39 U.S. Code § 5402 - Contracts for transportation of mail by air

(a) In this section—
(1) the term “acceptance point” means the point at which nonpriority bypass mail originates;
(2) the terms foreign air carrier, [1] “air carrier”, “interstate air transportation”, “foreign air carrier”. [2] and “foreign air transportation” have the meanings given such terms in section 40102 (a) of title 49, United States Code;
(3) the term “base fare” means the fare paid to the carrier issuing the passenger ticket or carrying nonmail freight which may entail service being provided by more than 1 carrier;
(4) the term “bush carrier” means a carrier operating aircraft certificated within the payload capacity requirements of subsection (g)(1)(A)(iv)(I) on a city pair route;
(5) the term “bush passenger carrier” means a passenger carrier that meets the requirements of subsection (g)(1)(A)(iv)(I) and provides passenger service on a city pair route;
(6) the term “bush route” means an air route in which only a bush carrier is tendered nonpriority bypass mail between the origination point, being either an acceptance point or a hub, as determined by the Postal Service, and the destination city;
(7) the term “certificated air carrier” means an air carrier that holds a certificate of public convenience and necessity issued under section 41102 (a) of title 49;
(8) the term “city pair” means service between an origin and destination city pair;
(9) the term “code-share relationship” means a relationship pursuant to which any certificated air carrier or foreign air carrier’s designation code is used to identify a flight operated by another air carrier or foreign air carrier;
(10) the term “composite rate”—
(A) means a combination of mainline and bush linehaul rates and a single terminal handling payment at a bush terminal handling rate paid to a bush carrier for a direct flight from an acceptance point to a bush destination beyond a hub point; and
(B) shall be based on the mainline rate paid to the hub, plus the lowest bush rate paid to bush carriers in the State of Alaska for the distance traveled from the hub point to the destination point;
(11) the term “equitable tender” means the practice of the Postal Service of equitably distributing mail on a fair and reasonable basis between those air carriers that offer equivalent services and costs between 2 communities in accordance with the regulations of the Postal Service;
(12) the term “existing mainline carrier” means a mainline carrier (as defined in this subsection) that on January 1, 2001, was—
(A) certified under part 121;
(B) qualified to provide mainline nonpriority bypass mail service; and
(C) actually engaged in the carriage, on scheduled service within the State of Alaska, of mainline nonpriority bypass mail tendered to it under its designator code. [3]
(13) the term “mainline carrier” means a carrier operating aircraft under part 121 and certificated within the payload capacity requirements of subsection (g)(1)(A)(iv)(II) on a given city pair route;
(14) the term “mainline route” means a city pair in which a mainline carrier is tendered nonpriority bypass mail;
(15) the term “new”, when referencing a carrier, means a carrier that—
(A) meets the respective requirements of subclause (I) or (II) of subsection (g)(1)(A)(iv), depending on the type of route being served and the size of aircraft being used to provide service;
(B) began providing nonpriority bypass mail service on a city pair route in the State of Alaska after January 1, 2001; and
(C) is not comprised of previously qualified existing mainline carriers as a result of merger or sale;
(16) the term “part 121” means part 121 of title 14, Code of Federal Regulations;
(17) the term “part 135” means part 135 of title 14, Code of Federal Regulations;
(18) the term “scheduled service” means—
(A) flights are operated in common carriage available to the general public under a published schedule;
(B) flight schedules are announced in advance in systems specified by the Postal Service, in addition to the Official Airline Guide or the air cargo equivalent of that Guide;
(C) flights depart whether full or not; and
(D) customers contract for carriage separately on a regular basis;
(19) the term “Secretary” means the Secretary of Transportation;
(20) the term “121 bush passenger carrier” means a bush passenger carrier providing passenger service on bush routes under part 121;
(21) the term “121 mainline passenger carrier” means a mainline carrier providing passenger service through scheduled service on routes under part 121;
(22) the term “121 passenger aircraft” means an aircraft flying passengers on a city pair route that is operated under part 121;
(23) the term “121 passenger carrier” means a passenger carrier that provides scheduled service under part 121;
(24) the term “135 bush passenger carrier” means a bush passenger carrier providing passenger service through scheduled service on bush routes under part 135; and
(25) the term “135 passenger carrier” means a passenger carrier that provides scheduled service under part 135.
(b) International Mail.—
(1) In general.—
(A) Except as otherwise provided in this subsection, the Postal Service may contract for the transportation of mail by aircraft between any of the points in foreign air transportation only with certificated air carriers. A contract may be awarded to a certificated air carrier to transport mail by air between any of the points in foreign air transportation that the Secretary of Transportation has authorized the carrier to serve either directly or through a code-share relationship with one or more foreign air carriers.
(B) If the Postal Service has sought offers or proposals from certificated air carriers to transport mail in foreign air transportation between points, or pairs of points within a geographic region or regions, and has not received offers or proposals that meet Postal Service requirements at a fair and reasonable price from at least 2 such carriers, the Postal Service may seek offers or proposals from foreign air carriers. Where service in foreign air transportation meeting the Postal Service’s requirements is unavailable at a fair and reasonable price from at least 2 certificated air carriers, either directly or through a code-share relationship with one or more foreign air carriers, the Postal Service may contract with foreign air carriers to provide the service sought if, when the Postal Service seeks offers or proposals from foreign air carriers, it also seeks an offer or proposal to provide that service from any certificated air carrier providing service between those points, or pairs of points within a geographic region or regions, on the same terms and conditions that are being sought from foreign air carriers.
(C) For purposes of this subsection, the Postal Service shall use a methodology for determining fair and reasonable prices for the Postal Service designated region or regions developed in consultation with, and with the concurrence of, certificated air carriers representing at least 51 percent of available ton miles in the markets of interest.
(D) For purposes of this subsection, ceiling prices determined pursuant to the methodology used under subparagraph (C) shall be presumed to be fair and reasonable if they do not exceed the ceiling prices derived from—
(i) a weighted average based on market rate data furnished by the International Air Transport Association or a subsidiary unit thereof; or
(ii) if such data are not available from those sources, such other neutral, regularly updated set of weighted average market rates as the Postal Service, with the concurrence of certificated air carriers representing at least 51 percent of available ton miles in the markets of interest, may designate.
(E) If, for purposes of subparagraph (D)(ii), concurrence cannot be attained, then the most recently available market rate data described in this subparagraph shall continue to apply for the relevant market or markets.
(2) Contract process.— The Postal Service shall contract for foreign air transportation as set forth in paragraph (1) through an open procurement process that will provide—
(A) potential offerors with timely notice of business opportunities in sufficient detail to allow them to make a proposal;
(B) requirements, proposed terms and conditions, and evaluation criteria to potential offerors; and
(C) an opportunity for unsuccessful offerors to receive prompt feedback upon request.
(3) Emergency or unanticipated conditions; inadequate lift space.— The Postal Service may enter into contracts to transport mail by air in foreign air transportation with a certificated air carrier or a foreign air carrier without complying with the requirements of paragraphs (b)(1) and (2) if—
(A) emergency or unanticipated conditions exist that make it impractical for the Postal Service to comply with such requirements; or
(B) its demand for lift exceeds the space available to it under existing contracts and—
(i) there is insufficient time available to seek additional lift using procedures that comply with those requirements without compromising the Postal Service’s service commitments to its own customers; and
(ii) the Postal Service first offers any certificated air carrier holding a contract to carry mail between the relevant points the opportunity to carry such excess volumes under the terms of its existing contract.
(c) Good Faith Effort Required.— The Postal Service and potential offerors shall put a good-faith effort into resolving disputes concerning the award of contracts made under subsection (b).
(d) If the Postal Service determines that service by certificated air carriers or combination of air carriers between any pair or pairs of points in foreign air transportation is not adequate for its purposes, it may contract, without advertising for bids, in such manner and under such terms and conditions as it may deem appropriate, with any air taxi operator or combination thereof for such air transportation service. Contracts made under this subsection may be renewed at the existing rate by mutual agreement between the holder and the Postal Service. The Postal Service, with the consent of the air taxi operator, may adjust the compensation under such contracts for increased or decreased costs occasioned by changed conditions occurring during the contract term. The Postal Service shall cancel such a contract when the Secretary authorizes an additional certificated carrier or carriers to provide service between any pair or pairs of points covered by the contract, and such carrier or carriers inaugurate schedules adequate for its purposes.
(e)
(1) The Postal Service may determine rates and contract with any air carrier for the transportation of mail by aircraft in interstate air transportation either through negotiations or competitive bidding.
(2)
(A) In the exercise of its authority under paragraph (1), the Postal Service may require any air carrier to accept as mail shipments of day-old poultry, honeybees, and such other live animals as postal regulations allow to be transmitted as mail matter. The authority of the Postal Service under this subparagraph shall not apply in the case of any air carrier who commonly and regularly refuses to accept any live animals as cargo.
(B) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Postal Service is authorized to assess, as postage to be paid by the mailers of any shipments covered by subparagraph (A), a reasonable surcharge that the Postal Service determines in its discretion to be adequate to compensate air carriers for any necessary additional expense incurred in handling such shipments.
(f) The authority of the Secretary and the Postal Service under subsections (b), (c), and (d) of this section shall also apply, and the authority of the Postal Service under subsection (e) shall not apply, to the transportation of mail by aircraft between any two points both of which are within the State of Alaska and between which the air carrier is authorized by the Secretary to engage in the transportation of mail.
(g)
(1)
(A) The Postal Service, in selecting carriers of nonpriority bypass mail to any point served by more than 1 carrier in the State of Alaska, shall adhere to an equitable tender policy within a qualified group of carriers, in accordance with the regulations of the Postal Service, and shall, at a minimum, require that any such carrier—
(i) hold a certificate of public convenience and necessity issued under section 41102 (a) of title 49;
(ii) operate at least to such point at least the number of scheduled flights each week established under subparagraph (B)(i);
(iii) exhibit an adherence to such scheduled flights; and
(iv) have provided scheduled service with at least the number of scheduled noncontract flights each week established under subparagraph (B)(ii) between 2 points within the State of Alaska for at least 12 consecutive months with aircraft—
(I) up to 7,500 pounds payload capacity before being selected as a carrier of nonpriority bypass mail at an applicable intra-Alaska bush service mail rate; and
(II) over 7,500 pounds payload capacity before being selected as a carrier of nonpriority bypass mail at the intra-Alaska mainline service mail rate.
(B)
(i) For purposes of subparagraph (A)(ii)—
(I) for aircraft described under subparagraph (A)(iv)(I) the number is 3; and
(II) for aircraft described under subparagraph (A)(iv)(II), the number is 2, except as may be provided under subparagraph (C).
(ii) For purposes of subparagraph (A)(iv)—
(I) for aircraft described under subparagraph (A)(iv)(I), the number is 3; and
(II) for aircraft described under subparagraph (A)(iv)(II), for any week in any month before the effective date of the Rural Air Service Improvement Act of 2004, the number is 3, and after such date, the number is 2.
(C) The Postal Service, after consultation with affected carriers, may establish for service by aircraft described under subparagraph (A)(iv)(II)—
(i) a larger number of flights than required under subparagraph (B)(i); or
(ii) the days that service will operate.
(2) The Postal Service—
(A) may provide direct mainline non-priority bypass mail service to any bush point in the State of Alaska, without regard to paragraph (1)(B), if such service is equal to or better than interline service in cost and quality;
(B) shall deduct the non-priority bypass mail poundage flown on direct mainline flights to bush points within the State of Alaska by any carrier, from such carrier’s allocation of the total poundage of non-priority bypass mail transported to the nearest appropriate Postal Service hub point in any month;
(C) shall offer a bush passenger carrier providing service on a route in the State of Alaska between an acceptance point and a hub not served by a mainline carrier the opportunity to receive equitable tender of nonpriority bypass mail at mainline service rates when a mainline carrier begins serving that route if the bush passenger carrier—
(i) meets the requirements of paragraph (1);
(ii) provided at least 20 percent of the passenger service (as calculated in subsection (h)(5)) between such city pair for the 6 months immediately preceding the date on which the bush carrier seeks such tender; and
(iii) continues to provide not less than 20 percent of the passenger service on the city pair while seeking such tender;
(D) shall offer bush passenger carriers and nonmail freight carriers the opportunity to receive equitable tender of nonpriority bypass mail at mainline service rates from a hub point to a destination city in the State of Alaska if the city pair is also being served by a mainline carrier and—
(i) for a passenger carrier—
(I) the carrier meets the requirements of paragraph (1);
(II) the carrier provided at least 20 percent of the passenger service (as calculated in subsection (h)(5)) on the city pair route for the 6 months immediately preceding the date on which the carrier seeks such tender; and
(III) the carrier continues to provide not less than 20 percent of the passenger service on the route; or
(ii) for a nonmail freight carrier—
(I) the carrier meets the requirements of paragraph (1); and
(II) the carrier provided at least 25 percent of the nonmail freight service (as calculated in subsection (i)(6)) on the city pair route for the 6 months immediately preceding the date on which the carrier seeks such tender;
(E)
(i) shall not offer equitable tender of nonpriority mainline bypass mail at mainline rates to a bush carrier operating from an acceptance point to a hub point in the State of Alaska, except as described in subparagraph (C); and
(ii) may tender nonpriority bypass mail at bush rates to a bush carrier from an acceptance point to a hub point in the State of Alaska if the Postal Service determines that—
(I) the bush carrier meets the requirements of paragraph (1);
(II) the service to be provided on such route by the bush carrier is not otherwise available through direct mainline service; and
(III) tender of mail to such bush carrier will not decrease the efficiency of nonpriority bypass mail service (in terms of payments to all carriers providing service on the city pair route and timely delivery) for the route;
(F) may offer tender of nonpriority bypass mail to a passenger carrier from an acceptance point to a destination city beyond a hub point in the State of Alaska at a composite rate if the Postal Service determines that—
(i) the carrier provides passenger service in accordance with the requirements of subsection (h)(2);
(ii) the carrier qualifies under subsection (h) to be tendered nonpriority bypass mail out of the hub point being bypassed;
(iii) the tender of such mail will not decrease efficiency of delivery of nonpriority bypass mail service into or out of the hub point being bypassed; and
(iv) such tender will result in reduced payments to the carrier by the Postal Service over flying the entire route; and
(G) notwithstanding subparagraph (F), shall offer equitable tender of nonpriority bypass mail in proportion to passenger and nonmail freight mail pools described in this section between qualified passenger and nonmail freight carriers on a route from an acceptance point to a bush destination in the State of Alaska at a composite rate if—
(i)
(I) for a passenger carrier, the carrier receiving the composite rate provided 20 percent of the passenger service on the city pair route for the 12 months immediately preceding the date on which the carrier seeks tender of such mail; or
(II) for a nonmail freight carrier, the carrier receiving the composite rate provided at least 25 percent of the nonmail freight service for the 12 months immediately preceding the date on which the carrier seeks tender of such mail; and
(ii)
(I) nonpriority bypass mail was being tendered to a passenger carrier or a nonmail freight carrier at a composite rate on such city pair route on January 1, 2000; or
(II) the hub being bypassed was not served by a mainline carrier on January 1, 2000.
The tender of nonpriority bypass mail under subparagraph (G) shall be on an equitable basis between the qualified carriers that provide the direct service on the city pair route and the qualified carriers that provide service between the hub point being bypassed and the destination point, based on the volume of nonpriority bypass mail on both routes.
(3)
(A) The Postal Service shall determine the bypass mail bush points and hub points described under paragraph (2)(B) after consultation with the State of Alaska and the affected local communities and air carriers.
(B) Any changes in the determinations of the Postal Service under subparagraph (A) shall be made—
(i) after consultation with the State of Alaska and the affected local communities and air carriers; and
(ii) after giving 12 months public notice before any such change takes effect.
(C) When a new hub results from a change in a determination under subparagraph (B), mail tender from that hub during the 12-month period beginning on the effective date of that change shall be based on the passenger and freight shares to the destinations of the affected hub or hubs resulting in the new hub.
(4)
(A) Except as provided under subparagraph (B) and paragraph (5), the Postal Service shall select only existing mainline carriers to provide nonpriority bypass mail service between an acceptance point and a hub point in the State of Alaska.
(B) The Postal Service may select a carrier other than an existing mainline carrier to provide nonpriority bypass mail service on a mainline route in the State of Alaska if—
(i) the Postal Service determines (in accordance with criteria established in advance by the Postal Service) that the mail service between the acceptance point and the hub point is deficient and provides written notice of the determination to existing mainline carriers to the hub point; and
(ii) after the 30-day period following issuance of notice under clause (i), including notice of inadequate capacity, the Postal Service determines that deficiencies in service to the hub point have not been eliminated.
(C) A providing carrier selected under subparagraph (A) may subcontract the transportation of nonpriority bypass mail to another existing mainline carrier when additional or substitute aircraft are temporarily needed to meet the delivery schedule of the Postal Service or the carrier’s operating requirements. The providing carrier shall remain responsible for the mail from origin through destination.
(5)
(A) The Postal Service shall offer equitable tender of nonpriority bypass mail to a new 121 mainline passenger carrier entering a mainline route in the State of Alaska, if the carrier—
(i) meets the requirements of subsection (g)(1)(A)(iv)(II); and
(ii) has provided at least 75 percent of the number of insured passenger seats as the number of available passenger seats being provided by the mainline passenger carrier providing the greatest number of available passenger seats on that route for the 6 months immediately preceding the date on which the carrier seeks tender of such mail.
(B) A new 121 mainline passenger carrier that is tendered nonpriority mainline bypass mail under subparagraph (A)—
(i) shall be eligible for equitable tender of such mail only on city pair routes where the carrier meets the conditions of subparagraph (A);
(ii) may not count the passenger service provided under subparagraph (A) toward the carrier meeting the minimum requirements of this section; and
(iii) shall provide at least 20 percent of the passenger service (as determined for bush passenger carriers in subsection (h)(5)) on such route to remain eligible to be tendered nonpriority mainline bypass mail.
(C) Notwithstanding subparagraph (A) and paragraph (1)(B), a new 121 mainline passenger carrier, otherwise qualified under this subsection, may immediately receive equitable tender of nonpriority mainline bypass mail to a hub point in the State of Alaska if the carrier meets the requirements of subparagraphs (A), (C), and (D) of paragraph (1) and subsection (h)(2)(B) and—
(i) all qualified 121 mainline passenger carriers discontinue service on the city pair route; or
(ii) no 121 mainline passenger carrier serves the city pair route.
(D) A carrier operating under a code share agreement on the date of enactment of the Rural Service Improvement Act of 2002 that received tender of nonpriority mainline bypass mail on a city pair route in the State of Alaska may count the passenger service provided under the entire code share arrangement on such route if the code share agreement terminates. That carrier shall continue to provide at least 20 percent of the passenger service (as determined for bush passenger carriers in subsection (h)(5)) between the city pair as a 121 mainline passenger carrier while seeking such tender.
(6)
(A) Notwithstanding paragraph (1)(B), passenger carriers providing essential air service under a Department of Transportation order issued under subchapter II of chapter 417 of title 49, United States Code, shall be tendered all nonpriority mail, in addition to all nonpriority bypass mail, by the Postal Service to destination cities in the State of Alaska served by the essential air service flights consistent with that order unless the Postal Service finds that an essential air service carrier’s service does not meet the needs of the Postal Service.
(B) Service provided under this paragraph, including service provided to points served in conjunction with service being subsidized under the Essential Air Service contract, may not be applied toward any of the minimum eligibility requirements of this section.
(7) Nothing in this section shall preclude the Postal Service from establishing by regulation aircraft preferences for the dispatch of postal products other than nonpriority bypass mail.
(h)
(1) Except as provided under paragraph (7), on a city pair route in the State of Alaska, the Postal Service shall offer equitable tender of 70 percent of the nonpriority bypass mail on the route to all carriers providing scheduled bush passenger service in accordance with part 121 or part 135 that—
(A) meet the requirements of subsection (g)(1);
(B) provided 20 percent or more of the passenger service (as calculated in paragraph (5)) between the city pair for the 12 months preceding the date on which the 121 passenger aircraft or the 135 passenger carrier seek tender of nonpriority bypass mail; and
(C) meet the requirements of paragraph (2).
(2) To remain eligible for equitable tender under this subsection, the carrier or aircraft shall—
(A) continue to provide not less than 20 percent of the passenger service on the city pair route for which the carrier is seeking the tender of such nonpriority bypass mail;
(B)
(i) for operations under part 121, operate aircraft type certificated to carry at least 19 passengers;
(ii) for operations under part 135, operate aircraft type certificated to carry at least 5 passengers; or
(iii) for operations under part 135 where only a water landing is available, operate aircraft type certificated to carry at least 3 passengers;
(C) insure all available passenger seats on the city pair route on which the carrier seeks tender of such mail; and
(D) operate flights under its published schedule.
(3)
(A) Except as provided under subparagraph (C), a new or existing 121 bush passenger carrier qualified under subsection (g)(1) shall be exempt from the requirements under paragraphs (1)(B) and (2)(A) on a city pair route for a period which shall extend for—
(i) 1 year;
(ii) 1 year in addition to the extension under clause (i) if, as of the conclusion of the first year, such carrier has been providing not less than 5 percent of the passenger service on that route (as calculated under paragraph (5)); and
(iii) 1 year in addition to the extension under clause (ii) if, as of the conclusion of the second year, such carrier has been providing not less than 10 percent of the passenger service on that route (as calculated under paragraph (5)).
(B) The first 3 121 bush passenger carriers entitled to the exemptions under subparagraph (A) on any city pair route shall divide no more than an additional 10 percent of the mail, apportioned equally, comprised of no more than—
(I) 5 percent of the share of each qualified passenger carrier servicing that route that is not a 121 bush passenger carrier; and
(II) 5 percent of the share of each nonpassenger carrier servicing that route that transports 25 percent or more of the total nonmail freight under subsection (i)(1).
(ii) Additional 121 bush passenger carriers entering service on that city pair route after the first 3 shall not receive any additional mail share.
(iii) If any 121 bush passenger carrier on a city pair route receiving an additional share of the mail under clause (ii) discontinues service on that route, the 121 bush passenger carrier that has been providing the longest period of service on that route and is otherwise eligible but is not receiving a share by reason of clause (ii), shall receive the share of the carrier discontinuing service.
(C) Notwithstanding the requirements of this subsection, if only 1 passenger carrier or aircraft is qualified to be tendered nonpriority bypass mail as a passenger carrier or aircraft on a city pair route in the State of Alaska, the Postal Service shall tender 20 percent of the nonpriority bypass mail described under paragraph (1) to the passenger carrier or aircraft providing at least 10 percent of the passenger service on such route.
(4) Qualification for the tender of mail under this subsection shall not be counted toward the minimum qualifications necessary to be tendered nonpriority bypass mail on any other route.
(5)
(A) In this section, the percent of passenger service shall be a percentage calculated using data collected under subsection (k).
(B) For the purposes of calculating passenger service as described under subparagraph (A), a bush passenger carrier providing intervillage bush passenger service may include the carriage of passengers carried along any point of the route between the route’s origination point and the final destination point. Such calculation shall be based only on the carriage of passengers on regularly scheduled flights and only on flights being flown in a direction away from the hub point. Passenger service provided on chartered flights shall not be included in the carrier’s calculation of passenger service.
(6)
(A) The Secretary shall establish new bush rates for passenger carriers operating in the State of Alaska receiving tender of nonpriority bypass mail under this subsection.
(B) The Secretary shall establish a bush rate based on data collected under subsection (k) from 121 bush passenger carriers. Such rates shall be paid to all bush passenger carriers operating on city pair routes in the State of Alaska where a 121 bush passenger carrier is tendered nonpriority bypass mail.
(C) The Secretary shall establish a bush rate based on data collected under subsection (k) from 135 bush passenger carriers. Such rates shall be paid to all bush passenger carriers operating on bush city pair routes in the State of Alaska where no 121 bush passenger carrier is tendered nonpriority bypass mail.
(D) The Secretary shall establish a bush rate based on data collected under subsection (k) from bush passenger carriers operating aircraft on city pair routes where only water landings are available. Such rates shall be paid to all bush passenger carriers operating on the city pair routes in the State of Alaska where only water landings are available.
(7) The percentage rate in paragraph (1) shall be 75 percent beginning 3 years and 3 months after the date of enactment of the Rural Service Improvement Act of 2002.
(i)
(1) Except as provided under paragraph (7), on a city pair route in the State of Alaska, the Postal Service shall offer equitable tender of 20 percent of the nonpriority bypass mail on such route to those carriers transporting 25 percent or more of the total nonmail freight (in revenue or weight as determined by the Postal Service), for the 12 months immediately preceding the date on which the freight carrier seeks tender of such mail.
(2) To remain eligible for equitable tender under this subsection, a freight carrier shall continue to provide not less than 25 percent of the nonmail freight service on the city pair route for which the carrier is seeking tender of such mail.
(3) If a new freight carrier enters a market, the freight carrier shall meet the minimum requirements of subsection (g)(1) and shall operate for 12 months on a city pair route in the State of Alaska before being eligible for equitable tender of nonpriority bypass mail on that route.
(4) If no carrier qualifies for tender of nonpriority bypass mail on a city pair route in the State of Alaska under this subsection, such mail to be divided under this subsection, as described in paragraph (1), shall be tendered to the nonmail freight carrier providing the highest percentage of nonmail freight service (in terms of revenue or weight as determined by the Postal Service as calculated under paragraph (6)) on the city pair route. If no nonmail freight carrier is present on a city pair route in the State of Alaska to receive tender of nonpriority bypass mail under this paragraph, the nonpriority bypass mail to be divided under paragraph (1) shall be divided equitably among carriers qualified under subsection (h).
(5) Qualification for the tender of mail under this subsection shall not be counted toward the minimum qualifications necessary to be tendered nonpriority bypass mail on any other route.
(6) In this subsection, the percent of nonmail freight shall be calculated as a percentage, using the data provided pursuant to subsection (k), by dividing the revenue or weight (as determined by the Postal Service) of nonmail freight earned by or carried by a carrier from the transport of nonmail freight from an origination point to a destination point by the total amount of revenue or weight of nonmail freight earned by or carried by all carriers from the transport of nonmail freight from the origination point to the destination point.
(7) The percentage rate in paragraph (1) shall be 25 percent beginning 3 years and 3 months after the date of enactment of the Rural Service Improvement Act of 2002.
(j)
(1) Except as provided by paragraph (3), there shall be equitable tender of 10 percent of the nonpriority bypass mail to all carriers on each city pair route in the State of Alaska meeting the requirements of subsection (g)(1) that do not otherwise qualify for tender under subsection (h) or (i).
(2) If no carrier qualifies under this subsection with respect to a city pair route, the 10 percent of nonpriority bypass mail allocated under paragraph (1) shall be divided evenly between the pools described under subsections (h) and (i) to be equitably tendered among qualified carriers under such subsections, such that—
(A) the amount of nonpriority bypass mail available for tender among qualified carriers under subsection (h) shall be 75 percent; and
(B) the amount of nonpriority bypass mail available for tender among qualified carriers under subsection (i) shall be 25 percent.
(3)
(A) Except as provided by subparagraph (B), the percentage rate under paragraph (1) shall be 0 percent beginning 3 years and 3 months after the date of enactment of the Rural Service Improvement Act of 2002.
(B) The percentage rate under paragraph (1) shall remain 10 percent for equitable tender for 6 years and 3 months after the date of enactment of the Rural Service Improvement Act of 2002 for a nonpriority bypass mail carrier on routes served exclusively by bush carriers in the State of Alaska originating from the main hub of the carrier designated under subparagraph (C), if the carrier seeking the tender of such mail—
(i) meets the requirements of subsection (g)(1);
(ii) is not qualified under subsection (h) or (i);
(iii) operates routes originating from the main hub of the carrier designated under subparagraph (C); and
(iv) has invested at least $500,000 in a physical hanger facility prior to January 1, 2002 in such a hub city.
(C) For purposes of subparagraph (B), a carrier may designate only one hub city as its main hub and once such designation is transmitted to the Postal Service it may not be changed. Such selection and transmission must be transmitted to the Postal Service within 6 months of the date of enactment of the Rural Service Improvement Act of 2002. A carrier attempting to receive tender of nonpriority bypass mail under this subsection shall not be eligible for such tender after the carrier becomes qualified for tender of nonpriority bypass mail under subsection (h) or (i) on any route. The purchase of another carrier’s hanger facility after such date of enactment shall not be considered sufficient to meet the requirement of subparagraph (B)(iv).
(k)
(1) At least once every 2 years, in conjunction with annual updates, the Secretary shall review the need for a bush mail rate investigation. The Secretary shall use show cause procedures to speedily and more accurately determine the cost of providing bush mail service. In determining such rates, the Secretary shall not take into account the cost of passenger insurance rates or premiums paid by the passenger carriers or other costs associated with passenger service.
(2) In order to ensure sufficient, reliable, and timely traffic data to meet the requirements of this subsection, the Secretary shall require—
(A) the monthly submission of the bush carrier’s data on T–100 diskettes, or any other suitable form of data collection, as determined by the Secretary; and
(B) the carriers to retain all books, records, and other source and summary documentation to support their reports and to preserve and maintain such documentation in a manner that readily permits the audit and examination by representatives of the Postal Service or the Secretary.
(3) Documentation under paragraph (2) shall be retained for 7 years or until the Secretary indicates that the records may be destroyed. Copies of flight logs for aircraft sold or disposed of shall be retained.
(4) Carriers qualified to be tendered nonpriority bypass mail shall submit to the Secretary the number and type of aircraft in the carrier’s fleet, the level of passenger insurance covering its fleet, and the name of the insurance company providing such coverage.
(l) No qualified carrier may be tendered nonpriority bypass mail under subsections (h) and (i) simultaneously on a route unless no other carrier is tendered mail under either subsection.
(m)
(1) Carriers qualifying for tender of nonpriority bypass mail under subsections (h) and (i) simultaneously shall be tendered such mail under subsection (h).
(2) A carrier shall be tendered nonpriority bypass mail under subsection (i) if that carrier—
(A) was qualified under both subsections (h) and (i) simultaneously; and
(B) becomes unqualified under subsection (h) but remains qualified under subsection (i).
(n)
(1) A carrier operation resulting from a merger or acquisition between any 2 carriers operating between points in the State of Alaska shall have the passenger and nonmail freight of all such merged or acquired carriers on the applicable route counted toward meeting the resulting carrier’s minimum requirements to receive equitable tender of nonpriority bypass mail on such route for the 12-month period following the date of the merger or acquisition.
(2) After the 12-month period described under paragraph (1), the carrier resulting from the merger or acquisition shall demonstrate that the carrier meets the minimum passenger or nonmail freight carriage requirements of this section to continue receiving tender of such mail.
(o) In addition to any penalties applied to a carrier by the Federal Aviation Administration or the Secretary, any carrier that significantly misstates passenger or nonmail freight data required to be reported under this section on any route, in an attempt to qualify for tender of nonpriority bypass mail, shall receive—
(1) a 1-month suspension of tender of nonpriority bypass mail on the route where the data was misstated for the first offense;
(2) a 6-month suspension of tender of nonpriority bypass mail on the route where the data was misstated for the second offense;
(3) a 1-year suspension of tender of all nonpriority bypass mail in the entire State of Alaska for the third offense in the State; and
(4) a permanent suspension of tender of all nonpriority bypass mail in the entire State of Alaska for the fourth offense in the State.
(p)
(1) The Postal Service or the Secretary, in carrying out subsection (g)(2), (h), or (i), may deny equitable tender to an otherwise qualified carrier that does not operate under this section in good faith or under the intent of this section.
(2) The Postal Service or the Secretary may waive any provision of subsection (h) or (i), if the carrier provides substantial passenger or nonmail freight service on the route in the State of Alaska where the carrier seeks tender of nonpriority mail and nonpriority bypass mail.
(3) To ensure adequate competition among passenger carriers on a mainline route in the State of Alaska the Postal Service or the Secretary may waive the requirements of subsection (g)(1)(A)(iv), (g)(2)(E), (g)(4), or (g)(5), or any provision of subsection (h) if a 121 bush passenger carrier seeks tender of nonpriority bypass mail on a mainline route in the State of Alaska not served by a 121 mainline passenger carrier and the 121 bush passenger carrier provides substantial passenger service on the route. Waivers provided for under this paragraph shall be granted only in extreme cases of lack of competition and only to extent that are absolutely necessary to meet the minimum needs of the community. Waivers granted under this subsection shall cease to be valid once a qualified mainline passenger carrier begins providing service and seeks tender of nonpriority bypass mail in accordance with this section on the city pair route. The receipt of waivers and subsequent operation of service on a city pair route under this subsection shall not be counted towards meeting the requirements of any part of this section for any other city pair route.
(4) In granting waivers for or denying tender to carriers under this subsection, the Postal Service or the Secretary shall consider in the following order of importance—
(A) the passenger needs of the destination to be served (including amount and level);
(B) the nonmail freight needs of the destination to be served;
(C) the amount of nonpriority bypass mail service already available to the destination;
(D) the mail needs of the destination to be served;
(E) the savings to the Postal Service in terms of payments made to carriers;
(F) the amount or level of passenger service already available to the destination; and
(G) the amount of nonmail freight service already available to the destination.
(q) The Secretary shall make a regular review of carriers receiving, or attempting to qualify to receive, equitable tender of nonpriority bypass mail on a city pair route in the State of Alaska. If the Secretary suspends or revokes an operating certificate, the Secretary shall notify the Postal Service. Upon such notification, the Postal Service shall cease tender of mail to such carrier until the Secretary certifies the carrier is operating in a safe manner. Upon such receipt, the carrier shall demonstrate that it otherwise meets the minimum carriage requirements of this section before being tendered mail under this section.
(r) The Postal Service shall have the authority to tender nonpriority bypass mail to any carrier that meets the requirements of subsection (g)(1) on any city pair route in the State of Alaska on an emergency basis. Such emergency tender shall cease when a carrier qualifies for tender on such route under the terms of this section.
(s) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, and except for written contracts authorized under subsections (b), (c) and (d), tender by the Postal Service of any category of mail to a carrier for transportation between any two points in the State of Alaska shall not give rise to any contract between the Postal Service and a carrier, nor shall any such carrier acquire any right in continued or future tender of such mail by virtue of past or present receipt of such mail. This subsection shall apply to any case commenced before, on, or after the date of enactment of this subsection.


[1]  So in original. Probably should be set off by quotation marks and the term “foreign air carrier” probably should appear only once.

[2]  So in original. The period probably should be a comma and the term “foreign air carrier” probably should appear only once.

[3]  So in original. The period probably should be a semicolon.

Source

(Pub. L. 91–375, Aug. 12, 1970, 84 Stat. 772; Pub. L. 98–443, § 9(g)(4),Oct. 4, 1984, 98 Stat. 1707; Pub. L. 100–238, title I, § 137,Jan. 8, 1988, 101 Stat. 1767; Pub. L. 103–272, § 4(g)(2),July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 1364; Pub. L. 103–429, § 5,Oct. 31, 1994, 108 Stat. 4378; Pub. L. 104–52, title VI, § 631(a),Nov. 19, 1995, 109 Stat. 505; Pub. L. 107–67, title VI, § 651,Nov. 12, 2001, 115 Stat. 557; Pub. L. 107–171, title X, § 10501,May 13, 2002, 116 Stat. 509; Pub. L. 107–206, title III, § 3002(c), (e)(1),Aug. 2, 2002, 116 Stat. 911, 924; Pub. L. 108–447, div. J, title III, § 301(c)–(f), Dec. 8, 2004, 118 Stat. 3350, 3351; Pub. L. 109–435, title X, §§ 1002(b)(2), 1005 (a)–(g), Dec. 20, 2006, 120 Stat. 3255–3258; Pub. L. 110–405, § 2(a), (b)(11),Oct. 13, 2008, 122 Stat. 4287, 4290.)
References in Text

The effective date of the Rural Air Service Improvement Act of 2004, referred to in subsec. (g)(1)(B)(ii)(II), is the date of enactment of title III of div. J of Pub. L. 108–447, which was approved Dec. 8, 2004.
The date of enactment of the Rural Service Improvement Act of 2002, referred to in subsecs. (g)(5)(D), (h)(3)(D), (7), (i)(7), and (j)(3), is the date of enactment of Pub. L. 107–206, which was approved Aug. 2, 2002.
The date of enactment of this subsection, referred to in subsec. (s), is the date of enactment of Pub. L. 107–206, which was approved Aug. 2, 2002.
Amendments

2008—Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 110–405, § 2(b)(11)(D), which directed the insertion of “foreign air carrier,” after “terms”, was executed by making the insertion after first reference to “terms” to reflect the probable intent of Congress.
Pub. L. 110–405, § 2(b)(11)(A), inserted “ ‘foreign air carrier’.” after “ ‘interstate air transportation’,”
Subsec. (a)(7), (8). Pub. L. 110–405, § 2(b)(11)(B), added par. (7) and redesignated former par. (7) as (8). Former par. (8) redesignated (9).
Subsec. (a)(9) to (24). Pub. L. 110–405, § 2(b)(11)(C), added par. (9) and redesignated former pars. (9) to (23) as (10) to (24), respectively. Former par. (24) redesignated (25).
Pub. L. 110–405, § 2(b)(11)(B), redesignated pars. (8) to (23) as (9) to (24), respectively.
Subsec. (a)(25). Pub. L. 110–405, § 2(b)(11)(C), redesignated par. (24) as (25).
Subsecs. (b), (c). Pub. L. 110–405, § 2(a), added subsecs. (b) and (c) and struck out former subsecs. (b) and (c) which related to contracts with certificated air carriers without advertising for bids for transportation of mail between points in foreign air transportation authorized by Secretary and contracts with air carriers for transportation of mail between points in foreign air transportation not authorized by Secretary, respectively.
2006—Subsec. (a)(4), (5). Pub. L. 109–435, § 1005(a)(1), (2), substituted “subsection (g)(1)(A)(iv)(I)” for “subsection (g)(1)(D)(i)”.
Subsec. (a)(8)(A). Pub. L. 109–435, § 1005(a)(3), substituted “linehaul rates and a single terminal handling payment at a bush terminal handling rate paid to a bush carrier” for “rates paid to a bush carrier”.
Subsec. (a)(11). Pub. L. 109–435, § 1005(a)(4), substituted “subsection (g)(1)(A)(iv)(II)” for “subsection (g)(1)(D)(ii)”.
Subsec. (a)(13). Pub. L. 109–435, § 1005(a)(5), substituted “subclause (I) or (II) of subsection (g)(1)(A)(iv)” for “clause (i) or (ii) of subsection (g)(1)(D)” in subpar. (A) and added subpar. (C).
Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 109–435, § 1002(b)(2), struck out “for a period of not more than 4 years” after “may contract”.
Subsec. (g)(3)(C). Pub. L. 109–435, § 1005(b)(1), added subpar. (C).
Subsec. (g)(5)(A)(i). Pub. L. 109–435, § 1005(b)(2), substituted “subsection (g)(1)(A)(iv)(II)” for “subsection (g)(1)(D)(ii)”.
Subsec. (h)(1). Pub. L. 109–435, § 1005(c)(1), inserted “bush” after “providing scheduled”.
Subsec. (h)(3). Pub. L. 109–435, § 1005(c)(2), added par. (3) and struck out former par. (3) which related to conversion requirement for a 135 passenger carrier providing service on a city pair route in the State of Alaska to remain eligible for equitable tender of nonpriority bypass mail on the route when a 121 passenger carrier becomes qualified to be tendered nonpriority bypass mail on the route.
Subsec. (h)(5)(A). Pub. L. 109–435, § 1005(c)(3), struck out cl. (i) designation before “In this section” and cl. (ii) which related to requirement to ensure accurate reporting of market share by requiring the Postal Service to make certain comparisons.
Subsec. (i)(6). Pub. L. 109–435, § 1005(d), struck out subpar. (A) designation before “In this subsection” and subpar. (B) which related to requirement to ensure accurate reporting of market share by requiring the Postal Service to make certain comparisons.
Subsec. (j)(3)(B). Pub. L. 109–435, § 1005(e), substituted “routes served exclusively by bush carriers in the State of Alaska” for “bush routes in the State of Alaska”.
Subsec. (k)(5). Pub. L. 109–435, § 1005(f), struck out par. (5) which read as follows: “Not later than 30 days after the last day of each calendar month, carriers qualified or attempting to be qualified to be tendered nonpriority bypass mail shall report to the Secretary the excise taxes paid by city pair to the Department of the Treasury and the weight of and revenue earned by the carriage of nonmail freight. Final compiled data shall be made available to carriers providing service in the hub.”
Subsec. (p)(3). Pub. L. 109–435, § 1005(g), substituted “subsection (g)(1)(A)(iv)” for “subsection (g)(1)(D)”.
2004—Subsec. (a)(10)(C). Pub. L. 108–447, § 301(c), added subpar. (C) and struck out former subpar. (C) which read as follows: “actually engaged in the carriage of mainline nonpriority bypass mail through scheduled service in the State of Alaska;”.
Subsec. (g)(1). Pub. L. 108–447, § 301(d), added par. (1) and struck out former par. (1) which read as follows: “The Postal Service, in selecting carriers of non-priority bypass mail to any point served by more than one carrier in the State of Alaska, shall adhere to an equitable tender policy within a qualified group of carriers, in accordance with the regulations of the Postal Service, and shall, at a minimum, require that any such carrier shall—
“(A) hold a certificate of public convenience and necessity issued under section 41102 (a) of title 49;
“(B) operate at least 3 scheduled flights each week to such point;
“(C) exhibit an adherence to such scheduled flights; and
“(D) have provided scheduled service with at least 3 scheduled (noncontract) flights per week between two points within the State of Alaska for at least 12 consecutive months with aircraft—
“(i) up to 7,500 pounds payload capacity before being selected as a carrier of nonpriority bypass mail at an applicable intra-Alaska bush service mail rate; and
“(ii) over 7,500 pounds payload capacity before being selected as a carrier of nonpriority bypass mail at the intra-Alaska mainline service mail rate.”
Subsec. (g)(4)(C). Pub. L. 108–447, § 301(e), added subpar. (C).
Subsec. (g)(7). Pub. L. 108–447, § 301(f), added par. (7).
2002—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 107–206, § 3002(c)(1)(C), added subsec. (a). Former subsec. (a) redesignated (b).
Subsecs. (b), (c). Pub. L. 107–206, § 3002(e)(1)(A), substituted “Secretary” for “Secretary of Transportation” wherever appearing.
Pub. L. 107–206, § 3002(c)(1)(B), redesignatedsubsecs. (a) and (b) as (b) and (c), respectively. Former subsec. (c) redesignated (d).
Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 107–206, § 3002(e)(1)(A), substituted “Secretary” for “Secretary of Transportation”.
Pub. L. 107–206, § 3002(c)(1)(B), redesignatedsubsec. (c) as (d). Former subsec. (d) redesignated (e).
Subsec. (d)(2)(A). Pub. L. 107–171, § 10501(1), inserted “, honeybees,” after “poultry”.
Subsec. (d)(2)(C). Pub. L. 107–171, § 10501(2), struck out subpar. (C) which read as follows: “The authority of the Postal Service under subparagraph (B) shall apply during the period beginning on November 12, 2001, and ending June 30, 2002.”
Pub. L. 107–206, § 3002(c)(1)(A), (B), redesignatedsubsec. (d) as (e) and struck out former subsec. (e) which read as follows: “For purposes of this section, the terms ‘air carrier’, ‘interstate air transportation’, and ‘foreign air transportation’ have the meanings given such terms in section 40102 (a) of title 49.”
Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 107–206, § 3002(e)(1), substituted “Secretary” for “Secretary of Transportation”, “subsections (b), (c), and (d)” for “subsections (a), (b), and (c)”, and “subsection (e)” for “subsection (d)”.
Subsec. (g)(1). Pub. L. 107–206, § 3002(c)(2)(A), inserted “shall adhere to an equitable tender policy within a qualified group of carriers, in accordance with the regulations of the Postal Service, and” after “in the State of Alaska,” in introductory provisions.
Subsec. (g)(1)(C). Pub. L. 107–206, § 3002(c)(2)(B), struck out “to the best of the abilities of such carrier” before semicolon.
Subsec. (g)(1)(D). Pub. L. 107–206, § 3002(c)(2)(C), inserted “with at least 3 scheduled (noncontract) flights per week between two points” after “scheduled service” in introductory provisions.
Subsec. (g)(2). Pub. L. 107–206, § 3002(c)(3), added subpars. (C) to (G) and concluding provisions.
Subsec. (g)(4) to (6). Pub. L. 107–206, § 3002(c)(4), added pars. (4) to (6).
Subsecs. (h) to (s). Pub. L. 107–206, § 3002(c)(5), added subsecs. (h) to (s).
2001—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 107–67designated existing provisions as par. (1) and added par. (2).
1995—Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 104–52, § 631(a)(1), substituted “The” for “During the period beginning January 1, 1985, and ending January 1, 1999, the”.
Subsec. (g)(1)(D). Pub. L. 104–52, § 631(a)(2), amended subpar. (D) generally. Prior to amendment, subpar. (D) read as follows: “have provided scheduled service within the State of Alaska for at least 12 months before being selected as a carrier of non-priority bypass mail.”
1994—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 103–272, § 4(g)(2)(A), substituted “section 40101 (a) of title 49” for “section 1302 of title 49”.
Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 103–272, § 4(g)(2)(B), substituted “sections 40109(a) and (c)–(h) and 42112 of title 49” for “sections 1371(k) and 1386(b) of title 49”, “part A of subtitle VII of title 49” for “sections 1301–1542 of title 49”, and “chapters 411 and 413 of title 49” for “sections 1371–1386 of title 49”.
Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 103–272, § 4(g)(2)(C), inserted “determine rates and” after “Service may” and struck out “and overseas” after “in interstate”.
Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 103–272, § 4(g)(2)(D), struck out “ ‘overseas air transportation’,” before “and ‘foreign”, and substituted “section 40102 (a) of title 49” for “section 101 of the Federal Aviation Act of 1958 (49 U.S.C. 1301)”.
Subsec. (g)(1)(A). Pub. L. 103–429substituted “section 41102 (a) of title 49” for “section 401 of the Federal Aviation Act of 1958 (49 U.S.C. 1371)”.
1988—Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 100–238, § 137(1), substituted “January 1, 1999” for “January 1, 1989”.
Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 100–238, § 137(2), added subsec. (g).
1984—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 98–443, § 9(g)(4)(A)–(C), substituted “Secretary of Transportation” for “Civil Aeronautics Board” wherever appearing, substituted “between any of the points in foreign air transportation” for “between any of the points”, and struck out “10 percent of the domestic mail transported under any such contract or” before “5 percent”.
Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 98–443, § 9(g)(4)(A), (D), substituted “Secretary of Transportation” for “Civil Aeronautics Board” wherever appearing and “required between points in foreign air transportation” for “required between points”.
Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 98–443, § 9(g)(4)(A), (E), substituted “Secretary of Transportation” for “Civil Aeronautics Board” and “pairs of points in foreign air transportation is not adequate” for “pairs of points is not adequate”.
Subsecs. (d) to (f). Pub. L. 98–443, § 9(g)(4)(F), added subsecs. (d) to (f).
Effective Date of 2008 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 110–405effective Oct. 1, 2008, see section 2(c) ofPub. L. 110–405, set out as a note under section 101 of this title.
Effective Date of 2006 Amendment

Pub. L. 109–435, title X, § 1005(h)Dec. 20, 2006, 120 Stat. 3258, provided that:
“(1) In general.—Except as provided under paragraph (2), this section [amending this section] shall take effect on the date of enactment of this Act [Dec. 20, 2006].
“(2) Equitable tender.—Subsection (c) [amending this section] shall take effect on December 1, 2006.”
Effective Date of 2002 Amendment

Pub. L. 107–206, title III, § 3002(g),Aug. 2, 2002, 116 Stat. 924, provided that:
“(1) In general.—Except as provided under paragraph (2), this title [amending this section, section 2703 of Title 19, Customs Duties, section 1626 of Title 43, Public Lands, and section 41901 of Title 49, Transportation, and enacting provisions set out as notes under this section and section 101 of this title, section 112 of Title 1, General Provisions, and sections 2703 and 3203 of Title 19] (including the amendments made by this title) shall take effect on the date of enactment of this Act [Aug. 2, 2002].
“(2) Selection of carriers.—The amendment made by subsection (c)(5) [amending this section] shall take effect 15 months after the date of enactment of this Act.”
Effective Date of 1995 Amendment

Pub. L. 104–52, title VI, § 631(b),Nov. 19, 1995, 109 Stat. 505, provided that:
“(1) Subject to paragraph (2), the amendment made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall be effective on and after August 1, 1995.
“(2) Subparagraph (D) of section 5402 (g)(1) title 39, United States Code (as in effect before the amendment made under subsection (a)), shall apply to a carrier, if such carrier—
“(A) has an application pending before the Department of Transportation for approval under section 41102 or 41110(e) of title 39, [probably should be “49,”] United States Code, before August 1, 1995; and
“(B) would meet the requirements of such subparagraph if such application were approved and such certificate were purchased.”
Effective Date of 1984 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 98–443effective Jan. 1, 1985, see section 9(v) ofPub. L. 98–443, set out as a note under section 5314 of Title 5, Government Organization and Employees.
Findings

Pub. L. 107–206, title III, § 3002(b),Aug. 2, 2002, 116 Stat. 910, provided that: “Congress makes the following findings:
“(1) The State of Alaska is the largest State in the Union and has a very limited system of roads connecting communities.
“(2) Alaska has more pilots per capita than any other State in the Union.
“(3) Pilots flying in Alaska are often the most skilled and best-prepared pilots in the world.
“(4) Air travel within the State of Alaska is often hampered by severe weather conditions and treacherous terrain.
“(5) The United States Government owns nearly 2/3 of Alaska’s landmass, including large tracts of land separating isolated communities within the State.
“(6) Such Federal ownership has inhibited the ability of Alaskans to build roads connecting isolated communities.
“(7) Most communities and a large portion of the population within the State can only be reached by air.
“(8) The vast majority of food items and everyday necessities destined for these isolated communities and populations can only be transported through the air.
“(9) The Intra-Alaska Bypass Mail system, created by Congress and operated by the United States Postal Service under section 5402 of title 39, United States Code, with input from the Department of Transportation, connecting hundreds of rural and isolated communities within the State, is a critical piece of the Alaska and the national transportation system. The system is like a 4-legged stool, designed to—
“(A) provide the most affordable means of delivering food and everyday necessities to these rural and isolated communities;
“(B) establish a system whereby the Postal Service can meet its obligations to deliver mail to every house and business in the United States;
“(C) support affordable and reliable passenger service; and
“(D) support affordable and reliable nonmail freight service.
“(10) Without the Intra-Alaska Bypass Mail system—
“(A) it would be difficult and more expensive for the Postal Service to meet its obligation of delivering mail to every house and business in the United States; and
“(B) food, medicine, freight, and everyday necessities and passenger service for these rural and isolated communities would cost several times the current level.
“(11) Attempts by Congress to support passenger and nonmail freight service in Alaska using the Intra-Alaska Bypass Mail system have yielded some positive results, but some carriers have been manipulating the system by carrying few, if any, passengers and little nonmail freight while earning most of their revenues from the carriage of nonpriority bypass mail.
“(12) As long as the Federal Government continues to own large tracts of land within the State of Alaska which impede access to isolated communities, it is in the best interest of the Postal Service, the residents of Alaska and the United States—
“(A) to ensure that the Intra-Alaska Bypass Mail system remains strong, viable, and affordable for the Postal Service;
“(B) to ensure that residents of rural and isolated communities in Alaska continue to have affordable, reliable, and safe passenger service;
“(C) to ensure that residents of rural and isolated communities in Alaska continue to have affordable, reliable, and safe nonmail freight service;
“(D) to encourage that intra-Alaska air carriers move toward safer, more secure, and more reliable air transportation under the Federal Aviation Administration’s guidelines and in accordance with part 121 of title 14, Code of Federal Regulations, where such operations are supported by the needs of the community; and
“(E) that Congress, pursuant to the authority granted under Article I, section 8 of the United States Constitution to establish Post Offices and post roads, make changes to ensure that the Intra-Alaska Bypass Mail system continues to be used to support substantial passenger and nonmail freight service and to reduce costs for the Postal Service.”
Actions of Air Carriers To Qualify as Bush Passengers or Nonmail Freight Carriers

Pub. L. 107–206, title III, § 3002(d),Aug. 2, 2002, 116 Stat. 923, provided that: “Beginning 6 months after the date of enactment of this Act [Aug. 2, 2002], if the Secretary determines, based on the Secretary’s findings and recommendations of the Postal Service, that an air carrier being tendered nonpriority bush bypass mail is not taking actions to attempt to qualify as a bush passenger or nonmail freight carrier under section 5402 of title 39, United States Code (as amended by this title), the Postal Service shall immediately cease tender of all nonpriority bypass mail to such carrier.”
Reports to Congress

Pub. L. 107–206, title III, § 3002(f),Aug. 2, 2002, 116 Stat. 924, provided that, not later than 18 months after Aug. 2, 2002, the Postal Service and the Secretary of Transportation were to submit a report to the Committee on Government Reform (now Committee on Oversight and Government Reform) of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Governmental Affairs of the Senate on the progress of implementing title III of Pub. L. 107–206.

This is a list of parts within the Code of Federal Regulations for which this US Code section provides rulemaking authority.

This list is taken from the Parallel Table of Authorities and Rules provided by GPO [Government Printing Office].

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14 CFR - Aeronautics and Space

14 CFR Part 302 - RULES OF PRACTICE IN PROCEEDINGS

39 CFR - Postal Service

39 CFR Part 601 - PURCHASING OF PROPERTY AND SERVICES

 

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