42 U.S. Code § 13012 - Purpose

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The purpose of this subchapter is to ensure that by January 1, 2015, a court-appointed special advocate shall be available to every victim of child abuse or neglect in the United States that needs such an advocate.


(Pub. L. 101–647, title II, § 216,Nov. 29, 1990, 104 Stat. 4794; Pub. L. 103–322, title IV, § 40156(a)(2),Sept. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 1923; Pub. L. 109–162, title I, § 112(b),Jan. 5, 2006, 119 Stat. 2986; Pub. L. 113–4, title I, § 106(1),Mar. 7, 2013, 127 Stat. 77.)

2013—Pub. L. 113–4substituted “January 1, 2015” for “January 1, 2010”.
2006—Pub. L. 109–162substituted “January 1, 2010” for “January 1, 1995”.
1994—Pub. L. 103–322made technical amendment to reference to this subchapter to correct reference to corresponding provision of original act.
Effective Date of 2013 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 113–4not effective until the beginning of the fiscal year following Mar. 7, 2013, see section 4 ofPub. L. 113–4, set out as a note under section 2261 of Title 18, Crimes and Criminal Procedure.

The table below lists the classification updates, since Jan. 3, 2012, for this section. Updates to a broader range of sections may be found at the update page for containing chapter, title, etc.

The most recent Classification Table update that we have noticed was Tuesday, August 13, 2013

An empty table indicates that we see no relevant changes listed in the classification tables. If you suspect that our system may be missing something, please double-check with the Office of the Law Revision Counsel.

42 USCDescription of ChangeSession YearPublic LawStatutes at Large
§ 130122013113-4 [Sec.] 106(1)127 Stat. 77


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