38 U.S. Code § 5111 - Commencement of period of payment

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(a)
(1) Notwithstanding section 5110 of this title or any other provision of law and except as provided in paragraph (2) and subsection (c), payment of monetary benefits based on an award or an increased award of compensation, dependency and indemnity compensation, or pension may not be made to an individual for any period before the first day of the calendar month following the month in which the award or increased award became effective as provided under section 5110 of this title or such other provision of law.
(2)
(A) In the case of a veteran who is retired or separated from the active military, naval, or air service for a catastrophic disability or disabilities, payment of monetary benefits based on an award of compensation based on an original claim shall be made as of the date on which such award becomes effective as provided under section 5110 of this title or another applicable provision of law.
(B) For the purposes of this paragraph, the term “catastrophic disability”, with respect to a veteran, means a permanent, severely disabling injury, disorder, or disease that compromises the ability of the veteran to carry out the activities of daily living to such a degree that the veteran requires personal or mechanical assistance to leave home or bed, or requires constant supervision to avoid physical harm to self or others.
(b)
(1) Except as provided in paragraph (2) of this subsection, during the period between the effective date of an award or increased award as provided under section 5110 of this title or other provision of law and the commencement of the period of payment based on such award as provided under subsection (a) of this section, an individual entitled to receive monetary benefits shall be deemed to be in receipt of such benefits for the purpose of all laws administered by the Secretary.
(2) If any person who is in receipt of retired or retirement pay would also be eligible to receive compensation or pension upon the filing of a waiver of such pay in accordance with section 5305 of this title, such waiver shall not become effective until the first day of the month following the month in which such waiver is filed, and nothing in this section shall prohibit the receipt of retired or retirement pay for any period before such effective date.
(c)
(1) This section shall not apply to payments made pursuant to section 5310 of this title.
(2) In the case of a temporary increase in compensation for hospitalization or treatment where such hospitalization or treatment commences and terminates within the same calendar month, the period of payment shall commence on the first day of such month.
(d) For the purposes of this section, the term “award or increased award” means—
(1) an original or reopened award; or
(2) an award that is increased because of an added dependent, increase in disability or disability rating, or reduction in income.

Source

(Added Pub. L. 97–253, title IV, § 401(a)(1),Sept. 8, 1982, 96 Stat. 801, § 3011; amended Pub. L. 98–223, title I, § 113,Mar. 2, 1984, 98 Stat. 40; renumbered § 5111 and amended Pub. L. 102–40, title IV, § 402(b)(1), (d)(1),May 7, 1991, 105 Stat. 238, 239; Pub. L. 102–83, § 4(a)(1),Aug. 6, 1991, 105 Stat. 403; Pub. L. 111–275, title VI, § 605(a),Oct. 13, 2010, 124 Stat. 2885; Pub. L. 112–154, title V, § 507(b),Aug. 6, 2012, 126 Stat. 1194.)
Amendments

2012—Subsec. (c)(1). Pub. L. 112–154substituted “not apply to payments made pursuant to section 5310 of this title” for “apply to payments made pursuant to section 5310 of this title only if the monthly amount of dependency and indemnity compensation or pension payable to the surviving spouse is greater than the amount of compensation or pension the veteran would have received, but for such veteran’s death, for the month in which such veteran’s death occurred”.
2010—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 111–275designated existing provisions as par. (1), substituted “in paragraph (2) and subsection (c)” for “in subsection (c) of this section”, and added par. (2).
1991—Pub. L. 102–40, § 402(b)(1), renumbered section 3011 of this title as this section.
Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 102–40, § 402(d)(1), substituted “5110” for “3010” in two places.
Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 102–83substituted “administered by the Secretary” for “administered by the Veterans’ Administration”.
Pub. L. 102–40, § 402(d)(1), substituted “5110” for “3010”.
Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 102–40, § 402(d)(1), substituted “5305” for “3105”.
Subsec. (c)(1). Pub. L. 102–40, § 402(d)(1), substituted “5310” for “3110”.
1984—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 98–223designated existing provisions as par. (1) and added par. (2).
Effective Date of 2012 Amendment

Pub. L. 112–154, title V, § 507(c),Aug. 6, 2012, 126 Stat. 1194, provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending this section and section 5310 of this title] shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act [Aug. 6, 2012], and shall apply with respect to deaths that occur on or after that date.”
Effective Date of 2010 Amendment

Pub. L. 111–275, title VI, § 605(b),Oct. 13, 2010, 124 Stat. 2886, provided that: “The amendments made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall take effect on October 1, 2011, and shall apply with respect to awards of compensation based on original claims that become effective on or after that date.”
Effective Date of 1984 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 98–223effective Oct. 1, 1983, see section 114 ofPub. L. 98–223, set out as a note under section 1112 of this title.
Effective Date

Pub. L. 97–253, title IV, § 401(b),Sept. 8, 1982, 96 Stat. 802, provided that: “Section 3011 [now 5111] of title 38, United States Code, as added by subsection (a), shall apply to awards and increased awards the effective dates of which are after September 30, 1982.”

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The most recent Classification Table update that we have noticed was Tuesday, August 13, 2013

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38 USCDescription of ChangeSession YearPublic LawStatutes at Large
§ 5111nt new2012112-154 [Sec.] 507(c)126 Stat. 1194
§ 51112012112-154 [Sec.] 507(b)126 Stat. 1194

 

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