42 U.S. Code § 1320c–1 - Definition of quality improvement organization

The term “quality improvement organization” means an entity which—
(1) is able, as determined by the Secretary, to perform its functions under this part in a manner consistent with the efficient and effective administration of this part and subchapter XVIII;
(2) has at least one individual who is a representative of health care providers on its governing body; and
(3) has at least one individual who is a representative of consumers on its governing body.

Source

(Aug. 14, 1935, ch. 531, title XI, § 1152, as added Pub. L. 97–248, title I, § 143,Sept. 3, 1982, 96 Stat. 382; amended Pub. L. 99–509, title IX, § 9353(b)(1),Oct. 21, 1986, 100 Stat. 2046; Pub. L. 112–40, title II, § 261(a)(1), (2)(A), (C),Oct. 21, 2011, 125 Stat. 423.)
Prior Provisions

A prior section 1320c–1, act Aug. 14, 1935, ch. 531, title XI, § 1152, as added Oct. 30, 1972, Pub. L. 92–603, title II, § 249F(b), 86 Stat. 1430; amended Dec. 31, 1975, Pub. L. 94–182, title I, §§ 105, 108 (a), 89 Stat. 1052, 1053; Oct. 25, 1977, Pub. L. 95–142, § 5(a), (d)(2)(A), (B), (o)(1), 91 Stat. 1183, 1185, 1191; Dec. 5, 1980, Pub. L. 96–499, title IX, § 921, 94 Stat. 2627; Aug. 13, 1981, Pub. L. 97–35, title XXI, §§ 2112(a)(2)(A), (B), 2113 (b), (c), 95 Stat. 793, 794, related to the designation of Professional Standards Review Organizations, prior to the general revision of this part by Pub. L. 97–248.
Amendments

2011—Pub. L. 112–40, § 261(a)(2)(A), (C), substituted “quality improvement” for “utilization and quality control peer review” in section catchline and introductory provisions.
Pars. (1), (2). Pub. L. 112–40, § 261(a)(1), added pars. (1) and (2) and struck out former pars. (1) and (2) which read as follows:
“(1)(A) is composed of a substantial number of the licensed doctors of medicine and osteopathy engaged in the practice of medicine or surgery in the area and who are representative of the practicing physicians in the area, designated by the Secretary under section 1320c–2 of this title, with respect to which the entity shall perform services under this part, or (B) has available to it, by arrangement or otherwise, the services of a sufficient number of licensed doctors of medicine or osteopathy engaged in the practice of medicine or surgery in such area to assure that adequate peer review of the services provided by the various medical specialties and subspecialties can be assured;
“(2) is able, in the judgment of the Secretary, to perform review functions required under section 1320c–3 of this title in a manner consistent with the efficient and effective administration of this part and to perform reviews of the pattern of quality of care in an area of medical practice where actual performance is measured against objective criteria which define acceptable and adequate practice; and”.
1986—Par. (3). Pub. L. 99–509added par. (3).
Effective Date of 2011 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 112–40applicable to contracts entered into or renewed on or after Jan. 1, 2012, see section 261(e) ofPub. L. 112–40, set out as a note under section 1320c of this title.
Effective Date of 1986 Amendment

Pub. L. 99–509, title IX, § 9353(b)(2),Oct. 21, 1986, 100 Stat. 2046, provided that: “The amendment made by paragraph (1) [amending this section] shall apply to contracts entered into or renewed on or after January 1, 1987.”

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42 USCDescription of ChangeSession YearPublic LawStatutes at Large

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42 CFR - Public Health

 

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