37 U.S. Code § 308g - Special pay: bonus for enlistment in elements of the Ready Reserve other than the Selected Reserve

(a) An eligible person who enlists in a combat or combat support skill of an element (other than the Selected Reserve) of the Ready Reserve of an armed force for a term of enlistment of not less than six years, and who has not previously served in an armed force, may be paid a bonus as provided in subsection (b).
(b) Eligibility for and the amount and method of payment of a bonus under this section shall be determined in accordance with regulations prescribed under subsection (g), except that the amount of such a bonus may not exceed $3,000. A person entitled to a bonus under this section who is called or ordered to active duty shall be paid, during that period of active duty, any amount of the bonus that becomes payable to the member during that period of active duty.
(c) A bonus may not be paid under this section for a term of enlistment to any person who fails to complete satisfactorily initial active duty for training or who, upon completion of initial active duty for training, elects to serve the remainder of the term of enlistment in the Selected Reserve or in an active component of an armed force.
(d) A person who does not serve satisfactorily in the element of the Ready Reserve in the combat or combat support skill for the period for which the bonus was paid under this section shall be subject to the repayment provisions of section 303a (e) of this title.
(e) This section shall be administered under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense for the armed forces under his jurisdiction and by the Secretary of Homeland Security for the Coast Guard when it is not operating as a service in the Navy.
(f) A bonus may not be paid under this section to any person for an enlistment—
(1) during the period beginning on October 1, 1992, and ending on September 30, 2005; or
(2) after December 31, 2014.

Source

(Added Pub. L. 98–94, title X, § 1011(a),Sept. 24, 1983, 97 Stat. 663; amended Pub. L. 99–145, title VI, § 646(a)(1), title XIII, § 1303(b)(3),Nov. 8, 1985, 99 Stat. 654, 740; Pub. L. 100–180, div. A, title VI, § 626(b),Dec. 4, 1987, 101 Stat. 1104; Pub. L. 101–189, div. A, title VI, § 613,Nov. 29, 1989, 103 Stat. 1446; Pub. L. 102–25, title VII, § 702(b)(1), (c),Apr. 6, 1991, 105 Stat. 117; Pub. L. 107–296, title XVII, § 1704(c),Nov. 25, 2002, 116 Stat. 2314; Pub. L. 108–375, div. A, title VI, § 618(d),Oct. 28, 2004, 118 Stat. 1950; Pub. L. 109–163, div. A, title VI, §§ 621(c), 687(b)(17),Jan. 6, 2006, 119 Stat. 3294, 3330; Pub. L. 109–364, div. A, title VI, § 611(d), title X, § 1071(c)(3),Oct. 17, 2006, 120 Stat. 2247, 2400; Pub. L. 110–181, div. A, title VI, § 611(d),Jan. 28, 2008, 122 Stat. 148; Pub. L. 110–417, [div. A], title VI, § 611(d),Oct. 14, 2008, 122 Stat. 4484; Pub. L. 111–84, div. A, title VI, § 611(4),Oct. 28, 2009, 123 Stat. 2352; Pub. L. 111–383, div. A, title VI, § 611(4),Jan. 7, 2011, 124 Stat. 4236; Pub. L. 112–81, div. A, title VI, § 611(4),Dec. 31, 2011, 125 Stat. 1449; Pub. L. 112–239, div. A, title VI, § 611(4),Jan. 2, 2013, 126 Stat. 1776; Pub. L. 113–66, div. A, title VI, § 611(4),Dec. 26, 2013, 127 Stat. 779.)
Amendments

2013—Subsec. (f)(2). Pub. L. 113–66substituted “December 31, 2014” for “December 31, 2013”.
Pub. L. 112–239substituted “December 31, 2013” for “December 31, 2012”.
2011—Subsec. (f)(2). Pub. L. 112–81substituted “December 31, 2012” for “December 31, 2011”.
Pub. L. 111–383substituted “December 31, 2011” for “December 31, 2010”.
2009—Subsec. (f)(2). Pub. L. 111–84substituted “December 31, 2010” for “December 31, 2009”.
2008—Subsec. (f)(2). Pub. L. 110–417substituted “December 31, 2009” for “December 31, 2008”.
Pub. L. 110–181substituted “December 31, 2008” for “December 31, 2007”.
2006—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 109–163, § 687(b)(17)(A), added subsec. (d) and struck out former subsec. (d) which read as follows: “A person who receives a bonus payment under this section and who fails during the period for which the bonus was paid to serve satisfactorily in the element of the Ready Reserve with respect to which the bonus was paid shall refund to the United States an amount which bears the same ratio to the amount of the bonus paid to such person as the period which such person failed to serve satisfactorily bears to the total period for which the bonus was paid.”
Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 109–163, § 687(b)(17)(B), (C), redesignatedsubsec. (g) as (e) and struck out former subsec. (e) which read as follows: “An obligation to reimburse the United States imposed under subsection (d) is, for all purposes, a debt owed to the United States.”
Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 109–163, § 687(b)(17)(B), (C), redesignatedsubsec. (h) as (f) and struck out former subsec. (f) which read as follows: “A discharge in bankruptcy under title 11 that is entered less than five years after the termination of an enlistment for which a bonus was paid under this section does not discharge the person receiving such bonus payment from the debt arising under subsection (d). This subsection applies to any case commenced under title 11 after September 24, 1983.”
Subsec. (f)(2). Pub. L. 109–364, § 1071(c)(3), struck out second period at end.
Pub. L. 109–364, § 611(d), substituted “December 31, 2007” for “December 31, 2006”.
Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 109–163, § 687(b)(17)(C), redesignatedsubsec. (g) as (e).
Subsec. (h). Pub. L. 109–163, § 687(b)(17)(C), redesignatedsubsec. (h) as (f).
Pub. L. 109–163, § 621(c), substituted “an enlistment—” for “an enlistment after September 30, 1992” and added pars. (1) and (2).
2004—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 108–375substituted “$3,000” for “$1,000” and inserted last sentence.
2002—Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 107–296substituted “of Homeland Security” for “of Transportation”.
1991—Pub. L. 102–25struck out “of this section” wherever appearing in subsecs. (a), (b), (e), and (f).
1989—Subsec. (h). Pub. L. 101–189substituted “September 30, 1992” for “September 30, 1990”.
1987—Subsec. (h). Pub. L. 100–180substituted “September 30, 1990” for “September 30, 1987”.
1985—Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 99–145, § 1303(b)(3), substituted “September 24, 1983” for “the date of the enactment of the Department of Defense Authorization Act, 1984”.
Subsec. (h). Pub. L. 99–145, § 646(a)(1), substituted “September 30, 1987” for “September 30, 1985”.
Effective Date of 2008 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 110–181effective as of Dec. 31, 2007, and subject to various special provisions, see section 610 ofPub. L. 110–181, set out as a Correction of Lapsed Authorities for Payment of Bonuses, Special Pays, and Similar Benefits for Members of the Uniformed Services note under section 2130a of Title 10, Armed Forces.
Effective Date of 2002 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 107–296effective on the date of transfer of the Coast Guard to the Department of Homeland Security, see section 1704(g) ofPub. L. 107–296, set out as a note under section 101 of Title 10, Armed Forces.
Effective Date of 1985 Amendment

Amendment by section 646(a)(1) ofPub. L. 99–145effective Oct. 1, 1985, see section 646(d) ofPub. L. 99–145, set out as a note under section 308h of this title.
Effective Date

Pub. L. 98–94, title X, § 1011(c),Sept. 24, 1983, 97 Stat. 664, provided that: “The amendments made by subsections (a) and (b) [enacting this section and section 308h of this title and repealing section 308d of this title] shall take effect on October 1, 1983.”
Savings Provision

For savings provision relating to payment or repayment of any bonus, incentive pay, special pay, or similar pay obligated to be paid before Apr. 1, 2006, under a provision of this section amended by section 687(b) ofPub. L. 109–163, see section 687(f) ofPub. L. 109–163, set out as a note under section 510 of Title 10, Armed Forces.
Coast Guard; Reserve Forces Readiness Provisions Inapplicable

Reserve Forces Readiness provisions, including amendment of subsec. (b) of this section by Pub. L. 98–525and Individual Ready Reserve Reenlistment Bonuses note above inapplicable to Coast Guard, see section 552(g) ofPub. L. 98–525, set out as a Reserve Forces Readiness note under section 12001 of Title 10, Armed Forces.

 

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