38 U.S. Code § 3452 - Definitions

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For the purposes of this chapter and chapter 36 of this title—
(a)
(1) The term “eligible veteran” means any veteran who—
(A) served on active duty for a period of more than 180 days, any part of which occurred after January 31, 1955, and before January 1, 1977, and was discharged or released therefrom under conditions other than dishonorable;
(B) contracted with the Armed Forces and was enlisted in or assigned to a reserve component prior to January 1, 1977, and as a result of such enlistment or assignment served on active duty for a period of more than 180 days, any part of which commenced within 12 months after January 1, 1977, and was discharged or released from such active duty under conditions other than dishonorable; or
(C) was discharged or released from active duty, any part of which was performed after January 31, 1955, and before January 1, 1977, or following entrance into active service from an enlistment provided for under subparagraph (B), because of a service-connected disability.
(2) The requirement of discharge or release, prescribed in subparagraph (A) or (B) of paragraph (1), shall be waived in the case of any individual who served more than 180 days in an active-duty status for so long as such individual continues on active duty without a break therein.
(3) For purposes of paragraph (1)(A) and section 3461 (a), the term “active duty” does not include any period during which an individual
(A) was assigned full time by the Armed Forces to a civilian institution for a course of education which was substantially the same as established courses offered to civilians,
(B) served as a cadet or midshipman at one of the service academies, or
(C) served under the provisions of section 12103 (d) of title 10 pursuant to an enlistment in the Army National Guard or the Air National Guard or as a Reserve for service in the Army Reserve, Navy Reserve, Air Force Reserve, Marine Corps Reserve, or Coast Guard Reserve unless at some time subsequent to the completion of such period of active duty for training such individual served on active duty for a consecutive period of one year or more (not including any service as a cadet or midshipman at one of the service academies).
(b) The term “program of education” means any curriculum or any combination of unit courses or subjects pursued at an educational institution which is generally accepted as necessary to fulfill requirements for the attainment of a predetermined and identified educational, professional, or vocational objective. Such term also means any curriculum of unit courses or subjects pursued at an educational institution which fulfill requirements for the attainment of more than one predetermined and identified educational, professional, or vocational objective if all the objectives pursued are generally recognized as being reasonably related to a single career field. Such term also means any unit course or subject, or combination of courses or subjects, pursued by an eligible veteran at an educational institution, required by the Administrator of the Small Business Administration as a condition to obtaining financial assistance under the provisions of section 7(i)(1) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 636 (i)(1)). Such term also includes licensing or certification tests, the successful completion of which demonstrates an individual’s possession of the knowledge or skill required to enter into, maintain, or advance in employment in a predetermined and identified vocation or profession, provided such tests and the licensing or credentialing organizations or entities that offer such tests are approved by the Secretary in accordance with section 3689 of this title. Such term also includes any course, or combination of courses, offered by a qualified provider of entrepreneurship courses. Such term also includes national tests for admission to institutions of higher learning or graduate schools (such as the Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT), Law School Admission Test (LSAT), Graduate Record Exam (GRE), and Graduate Management Admission Test (GMAT)) and national tests providing an opportunity for course credit at institutions of higher learning (such as the Advanced Placement (AP) exam and College-Level Examination Program (CLEP)).
(c) The term “educational institution” means any public or private elementary school, secondary school, vocational school, correspondence school, business school, junior college, teachers’ college, college, normal school, professional school, university, or scientific or technical institution, or other institution furnishing education for adults. Such term includes any entity that provides training required for completion of any State-approved alternative teacher certification program (as determined by the Secretary). Such term also includes any private entity (that meets such requirements as the Secretary may establish) that offers, either directly or under an agreement with another entity (that meets such requirements), a course or courses to fulfill requirements for the attainment of a license or certificate generally recognized as necessary to obtain, maintain, or advance in employment in a profession or vocation in a high technology occupation (as determined by the Secretary). Such term also includes any qualified provider of entrepreneurship courses.
(d) The term “dependent” means—
(1) a child of an eligible veteran;
(2) a dependent parent of an eligible veteran; and
(3) the spouse of an eligible veteran.
(e) The term “training establishment” means any of the following:
(1) An establishment providing apprentice or other on-job training, including those under the supervision of a college or university or any State department of education.
(2) An establishment providing self-employment on-job training consisting of full-time training for a period of less than six months that is needed or accepted for purposes of obtaining licensure to engage in a self-employment occupation or required for ownership and operation of a franchise that is the objective of the training.
(3) A State board of vocational education.
(4) A Federal or State apprenticeship registration agency.
(5) The sponsor of a program of apprenticeship.
(6) An agency of the Federal Government authorized to supervise such training.
(f) The term “institution of higher learning” means a college, university, or similar institution, including a technical or business school, offering postsecondary level academic instruction that leads to an associate or higher degree if the school is empowered by the appropriate State education authority under State law to grant an associate or higher degree. When there is no State law to authorize the granting of a degree, the school may be recognized as an institution of higher learning if it is accredited for degree programs by a recognized accrediting agency. Such term shall also include a hospital offering educational programs at the postsecondary level without regard to whether the hospital grants a postsecondary degree. Such term shall also include an educational institution which is not located in a State, which offers a course leading to a standard college degree, or the equivalent, and which is recognized as such by the secretary of education (or comparable official) of the country or other jurisdiction in which the institution is located.
(g) The term “standard college degree” means an associate or higher degree awarded by
(1) an institution of higher learning that is accredited as a collegiate institution by a recognized regional or national accrediting agency; or
(2) an institution of higher learning that is a “candidate” for accreditation as that term is used by the regional or national accrediting agencies; or
(3) an institution of higher learning upon completion of a course which is accredited by an agency recognized to accredit specialized degree-level programs. For the purpose of this section, the accrediting agency must be one recognized by the Secretary of Education under the provisions of section 3675 of this title.
(h) The term “qualified provider of entrepreneurship courses” means any small business development center described in section 21 of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 648), insofar as such center offers, sponsors, or cosponsors an entrepreneurship course, as that term is defined in section 3675 (c)(2).

Source

(Added Pub. L. 89–358, § 2,Mar. 3, 1966, 80 Stat. 13, § 1652; amended Pub. L. 90–77, title III, § 304(c),Aug. 31, 1967, 81 Stat. 186; Pub. L. 91–219, title II, § 201,Mar. 26, 1970, 84 Stat. 78; Pub. L. 91–584, § 10,Dec. 24, 1970, 84 Stat. 1577; Pub. L. 93–508, title II, § 201,Dec. 3, 1974, 88 Stat. 1581; Pub. L. 94–502, title II, §§ 202, 210(1), 211(1), title IV, § 402,Oct. 15, 1976, 90 Stat. 2385, 2388, 2392; Pub. L. 96–466, title III, § 307(a), title VIII, § 801(a),Oct. 17, 1980, 94 Stat. 2193, 2216; Pub. L. 97–295, § 4(38),Oct. 12, 1982, 96 Stat. 1307; renumbered § 3452 and amended Pub. L. 102–83, § 5(a), (c)(1),Aug. 6, 1991, 105 Stat. 406; Pub. L. 103–446, title VI, § 603(a),Nov. 2, 1994, 108 Stat. 4671; Pub. L. 104–275, title I, § 102,Oct. 9, 1996, 110 Stat. 3326; Pub. L. 106–419, title I, § 122(a),Nov. 1, 2000, 114 Stat. 1833; Pub. L. 107–14, § 8(a)(4),June 5, 2001, 115 Stat. 34; Pub. L. 107–103, title I, § 110(a),Dec. 27, 2001, 115 Stat. 986; Pub. L. 108–183, title III, § 301(a),§ 305(c)–(e), Dec. 16, 2003, 117 Stat. 2658, 2660; Pub. L. 108–454, title I, §§ 106(a), 110 (a),Dec. 10, 2004, 118 Stat. 3602, 3605; Pub. L. 109–163, div. A, title V, § 515(e)(4),Jan. 6, 2006, 119 Stat. 3236; Pub. L. 112–239, div. A, title XVI, § 1699(c)(2),Jan. 2, 2013, 126 Stat. 2092.)
Prior Provisions

Provisions similar to those comprising subsecs. (a) to (d) of this section were contained in Pub. L. 85–857, Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1174, 1176, which was classified to former sections 1601(a)(2) and 1611(a)(1), and 1601(a)(3), (5), and (6) of this title, respectively, prior to repeal by section 4(a) ofPub. L. 89–358.
Amendments

2013—Subsec. (h). Pub. L. 112–239substituted “any small business development center described in section 21 of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 648), insofar as such center offers, sponsors, or cosponsors an entrepreneurship course, as that term is defined in section 3675 (c)(2).” for “any of the following entities insofar as such entity offers, sponsors, or cosponsors an entrepreneurship course (as defined in section 3675 (c)(2) of this title):
“(1) Any small business development center described in section 21 of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 648).
“(2) The National Veterans Business Development Corporation (established under section 33 of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 657c)).”
2006—Subsec. (a)(3)(C). Pub. L. 109–163substituted “Navy Reserve” for “Naval Reserve”.
2004—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 108–454, § 106(a), inserted at end “Such term also includes national tests for admission to institutions of higher learning or graduate schools (such as the Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT), Law School Admission Test (LSAT), Graduate Record Exam (GRE), and Graduate Management Admission Test (GMAT)) and national tests providing an opportunity for course credit at institutions of higher learning (such as the Advanced Placement (AP) exam and College-Level Examination Program (CLEP)).”
Subsec. (e)(5). Pub. L. 108–454, § 110(a), amended par. (5) generally. Prior to amendment, par. (5) read as follows: “A joint apprenticeship committee established pursuant to the Act of August 16, 1937, popularly known as the ‘National Apprenticeship Act’ (29 U.S.C. 50 et seq.).”
2003—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 108–183, § 305(c), inserted at end “Such term also includes any course, or combination of courses, offered by a qualified provider of entrepreneurship courses.”
Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 108–183, § 305(d), inserted at end “Such term also includes any qualified provider of entrepreneurship courses.”
Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 108–183, § 301(a), substituted “means any of the following:” and pars. (1) to (6) for “means any establishment providing apprentice or other training on the job, including those under the supervision of a college or university or any State department of education, or any State apprenticeship agency, or any State board or vocational education, or any joint apprenticeship committee, or the Bureau of Apprenticeship and Training established pursuant to the Act of August 16, 1937, popularly known as the ‘National Apprenticeship Act’ (29 U.S.C. 50 et seq.), or any agency of the Federal Government authorized to supervise such training.”
Subsec. (h). Pub. L. 108–183, § 305(e), added subsec. (h).
2001—Subsec. (a)(1)(A). Pub. L. 107–14, § 8(a)(4)(A)(i), struck out “or” at end.
Subsec. (a)(1)(C). Pub. L. 107–14, § 8(a)(4)(A)(ii), substituted “subparagraph (B)” for “clause (B) of this paragraph”.
Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 107–14, § 8(a)(4)(B), substituted “subparagraph (A) or (B) of paragraph (1)” for “paragraph (1)(A) or (B)” and “180 days” for “one hundred and eighty days”.
Subsec. (a)(3). Pub. L. 107–14, § 8(a)(4)(C), substituted “section 12103 (d) of title 10” for “section 511 (d) of title 10”.
Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 107–103inserted at end “Such term also includes any private entity (that meets such requirements as the Secretary may establish) that offers, either directly or under an agreement with another entity (that meets such requirements), a course or courses to fulfill requirements for the attainment of a license or certificate generally recognized as necessary to obtain, maintain, or advance in employment in a profession or vocation in a high technology occupation (as determined by the Secretary).”
Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 107–14, § 8(a)(4)(D), substituted “the Act of August 16, 1937, popularly known as the ‘National Apprenticeship Act’ (29 U.S.C. 50 et seq.),” for “chapter 4C of title 29,”.
2000—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 106–419inserted at end “Such term also includes licensing or certification tests, the successful completion of which demonstrates an individual’s possession of the knowledge or skill required to enter into, maintain, or advance in employment in a predetermined and identified vocation or profession, provided such tests and the licensing or credentialing organizations or entities that offer such tests are approved by the Secretary in accordance with section 3689 of this title.”
1996—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 104–275substituted “Such” for “For the period ending on September 30, 1996, such”.
1994—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 103–446inserted at end “For the period ending on September 30, 1996, such term includes any entity that provides training required for completion of any State-approved alternative teacher certification program (as determined by the Secretary).”
1991—Pub. L. 102–83, § 5(a), renumbered section 1652 of this title as this section.
Subsec. (a)(3). Pub. L. 102–83, § 5(c)(1), substituted “3461(a)” for “1661(a)”.
Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 102–83, § 5(c)(1), substituted “3675” for “1775”.
1982—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 97–295substituted “section 7(i)(1) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 636 (i)(1))” for “402(a) of the Economic Opportunity Act of 1964 (42 U.S.C. 2902 (a))”.
1980—Pub. L. 96–466, § 801(a)(1), inserted “and chapter 36 of this title” after “chapter” in introductory text.
Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 96–466, § 801(a)(2), substituted “The” for “For the purposes of this chapter and chapter 36 of this title, the”.
Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 96–466, §§ 307(a), 801(a)(2), substituted “The” for “For the purposes of this chapter and chapter 36 of this title, the” and inserted provision including within “institution of higher learning” an educational institution which is not located in a State, which offers a course leading to a standard college degree, or the equivalent, and which is recognized as such by the secretary of education (or comparable official) of the country or other jurisdiction in which the institution is located.
Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 96–466, § 801(a)(2), (3), substituted “The” for “For the purposes of this chapter and chapter 36 of this title, the” and “Secretary of Education” for “Commissioner of Education”.
1976—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 94–502, § 402(1), restricted the definition of an eligible veteran to a veteran who commenced his active duty requirement after Jan. 31, 1955 but before Jan. 1, 1977, with the exception of a veteran who enlisted or was assigned to a reserve component before Jan. 1, 1977 and commenced his active duty requirement within 12 months following Jan. 1, 1977.
Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 94–502, §§ 211(1), 402(2), substituted “such individual” for “he” and inserted “or (B)” after “paragraph (1)(A)”.
Subsec. (d)(3). Pub. L. 94–502, § 211(1), substituted “spouse” for “wife”.
Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 94–502, § 210(1), struck out “United States Code,” after “chapter 4C of title 29,”.
Subsecs. (f), (g). Pub. L. 94–502, § 202, added subsecs. (f) and (g).
1974—Subsec. (a)(3). Pub. L. 93–508substituted “Coast Guard Reserve unless at some time subsequent to the completion of such period of active duty for training such individual served on active duty for a consecutive period of one year or more (not including any service as a cadet or midshipman at one of the service academies)” for “Coast Guard Reserve”.
1970—Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 91–584, § 10(1), substituted “more than one hundred eighty days” for “at least two years”.
Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 91–584, § 10(2), expanded the definition of “program of education” to include unit course or subject, or combination of courses or subjects, pursued by eligible veterans at an educational institution, required by the Administrator of the Small Business Administration as a condition to obtaining financial assistance under section 2902 (a) of title 42.
Pub. L. 91–219, § 201(a), provided that a program of education may include more than one predetermined and identified educational, professional, or vocational objective if all the objectives pursued are generally recognized as being reasonably related to single career field.
Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 91–219, § 201(b), included within the term “educational institution” any public or private “elementary” school, and substituted “other institution furnishing education for adults”, for “any other institution if it furnishes education at the secondary school level or above”.
1967—Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 90–77added subsec. (e).
Effective Date of 2003 Amendment

Pub. L. 108–183, title III, § 301(b),Dec. 16, 2003, 117 Stat. 2658, provided that: “The amendment made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall take effect on the date that is six months after the date of the enactment of this Act [Dec. 16, 2003] and shall apply to self-employment on-job training approved and pursued on or after that date.”
Pub. L. 108–183, title III, § 305(f),Dec. 16, 2003, 117 Stat. 2661, provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending this section and sections 3471 and 3675 of this title] shall apply to courses approved by State approving agencies after the date of the enactment of this Act [Dec. 16, 2003].”
Effective Date of 2001 Amendment

Pub. L. 107–103, title I, § 110(b),Dec. 27, 2001, 115 Stat. 986, provided that: “The amendments made by subsection (a) [amending this section and section 3501 of this title] shall apply to enrollments in courses beginning on or after the date of the enactment of this Act [Dec. 27, 2001].”
Effective Date of 2000 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 106–419effective Mar. 1, 2001, and applicable with respect to licensing and certification tests approved by the Secretary of Veterans Affairs on or after such date, see section 122(d) ofPub. L. 106–419, set out as a note under section 3032 of this title.
Effective Date of 1980 Amendment

Pub. L. 96–466, title VIII, § 802(c),Oct. 17, 1980, 94 Stat. 2218, provided that:
“(1) Except as provided in paragraph (2), the amendments made by title III [see Tables for classification] shall become effective on October 1, 1980.
“(2) Paragraph (2) of section 1691(a) [probably means 1691(b), now 3491(b)] of title 38, United States Code, as added by section 311 (2), shall not apply to any person receiving educational assistance under chapter 34 of title 38, United States Code, on October 1, 1980, for the pursuit of a program of education, as defined in section 1652(b) [now 3452(b)] of such title, in which such person is enrolled on that date, for as long as such person continuously thereafter is so enrolled and meets the requirements of eligibility for such assistance for pursuit of such program.”
Pub. L. 96–466, title VIII, § 802(h),Oct. 17, 1980, 94 Stat. 2219, provided that: “Section 801 [see Tables for classification] shall become effective on October 1, 1980.”
Effective Date of 1976 Amendment

Amendment by sections 202, 210(1), and 211(1) ofPub. L. 94–502effective Oct. 15, 1976, see section 703(b) ofPub. L. 94–502, set out as an Effective Date note under section 3693 of this title.
Amendment by section 402 ofPub. L. 94–502effective Jan. 1, 1977, see section 406 ofPub. L. 94–502, set out as an Effective Date note under section 3201 of this title.
Effective Date of 1974 Amendment

Section 503 ofPub. L. 93–508provided that: “Titles II and IV of this Act [see Tables for classification] shall become effective on the date of their enactment [Dec. 3, 1974].”
Effective Date of 1967 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 90–77effective first day of first calendar month which begins more than ten days after Aug. 31, 1967, see section 405 ofPub. L. 90–77, set out as a note under section 101 of this title.
Transfer of Functions

For transfer of authorities, functions, personnel, and assets of the Coast Guard, including the authorities and functions of the Secretary of Transportation relating thereto, to the Department of Homeland Security, and for treatment of related references, see sections 468 (b), 551 (d), 552 (d), and 557 of Title 6, Domestic Security, and the Department of Homeland Security Reorganization Plan of November 25, 2002, as modified, set out as a note under section 542 of Title 6.

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38 USCDescription of ChangeSession YearPublic LawStatutes at Large
§ 34522012112-239 [Sec.] 1699(c)(2)126 Stat. 2092

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38 CFR - Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief

38 CFR Part 21 - VOCATIONAL REHABILITATION AND EDUCATION

 

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