42 U.S. Code § 12704 - Definitions

As used in this subchapter and in subchapter II of this chapter:
(1) The term “unit of general local government” means a city, town, township, county, parish, village, or other general purpose political subdivision of a State; the Federated States of Micronesia and Palau, the Marshall Islands, or a general purpose political subdivision thereof; a consortium of such political subdivisions recognized by the Secretary in accordance with section 12746 (2) of this title; and any agency or instrumentality thereof that is established pursuant to legislation and designated by the chief executive to act on behalf of the jurisdiction with regard to provisions of this Act.
(2) The term “State” means any State of the United States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, or any agency or instrumentality thereof that is established pursuant to legislation and designated by the chief executive officer to act on behalf of the State with regard to the provisions of this Act.
(3) The term “jurisdiction” means a State or unit of general local government.
(4) The term “participating jurisdiction” means any State or unit of general local government that has been so designated in accordance with section 12746 of this title.
(5) The term “nonprofit organization” means any private, nonprofit organization (including a State or locally chartered, nonprofit organization) that—
(A) is organized under State or local laws,
(B) has no part of its net earnings inuring to the benefit of any member, founder, contributor, or individual,
(C) complies with standards of financial accountability acceptable to the Secretary, and
(D) has among its purposes significant activities related to the provision of decent housing that is affordable to low-income and moderate-income persons.
(6) The term “community housing development organization” means a nonprofit organization as defined in paragraph (5), that—
(A) has among its purposes the provision of decent housing that is affordable to low-income and moderate-income persons;
(B) maintains, through significant representation on the organization’s governing board and otherwise, accountability to low-income community residents and, to the extent practicable, low-income beneficiaries with regard to decisions on the design, siting, development, and management of affordable housing;
(C) has a demonstrated capacity for carrying out activities assisted under this Act; and
(D) has a history of serving the local community or communities within which housing to be assisted under this Act is to be located.
In the case of an organization serving more than one county, the Secretary may not require that such organization, to be considered a community housing development organization for purposes of this Act, include as members on the organization’s governing board low-income persons residing in each county served.
(7) The term “government-sponsored mortgage finance corporations” means the Federal National Mortgage Association, the Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation, and the Federal Agricultural Mortgage Corporation.
(8) The term “housing” includes manufactured housing and manufactured housing lots and elder cottage housing opportunity units that are small, free-standing, barrier-free, energy-efficient, removable, and designed to be installed adjacent to existing 1- to 4-family dwellings.
(9) The term “very low-income families” means low-income families whose incomes do not exceed 50 percent of the median family income for the area, as determined by the Secretary with adjustments for smaller and larger families, except that the Secretary may establish income ceilings higher or lower than 50 percent of the median for the area on the basis of the Secretary’s findings that such variations are necessary because of prevailing levels of construction costs or fair market rents, or unusually high or low family incomes.
(10) The term “low-income families” means families whose incomes do not exceed 80 percent of the median income for the area, as determined by the Secretary with adjustments for smaller and larger families, except that the Secretary may establish income ceilings higher or lower than 80 percent of the median for the area on the basis of the Secretary’s findings that such variations are necessary because of prevailing levels of construction costs or fair market rents, or unusually high or low family incomes.
(11) The term “families” has the same meaning given that term by section 1437a of this title.
(12) The term “security” has the same meaning as in section 77b of title 15.
(13) The term “displaced homemaker” means an individual who—
(A) is an adult;
(B) has not worked full-time full-year in the labor force for a number of years but has, during such years, worked primarily without remuneration to care for the home and family; and
(C) is unemployed or underemployed and is experiencing difficulty in obtaining or upgrading employment.
(14) The term “first-time homebuyer” means an individual and his or her spouse who have not owned a home during the 3-year period prior to purchase of a home with assistance under subchapter II of this chapter, except that—
(A) any individual who is a displaced homemaker may not be excluded from consideration as a first-time homebuyer under this paragraph on the basis that the individual, while a homemaker, owned a home with his or her spouse or resided in a home owned by the spouse;
(B) any individual who is a single parent may not be excluded from consideration as a first-time homebuyer under this paragraph on the basis that the individual, while married, owned a home with his or her spouse or resided in a home owned by the spouse; and
(C) an individual shall not be excluded from consideration as a first-time homebuyer under this paragraph on the basis that the individual owns or owned, as a principal residence during such 3-year period, a dwelling unit whose structure is—
(i) not permanently affixed to a permanent foundation in accordance with local or other applicable regulations, or
(ii) not in compliance with State, local, or model building codes, or other applicable codes, and cannot be brought into compliance with such codes for less than the cost of constructing a permanent structure.
(15) The term “single parent” means an individual who—
(A) is unmarried or legally separated from a spouse; and
(B)
(i) has 1 or more minor children for whom the individual has custody or joint custody; or
(ii) is pregnant.
(16) The term “Secretary” means the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development, unless otherwise specified in this Act.
(17) The term “substantial rehabilitation” means the rehabilitation of residential property at an average cost in excess of $25,000 per dwelling unit.
(18) The term “public housing agency” has the meaning given the term in section 1437a (b) of this title.
(19) The term “metropolitan city” has the meaning given the term in section 5302 (a)(4) of this title.
(20) The term “urban county” has the meaning given the term in section 5302 (a)(6) of this title.
(21) The term “certification” means a written assertion, based on supporting evidence, which shall be kept available for inspection by the Secretary, the Inspector General and the public, which assertion shall be deemed to be accurate for purposes of this Act, unless the Secretary determines otherwise after inspecting the evidence and providing due notice and opportunity for comment.
(23)   [1] The term “to demonstrate to the Secretary” means to submit to the Secretary a written assertion together with supporting evidence that, in the determination of the Secretary, supports the accuracy of the assertion.
(24)   [2] The term “insular area” means any of the following: Guam, the Northern Mariana Islands, the Virgin Islands, and American Samoa.
(24)   [2] The term “energy efficient mortgage” means a mortgage that provides financing incentives for the purchase of energy efficient homes, or that provides financing incentives to make energy efficiency improvements in existing homes by incorporating the cost of such improvements in the mortgage.
(25) The term “energy efficient mortgage” means a mortgage that provides financing incentives for the purchase of energy efficient homes, or that provides financing incentives to make energy efficiency improvements in existing homes by incorporating the cost of such improvements in the mortgage.


[1]  So in original. Probably should be “(22)”.

[2]  So in original. Two pars. (24) have been enacted.

Source

(Pub. L. 101–625, title I, § 104,Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat. 4085; Pub. L. 102–229, title I, Dec. 12, 1991, 105 Stat. 1709; Pub. L. 101–230, § 2,Dec. 12, 1991, 105 Stat. 1720; Pub. L. 102–486, title I, § 105(a),Oct. 24, 1992, 106 Stat. 2792; Pub. L. 102–550, title II, §§ 211(a)(1), 217 (a), 218, 219, title IX, § 914(a),Oct. 28, 1992, 106 Stat. 3756, 3760, 3761, 3877; Pub. L. 103–233, title II, § 201,Apr. 11, 1994, 108 Stat. 363.)
References in Text

This Act, referred to in pars. (1), (2), (6), (16), and (21), is Pub. L. 101–625, Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat. 4079, as amended, known as the Cranston-Gonzalez National Affordable Housing Act. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 12701 of this title and Tables.
Amendments

1994—Par. (2). Pub. L. 103–233struck out “and” after “Columbia,” and inserted before period at end “, or any agency or instrumentality thereof that is established pursuant to legislation and designated by the chief executive officer to act on behalf of the State with regard to the provisions of this Act”.
1992—Par. (1). Pub. L. 102–550, § 211(a)(1), amended this section to read as if amendment made by Pub. L. 102–230, § 2(1), had not been enacted. See 1991 Amendment note below.
Par. (6). Pub. L. 102–550, § 217(a), inserted concluding provisions.
Par. (8). Pub. L. 102–550, § 218, inserted before period at end “and elder cottage housing opportunity units that are small, free-standing, barrier-free, energy-efficient, removable, and designed to be installed adjacent to existing 1- to 4-family dwellings”.
Par. (14)(C). Pub. L. 102–550, § 219, added subpar. (C).
Par. (24). Pub. L. 102–550, § 211(a)(1), amended this section to read as if amendment made by Pub. L. 102–230, § 2(2), had not been enacted. See 1991 Amendment note below.
Pub. L. 102–486added par. (24) defining “energy efficient mortgage”.
Par. (25). Pub. L. 102–550, § 914(a), added par. (25).
1991—Par. (1). Pub. L. 102–230, § 2(1), directed the substitution of “the insular areas” for “Guam, the Northern Mariana Islands, the Virgin Islands, American Samoa, the Federated States of Micronesia and Palau, the Marshall Islands”. See 1992 Amendment note above.
Pub. L. 102–229struck out “Guam, the Northern Mariana Islands, the Virgin Islands, American Samoa,” after “of a State;”.
Par. (24). Pub. L. 102–230, § 2(2), directed the addition of a par. (24) to read as follows: “(24) The term ‘insular areas’ means Guam, the Northern Mariana Islands, the United States Virgin Islands, and American Samoa.” See 1992 Amendment note above.
Pub. L. 102–229added par. (24) defining “insular area”.
Effective Date of 1994 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 103–233applicable with respect to any amounts made available to carry out subchapter II (§ 12721 et seq.) of this chapter after Apr. 11, 1994, and any amounts made available to carry out that subchapter before that date that remain uncommitted on that date, with Secretary to issue any regulations necessary to carry out such amendment not later than end of 45-day period beginning on that date, see section 209 ofPub. L. 103–233, set out as a note under section 5301 of this title.
Effective Date of 1992 Amendment

Pub. L. 102–550, title II, § 211(b),Oct. 28, 1992, 106 Stat. 3757, provided that: “The amendments made by subsection (a) [amending this section and section 12747 of this title] shall apply with respect to fiscal year 1993 and thereafter.”
Pub. L. 102–550, title II, § 223,Oct. 28, 1992, 106 Stat. 3762, provided that: “The amendments made by this title [enacting section 12810 of this title and amending this section and sections 12705, 12724, 12742, 12745 to 12748, 12750, 12771, 12773, 12774, 12782, and 12784 of this title] shall apply to unexpended funds allocated under title II of the Cranston-Gonzalez National Affordable Housing Act [42 U.S.C. 12721 et seq.] in fiscal year 1992, except as otherwise specifically provided.”
Regulations

Pub. L. 102–550, title II, § 222,Oct. 28, 1992, 106 Stat. 3762, provided that: “The Secretary of Housing and Urban Development shall issue any final regulations necessary to implement the provisions of this title [enacting section 12810 of this title, amending this section and sections 12705, 12724, 12742, 12745 to 12748, 12750, 12771, 12773, 12774, 12782, and 12784 of this title, and enacting provisions set out as notes under this section and sections 12746, 12747, and 12750 of this title] and the amendments made by this title not later than the expiration of the 180-day period beginning on the date of the enactment of this Act [Oct. 28, 1992], except as expressly provided otherwise in this title and the amendments made by this title. Such regulations shall be issued after notice and opportunity for public comment pursuant to the provisions of section 553 of title 5, United States Code (notwithstanding subsections (a)(2), (b)(B), and (d)(3) of such section).”
Transition Rule

Pub. L. 102–550, title II, § 217(b),Oct. 28, 1992, 106 Stat. 3760, provided that: “For the purposes of determining compliance with the requirements of section 104(6) of the Cranston-Gonzalez National Affordable Housing Act [42 U.S.C. 12704 (6)], the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development may provide an exception for organizations that meet the definition of community housing development organization, except for significant representation of low-income community residents on the board, if such organization fulfills such requirement within 6 months of receiving funds under title II of such Act [42 U.S.C. 12721 et seq.] or September 30, 1993, whichever is sooner.”

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42 USCDescription of ChangeSession YearPublic LawStatutes at Large

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24 CFR - Housing and Urban Development

24 CFR Part 91 - CONSOLIDATED SUBMISSIONS FOR COMMUNITY PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMS

24 CFR Part 92 - HOME INVESTMENT PARTNERSHIPS PROGRAM

 

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