For sediment obtained through the construction, operation, or maintenance of an authorized Federal water resources project, the Secretary shall develop, at Federal expense, regional sediment management plans and carry out projects at locations identified in plans developed under this section, or identified jointly by the non-Federal interest and the Secretary, for use in the construction, repair, modification, or rehabilitation of projects associated with Federal water resources projects for purposes listed in paragraph (3).
The Secretary shall develop plans under this subsection in cooperation with the appropriate Federal, State, regional, and local agencies.
(3) Purposes for sediment use in projects
The purposes of using sediment for the construction, repair, modification, or rehabilitation of Federal water resources projects are—
(A)to reduce storm damage to property;
(B)to protect, restore, and create aquatic and ecologically related habitats, including wetlands; and
(C)to transport and place suitable sediment.
(b) Secretarial findings
Subject to subsection (c), projects carried out under subsection (a) may be carried out in any case in which the Secretary finds that—
(1)the environmental, economic, and social benefits of the project, both monetary and nonmonetary, justify the cost of the project; and
(2)the project will not result in environmental degradation.
(c) Determination of project costs
(1) Costs of construction
(A) In general
Costs associated with construction of a project under this section or identified in a regional sediment management plan shall be limited solely to construction costs that are in excess of the costs necessary to carry out the dredging for construction, operation, or maintenance of an authorized Federal water resources project in the most cost-effective way, consistent with economic, engineering, and environmental criteria.
(B) Cost sharing
Except as provided in clause (ii), the non-Federal share of the construction cost of a project under this section shall be determined as provided in subsections (a) through (d) ofsection
2213 of this title.
Construction of a project under this section for one or more of the purposes of protection, restoration, or creation of aquatic and ecologically related habitat, the cost of which does not exceed $750,000 and which is located in a disadvantaged community as determined by the Secretary, may be carried out at Federal expense.
(C) Total cost
The total Federal costs associated with construction of a project under this section may not exceed $5,000,000.
(2) Operation, maintenance, replacement, and rehabilitation costs
Operation, maintenance, replacement, and rehabilitation costs associated with a project under this section are the responsibility of the non-Federal interest.
(d) Selection of dredged material disposal method for environmental purposes
(1) In general
In developing and carrying out a Federal water resources project involving the disposal of dredged material, the Secretary may select, with the consent of the non-Federal interest, a disposal method that is not the least cost option if the Secretary determines that the incremental costs of the disposal method are reasonable in relation to the environmental benefits, including the benefits to the aquatic environment to be derived from the creation of wetlands and control of shoreline erosion.
(2) Federal share
The Federal share of such incremental costs shall be determined in accordance with subsection (c).
(e) State and regional plans
The Secretary may—
(1)cooperate with any State in the preparation of a comprehensive State or regional sediment management plan within the boundaries of the State;
(2)encourage State participation in the implementation of the plan; and
(3)submit to Congress reports and recommendations with respect to appropriate Federal participation in carrying out the plan.
(f) Priority areas
In carrying out this section, the Secretary shall give priority to a regional sediment management project in the vicinity of each of the following:
(1)Little Rock Slackwater Harbor, Arkansas.
(2)Fletcher Cove, California.
(3)Egmont Key, Florida.
(4)Calcasieu Ship Channel, Louisiana.
(5)Delaware River Estuary, New Jersey and Pennsylvania.
(6)Fire Island Inlet, Suffolk County, New York.
(7)Smith Point Park Pavilion and the TWA Flight 800 Memorial, Brookhaven, New York.
(8)Morehead City, North Carolina.
(9)Toledo Harbor, Lucas County, Ohio.
(10)Galveston Bay, Texas.
(11)Benson Beach, Washington.
(g) Authorization of appropriations
There is authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section $30,000,000 per fiscal year, of which not more than $5,000,000 per fiscal year may be used for the development of regional sediment management plans authorized by subsection (e) and of which not more than $3,000,000 per fiscal year may be used for construction of projects to which subsection (c)(1)(B)(ii) applies. Such funds shall remain available until expended.
Section was enacted as part of the Water Resources Development Act of 1992, and not as part of the Water Resources Development Act of 1986 which comprises this chapter.
2007—Pub. L. 110–114amended section generally. Prior to amendment, section related to beneficial uses of dredged material.
1999—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 106–53, § 209(1), in introductory provisions, substituted “binding agreement with the Secretary” for “cooperative agreement in accordance with the requirements of section
1962d–5b of title
1996—Subsecs. (e), (f). Pub. L. 104–303added subsec. (e) and redesignated former subsec. (e) as (f).
Secretary means the Secretary of the Army, see section 3 ofPub. L. 102–580, set out as a note under section
2201 of this title.
The table below lists the classification updates, since Jan. 3, 2012, for this section. Updates to a broader range of sections may be found at the update page for containing chapter, title, etc.
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