40 U.S. Code § 5102 - Legal description and jurisdiction of United States Capitol Grounds

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(a) Legal Description.— The United States Capitol Grounds comprises all squares, reservations, streets, roadways, walks, and other areas as defined on a map entitled “Map showing areas comprising United States Capitol Grounds”, dated June 25, 1946, approved by the Architect of the Capitol, and recorded in the Office of the Surveyor of the District of Columbia in book 127, page 8, including all additions added by law after June 25, 1946.
(b) Jurisdiction.—
(1) Architect of the capitol.— The jurisdiction and control over the Grounds, vested prior to July 31, 1946, by law in the Architect, is extended to the entire area of the Grounds. Except as provided in paragraph (2), the Architect is responsible for the maintenance and improvement of the Grounds, including those streets and roadways in the Grounds as shown on the map referred to in subsection (a) as being under the jurisdiction and control of the Commissioners of the District of Columbia.
(2) Mayor of the district of columbia.—
(A) In general.— The Mayor of the District of Columbia is responsible for the maintenance and improvement of those portions of the following streets which are situated between the curblines of those streets: Constitution Avenue from Second Street Northeast to Third Street Northwest, First Street from D Street Northeast to D Street Southeast, D Street from First Street Southeast to Washington Avenue Southwest, and First Street from the north side of Louisiana Avenue to the intersection of C Street and Washington Avenue Southwest, Pennsylvania Avenue Northwest from First Street Northwest to Third Street Northwest, Maryland Avenue Southwest from First Street Southwest to Third Street Southwest, Second Street Northeast from F Street Northeast to C Street Southeast; C Street Southeast from Second Street Southeast to First Street Southeast; that portion of Maryland Avenue Northeast from Second Street Northeast to First Street Northeast; that portion of New Jersey Avenue Northwest from D Street Northwest to Louisiana Avenue; that portion of Second Street Southwest from the north curb of D Street to the south curb of Virginia Avenue Southwest; that portion of Virginia Avenue Southwest from the east curb of Second Street Southwest to the west curb of Third Street Southwest; that portion of Third Street Southwest from the south curb of Virginia Avenue Southwest to the north curb of D Street Southwest; that portion of D Street Southwest from the west curb of Third Street Southwest to the east curb of Second Street Southwest; that portion of Washington Avenue Southwest, including sidewalks and traffic islands, from the south curb of Independence Avenue Southwest to the west curb of South Capitol Street.
(B) Repair and maintenance of utility services.— The Mayor may enter any part of the Grounds to repair or maintain or, subject to the approval of the Architect, construct or alter, any utility service of the District of Columbia Government.
(c) National Garden of the United States Botanic Garden.—
(1) In general.— Except as provided under paragraph (2), the United States Capitol Grounds shall include—
(A) the National Garden of the United States Botanic Garden;
(B) all grounds contiguous to the Administrative Building of the United States Botanic Garden, including Bartholdi Park; and
(C) all grounds bounded by the curblines of First Street, Southwest on the east; Washington Avenue, Southwest to its intersection with Independence Avenue, and Independence Avenue from such intersection to its intersection with Third Street, Southwest on the south; Third Street, Southwest on the west; and Maryland Avenue, Southwest on the north.
(2) Maintenance and improvements.— Notwithstanding subsections (a) and (b), jurisdiction and control over the buildings on the grounds described in paragraph (1) shall be retained by the Joint Committee on the Library, and the Joint Committee on the Library shall continue to be solely responsible for the maintenance and improvement of the grounds described in such paragraph.
(3) Authority not limited.— Nothing in this subsection shall limit the authority of the Architect of the Capitol under section 307E of the Legislative Branch Appropriations Act, 1989 (40 U.S.C. 216c). [1]
(d) Library of Congress Buildings and Grounds.—
(1) In general.— Except as provided under paragraph (2), the United States Capitol Grounds shall include the Library of Congress grounds described under section 11 of the Act entitled “An Act relating to the policing of the buildings  [2] of the Library of Congress”, approved August 4, 1950 (2 U.S.C. 167j).
(2) Authority of librarian of congress.— Notwithstanding subsections (a) and (b), the Librarian of Congress shall retain authority over the Library of Congress buildings and grounds in accordance with section 1 of the Act of June 29, 1922 (2 U.S.C. 141; 42 Stat. 715).


[1]  See References in Text note below.

[2]  So in original. Probably should be followed by “and grounds”.

Source

(Pub. L. 107–217, Aug. 21, 2002, 116 Stat. 1175; Pub. L. 108–7, div. H, title I, § 1016(b),Feb. 20, 2003, 117 Stat. 364; Pub. L. 110–161, div. H, title I, § 1004(d)(2)(A)(ii),Dec. 26, 2007, 121 Stat. 2233; Pub. L. 110–178, § 4(b)(1)(B),Jan. 7, 2008, 121 Stat. 2551; Pub. L. 111–145, § 6(d)(1),Mar. 4, 2010, 124 Stat. 54.)
Definition of United States Capitol Grounds

For provisions directing amendment of this section (or section 1 of the Act of July 31, 1946, as amended (former 40 U.S.C. 193a), which was repealed and reenacted by Pub. L. 107–217, §§ 1, 6(b),Aug. 21, 2002, 116 Stat. 1062, 1304, as this section) to include within or exclude from the definition of the United States Capitol Grounds certain parcels or areas, see notes set out below and under section 6101 of this title.

Historical and Revision Notes
Revised Section Source (U.S. Code) Source (Statutes at Large)
5102 40:193a. July 31, 1946, ch. 707, § 1, 60 Stat. 718; Pub. L. 90–108, § 1(a), Oct. 20, 1967, 81 Stat. 275; Pub. L. 93–198, § 739(g)(7), Dec. 24, 1973, 87 Stat. 829; Pub. L. 96–432, § 2, Oct. 10, 1980, 94 Stat. 1852.

In subsection (b)(2), the words “Mayor of the District of Columbia” are substituted for “Commissioners of the District of Columbia” [meaning the Board of Commissioners of the District of Columbia] [subsequently changed to “Commissioner of the District of Columbia” because of section 401 of Reorganization Plan No. 3 of 1967 (eff. Aug. 11, 1967, 81 Stat. 951)] because of section 421 of the District of Columbia Home Rule Act (Public Law 93–198, 87 Stat. 789). In subparagraph (A), the words “Washington Avenue Southwest” are substituted for “Canal Street S. W.” and “Canal Street Southwest” because of section 2 of D.C. Law 8–39. See section 7–451 note of the District of Columbia Code.
References in Text

Section 307E of the Legislative Branch Appropriations Act, 1989, referred to in subsec. (c)(3), is section 307E ofPub. L. 100–458, which was classified to section 216c of former Title 40, Public Buildings, Property, and Works, and was transferred to section 2146 of Title 2, The Congress.
Amendments

2010—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 111–145repealed Pub. L. 110–161, § 1004(d)(2)(A)(ii). See 2007 Amendment note below.
2008—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 110–178added subsec. (d).
2007—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 110–161, § 1004(d)(2)(A)(ii), which made an amendment identical to that made by Pub. L. 110–178, was repealed by Pub. L. 111–145. See Effective Date of 2010 Amendment note below.
2003—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 108–7added subsec. (c).
Effective Date of 2010 Amendment

Repeal of section 1004 ofPub. L. 110–161by Pub. L. 111–145effective as if included in the enactment of Pub. L. 110–161and provisions amended by section 1004 ofPub. L. 110–161to be restored as if such section had not been enacted, and repeal to have no effect on the enactment or implementation of any provision of Pub. L. 110–178, see section 6(d) ofPub. L. 111–145, set out as a note under section 1901 of Title 2, The Congress.
Effective Date of 2008 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 110–178effective Oct. 1, 2009, see section 4(d) ofPub. L. 110–178, set out as an Effective Date of Repeal note under section 167 of Title 2, The Congress.
Effective Date of 2007 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 110–161effective Oct. 1, 2009, see section 1004(d)(4) of title I of div. H of Pub. L. 110–161, set out as an Effective Date of Repeal note under section 167 of Title 2, The Congress.
Effective Date of 2003 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 108–7applicable to fiscal year 2003 and each fiscal year thereafter, see section 1016(d) ofPub. L. 108–7, set out as a note under section 1961 of Title 2, The Congress.
Authorizing Commercial Activity on Union Square

Pub. L. 113–76, div. I, title II, § 213,Jan. 17, 2014, 128 Stat. 436, provided that:
“(a) Treatment as Part of Capitol Grounds.—
“(1) In general.—For purposes of chapter 51 of title 40, United States Code, the United States Capitol Grounds shall include Union Square.
“(2) Union square defined.—In this section, the term ‘Union Square’ means the area for which jurisdiction and control was transferred to the Architect of the Capitol under section 1202 of the Legislative Branch Appropriations Act, 2012 (Public Law 112–74) [2 U.S.C. 1811 note].
“(b) Continuation of Types of Activity Previously Authorized.—
“(1) In general.—Notwithstanding any limitations on the use of the United States Capitol Grounds (including section 5104 (c) of title 40, United States Code), the Chief of the United States Capitol Police (hereafter referred to as the ‘Chief’)—
“(A) may issue a permit authorizing a person to engage in commercial activity in Union Square if the activity is similar to the types of commercial activity permitted in Union Square prior to the transfer of jurisdiction and control of Union Square to the Architect of the Capitol under section 1202 of the Legislative Branch Appropriations Act, 2012 (Public Law 112–74) [2 U.S.C. 1811 note]; and
“(B) under the terms and conditions of such a permit, may require the person to whom the permit is issued to pay a fee to cover any costs incurred by the Architect of the Capitol as a result of the issuance of the permit, if the fees are similar to the fees collected by the Director of the National Park Service for commercial activity permitted in Union Square prior to such transfer of jurisdiction and control.
“(2) Regulations.—The Chief shall carry out this section in accordance with such regulations as the Capitol Police Board may promulgate pursuant to the Board’s authority under section 14 of the Act of July 31, 1946 (2 U.S.C. 1969), except that the Board shall promulgate the regulations in consultation with the Committee on House Administration of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Rules and Administration of the Senate.
“(c) Capitol Trust Account.—
“(1) Establishment.—There is established in the Treasury of the United States an account for the Architect of the Capitol to be known as the ‘Capitol Trust Account’, consisting of all fees collected by the Chief under subsection (b)(2).
“(2) Transfer.—Immediately upon receiving any fees collected under subsection (b)(2), the Chief shall transfer the fees to the Capitol Trust Account.
“(3) Use of funds.—Amounts in the Capitol Trust Account shall be available without fiscal year limitation for such maintenance, improvements, and projects with respect to Union Square as the Architect of the Capitol considers appropriate, subject to the approval of the Committees on Appropriations of the House of Representatives and Senate.
“(d) Effective Date.—This section shall take effect on the date of the enactment of the Legislative Branch Appropriations Act, 2012 (Public Law 112–74) [Dec. 23, 2011].”
Transfers and Conveyances Affecting Properties in the District of Columbia and General Provisions

Pub. L. 109–396, title II, §§ 201, 204, title IV, §§ 401–407,Dec. 15, 2006, 120 Stat. 2713, 2715, 2718–2720, provided that:
“SEC. 201. TRANSFER OF ADMINISTRATIVE JURISDICTION OVER CERTAIN PROPERTIES.
“(a) Transfer of Administrative Jurisdiction From District of Columbia to United States.—
“(1) In general.—Administrative jurisdiction over each of the following properties (owned by the United States and as depicted on the Map) is hereby transferred, subject to the terms in this subsection, from the District of Columbia to the Secretary of the Interior for administration by the Director:
“(A) An unimproved portion of Audubon Terrace Northwest, located east of Linnean Avenue Northwest, that is within U.S. Reservation 402 (National Park Service property).
“(B) An unimproved portion of Barnaby Street Northwest, north of Aberfoyle Place Northwest, that abuts U.S. Reservation 545 (National Park Service property).
“(C) A portion of Canal Street Southwest, and a portion of V Street Southwest, each of which abuts U.S. Reservation 467 (National Park Service property).
“(D) Unimproved streets and alleys at Fort Circle Park located within the boundaries of U.S. Reservation 497 (National Park Service property).
“(E) An unimproved portion of Western Avenue Northwest, north of Oregon Avenue Northwest, that abuts U.S. Reservation 339 (National Park Service property).
“(F) An unimproved portion of 17th Street Northwest, south of Shepherd Street Northwest, that abuts U.S. Reservation 339 (National Park Service property).
“(G) An unimproved portion of 30th Street Northwest, north of Broad Branch Road Northwest, that is within the boundaries of U.S. Reservation 515 (National Park Service property).
“(H) Subject to paragraph (2), lands over I–395 bounded by Washington Avenue Southwest, 2nd Street Southwest, and the C Street Southwest ramps to I–295.
“(I) A portion of U.S. Reservation 357 at Whitehaven Parkway Northwest, previously transferred to the District of Columbia in conjunction with the former proposal for a residence for the Mayor of the District of Columbia.
“(2) Use of certain property for memorial.—In the case of the property for which administrative jurisdiction is transferred under paragraph (1)(H), the property shall be used as the site for the establishment of a memorial to honor disabled veterans of the United States Armed Forces authorized to be established by the Disabled Veterans’ LIFE Memorial Foundation by Public Law 106–348 (114 Stat. 1358; 40 U.S.C. 8903 note), except that—
“(A) the District of Columbia shall retain administrative jurisdiction over the subsurface area beneath the site for the tunnel, walls, footings, and related facilities;
“(B) C Street Southwest shall not be connected between 2nd Street Southwest and Washington Avenue Southwest without the approval of the Architect of the Capitol; and
“(C) a walkway shall be included across the site of the memorial between 2nd Street Southwest and Washington Avenue Southwest.
“(3) Additional transfer.—
“(A) In general.—Administrative jurisdiction over the parcel bounded by 2nd Street Southwest, the C Street Southwest ramp to I–295, the D Street Southwest ramp to I–395, and I–295 is hereby transferred, subject to the terms in this paragraph, from the District of Columbia as follows:
“(i) The northernmost .249 acres is transferred to the Secretary for administration by the Director, who (subject to the approval of the Architect of the Capitol) shall landscape the parcel or use the parcel for special needs parking for the memorial referred to in paragraph (2).
“(ii) The remaining portion is transferred to the Architect of the Capitol.
“(B) Retention of jurisdiction over subsurface area.—The District of Columbia shall retain administrative jurisdiction over the subsurface area beneath the parcel referred to in subparagraph (A) for the tunnel, walls, footings, and related facilities.
“(b) Transfer of Administrative Jurisdiction From United States to District of Columbia.—Administrative jurisdiction over the following property owned by the United States and depicted on the Map is hereby transferred from the Secretary to the District of Columbia for administration by the District of Columbia:
“(1) A portion of U.S. Reservation 451.
“(2) A portion of U.S. Reservation 404.
“(3) U.S. Reservations 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, and 49.
“(4) U.S. Reservation 251.
“(5) U.S. Reservation 8.
“(6) U.S. Reservations 277A and 277C.
“(7) Portions of U.S. Reservation 470.
“(c) Effective Date.—The transfers of administrative jurisdiction under this section shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act [Dec. 15, 2006].
“SEC. 204. CONVEYANCE TO ARCHITECT OF THE CAPITOL.
“(a) In General.—Prior to conveyance of title to U.S. Reservation 13 to the District of Columbia under this Act [see Pub. L. 109–396, title I, § 101,Dec. 15, 2006, 120 Stat. 2711], the District of Columbia shall convey, with the approval of the Architect of the Capitol and subject to subsections (b) and (c), not more than 12 acres of real property to the Architect of the Capitol.
“(b) Title Held by Secretary.—If title to the real property identified for conveyance under subsection (a) is held by the Secretary, not later than 30 days after being notified by the Architect of the Capitol that property has been so identified, the Secretary shall agree or disagree to conveying the interest in such property to the Architect of the Capitol.
“(c) Review.—If the Secretary agrees to the conveyance under subsection (b), or if title to the property is held by the District of Columbia, the real property shall be conveyed after a 30-day review period beginning on the date on which notice of the conveyance is received by the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs and the Committee on Rules of the Senate and the Committee on Government Reform and the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives.
“(d) Study.—The Architect of the Capitol shall not construct a mail screening facility on any real property conveyed under this section unless each of the following conditions is satisfied:
“(1) A study is completed that analyzes—
“(A) whether one or more other underutilized, surplus, or excess Federal facilities exist in which such a mail screening facility could be more economically located; and
“(B) whether it would be more efficient and economical for the House of Representatives and Senate to share one mail screening facility.
“(2) The study is submitted to the relevant committees of Congress.
“(3) No fewer than 30 days have lapsed since the date of the submission under paragraph (2).
“SEC. 401. DEFINITIONS.
“In this Act [see Short Title of 2006 Amendment note set out under section 101 of this title], the following definitions apply:
“(1) The term ‘Administrator’ means the Administrator of General Services.
“(2) The term ‘Director’ means the Director of the National Park Service.
“(3) The term ‘Map’ means the map entitled ‘Transfer and Conveyance of Properties in the District of Columbia’, numbered 869/80460, and dated July 2005, which shall be kept on file in the appropriate office of the National Park Service.
“(4) The term ‘park purposes’ includes landscaped areas, pedestrian walkways, bicycle trails, seating, opensided shelters, natural areas, recreational use areas, and memorial sites reserved for public use.
“(5) The term ‘Secretary’ means the Secretary of the Interior.
“SEC. 402. LIMITATION ON COSTS.
“The United States shall not be responsible for paying any costs and expenses, other than costs and expenses related to or associated with environmental liabilities or cleanup actions provided under law, which are incurred by the District of Columbia or any other parties at any time in connection with effecting the provisions of this Act or any amendment made by this Act.
“SEC. 403. AUTHORIZATION OF PARTIES TO ENTER INTO CONTRACTS.
“An officer or employee of the United States or the District of Columbia may contract for payment of costs or expenses related to any properties which are conveyed or for which administrative jurisdiction is transferred under this Act or any amendment made by this Act.
“SEC. 404. NO EFFECT ON COMPLIANCE WITH ENVIRONMENTAL LAWS.
“Nothing in this Act or any amendment made by this Act may be construed to affect or limit the application of or obligation to comply with any environmental law, including section 120(h) of the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (42 U.S.C. 9620 (h)).
“SEC. 405. CONGRESSIONAL REPORTS.
“(a) District of Columbia.—Not later than January 31 of each year, the Mayor of the District of Columbia shall report to the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs of the Senate and the Committee on Government Reform, the Committee on Energy and Commerce, the Committee on Resources, and the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives on the use and development during the previous year of land for which title is conveyed to the District of Columbia and land for which administrative jurisdiction is transferred to the District of Columbia pursuant to this Act.
“(b) Comptroller General.—The Comptroller General shall report periodically to the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs of the Senate and the Committee on Government Reform, the Committee on Energy and Commerce, the Committee on Resources, and the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives on—
“(1) the use and development during the previous 2 years of land for which title is conveyed and land for which administrative jurisdiction is transferred pursuant to this Act; and
“(2) if applicable, how such use and development complies with the Anacostia Waterfront Framework Plan referred to in section 103 of the Anacostia Waterfront Corporation Act of 2004 (sec. 2–1223.03, D.C. Official Code).
“(c) Sunset.—This section shall expire 10 years after the date of enactment of this Act [Dec. 15, 2006].
“SEC. 406. TREATMENT AS PROPERTIES TRANSFERRED TO ARCHITECT OF THE CAPITOL AS PART OF CAPITOL BUILDINGS AND GROUNDS.
“Upon transfer to the Architect of the Capitol of title to, or administrative jurisdiction over, any property pursuant to this Act, the property shall be a part of the United States Capitol Grounds and shall be subject to sections 9, 9A, 9B, 9C, 14, and 16(b) of the Act entitled ‘An Act to define the area of the United States Capitol Grounds, to regulate the use thereof, and for other purposes’ [2 U.S.C. 1961, 1966, 1967, 1922, 1969, 1961 note] (relating to the policing of the United States Capitol Grounds) and sections 5101 to 5107 and 5109 of title 40, United States Code (relating to prohibited acts within the United States Capitol Grounds).
“SEC. 407. DEADLINE FOR PROVISION OF DEEDS AND RELATED DOCUMENTS.
“With respect to each property conveyed under this Act or any amendment made by this Act, the Mayor of the District of Columbia, the Administrator, or the Secretary (as the case may be) shall execute and deliver a quitclaim deed or prepare and record a transfer plat, as appropriate, not later than 6 months after the property is conveyed.”
Changes in United States Capitol Grounds

Pub. L. 108–447, div. G, title II, § 213,Dec. 8, 2004, 118 Stat. 3196, provided that:
“(a) Transfer of Jurisdiction.—
“(1) In general.—Jurisdiction over the parcels of Federal real property described under paragraph (2) (over which jurisdiction was transferred under section 514(b)(2)(C) of the Omnibus Parks and Public Lands Management Act of 1996 (40 U.S.C. 5102 note; Public Law 104–333)) is transferred to the Architect of the Capitol, without consideration.
“(2) Parcels.—The parcels of Federal real property referred to under paragraph (1) are the following:
“(A) That portion of New Jersey Avenue, N.W., between the northernmost point of the intersection of New Jersey Avenue, N.W., and D Street, N.W., and the northernmost point of the intersection of New Jersey Avenue, N.W., and Louisiana Avenue, N.W., between squares 631 and W632, which remains Federal property, and whose maintenance and repair shall be the responsibility of the District of Columbia.
“(B) That portion of D Street, N.W., between its intersection with New Jersey Avenue, N.W., and its intersection with Louisiana Avenue, N.W., between squares 630 and W632, which remains Federal property.
“(b) Miscellaneous.—
“(1) Compliance with other laws.—Compliance with this section shall be deemed to satisfy the requirements of all laws otherwise applicable to transfers of jurisdiction over parcels of Federal real property.
“(2) United states capitol grounds.—
“(A) Definition.—Section 5102 of title 40, United States Code, is amended to include within the definition of the United States Capitol Grounds the parcels of Federal real property described in subsection (a)(2).
“(B) Jurisdiction of capitol police.—The United States Capitol Police shall have jurisdiction over the parcels of Federal real property described in subsection (a)(2) in accordance with section 9 of the Act entitled ‘An Act to define the United States Capitol Grounds, to regulate the use thereof, and for other purposes’, approved July 31, 1946 (2 U.S.C. 1961).
“(3) Effect of transfer.—A person relinquishing jurisdiction over any parcel of Federal real property transferred by subsection (a) shall not retain any interest in the parcel except as specifically provided in this section.
“(c) Effective Date.—This Act [probably means this section] shall apply to fiscal year 2005 and each fiscal year thereafter.”
Pub. L. 104–333, div. I, title V, § 514,Nov. 12, 1996, 110 Stat. 4165, provided that:
“(a) Purpose.—It is the purpose of this section—
“(1) to assist in the effort to timely establish within the District of Columbia a national memorial to Japanese American patriotism in World War II; and
“(2) to improve management of certain parcels of Federal real property located within the District of Columbia,
by the transferring jurisdiction over such parcels to the Architect of the Capitol, the Secretary of the Interior, and the Government of the District of Columbia.
“(b) Transfers of Jurisdiction.—
“(1) In general.—Effective on the date of the enactment of this Act [Nov. 12, 1996] and notwithstanding any other provision of law, jurisdiction over the parcels of Federal real property described in paragraph (2) is transferred without additional consideration as provided by paragraph (2).
“(2) Specific transfers.—
“(A) Transfers to secretary of the interior.—
“(i) In general.—Jurisdiction over the following parcels is transferred to the Secretary of the Interior:
     “(I) That triangle of Federal land, including any contiguous sidewalks and tree space, that is part of the United States Capitol Grounds under the jurisdiction of the Architect of the Capitol bound by D Street, N.W., New Jersey Avenue, N.W., and Louisiana Avenue, N.W., in square W632 in the District of Columbia, as shown on the Map Showing Properties Under Jurisdiction of the Architect of the Capitol, dated November 8, 1994.      “(II) That triangle of Federal land, including any contiguous sidewalks and tree space, that is part of the United States Capitol Grounds under the jurisdiction of the Architect of the Capitol bound by C Street, N.W., First Street, N.W., and Louisiana Avenue, N.W., in the District of Columbia, as shown on the Map Showing Properties Under Jurisdiction of the Architect of the Capitol, dated November 8, 1994.
“(ii) Limitation.—The parcels transferred by clause (i) shall not include those contiguous sidewalks abutting Louisiana Avenue, N.W., which shall remain part of the United States Capitol Grounds under the jurisdiction of the Architect of the Capitol.
“(iii) Consideration as memorial site.—The parcels transferred by subclause (I) of clause (i) may be considered as a site for a national memorial to Japanese American patriotism in World War II.
“(B) Transfers to architect of the capitol.—Jurisdiction over the following parcels is transferred to the Architect of the Capitol:
“(i) That portion of the triangle of Federal land in Reservation No. 204 in the District of Columbia under the jurisdiction of the Secretary of the Interior, including any contiguous sidewalks, bound by Constitution Avenue, N.E., on the north, the branch of Maryland Avenue, N.E., running in a northeast direction on the west, the major portion of Maryland Avenue, N.E., on the south, and 2nd Street, N.E., on the east, including the contiguous sidewalks.
“(ii) That irregular area of Federal land in Reservation No. 204 in the District of Columbia under the jurisdiction of the Secretary of the Interior, including any contiguous sidewalks, northeast of the real property described in clause (i) bound by Constitution Avenue, N.E., on the north, the branch of Maryland Avenue, N.E., running to the northeast on the south, and the private property on the west known as lot 7, in square 726.
“(iii) The two irregularly shaped medians lying north and east of the property described in clause (i), located between the north and south curbs of Constitution Avenue, N.E., west of its intersection with Second Street, N.E., all as shown in Land Record No. 268, dated November 22, 1957, in the Office of the Surveyor, District of Columbia, in Book 138, Page 58.
“(iv) All sidewalks under the jurisdiction of the District of Columbia abutting on and contiguous to the land described in clauses (i), (ii), and (iii).
“(C) Transfers to district of columbia.—Jurisdiction over the following parcels is transferred to the Government of the District of Columbia:
“(i) That portion of New Jersey Avenue, N.W., between the northernmost point of the intersection of New Jersey Avenue, N.W., and D Street, N.W., and the northernmost point of the intersection of New Jersey Avenue, N.W., and Louisiana Avenue, N.W., between squares 631 and W632, which remains Federal property.
“(ii) That portion of D Street, N.W., between its intersection with New Jersey Avenue, N.W., and its intersection with Louisiana Avenue, N.W., between squares 630 and W632, which remains Federal property.
“(c) Miscellaneous.—
“(1) Compliance with other laws.—Compliance with this section shall be deemed to satisfy the requirements of all laws otherwise applicable to transfers of jurisdiction over parcels of Federal real property.
“(2) Law enforcement responsibility.—Law enforcement responsibility for the parcels of Federal real property for which jurisdiction is transferred by subsection (b) shall be assumed by the person acquiring such jurisdiction.
“(3) United states capitol grounds.—
“(A) Definition.—The first section of the Act entitled ‘An Act to define the United States Capitol Grounds, to regulate the use thereof, and for other purposes’, approved July 31, 1946 (40 U.S.C. 193a) [now 40 U.S.C. 5102], is amended to include within the definition of the United States Capitol Grounds the parcels of Federal real property described in subsection (b)(2)(B).
“(B) Jurisdiction of capitol police.—The United States Capitol Police shall have jurisdiction over the parcels of Federal real property described in subsection (b)(2)(B) in accordance with section 9 of such Act of July 31, 1946 (40 U.S.C. 212a) [now 2 U.S.C. 1961].
“(4) Effect of transfers.—A person relinquishing jurisdiction over a parcel of Federal real property transferred by subsection (b) shall not retain any interest in the parcel except as specifically provided by this section.”
Pub. L. 97–379, Dec. 22, 1982, 96 Stat. 1935, provided: “That section 1 of the Act of July 31, 1946, as amended (40 U.S.C. 193a) [now 40 U.S.C. 5102], is amended to include within the definition of the United States Capitol Grounds the following additional areas which are situated as follows:
“(1) All sidewalks and contiguous areas presently under the jurisdiction of the District of Columbia located on the south side of Pennsylvania Avenue, Northwest, between the west curb of First Street, Northwest and the east curb of Third Street, Northwest.
“(2) All sidewalks and contiguous areas presently under the jurisdiction of the District of Columbia located on the north side of Maryland Avenue, Southwest, between the west curb of First Street, Southwest and the east curb of Third Street, Southwest.
“(3) All sidewalks and contiguous areas presently under the jurisdiction of the District of Columbia located on the west side of First Street between the south curb of Pennsylvania Avenue, Northwest and the north curb of Maryland Avenue, Southwest.
“(4) All sidewalks and contiguous areas presently under the jurisdiction of the District of Columbia located on the east side of Third Street between the south curb of Pennsylvania Avenue, Northwest and the north curb of Maryland Avenue, Southwest.”
Pub. L. 96–432, § 1,Oct. 10, 1980, 94 Stat. 1851, provided: “That section 1 of the Act of July 31, 1946, as amended (40 U.S.C. 193a) [now 40 U.S.C. 5102], is amended to include within the definition of the United States Capitol Grounds the following additional areas and portions of streets which are situated as follows:
“(1) that portion of D Street Northeast from the east curb of Second Street Northeast to the east curb of First Street Northeast;
“(2) that portion of Second Street Northeast and Southeast from the south curb of F Street Northeast to the south curb of C Street Southeast;
“(3) that portion of Constitution Avenue Northeast from the east curb of Second Street Northeast to the east curb of First Street Northeast;
“(4) that portion of Pennsylvania Avenue Northwest from the west curb of First Street Northwest to the east curb of Third Street Northwest;
“(5) that portion of Maryland Avenue Southwest from the west curb of First Street Southwest to the east curb of Third Street Southwest;
“(6) that portion of Constitution Avenue Northwest from the east curb of Second Street Northwest to the east curb of Third Street Northwest;
“(7) that portion of Independence Avenue Southwest from the west curb of First Street Southwest to the east curb of Third Street Southwest;
“(8) that portion of Maryland Avenue Northeast from the east curb of Second Street Northeast to the east curb of First Street Northeast;
“(9) that portion of East Capitol Street from the east curb of Second Street Southeast to the east curb of First Street Southeast;
“(10) that portion of Independence Avenue Southeast from the east curb of Second Street Southeast to the east curb of First Street Southeast;
“(11) that portion of C Street Southeast from the east curb of Second Street Southeast to the east curb of First Street Southeast;
“(12) that portion of North Capitol Street from the south curb of Massachusetts Avenue to the north curb of Louisiana Avenue;
“(13) that portion of New Jersey Avenue Northwest from the north curb of D Street Northwest to the north curb of Louisiana Avenue;
“(14) that portion of Second Street Southwest from the north curb of D Street to the south curb of Virginia Avenue Southwest;
“(15) that portion of Virginia Avenue Southwest from the east curb of Second Street Southwest to the west curb of Third Street Southwest;
“(16) that portion of Third Street Southwest from the south curb of Virginia Avenue Southwest to the north curb of D Street Southwest;
“(17) that portion of D Street Southwest from the west curb of Third Street Southwest to the east curb of Second Street Southwest;
“(18) that portion of Canal Street Southwest, including sidewalks and traffic islands, from the south curb of Independence Avenue Southwest to the west curb of South Capitol Street; and
“(19) all that area contiguous to, and surrounding, square numbered 724 from the property line thereof to the contiguous curb;
“(20) those areas contiguous to, and surrounding, the areas comprising the grounds of the United States Botanic Garden from the property line of such grounds to the contiguous curb;
“(21) all that area contiguous to, and surrounding, the structures comprising the United States Capitol Power Plant, from the building lines of such structures to the contiguous curbs; and
“(22) all that area contiguous to, and surrounding, square numbered 581 from the property line thereof to the contiguous curb.”
Pub. L. 93–198, title VII, § 739(g)(3),Dec. 24, 1973, 87 Stat. 828, effective Jan. 2, 1975, [title IV of Pub. L. 93–198having been accepted by a majority of the registered qualified electors in the District of Columbia voting on the charter issue in the charter referendum conducted May 8, 1974], provided in part that the definition of United States Capitol Grounds should include the following streets: Independence Avenue from the west curb of First Street S.E. to the east curb of First Street S.W., New Jersey Avenue S.E. from the south curb of Independence Avenue to the north curb of D Street S.E., South Capitol Street from the south curb of Independence Avenue to the north curb of D Street; Delaware Avenue S.W. from the south curb of C Street S.W. to the North Curb of D Street S.W., C Street from the west curb of First Street S.E. to the intersection of First and Canal Streets, S.W., D Street from the west curb of First Street S.E. to the intersection of Canal Street and Delaware Avenue S.W., that part of First Street lying west of the outer face of the curb of the sidewalk on the east side thereof from D Street, N.E. to D Street S.E., that part of First Street within the east and west curblines thereof extending from the north side of Pennsylvania Avenue N.W. to the intersection of C Street and Canal Street S.W., including the two circles within such area, but that nothing in the inclusion of such streets should be construed as repealing, or otherwise altering, modifying, affecting, or superseding those provisions of law in effect prior to the vesting of authority in the United States Supreme Court police and Library of Congress police by title IV of Pub. L. 93–198to make arrests in adjacent streets, including First Street N.E. and First Street S.E.
Jurisdiction of the Capitol Police Board and the Architect of the Capitol

Pub. L. 96–432, § 3,Oct. 10, 1980, 94 Stat. 1852, provided that: “On and after the effective date of this section [see Pub. L. 96–432, § 4,Oct. 10, 1980, 94 Stat. 1853], that portion of C Street Northeast from the west curb of Second Street Northeast to the east curb of First Street Northeast shall be under the exclusive jurisdiction and control of the Capitol Police Board and the Architect of the Capitol in the same manner and to the same extent as such Board or the Architect of the Capitol has over other streets comprising the United States Capitol Grounds, and the Architect of the Capitol shall be responsible for the maintenance and improvement thereof.”
United States Supreme Court and Library of Congress; Jurisdictional Boundaries

Pub. L. 96–432, § 6(a), (b),Oct. 10, 1980, 94 Stat. 1853, provided that:
“(a) Notwithstanding any other provisions of this Act [enacting section 1962 of Title 2, The Congress, amending section 193a of former Title 40, Public Buildings, Property, and Works, and enacting provisions set out as notes under this section], with respect to those squares occupied by the United States Supreme Court and the Library of Congress, those streets or portions thereof referred to in the first section of this Act [set out as a note above] which surround such squares shall be considered a part of the Capitol Grounds only to the face of the curbs contiguous to such squares.
“(b) Nothing in this Act shall be construed as repealing, or otherwise altering, modifying, affecting, or superseding those provisions of law in effect on the date immediately preceding the date of the enactment of this Act [Oct. 10, 1980] vesting authority in the United States Supreme Court Police and the Library of Congress Police to make arrests in adjacent streets.”
Architect of the Capitol; Acquisition of Additional Property

Pub. L. 97–12, title I, June 5, 1981, 95 Stat. 64, provided in part: “That upon acquisition of such real property pursuant to this paragraph [incorporating by reference the provisions of Pub. L. 96–432, Oct. 10, 1980, 94 Stat. 1851, which related to the acquisition of property in squares 693, 640, and 582 in the District of Columbia], the structure located on lot 801 of square 693 shall become a part of the House Office Buildings, subject to the provisions of the Act of July 31, 1946 (40 U.S.C. secs. 193a through 193m, [207a,] 212a, [212a–2, 212a–3,] and 212b) [now 2 U.S.C. 1922, 1961, 1966, 1967, 1969; 40 U.S.C. 5101–5107, 5109, see References in Text note under section 1819 of Title 2, The Congress], including any amendments thereto, which are applicable to the Capitol Buildings, and to the Act of March 4, 1907 (40 U.S.C. 175) [now 2 U.S.C. 2001].”
Pub. L. 96–432, §§ 7–10,Oct. 10, 1980, 94 Stat. 1853, 1854, provided that:
“Sec. 7. (a) The Architect of the Capitol, under the direction of the House Office Building Commission, is hereby authorized to acquire, on behalf of the United States, by purchase, condemnation, transfer, or otherwise, for addition to the United States Capitol Grounds, all publicly or privately owned property contained in lot 49 in square 582; lot 70 in square 640; and lots 1, 2, 67, 79, 80, 800, 801, 807, 814 through 822, and 834 in square 693 in the District of Columbia (including all alleys or parts of alleys and streets within the lotlines and curblines surrounding such real property): Provided, That upon the acquisition of any such real property by the Architect of the Capitol on behalf of the United States, such property shall be subject to the provisions of the Act of July 31, 1946 (60 Stat. 718) [2 U.S.C. 1922, 1961, 1966, 1967, 1969; 40 U.S.C. 5101–5107, 5109, see References in Text note under section 1819 of Title 2, The Congress] as amended in the same manner and to the same extent as all other areas comprising the United States Capitol Grounds.
“(b) For the purposes of this section the properties authorized to be acquired hereunder, shall be deemed to extend to the outer face of the curbs of the squares in which they are located.
“(c) There is hereby authorized to be appropriated to the Architect of the Capitol for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1981, the sum of $11,500,000 for the purpose of carrying out the provisions of this section, said appropriation to remain available until expended.
“Sec. 8. The acquisition of real property under this Act [enacting section 1962 of Title 2, amending section 193a of former Title 40, Public Buildings, Property, and Works, and enacting provisions set out as notes under this section] shall be conducted in accordance with the Act entitled ‘Uniform Relocation Assistance and Land Acquisition Policies Act of 1970’, Public Law 91–646, approved January 2, 1971 [42 U.S.C. 4601 et seq.], and any proceeding for condemnation brought in its course shall be conducted in accordance with the Act entitled ‘An Act to provide for the acquisition of land in the District of Columbia for the use of the United States’, approved March 1, 1929 (16 D.C. Code, secs. 1351–1368).
“Sec. 9. The Architect of the Capitol is authorized to enter into contracts and to make expenditures for grading and paving and such other expenditures, including expenditures for personal and other services, as may be necessary to carry out the purposes of section 7 of this Act.
“Sec. 10. Any contract entered into pursuant to this Act or pursuant to any amendment made by this Act shall be effective only to such extent and in such amounts as may be provided in advance in an appropriation Act.”
Acquisition of Property for Additions to United States Capitol Grounds

Pub. L. 85–429, May 29, 1958, 72 Stat. 148 and Pub. L. 85–591, Aug. 6, 1958, 72 Stat. 495, in part authorized the Architect of the Capitol to acquire certain real property for additions to United States Capitol Grounds.
Order of the House Office Building Commission

October 17, 1967
WHEREAS, under authority of Section 1202 of Public Law 24, 84th Congress (69 Stat. 41), approved April 22, 1955, known as the “Additional House Office Building Act of 1955”, the Architect of the Capitol, at the direction of the House Office Building Commission, acquired during the period of 1955 to 1960, on behalf of the United States, by condemnation, seven squares in the District of Columbia, located south of Independence Avenue, in the vicinity of the United States Capitol Grounds, as a site for an additional office building and other necessary facilities for the House of Representatives and for additions to the United States Capitol Grounds;
WHEREAS, under the aforesaid authority, the Architect of the Capitol, at the direction of the Commission, acquired in 1965 on behalf of the United States, through transfer from the Redevelopment Land Agency, Square 639, also located south of Independence Avenue, for an addition to the United States Capitol Grounds;
WHEREAS, the aforesaid eight squares are identified and bound as follows: Square 635, bounded on the north by Independence Avenue, on the east by Delaware Avenue, on the west by First Street, on the south by C Street; Square 637, bounded on the north by C Street, on the east by South Capitol Street, on the west by Delaware Avenue, on the south by D Street; Square South of 635, bounded on the north by C Street, on the east by Delaware Avenue, on the west and south by Canal Street; Square 691, bounded on the north by C Street, on the east by New Jersey Avenue, on the west by South Capitol Street, on the south by D Street; Square 692, bounded on the north by C Street, on the east by First Street, on the west by New Jersey Avenue, on the south by D Street; Square 732 north, bounded on the north by Independence Avenue, on the east by Second Street, on the west by First Street, on the south by Carroll Street; Square 732 south, bounded on the north by Carroll Street, on the east by Second Street, on the west by First Street, on the south by C Street; and Square 639, bounded on the north by D Street, on the east by South Capitol Street, on the west and south by Canal Street;
WHEREAS, title to all real property in these 8 squares is now vested in fee simple absolute in the United States of America;
WHEREAS, subsequent to acquisition of these 8 squares, under the aforesaid authority, all alleys in these squares were closed and vacated, as were also Delaware Avenue between Independence Avenue and C Street and Carroll Street between First and Second Streets, by the Commissioners of the District of Columbia, and all areas between the property lines and outer faces of curbs surrounding these squares and Square 636 were transferred from the jurisdiction of the Commissioners of the District of Columbia to the jurisdiction of the Architect of the Capitol;
WHEREAS, the Rayburn House Office Building has been constructed on Squares 635 and 636 (the latter square being already owned by the government and having been combined with Square 635 as a site for this building under the aforesaid authority), and the said building is now maintained by the Architect of the Capitol as a part of the House Office Buildings, and the sidewalks and other paved and grassed areas surrounding this building are now maintained as part of the Capitol Grounds;
WHEREAS, underground garages for the House of Representatives have been constructed in Squares 637 and 691 and are now maintained by the Architect of the Capitol as part of the House Office Buildings, and the areas above these garages have been landscaped as a part of the Capitol Grounds;
WHEREAS, Squares South of 635 and 639 have been developed as parking lots for automobiles for Members and employees of the House and are now maintained as part of the Capitol Grounds;
WHEREAS, part of Square 692 is occupied by the Congressional Hotel, acquired by the Architect of the Capitol under the aforesaid authority and leased to the Knott Hotels Corporation for use as a hotel, and the remainder of this square has been converted into a parking lot for automobiles for Members and employees of the House and is now maintained as a part of the Capitol Grounds;
WHEREAS, Squares 732 north and south were acquired as an addition to the Capitol Grounds, are now maintained as part of the Capitol Grounds, and will continue to be so maintained until such time as required for construction thereon of the Library of Congress James Madison Memorial Building, authorized by Public Law 89–260, approved October 19, 1965;
WHEREAS, the aforesaid Additional House Office Building Act provides, in pertinent part, with respect to these properties, as follows:
“* * * At such time or times as may be fixed by order of the House Office Building Commission, (1) any real property acquired under, or made available for the purposes of, this chapter shall become part of the United States Capitol Grounds and subject to the Act entitled ‘An Act to define the area of the United States Capitol Grounds, to regulate the use thereof, and for other purposes’, approved July 31, 1946 (40 U.S.C., secs. 193a—193m, [207a,] 212a, [212a–2, 212a–3,] and 212b) [now 2 U.S.C. 1922, 1961, 1966, 1967, 1969; 40 U.S.C. 5101–5107, 5109, see References in Text note under section 1819 of Title 2, The Congress], and (2) the building and all facilities constructed pursuant to section 1201 of this chapter shall become subject to such Act approved July 31, 1946, and to the provisions of law relating to the control, supervision, and care of the House Office Building contained in the Act approved Mar. 4, 1907, as amended (40 U.S.C., sec. 175) [now 2 U.S.C. 2001].”
NOW, THEREFORE, in formal compliance with the aforecited provisions of the Additional House Office Building Act, the House Office Building Commission, in confirmation of actions heretofore taken by the Commission, hereby orders:
 1. The Rayburn House Office Building, the subway connecting such building to the Capitol Building, the pedestrian tunnels connecting such building to the Longworth House Office Building, the underground garages in Squares 637 and 691 and the tunnels connecting these garages to the House Office Buildings, are hereby declared to be House Office Buildings and, as such, are hereby made subject to those provisions of the Act of July 31, 1946 (40 U.S.C., secs. 193a to 193m, [207a,] 212a, [212a–2, 212a–3,] and 212b) [now 2 U.S.C. 1922, 1961, 1966, 1967, 1969; 40 U.S.C. 5101–5107, 5109], including any amendments to such Act, which are applicable to the Capitol Buildings, and to the Act of Mar. 4, 1907 (40 U.S.C. 175) [now 2 U.S.C. 2001].  2. All other real property acquired by the Architect of the Capitol under authority of the Additional House Office Building Act is hereby declared to be part of the United States Capitol Grounds and is hereby made subject to the Act of July 31, 1946 (40 U.S.C., secs. 193a to 193m, [207a,] 212a, [212a–2, 212a–3,] and 212b) [now 2 U.S.C. 1922, 1961, 1966, 1967, 1969; 40 U.S.C. 5101–5107, 5109], including any amendments to such Act.  3. Nothing herein shall be construed to contravene (a) the provisions of Public Law 89–260 authorizing the future use of Squares 732 north and south as a site for the Library of Congress James Madison Memorial Building; or (b) the authority delegated by the House Office Building Commission to the Select House Committee under authority of H. Res. 514, 90th Congress, pertaining to the direction and supervision of the use and operation of the four House Garages and outdoor parking lots.  4. This order shall become effective immediately. HOUSE OFFICE BUILDING COMMISSION John W. McCormack, Chairman. Emanuel Celler, Member. Charles E. Goodell, Member.

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40 USCDescription of ChangeSession YearPublic LawStatutes at Large
§ 5102nt new2014113-76 [Sec.] 213128 Stat. 436

 

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