(Pub. L. 101–380, title I, § 1016,Aug. 18, 1990, 104 Stat. 502; Pub. L. 104–55, § 2(d)(2),Nov. 20, 1995, 109 Stat. 547; Pub. L. 104–324, title XI, § 1125(a),Oct. 19, 1996, 110 Stat. 3981; Pub. L. 111–281, title VII, § 712,Oct. 15, 2010, 124 Stat. 2988.)
References in Text
This Act, referred to in subsecs. (e), (f), (g), (h), and (i), is Pub. L. 101–380
, Aug. 18, 1990, 104 Stat. 484
, as amended, known as the Oil Pollution Act of 1990, which is classified principally to this chapter. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section
of this title and Tables.
The effective date of this Act, referred to in subsec. (h), is the effective date of Pub. L. 101–380
which is applicable to incidents occurring after Aug. 18, 1990, see section 1020 ofPub. L. 101–380
, set out as an Effective Date note under section
of this title.
In subsec. (b)(1), “section
” substituted for “section 4197 of the Revised Statutes of the United States” on authority of Pub. L. 109–304
, § 18(c),Oct. 6, 2006, 120 Stat. 1709
, which Act enacted section
2010—Subsec. (a)(3). Pub. L. 111–281
added par. (3).
1996—Subsec. (c)(1). Pub. L. 104–324
, § 1125(a)(1), reenacted heading without change and amended text generally. Prior to amendment, text read as follows: “Except as provided in paragraph (2), each responsible party with respect to an offshore facility shall establish and maintain evidence of financial responsibility of $150,000,000 to meet the amount of liability to which the responsible party could be subjected under section
of this title in a case in which the responsible party would be entitled to limit liability under that section. In a case in which a person is the responsible party for more than one facility subject to this subsection, evidence of financial responsibility need be established only to meet the maximum liability applicable to the facility having the greatest maximum liability.”
Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 104–324
, § 1125(a)(2), reenacted heading without change and amended text generally. Prior to amendment, text read as follows: “Any claim for which liability may be established under section
of this title may be asserted directly against any guarantor providing evidence of financial responsibility for a responsible party liable under that section for removal costs and damages to which the claim pertains. In defending against such a claim, the guarantor may invoke (1) all rights and defenses which would be available to the responsible party under this Act, (2) any defense authorized under subsection (e) of this section, and (3) the defense that the incident was caused by the willful misconduct of the responsible party. The guarantor may not invoke any other defense that might be available in proceedings brought by the responsible party against the guarantor.”
Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 104–324
, § 1125(a)(3), reenacted heading without change and amended text generally. Prior to amendment, text read as follows: “Nothing in this Act shall impose liability with respect to an incident on any guarantor for damages or removal costs which exceed, in the aggregate, the amount of financial responsibility required under this Act which that guarantor has provided for a responsible party.”
1995—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 104–55
substituted “the responsible party could be subjected under section
or (d) of this title” for “, in the case of a tank vessel, the responsible party could be subject under section
or (d) of this title, or to which, in the case of any other vessel, the responsible party could be subjected under section
or (d) of this title”.
Effective Date of 1996 Amendment
Section 1125(b) ofPub. L. 104–324
provided that: “The amendment made by subsection (a)(2) [amending this section] shall not apply to any final rule issued before the date of enactment of this section [Oct. 19, 1996].”
Delegation of Functions
Specific functions of President under subsec. (e) of this section delegated to Secretary of the Interior and Secretary of the Department in which the Coast Guard is operating by section 5(a) of Ex. Ord. No. 12777, Oct. 18, 1991, 56
, as amended, set out as a note under section
of this title.