38 U.S. Code § 5314 - Indebtedness offsets

(a) Subject to subsections (b) and (d) of this section and section 3485 (e) of this title, the Secretary shall (unless the Secretary waives recovery under section 5302 of this title) deduct the amount of the indebtedness of any person who has been determined to be indebted to the United States by virtue of such person’s participation in a benefits program administered by the Secretary from future payments made to such person under any law administered by the Secretary.
(b) Deductions may not be made under subsection (a) of this section with respect to the indebtedness of a person described in such subsection unless the Secretary—
(1) has made reasonable efforts to notify such person of such person’s right to dispute through prescribed administrative processes the existence or amount of such indebtedness and of such person’s right to request a waiver of such indebtedness under section 5302 of this title;
(2) has made a determination with respect to any such dispute or request or has determined that the time required to make such a determination before making deductions would jeopardize the Secretary’s ability to recover the full amount of such indebtedness through deductions from such payments; and
(3) has made reasonable efforts to notify such person about the proposed deductions from such payments.
(c) Notwithstanding any other provision of this title or of any other law, the authority of the Secretary to make deductions under this section or to take other administrative action authorized by law for the purpose of collecting an indebtedness described in subsection (a) of this section, or for the purpose of determining the creditworthiness of a person who owes such an indebtedness, shall not be subject to any limitation with respect to the time for bringing civil actions or for commencing administrative proceedings.
(d) The Secretary shall prescribe regulations for the administration of this section.


(Added Pub. L. 96–466, title VI, § 605(a)(1),Oct. 17, 1980, 94 Stat. 2209, § 3114; amended Pub. L. 102–16, § 6(b)(3),Mar. 22, 1991, 105 Stat. 51; renumbered § 5314 and amended Pub. L. 102–40, title IV, § 402(b)(1), (d)(1),May 7, 1991, 105 Stat. 238, 239; Pub. L. 102–83, §§ 4(a)(1), (b)(1), (2)(E), 5(c)(1),Aug. 6, 1991, 105 Stat. 403–406.)

1991—Pub. L. 102–40, § 402(b)(1), renumbered section 3114 of this title as this section.
Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 102–83, § 5(c)(1), substituted “3485(e)” for “1685(e)”.
Pub. L. 102–83, § 4(b)(1), (2)(E), substituted “Secretary” for “Administrator” in two places.
Pub. L. 102–83, § 4(a)(1), substituted “administered by the Secretary” for “administered by the Veterans’ Administration” in two places.
Pub. L. 102–40, § 402(d)(1), substituted “5302” for “3102”.
Pub. L. 102–16inserted “and section 1685(e) of this title” after “Subject to subsections (b) and (d) of this section”.
Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 102–83, § 4(b)(1), (2)(E), substituted “Secretary” for “Administrator” in introductory provisions and “Secretary’s” for “Administrator’s” in par. (2).
Pub. L. 102–40, § 402(d)(1), substituted “5302” for “3102” in par. (1).
Subsecs. (c), (d). Pub. L. 102–83, § 4(b)(1), (2)(E), substituted “Secretary” for “Administrator”.
Effective Date

Pub. L. 96–466, title VIII, § 802(f),Oct. 17, 1980, 94 Stat. 2218, provided that:
“(1) Except as provided in paragraph (2), the amendments made by title VI [see Tables for classification] shall become effective on October 1, 1980.
“(2) The amendments made by sections 603 [amending sections 1677 and 1798 [now 3698] of this title] and 604 [amending section 1786 [now 3686] of this title] shall not apply to any person receiving educational assistance under chapter 34 or 35 of title 38, United States Code, on September 1, 1980, for the pursuit of a program of education, as defined in section 1652(b) [now 3452(b)] of such title, in which such person is enrolled on that date, for as long as such person continuously thereafter is so enrolled and meets the requirements of eligibility for such assistance for the pursuit of such program under the provisions of such chapter and chapter 36 of such title as in effect on that date.”
Rules and Regulations

Pub. L. 96–466, title VI, § 605(b),Oct. 17, 1980, 94 Stat. 2211, provided that: “The Administrator of Veterans’ Affairs [now Secretary of Veterans Affairs] shall, not later than January 1, 1981, prescribe the regulations required to be prescribed under sections 3114 and 3115 [now 5314 and 5315] of title 38, United States Code, as added by subsection (a).”

The table below lists the classification updates, since Jan. 3, 2012, for this section. Updates to a broader range of sections may be found at the update page for containing chapter, title, etc.

The most recent Classification Table update that we have noticed was Tuesday, August 13, 2013

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38 USCDescription of ChangeSession YearPublic LawStatutes at Large


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