned, which pollutant interferes with, passes through, or otherwise is incompatible with such works. If, in the case of any toxic pollutant under subsection (a) of this section introduced by a source into a publicly owned treatment works, the treatment by such works removes all or any part of such toxic pollutant and the discharge from such works does not violate that effluent limitation or standard which would be applicable to such toxic pollutant if it were discharged by such source other than through a publicly owned treatment works, and does not prevent sludge use or disposal by such works in accordance with section 1345 of this title, then the pretreatment requirements for the sources actually discharging such toxic pollutant into such publicly owned treatment works may be revised by the owner or operator of such works to reflect the removal of such toxic pollutant by such works.
(2) The Administrator shall, from time to time, as control technology, processes, operating methods, or other alternatives change, revise such standards following the procedure established by this subsection for promulgation of such standards.
(3) When proposing or promulgating any pretreatment standard under this section, the Administrator shall designate the category or categories of sources to which such standard shall apply.
(4) Nothing in this subsection shall affect any pretreatment requirement established by any State or local law not in conflict with any pretreatment standard established under this subsection.
(c) New sources of pollutants into publicly owned treatment works
In order to insure that any source introducing pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works, which source would be a new source subject to section 1316 of this title if it were to discharge pollutants, will not cause a violation of the effluent limitations established for any such treatment works, the Administrator shall promulgate pretreatment standards for the category of such sources simultaneously with the promulgation of standards of performance under section 1316 of this title for the equivalent category of new sources. Such pretreatment standards shall prevent the discharge of any pollutant into such treatment works, which pollutant may interfere with, pass through, or otherwise be incompatible with such works.
(d) Operation in violation of standards unlawful
After the effective date of any effluent standard or prohibition or pretreatment standard promulgated under this section, it shall be unlawful for any owner or operator of any source to operate any source in violation of any such effluent standard or prohibition or pretreatment standard.
(e) Compliance date extension for innovative pretreatment systems
In the case of any existing facility that proposes to comply with the pretreatment standards of subsection (b) of this section by applying an innovative system that meets the requirements of section 1311 (k) of this title, the owner or operator of the publicly owned treatment works receiving the treated effluent from such facility may extend the date for compliance with the applicable pretreatment standard established under this section for a period not to exceed 2 years—
(1) if the Administrator determines that the innovative system has the potential for industrywide application, and
(2) if the Administrator (or the State in consultation with the Administrator, in any case in which the State has a pretreatment program approved by the Administrator)—
(A) determines that the proposed extension will not cause the publicly owned treatment works to be in violation of its permit under section 1342 of this title or of section 1345 of this title or to contribute to such a violation, and
(B) concurs with the proposed extension.

Source

(June 30, 1948, ch. 758, title III, § 307, as added Pub. L. 92–500, § 2,Oct. 18, 1972, 86 Stat. 856; amended Pub. L. 95–217, §§ 53(a), (b), 54 (a),Dec. 27, 1977, 91 Stat. 1589–1591; Pub. L. 100–4, title III, § 309(a),Feb. 4, 1987, 101 Stat. 41.)
Amendments

1987—Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 100–4added subsec. (e).
1977—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 95–217, § 53(a), substituted “On and after December 27, 1977, the list of toxic pollutants or combination of pollutants subject to this chapter shall consist of those toxic pollutants listed in table 1 of Committee Print Numbered 95–30 of the Committee on Public Works and Transportation of the House of Representatives, and the Administrator shall publish, not later than the thirtieth day after December 27, 1977, that list” for “The Administrator shall, within ninety days after October 18, 1972, publish (and from time to time thereafter revise) a list which includes any toxic pollutant or combination of such pollutants for which an effluent standard (which may include a prohibition of the discharge of such pollutants or combination of such pollutants) will be established under this section” and inserted provision for the revision of the list and for the finality of the Administrator’s determination except when that determination is arbitrary and capricious.
Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 95–217, § 53(a), expanded provisions covering effluent limitations and the establishment of effluent standards (or prohibitions), introduced provisions relating to the application of the best available technology economically achievable for the applicable category or class of point sources established in accordance with sections 1311 (b)(2)(A) and 1314 (b)(2) of this title, inserted provision that published effluent standards take into account the extent to which effective control is being or may be achieved under other regulatory authority, inserted provision for a sixty day minimum period following publication of proposed effluent standards for written comment, substituted two hundred and seventy days for six months as the period following publication of proposed standards during which period standards (or prohibitions) must be promulgated, and inserted provision for the finality of effluent limitations (or prohibitions) except if, on judicial review, the standard was not based on substantial evidence.
Subsec. (a)(3). Pub. L. 95–217, § 53(a), struck out provision for the immediate promulgation of revised effluent standards (or prohibitions) for pollutants or combinations of pollutants if, after public hearings, the Administrator found that a modification of such proposed standards (or prohibitions) was justified. See subsec. (a)(2) of this section.
Subsec. (a)(6). Pub. L. 95–217, § 53(b), inserted provision that if the Administrator determines that compliance with effluent standards (or prohibitions) within one year from the date of promulgation is technologically infeasible for a category of sources, the Administrator may establish the effective date of the effluent standard (or prohibition) for that category at the earliest date upon which compliance can be feasibly attained by sources within such category, but in no event more than three years after the date of such promulgation.
Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 95–217, § 54(a), inserted provision that if, in the case of any toxic pollutant under subsection (a) of this section introduced by a source into a publicly owned treatment works, the treatment by the works removes all or any part of the toxic pollutant and the discharge from the works does not violate that effluent limitation or standard which would be applicable to the toxic pollutant if it were discharged by the source other than through a publicly owned treatment works, and does not prevent sludge use or disposal by the works in accordance with section 1345 of this title, then the pretreatment requirements for the sources actually discharging the toxic pollutant into the publicly owned treatment works may be revised by the owner or operator of the works to reflect the removal of the toxic pollutant by the works.
Change of Name

Committee on Public Works and Transportation of House of Representatives treated as referring to Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of House of Representatives by section 1(a) ofPub. L. 104–14, set out as a note preceding section 21 of Title 2, The Congress.
Increase in EPA Employees

Pub. L. 100–4, title III, § 309(b),Feb. 4, 1987, 101 Stat. 41, provided that: “The Administrator shall take such actions as may be necessary to increase the number of employees of the Environmental Protection Agency in order to effectively implement pretreatment requirements under section 307 of the Federal Water Pollution Control Act [33 U.S.C. 1317].”

This is a list of parts within the Code of Federal Regulations for which this US Code section provides rulemaking authority.

This list is taken from the Parallel Table of Authorities and Rules provided by GPO [Government Printing Office].

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40 CFR - Protection of Environment

40 CFR Part 3 - CROSS-MEDIA ELECTRONIC REPORTING

40 CFR Part 128

40 CFR Part 401 - GENERAL PROVISIONS

40 CFR Part 405 - DAIRY PRODUCTS PROCESSING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY

40 CFR Part 406 - GRAIN MILLS POINT SOURCE CATEGORY

40 CFR Part 407 - CANNED AND PRESERVED FRUITS AND VEGETABLES PROCESSING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY

40 CFR Part 408 - CANNED AND PRESERVED SEAFOOD PROCESSING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY

40 CFR Part 409 - SUGAR PROCESSING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY

40 CFR Part 410 - TEXTILE MILLS POINT SOURCE CATEGORY

40 CFR Part 411 - CEMENT MANUFACTURING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY

40 CFR Part 412 - CONCENTRATED ANIMAL FEEDING OPERATIONS (CAFO) POINT SOURCE CATEGORY

40 CFR Part 413 - ELECTROPLATING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY

40 CFR Part 414 - ORGANIC CHEMICALS, PLASTICS, AND SYNTHETIC FIBERS

40 CFR Part 415 - INORGANIC CHEMICALS MANUFACTURING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY

40 CFR Part 417 - SOAP AND DETERGENT MANUFACTURING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY

40 CFR Part 418 - FERTILIZER MANUFACTURING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY

40 CFR Part 419 - PETROLEUM REFINING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY

40 CFR Part 420 - IRON AND STEEL MANUFACTURING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY

40 CFR Part 421 - NONFERROUS METALS MANUFACTURING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY

40 CFR Part 422 - PHOSPHATE MANUFACTURING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY

40 CFR Part 423 - STEAM ELECTRIC POWER GENERATING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY

40 CFR Part 424 - FERROALLOY MANUFACTURING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY

40 CFR Part 425 - LEATHER TANNING AND FINISHING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY

40 CFR Part 426 - GLASS MANUFACTURING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY

40 CFR Part 427 - ASBESTOS MANUFACTURING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY

40 CFR Part 428 - RUBBER MANUFACTURING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY

40 CFR Part 429 - TIMBER PRODUCTS PROCESSING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY

40 CFR Part 430 - THE PULP, PAPER, AND PAPERBOARD POINT SOURCE CATEGORY

40 CFR Part 432 - MEAT AND POULTRY PRODUCTS POINT SOURCE CATEGORY

40 CFR Part 433 - METAL FINISHING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY

40 CFR Part 434 - COAL MINING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY BPT, BAT, BCT LIMITATIONS AND NEW SOURCE PERFORMANCE STANDARDS

40 CFR Part 435 - OIL AND GAS EXTRACTION POINT SOURCE CATEGORY

40 CFR Part 437 - THE CENTRALIZED WASTE TREATMENT POINT SOURCE CATEGORY

40 CFR Part 438 - METAL PRODUCTS AND MACHINERY POINT SOURCE CATEGORY

40 CFR Part 439 - PHARMACEUTICAL MANUFACTURING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY

40 CFR Part 440 - ORE MINING AND DRESSING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY

40 CFR Part 442 - TRANSPORTATION EQUIPMENT CLEANING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY

40 CFR Part 443 - EFFLUENT LIMITATIONS GUIDELINES FOR EXISTING SOURCES AND STANDARDS OF PERFORMANCE AND PRETREATMENT STANDARDS FOR NEW SOURCES FOR THE PAVING AND ROOFING MATERIALS (TARS AND ASPHALT) POINT SOURCE CATEGORY

40 CFR Part 444 - WASTE COMBUSTORS POINT SOURCE CATEGORY

40 CFR Part 445 - LANDFILLS POINT SOURCE CATEGORY

40 CFR Part 446 - PAINT FORMULATING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY

40 CFR Part 447 - INK FORMULATING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY

40 CFR Part 454 - GUM AND WOOD CHEMICALS MANUFACTURING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY

40 CFR Part 455 - PESTICIDE CHEMICALS

40 CFR Part 457 - EXPLOSIVES MANUFACTURING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY

40 CFR Part 458 - CARBON BLACK MANUFACTURING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY

40 CFR Part 460 - HOSPITAL POINT SOURCE CATEGORY

40 CFR Part 461 - BATTERY MANUFACTURING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY

40 CFR Part 463 - PLASTICS MOLDING AND FORMING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY

40 CFR Part 464 - METAL MOLDING AND CASTING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY

40 CFR Part 465 - COIL COATING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY

40 CFR Part 466 - PORCELAIN ENAMELING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY

40 CFR Part 467 - ALUMINUM FORMING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY

40 CFR Part 468 - COPPER FORMING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY

40 CFR Part 469 - ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONIC COMPONENTS POINT SOURCE CATEGORY

 

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