42 U.S. Code § 12852 - Assistance for first-time homebuyers
(a) In general
The Trust shall provide assistance payments for first-time homebuyers (including homebuyers buying shares in limited equity cooperatives) in the following manners:
(1) Interest rate buydowns
Assistance payments so that the rate of interest payable on the mortgages by the homebuyers does not exceed 6 percent.
(2) Downpayment assistance
Assistance payments to provide amounts for downpayments (including closing costs and other costs payable at the time of closing) on mortgages for such homebuyers.
(3) Assistance in connection with mortgage revenue bonds financing
Interest rate buydowns and downpayment assistance in the manner provided in subsection (e) of this section.
(4) Second mortgage assistance
Assistance payments to provide loans (secured by second mortgages) with deferred payment of interest and principal; and 
(5) Capitalization of revolving loan funds
Grants to public organizations or agencies to establish revolving loan funds to provide homeownership assistance to eligible first-time homebuyers consistent with the requirements of this subchapter. Such grants shall be matched by an equal amount of local investment in such revolving loan funds. Any proceeds or repayments from loans made under this paragraph shall be returned to the revolving loan fund established under this paragraph to be used for purposes related to this section.
(b) Eligibility requirements
Assistance payments under this subchapter may be made only to homebuyers and for mortgages meeting the following requirements:
(1) First-time homebuyer
The homebuyer is an individual who—
(A) (and whose spouse) has had no ownership in a principal residence during the 3-year period ending on the date of purchase of the property with respect to which assistance payments are made under this subchapter;
(B) is a displaced homemaker who, except for owning a home with his or her spouse or residing in a home owned by the spouse, meets the requirements of subparagraph (A);
(C) is a single parent who, except for owning a home with his or her spouse or residing in a home owned by the spouse while married, meets the requirements of subparagraph (A); or
(D) meets the requirements of subparagraph (A), (B), or (C), except for owning, as a principal residence, a dwelling unit whose structure is—
(i) not permanently affixed to a permanent foundation in accordance with local or other applicable regulations; or
(2) Maximum income of homebuyer
The aggregate annual income of the homebuyer and the members of the family of the homebuyer residing with the homebuyer, for the 12-month period preceding the date of the application of the homebuyer for assistance under this subchapter, does not exceed—
(A) 95 percent of the median income for a family of 4 persons (adjusted by family size) in the applicable metropolitan statistical area (or such other area that the Board of Directors determines for areas outside of metropolitan statistical areas); or
(B) 115 percent of such median income (adjusted by family size) in the case of an area that is subject to a high cost area mortgage limit under title II of the National Housing Act [12 U.S.C. 1707 et seq.].
The Board of Directors shall provide for certification of such income for purposes of initial eligibility for assistance payments under this subchapter and shall provide for recertification of homebuyers (and families of homebuyers) so assisted not less than every 2 years thereafter.
The homebuyer (and spouse, where applicable) shall certify that the homebuyer has made a good faith effort to obtain a market rate mortgage and has been denied because the annual income of the homebuyer and the members of the family of the homebuyer residing with the homebuyer is insufficient.
(4) Principal residence
The property securing the mortgage is a single-family residence or unit in a cooperative and is the principal residence of the homebuyer.
(5) Maximum mortgage amount
(6) Maximum interest rate
The interest payable on the mortgage is established at a fixed rate that does not exceed a maximum rate of interest established by the Trust taking into consideration prevailing interest rates on similar mortgages.
(7) Responsible mortgagee
The mortgage has been made to, and is held by, a mortgagee that is federally insured or that is otherwise approved by the Trust as responsible and able to service the mortgage properly.
(8) Minimum downpayment
For a first-time homebuyer to receive downpayment assistance under subsection (a)(2) of this section, the homebuyer shall have paid not less than 1 percent of the cost of acquisition of the property (excluding any mortgage insurance premium paid at the time the mortgage is insured), as such cost is estimated by the Board of Directors.
(c) Terms of assistance
Assistance payments under this subchapter shall be secured by a lien on the property involved. The lien shall be subordinate to all mortgages existing on the property on the date on which the first assistance payment is made.
(2) Repayment upon sale
Assistance payments under this subchapter shall be repayable from the net proceeds of the sale, without interest, upon the sale of the property for which the assistance payments are made. If the sale results in no net proceeds or the net proceeds are insufficient to repay the amount of the assistance payments in full, the Board of Directors shall release the lien to the extent that the debt secured by the lien remains unpaid.
(3) Repayment upon increased income
If the aggregate annual income of the homebuyer (and family of the homebuyer) assisted under this subchapter exceeds the applicable maximum income allowable under subsection (b)(2) of this section for any 2-year period after such assistance is provided, the Board of Directors may provide for the repayment, on a monthly basis, of all or a portion of such assistance payments, based on the amount of assistance provided and the income of the homebuyer (and family of the homebuyer).
(4) Repayment if property ceases to be principal residence
If the property for which assistance payments are made ceases to be the principal residence of the first-time homebuyer (or the family of the homebuyer), the Board of Directors may provide for the repayment of all or a portion of the assistance payments.
(d) Allocation formula
Amounts available in any fiscal year for assistance under this subchapter shall be allocated for homebuyers in each State on the basis of the need of eligible first-time homebuyers in each State for such assistance in comparison with the need of eligible first-time homebuyers for such assistance among all States.
(e) Assistance in connection with housing financed with mortgage revenue bonds
The Trust shall provide assistance for first-time homebuyers in the form of interest rate buydowns and downpayment assistance under this subsection. Such assistance shall be available only with respect to mortgages for the purchase of residences
(A) financed with the proceeds of a qualified mortgage bond (as such term is defined in section 143 of title 26), or
To be eligible for assistance under this subsection, homebuyers and mortgages shall also meet the requirements under subsection (b) of this section, except that—
(A) the certification under subsection (b)(3) of this section shall not be required for assistance under this subsection;
(B) the provisions of subsection (b)(2) of this section shall not apply to assistance under this section; and
(C) the aggregate income of the homebuyer and the members of the family of the homebuyer residing with the homebuyer, for the 12-month period preceding the date of the application of the homebuyer for assistance under this subsection, shall not exceed 80 percent of the median income for a family of 4 persons (as adjusted for family size) in the applicable metropolitan statistical area.
(3) Limitation of assistance
Notwithstanding subsection (a) of this section, assistance payments for first-time homebuyers under this subsection shall be provided in the following manners:
(A) Interest rate buydowns
Assistance payments to decrease the rate of interest payable on the mortgages by the homebuyers, in an amount not exceeding—
(i) in the first year of the mortgage, 2.0 percent of the total principal obligation of the mortgage;
(ii) in the second year of the mortgage, 1.5 percent of the total principal obligation of the mortgage;
(iii) in the third year of the mortgage, 1.0 percent of the total principal obligation of the mortgage; and
 So in original. The “; and” probably should be a period.
 So in original. Probably should be “(4)”.
Source(Pub. L. 101–625, title III, § 303,Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat. 4130; Pub. L. 102–550, title I, § 182(c)–(e), Oct. 28, 1992, 106 Stat. 3737, 3738.)
References in Text
The National Housing Act, referred to in subsec. (b)(2)(B), (5), is act June 27, 1934, ch. 847, 48 Stat. 1246, as amended, which is classified principally to chapter 13 (§ 1701 et seq.) of Title 12, Banks and Banking. Title II of the Act is classified principally to subchapter II (§ 1707 et seq.) of chapter 13 of Title 12. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see section 1701 of Title 12 and Tables.
1992—Subsec. (a)(3). Pub. L. 102–550, § 182(c)(2), added par. (3).
Subsec. (a)(4), (5). Pub. L. 102–550, § 182(e), added pars. (4) and (5).
Subsec. (b)(1)(D). Pub. L. 102–550, § 182(d), added subpar. (D).
Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 102–550, § 182(c)(1), added subsec. (e).
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