33 U.S. Code § 944 - Special fund

(a) Establishment; administration; custody, trust
There is established in the Treasury of the United States a special fund. Such fund shall be administered by the Secretary. The Treasurer of the United States shall be the custodian of such fund, and all moneys and securities in such fund shall be held in trust by such Treasurer and shall not be money or property of the United States.
(b) Disbursements; bond of custodian
The Treasurer is authorized to disburse moneys from such fund only upon order of the Secretary. He shall be required to give bond in an amount to be fixed and with securities to be approved by the Secretary of the Treasury and the Comptroller General of the United States conditioned upon the faithful performance of his duty as custodian of such fund.
(c) Payments into fund
Payments into such fund shall be made as follows:
(1) Whenever the Secretary determines that there is no person entitled under this chapter to compensation for the death of an employee which would otherwise be compensable under this chapter, the appropriate employer shall pay $5,000 as compensation for the death of such an employee.
(2) At the beginning of each calendar year the Secretary shall estimate the probable expenses of the fund during that calendar year and the amount of payments required (and the schedule therefor) to maintain adequate reserves in the fund. Each carrier and self-insurer shall make payments into the fund on a prorated assessment by the Secretary determined by—
(A) computing the ratio (expressed as a percent) of
(i) the carrier’s or self-insured’s workers’ compensation payments under this chapter during the preceding calendar year, to
(ii) the total of such payments by all carriers and self-insureds under this chapter during such year;
(B) computing the ratio (expressed as a percent) of
(i) the payments under section 908 (f) of this title during the preceding calendar year which are attributable to the carrier or self-insured, to
(ii) the total of such payments during such year attributable to all carriers and self-insureds;
(C) dividing the sum of the percentages computed under subparagraphs (A) and (B) for the carrier or self-insured by two; and
(D) multiplying the percent computed under subparagraph (C) by such probable expenses of the fund (as determined under the first sentence of this paragraph).
(3) All amounts collected as fines and penalties under the provisions of this chapter shall be paid into such fund.
(d) Investigations; records, availability; recordkeeping; provisions of sections 49 and 50 of title 15 applicable to Secretary
(1) For the purpose of making rules, regulations, and determinations under this section under and for providing enforcement thereof, the Secretary may investigate and gather appropriate data from each carrier and self-insurer. For that purpose, the Secretary may enter and inspect such places and records (and make such transcriptions thereof), question such employees, and investigate such facts, conditions, practices, or matters as he may deem necessary or appropriate.
(2) Each carrier and self-insurer shall make, keep, and preserve such records, and make such reports and provide such additional information, as prescribed by regulation or order of the Secretary, as the Secretary deems necessary or appropriate to carry out his responsibilities under this section.
(3) For the purpose of any hearing or investigation related to determinations or the enforcement of the provisions of this section, the provisions of sections 49 and 50 of title 15 (relating to the attendance of witnesses and the production of books, papers, and documents) are hereby made applicable to the jurisdiction, powers, and duties of the Secretary of Labor.
(e) Depositories; investments
The Treasurer of the United States shall deposit any moneys paid into such fund into such depository banks as the Secretary may designate and may invest any portion of the funds which, in the opinion of the Secretary, is not needed for current requirements, in bonds or notes of the United States or of any Federal land bank.
(f) Limitation of liability
Neither the United States nor the Secretary shall be liable in respect of payments authorized under section 908 of this title in an amount greater than the money or property deposited in or belonging to such fund.
(g) Audit by Comptroller General; finality of payment determinations; credits of disbursing officers
The Comptroller General of the United States shall audit the account for such fund, but the action of the Secretary in making payments from such fund shall be final and not subject to review, and the Comptroller General is authorized and directed to allow credit in the accounts of any disbursing officer of the Secretary for payments made from such fund authorized by the Secretary.
(h) Civil actions for civil penalties and unpaid assessments
All civil penalties and unpaid assessments provided for in this chapter shall be collected by civil suit brought by the Secretary.
(i) Proceeds available for certain payments
The proceeds of this fund shall be available for payments:
(1) Pursuant to sections  [1] 910 of this title with respect to certain initial and subsequent annual adjustments in compensation for total permanent disability or death.
(2) Under section 908 (f) and (g), under section 918 (b), and under section 939 (c) of this title.
(3) To repay the sums deposited in the fund pursuant to subsection (d) of this section.
(4) To defray the expense of making examinations as provided in section 907 (e) of this title.
(j) Audit to Congress
The fund shall be audited annually and the results of such audit shall be included in the annual report required by section 942 of this title.


[1]  So in original. Probably should be “section”.

Source

(Mar. 4, 1927, ch. 509, § 44,44 Stat. 1444; July 26, 1956, ch. 735, § 8,70 Stat. 656; Pub. L. 92–576, § 8,Oct. 27, 1972, 86 Stat. 1256; Pub. L. 98–426, §§ 24, 27 (a)(2),Sept. 28, 1984, 98 Stat. 1653, 1654.)
Amendments

1984—Subsecs. (a), (b). Pub. L. 98–426, § 27(a)(2), substituted “Secretary” for “commission”. See Transfer of Functions note set out under section 902 of this title.
Subsec. (c)(2). Pub. L. 98–426, § 24(a), substituted provisions requiring that, at the beginning of each calendar year the Secretary estimate the probable expenses of the fund during that calendar year and the amount of payments required (and the schedule therefor) to maintain adequate reserves in the fund and that each carrier and self-insurer make payments into the fund on a prorated assessment by the Secretary determined by (A) computing the ratio (expressed as a percent) of (i) the carrier’s or self-insured’s workers’ compensation payments under this chapter during the preceding calendar year, to (ii) the total of such payments by all carriers and self-insureds under this chapter during such year; (B) computing the ratio (expressed as a percent) of (i) the payments under section 908 (f) of this title during the preceding calendar year which are attributable to the carrier or self-insured, to (ii) the total of such payments during such year attributable to all carriers and self-insureds; (C) dividing the sum of the percentages computed under (A) and (B) for the carrier or self-insured by two; and (D) multiplying the percent computed under (C) by such probable expenses of the fund (as determined under the first sentence of this paragraph) for provisions which had formerly required that at the beginning of each calendar year the Secretary estimate the probable expenses of the fund during that calendar year and each carrier or self-insurer make payments into the fund on a prorated assessment by the Secretary in the proportion that the total compensation and medical payments made on risks covered by this chapter by each carrier and self-insurer bore to the total of such payments made by all carriers and self-insurers under the chapter in the prior calendar year in accordance with a formula and schedule to be determined from time to time by the Secretary to maintain adequate reserves in the fund.
Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 98–426, § 24(b), redesignatedsubsec. (f) as (e). Former subsec. (e), which authorized the appropriation to the Secretary of the sum of $2,000,000 which the Secretary was required to deposit into the fund and directed that, upon deposit in the fund such moneys would be treated as the property of such fund, that the sum, without additional payments for interest, would be repaid from the money or property belonging to the fund on a schedule of repayment set by the Secretary, that full repayment had to be made no later than five years from the date of deposit into the fund, and that each such repayment, as made, would be covered into the Treasury of the United States as miscellaneous receipts, was struck out.
Pub. L. 98–426, § 27(a)(2), substituted “Secretary” for “commission”. See Transfer of Functions note set out under section 902 of this title.
Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 98–426, § 24(b), redesignatedsubsec. (g) as (f). Former subsec. (f) redesignated (e).
Pub. L. 98–426, § 27(a)(2), substituted “Secretary” for “commission”. See Transfer of Functions note set out under section 902 of this title.
Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 98–426, § 24(b), redesignatedsubsec. (h) as (g). Former subsec. (g) redesignated (f).
Pub. L. 98–426, § 27(a)(2), substituted “Secretary” for “commission”. See Transfer of Functions note set out under section 902 of this title.
Subsec. (h). Pub. L. 98–426, § 24(b), redesignatedsubsec. (i) as (h). Former subsec. (h) redesignated (g).
Pub. L. 98–426, § 24(c), inserted “and unpaid assessments” after “civil penalties”.
Pub. L. 98–426, § 27(a)(2), substituted “Secretary” for “commission”. See Transfer of Functions note set out under section 902 of this title.
Subsec. (i). Pub. L. 98–426, § 24(b), redesignatedsubsec. (j) as (i). Former subsec. (i) redesignated (h).
Subsec. (i)(1). Pub. L. 98–426, § 24(d)(1), struck out “and 911” after “sections 910”, inserted “certain” before “initial”, and struck out “which occurred prior to the effective date of this subsection” after “disability or death”.
Subsec. (i)(4). Pub. L. 98–426, § 24(d)(2), inserted “(e)” after “section 907”.
Subsec. (j). Pub. L. 98–426, § 24(b), redesignated (k) as (j). Former subsec. (j) redesignated (i).
Pub. L. 98–426, § 24(e), substituted “The fund shall be audited annually and the results of such audit shall be included in the annual report required by section 942 of this title” for “At the close of each fiscal year the Secretary shall submit to the Congress a complete audit of the fund”.
Subsec. (k). Pub. L. 98–426, § 24(b), redesignatedsubsec. (k) as (j).
1972—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 92–576, § 8(a), substituted “special fund” for “special fund for the purpose of making payments in accordance with the provisions of subsections (f) and (g) ofsection 908, of subsection (b) ofsection 918, and of subsection (c) ofsection 939 of this title”.
Subsec. (c)(1). Pub. L. 92–576, § 8(b), increased compensation payment for death to $5,000 from $1,000; inserted provision for compensation which would otherwise be compensable under this chapter; deleted second sentence, less two provisos, now incorporated in subsec. (j)(2) of this section; deleted first such proviso for priority of payments authorized by subsec. (f) over other payments authorized from the fund; and deleted second such proviso, now incorporated in subsec. (k) of this section.
Subsec. (c)(2), (3). Pub. L. 92–576, § 8(b), added par. (2) and redesignated former par. (2) as (3).
Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 92–576, § 8(b), added subsec. (d). Former subsec. (d) redesignated (f).
Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 92–576, § 8(b), added subsec. (e). Former subsec. (e) redesignated (g).
Subsecs. (f) to (i). Pub. L. 92–576, § 8(b), redesignated former subsecs. (d) to (g) as (f) to (i), respectively.
Subsec. (j). Pub. L. 92–576, § 8(d), added pars. (1), (3), and (4), and incorporated former part of first sentence of subsec. (a) and former second sentence, less provisos, of subsec. (c)(1), in provisions designated as par. (2).
Subsec. (k). Pub. L. 92–576, § 8(d), incorporated former provisions of subsec. (c)(1), last proviso, in provisions designated as subsec. (k).
1956—Subsec. (a). Act July 26, 1956, § 8(a), substituted “, of subsection (b) ofsection 918 of this title, and of subsection (c) ofsection 939 of this title” for “of this title.”
Subsec. (c)(1). Act July 26, 1956, § 8(b), substituted provisions relating to availability of fund for payments under sections 908 (f) and (g), 918 (b), and 939 (c) of this title, proviso that subsec. (f) payments have priority, and further proviso requiring annual audit, for former provision that fifty per centum of each payment shall be available for the payments under section 908 (f) and (g) of this title.
Effective Date of 1984 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 98–426effective Sept. 28, 1984, see section 28(e)(1) ofPub. L. 98–426, set out as a note under section 901 of this title.
Effective Date of 1972 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 92–576effective 30 days after Oct. 27, 1972, see section 22 ofPub. L. 92–576, set out as a note under section 902 of this title.
Transfer of Functions

For transfer of functions of other officers, employees, and agencies of Department of the Treasury, with certain exceptions, to Secretary of the Treasury with power to delegate, see Reorg. Plan No. 26 of 1950, §§ 1, 2, eff. July 31, 1950, 15 F.R. 4935, 64 Stat. 1280, 1281, set out in the Appendix to Title 5, Government Organization and Employees. Functions of Coast Guard, and Commandant of Coast Guard, were excepted from transfer when Coast Guard is operating as part of Navy under sections 1 and 3 of Title 14, Coast Guard.

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20 CFR - Employees' Benefits

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20 CFR Part 722 - CRITERIA FOR DETERMINING WHETHER STATE WORKERS' COMPENSATION LAWS PROVIDE ADEQUATE COVERAGE FOR PNEUMOCONIOSIS AND LISTING OF APPROVED STATE LAWS

20 CFR Part 725 - CLAIMS FOR BENEFITS UNDER PART C OF TITLE IV OF THE FEDERAL MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ACT, AS AMENDED

20 CFR Part 726 - BLACK LUNG BENEFITS; REQUIREMENTS FOR COAL MINE OPERATOR'S INSURANCE

20 CFR Part 801 - ESTABLISHMENT AND OPERATION OF THE BOARD

20 CFR Part 802 - RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE

 

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