42 U.S. Code § 11137 - Miscellaneous provisions

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(a) Providing licensing boards and other health care entities with access to information
The Secretary (or the agency designated under section 11134 (b) of this title) shall, upon request, provide information reported under this subchapter with respect to a physician or other licensed health care practitioner to State licensing boards, to hospitals, and to other health care entities (including health maintenance organizations) that have entered (or may be entering) into an employment or affiliation relationship with the physician or practitioner or to which the physician or practitioner has applied for clinical privileges or appointment to the medical staff.
(b) Confidentiality of information
(1) In general
Information reported under this subchapter is considered confidential and shall not be disclosed (other than to the physician or practitioner involved) except with respect to professional review activity, as necessary to carry out subsections (b) and (c) ofsection 11135 of this title (as specified in regulations by the Secretary), or in accordance with regulations of the Secretary promulgated pursuant to subsection (a) of this section. Nothing in this subsection shall prevent the disclosure of such information by a party which is otherwise authorized, under applicable State law, to make such disclosure. Information reported under this subchapter that is in a form that does not permit the identification of any particular health care entity, physician, other health care practitioner, or patient shall not be considered confidential. The Secretary (or the agency designated under section 11134 (b) of this title), on application by any person, shall prepare such information in such form and shall disclose such information in such form.
(2) Penalty for violations
Any person who violates paragraph (1) shall be subject to a civil money penalty of not more than $10,000 for each such violation involved. Such penalty shall be imposed and collected in the same manner as civil money penalties under subsection (a) ofsection 1320a–7a of this title are imposed and collected under that section.
(3) Use of information
Subject to paragraph (1), information provided under section 11135 of this title and subsection (a) of this section is intended to be used solely with respect to activities in the furtherance of the quality of health care.
(4) Fees
The Secretary may establish or approve reasonable fees for the disclosure of information under this section or section 11136 of this title. The amount of such a fee may not exceed the costs of processing the requests for disclosure and of providing such information. Such fees shall be available to the Secretary (or, in the Secretary’s discretion, to the agency designated under section 11134 (b) of this title) to cover such costs.
(c) Relief from liability for reporting
No person or entity (including the agency designated under section 11134 (b) of this title) shall be held liable in any civil action with respect to any report made under this subchapter (including information provided under subsection (a) of this section  [1] without knowledge of the falsity of the information contained in the report.
(d) Interpretation of information
In interpreting information reported under this subchapter, a payment in settlement of a medical malpractice action or claim shall not be construed as creating a presumption that medical malpractice has occurred.


[1]  So in original. Probably should be followed by a closing parenthesis.

Source

(Pub. L. 99–660, title IV, § 427,Nov. 14, 1986, 100 Stat. 3791; Pub. L. 100–177, title IV, § 402(a), (b),Dec. 1, 1987, 101 Stat. 1007.)
Amendments

1987—Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 100–177, § 402(a)(1), substituted “as necessary to carry out subsections (b) and (c) ofsection 11135 of this title (as specified in regulations by the Secretary)” for “with respect to medical malpractice actions” and inserted at end “Information reported under this subchapter that is in a form that does not permit the identification of any particular health care entity, physician, other health care practitioner, or patient shall not be considered confidential. The Secretary (or the agency designated under section 11134 (b) of this title), on application by any person, shall prepare such information in such form and shall disclose such information in such form.”
Subsec. (b)(4). Pub. L. 100–177, § 402(b), added par. (4).
Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 100–177, § 402(a)(2), inserted “(including the agency designated under section 11134 (b) of this title)” after “entity” and “(including information provided under subsection (a) of this section” after “subchapter”.
Effective Date of 1987 Amendment

Pub. L. 100–177, title IV, § 402(d), formerly § 402(c),Dec. 1, 1987, 101 Stat. 1007, as renumbered and amended by Pub. L. 101–239, title VI, § 6103(e)(6),Dec. 19, 1989, 103 Stat. 2208, provided that:
“(1) In general.—The amendments made by subsections (a) and (c) [amending this section and sections 1111 and 1115 of this title] shall become effective on November 14, 1986.
“(2) Fees.—The amendment made by subsection (b) [amending this section] shall become effective on the date of enactment of this Act [Dec. 1, 1987].”

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42 USCDescription of ChangeSession YearPublic LawStatutes at Large

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38 CFR - Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief

38 CFR Part 46 - POLICY REGARDING PARTICIPATION IN NATIONAL PRACTITIONER DATA BANK

42 CFR - Public Health

42 CFR Part 1003 - CIVIL MONEY PENALTIES, ASSESSMENTS AND EXCLUSIONS

45 CFR - Public Welfare

45 CFR Part 60 - NATIONAL PRACTITIONER DATA BANK FOR ADVERSE INFORMATION ON PHYSICIANS AND OTHER HEALTH CARE PRACTITIONERS

 

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