38 U.S. Code § 1502 - Determinations with respect to disability

(a) For the purposes of this chapter, a person shall be considered to be permanently and totally disabled if such person is any of the following:
(1) A patient in a nursing home for long-term care because of disability.
(2) Disabled, as determined by the Commissioner of Social Security for purposes of any benefits administered by the Commissioner.
(3) Unemployable as a result of disability reasonably certain to continue throughout the life of the person.
(4) Suffering from—
(A) any disability which is sufficient to render it impossible for the average person to follow a substantially gainful occupation, but only if it is reasonably certain that such disability will continue throughout the life of the person; or
(B) any disease or disorder determined by the Secretary to be of such a nature or extent as to justify a determination that persons suffering therefrom are permanently and totally disabled.
(b) For the purposes of this chapter, a person shall be considered to be in need of regular aid and attendance if such person is
(1) a patient in a nursing home or
(2) blind, or so nearly blind or significantly disabled as to need or require the regular aid and attendance of another person.
(c) For the purposes of this chapter, the requirement of “permanently housebound” will be considered to have been met when the veteran is substantially confined to such veteran’s house (ward or clinical areas, if institutionalized) or immediate premises due to a disability or disabilities which it is reasonably certain will remain throughout such veteran’s lifetime.

Source

(Pub. L. 85–857, Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1134, § 502; Pub. L. 88–664, § 6(b),Oct. 13, 1964, 78 Stat. 1095; Pub. L. 90–77, title I, § 102,Aug. 31, 1967, 81 Stat. 178; Pub. L. 94–169, title I, § 106(2),Dec. 23, 1975, 89 Stat. 1017; Pub. L. 94–432, title II, § 201,Sept. 30, 1976, 90 Stat. 1369; Pub. L. 101–508, title VIII, § 8002(a),Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1388–342; renumbered § 1502 and amended Pub. L. 102–83, §§ 4(b)(1), (2)(E), 5(a),Aug. 6, 1991, 105 Stat. 404–406; Pub. L. 107–103, title II, § 206(a),Dec. 27, 2001, 115 Stat. 990; Pub. L. 109–233, title V, § 502(3),June 15, 2006, 120 Stat. 415.)
Prior Provisions

Prior section 1502 was renumbered section 3102 of this title.
Another prior section 1502,Pub. L. 85–857, Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1171; Pub. L. 86–721, § 3,Sept. 8, 1960, 74 Stat. 820; Pub. L. 87–815, § 7,Oct. 15, 1962, 76 Stat. 927; Pub. L. 89–138, § 2(2),Aug. 26, 1965, 79 Stat. 578; Pub. L. 90–631, § 1(a),Oct. 23, 1968, 82 Stat. 1331; Pub. L. 92–540, title I, § 101(1), title III, § 301,Oct. 24, 1972, 86 Stat. 1074, 1080; Pub. L. 93–508, title I, § 101(2),Dec. 3, 1974, 88 Stat. 1578; Pub. L. 94–502, title I, § 104(1),Oct. 15, 1976, 90 Stat. 2384, related to the basic entitlement of veterans with service-connected disabilities to vocational rehabilitation under chapter 31 of this title, prior to the general revision of chapter 31 of this title by Pub. L. 96–466. Section 802(a)(3) ofPub. L. 96–466, set out as an Effective Date note under section 3100 of this title, provided that this prior section 1502 continue in effect until Mar. 31, 1981.
Prior section 1502A,Pub. L. 87–591, § 1,Aug. 16, 1962, 76 Stat. 393, which related to vocational rehabilitation for blinded veterans, was repealed by Pub. L. 89–138, § 2(3),Aug. 26, 1965, 79 Stat. 578.
Amendments

2006—Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 109–233substituted “blind, or so nearly blind or significantly disabled as to” for “helpless or blind, or so nearly helpless or blind as to”.
2001—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 107–103substituted “such person is any of the following:” and pars. (1) to (4) for “such a person is unemployable as a result of disability reasonably certain to continue throughout the life of the disabled person, or is suffering from—
“(1) any disability which is sufficient to render it impossible for the average person to follow a substantially gainful occupation, but only if it is reasonably certain that such disability will continue throughout the life of the disabled person; or
“(2) any disease or disorder determined by the Secretary to be of such a nature or extent as to justify a determination that persons suffering therefrom are permanently and totally disabled.”
1991—Pub. L. 102–83, § 5(a), renumbered section 502 of this title as this section.
Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 102–83, § 4(b)(1), (2)(E), substituted “Secretary” for “Administrator”.
1990—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 101–508amended introductory provisions generally. Prior to amendment, introductory provisions read as follows: “For the purposes of this chapter, a person shall be considered to be permanently and totally disabled if such person is sixty-five years of age or older or became unemployable after age 65, or suffering from—”.
1976—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 94–432inserted “or became unemployable after age 65,” after “or older”.
1975—Subsecs. (a) and (b). Pub. L. 94–169substituted “such person” for “he”.
Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 94–169substituted “such veteran’s” for “his” wherever appearing.
1967—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 90–77, § 102(a), provided for consideration of a person sixty-five years of age or older as permanently and totally disabled.
Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 90–77, § 102(b), added cl. (1) and designated existing provisions as cl. (2).
1964—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 88–664added subsec. (c).
Effective Date of 2001 Amendment

Pub. L. 107–103, title II, § 206(b),Dec. 27, 2001, 115 Stat. 991, provided that: “The amendment made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall take effect as of September 17, 2001.”
Effective Date of 1990 Amendment

Pub. L. 101–508, title VIII, § 8002(b),Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1388–342, provided that: “The amendment made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall apply with respect to claims filed after October 31, 1990.”
Effective Date of 1976 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 94–432effective Jan. 1, 1977, see section 405(b) ofPub. L. 94–432, set out as a note under section 1521 of this title.
Effective Date of 1975 Amendment

Pub. L. 94–169, title I, § 106,Dec. 23, 1975, 89 Stat. 1017, provided that the amendment made by that section is effective Jan. 1, 1976.
Effective Date of 1967 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 90–77effective first day of first calendar month which begins more than ten days after Aug. 31, 1967, see section 405 ofPub. L. 90–77, set out as a note under section 101 of this title.
Effective Date of 1964 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 88–664effective Jan. 1, 1965, see section 11 ofPub. L. 88–664, set out as a note under section 1503 of this title.

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38 USCDescription of ChangeSession YearPublic LawStatutes at Large

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38 CFR - Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief

38 CFR Part 18 - NONDISCRIMINATION IN FEDERALLY-ASSISTED PROGRAMS OF THE DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS—EFFECTUATION OF TITLE VI OF THE CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1964

38 CFR Part 18a - DELEGATION OF RESPONSIBILITY IN CONNECTION WITH TITLE VI, CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1964

38 CFR Part 18b - PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE UNDER TITLE VI OF THE CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1964 AND PART 18 OF THIS CHAPTER

38 CFR Part 21 - VOCATIONAL REHABILITATION AND EDUCATION

 

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