38 U.S. Code § 3461 - Eligibility; entitlement; duration

prev | next
(a) Entitlement.— Except as provided in subsection (c) and in the second sentence of this subsection, each eligible veteran shall be entitled to educational assistance under this chapter or chapter 36 for a period of one and one-half months (or the equivalent thereof in part-time educational assistance) for each month or fraction thereof of the veteran’s service on active duty after January 31, 1955. If an eligible veteran has served a period of 18 months or more on active duty after January 31, 1955, and has been released from such service under conditions that would satisfy the veteran’s active duty obligation, the veteran shall be entitled to educational assistance under this chapter for a period of 45 months (or the equivalent thereof in part-time educational assistance). In the case of any person serving on active duty on December 31, 1976, or a person whose eligibility is based on section 3452 (a)(1)(B) of this chapter, the ending date for computing such person’s entitlement shall be the date of such person’s first discharge or release from active duty after December 31, 1976.
(b) Entitlement Limitations.— Whenever the period of entitlement under this section of an eligible veteran who is enrolled in an educational institution regularly operated on the quarter or semester system ends during a quarter or semester, such period shall be extended to the termination of such unexpired quarter or semester. In educational institutions not operated on the quarter or semester system, whenever the period of eligibility ends after a major portion of the course is completed such period shall be extended to the end of the course or for twelve weeks, whichever is the lesser period.
(c) Duration of Entitlement.— Except as provided in subsection (b) and in subchapter V of this chapter, no eligible veteran shall receive educational assistance under this chapter in excess of 45 months.

Source

(Added Pub. L. 89–358, § 2,Mar. 3, 1966, 80 Stat. 13, § 1661; amended Pub. L. 90–77, title III, § 306(b)(2),Aug. 31, 1967, 81 Stat. 188; Pub. L. 90–631, § 1(b),Oct. 23, 1968, 82 Stat. 1331; Pub. L. 91–219, title II, § 204(a)(1),Mar. 26, 1970, 84 Stat. 79; Pub. L. 92–540, title IV, § 401(1),Oct. 24, 1972, 86 Stat. 1089; Pub. L. 93–508, title II, § 202,Dec. 3, 1974, 88 Stat. 1581; Pub. L. 94–502, title II, §§ 203, 211(2), title IV, § 403(a),Oct. 15, 1976, 90 Stat. 2386, 2388, 2393; Pub. L. 96–466, title VI, § 601(b),Oct. 17, 1980, 94 Stat. 2208; renumbered § 3461 and amended Pub. L. 102–83, § 5(a), (c)(1),Aug. 6, 1991, 105 Stat. 406; Pub. L. 109–233, title V, § 503(8)(A), (B),June 15, 2006, 120 Stat. 416.)
Prior Provisions

Provisions similar to those comprising subsecs. (a) to (c) of this section were contained in Pub. L. 85–857, Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1176, which was classified to former sections 1610 and 1611(a), 1611(a)(2), (3), and 1611(b) of this title, respectively, prior to repeal by section 4(a) ofPub. L. 89–358.
Amendments

2006—Subsecs. (a), (b). Pub. L. 109–233, § 503(8)(A), revised style of headings.
Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 109–233, § 503(8)(B), inserted heading.
1991—Pub. L. 102–83, § 5(a), renumbered section 1661 of this title as this section.
Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 102–83, § 5(c)(1), substituted “3452(a)(1)(B)” for “1652(a)(1)(B)”.
1980—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 96–466substituted “subchapter V of this chapter” for “subchapters V and VI of this chapter”.
1976—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 94–502, §§ 203(1), 211(2), 403(a), substituted “45 months” for “36 months”, “the veteran’s” for “his” in two places, and “the veteran” for “he”, inserted provision establishing the final date of entitlement for person serving on active duty on Dec. 31, 1976 or whose eligibility is based on section 1652(a)(1)(B) of this title as the date of discharge or release from active duty after Dec. 31, 1976, and struck out provision which authorized an additional number of months not exceeding nine to be used for a program leading to a standard undergraduate degree.
Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 94–502, § 203(2), substituted “subsection (b)” for “subsections (a) and (b)” and “45 months” for “thirty-six months”.
1974—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 93–508, § 202(1), inserted “plus an additional number of months, not exceeding nine, as may be utilized in pursuit of a program of education leading to a standard undergraduate college degree”.
Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 93–508, § 202(2), inserted reference to subsec. (a).
1972—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 92–540inserted reference to chapter 36.
1970—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 91–219substituted “subchapters V and VI of this chapter” for “section 1678 of this title”.
1968—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 90–631, § 1(b)(1), substituted references to subsec. (c) and the second sentence of this subsec. for reference to subsec. (b), increased from one month to one and one-half months the amount of educational assistance each eligible veteran shall receive for each month or fraction thereof of active duty service after Jan. 31, 1955, and inserted provisions that an eligible veteran who has served 18 months or more on active duty after Jan. 31, 1955, and has been released under conditions that would satisfy his active duty obligation, shall be entitled to educational assistance under this chapter for a period of 36 months.
Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 90–631, § 1(b)(2), (3), redesignatedsubsec. (c) as (b). Former subsec. (b), which set forth entitlement limitations on the amount of educational assistance an eligible veteran, shall receive under this chapter, was struck out.
Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 90–631, § 1(b), (3), (4), added subsec. (c). Former subsec. (c) redesignated (b).
Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 90–631, § 1(b)(2), struck out subsec. (d) which required an eligible veteran to elect either educational assistance or vocational rehabilitation when such veteran is entitled to both, or becomes entitled to vocational rehabilitation after receiving educational assistance.
1967—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 90–77inserted “and in section 1678 of this chapter” after “subsection (c)”.
Effective Date of 1980 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 96–466effective Oct. 1, 1980, except as otherwise specifically provided, see section 802(f) ofPub. L. 96–466, set out as an Effective Date note under section 5314 of this title.
Effective Date of 1976 Amendment

Amendment by sections 203 and 211(2) ofPub. L. 94–502effective Oct. 1, 1976, and Oct. 15, 1976, respectively, see section 703(a), (b) ofPub. L. 94–502, set out as an Effective Date note under section 3693 of this title.
Amendment by section 403(a) ofPub. L. 94–502effective Jan. 1, 1977, see section 406 ofPub. L. 94–502, set out as a note under section 3201 of this title.
Effective Date of 1974 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 93–508effective Dec. 3, 1974, see section 503 ofPub. L. 93–508, set out as a note under section 3452 of this title.
Effective Date of 1968 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 90–631effective first day of second calendar month which begins after Oct. 23, 1968, see section 6(a) ofPub. L. 90–631, set out as an Effective Date note under section 3500 of this title.
Effective Date of 1967 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 90–77effective first day of first calendar month which begins more than ten days after Aug. 31, 1967, see section 405 ofPub. L. 90–77, set out as a note under section 101 of this title.

The table below lists the classification updates, since Jan. 3, 2012, for this section. Updates to a broader range of sections may be found at the update page for containing chapter, title, etc.

The most recent Classification Table update that we have noticed was Tuesday, August 13, 2013

An empty table indicates that we see no relevant changes listed in the classification tables. If you suspect that our system may be missing something, please double-check with the Office of the Law Revision Counsel.

38 USCDescription of ChangeSession YearPublic LawStatutes at Large

This is a list of parts within the Code of Federal Regulations for which this US Code section provides rulemaking authority.

This list is taken from the Parallel Table of Authorities and Rules provided by GPO [Government Printing Office].

It is not guaranteed to be accurate or up-to-date, though we do refresh the database weekly. More limitations on accuracy are described at the GPO site.


38 CFR - Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief

38 CFR Part 21 - VOCATIONAL REHABILITATION AND EDUCATION

 

LII has no control over and does not endorse any external Internet site that contains links to or references LII.