42 U.S. Code § 13389 - Greenhouse gas intensity reducing strategies

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(a) Definitions
In this section:
(1) Advisory Committee
The term “Advisory Committee” means the Climate Change Technology Advisory Committee established under subsection (f)(1) of this section.
(2) Carbon sequestration
The term “carbon sequestration” means the capture of carbon dioxide through terrestrial, geological, biological, or other means, which prevents the release of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere.
(3) Committee
The term “Committee” means the Committee on Climate Change Technology established under subsection (b)(1) of this section.
(4) Developing country
The term “developing country” has the meaning given the term in section 13387 (m) of this title.
(5) Greenhouse gas
The term “greenhouse gas” means—
(A) carbon dioxide;
(B) methane;
(C) nitrous oxide;
(D) hydrofluorocarbons;
(E) perfluorocarbons; and
(F) sulfur hexafluoride.
(6) Greenhouse gas intensity
The term “greenhouse gas intensity” means the ratio of greenhouse gas emissions to economic output.
(7) National Laboratory
The term “National Laboratory” has the meaning given the term in section 15801 (3)  [1] of this title.
(b) Committee on Climate Change Technology
(1) In general
Not later than 180 days after August 8, 2005, the President shall establish a Committee on Climate Change Technology to—
(A) integrate current Federal climate reports; and
(B) coordinate Federal climate change technology activities and programs carried out in furtherance of the strategy developed under subsection (c)(1) of this section.
(2) Membership
The Committee shall be composed of at least 7 members, including—
(A) the Secretary, who shall chair the Committee;
(B) the Secretary of Commerce;
(C) the Chairman of the Council on Environmental Quality;
(D) the Secretary of Agriculture;
(E) the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency;
(F) the Secretary of Transportation;
(G) the Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy; and
(H) other representatives as may be determined by the President.
(3) Staff
The members of the Committee shall provide such personnel as are necessary to enable the Committee to perform its duties.
(c) National climate change technology policy
(1) In general
Not later than 18 months after August 8, 2005, the Committee shall, based on applicable Federal climate reports, submit to the Secretary and the President a national strategy to promote the deployment and commercialization of greenhouse gas intensity reducing technologies and practices developed through research and development programs conducted by the National Laboratories, other Federal research facilities, institutions of higher education, and the private sector.
(2) Updates
The Committee shall—
(A) at the time of submission of the strategy to the President under paragraph (1), also make the strategy available to the public; and
(B) update the strategy every 5 years, or more frequently as the Committee determines to be necessary.
(d) Climate Change Technology Program
Not later than 180 days after the date on which the Committee is established under subsection (b)(1) of this section, the Secretary, in consultation with the Committee, shall establish within the Department of Energy the Climate Change Technology Program to—
(1) assist the Committee in the interagency coordination of climate change technology research, development, demonstration, and deployment to reduce greenhouse gas intensity; and
(2) carry out the programs authorized under this section.
(e) Technology inventory
(1) In general
The Secretary shall conduct and make public an inventory and evaluation of greenhouse gas intensity reducing technologies that have been developed, or are under development, by the National Laboratories, other Federal research facilities, institutions of higher education, and the private sector to determine which technologies are suitable for commercialization and deployment.
(2) Report
Not later than 180 days after the completion of the inventory under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall submit to Congress a report that includes the results of the completed inventory and any recommendations of the Secretary.
(3) Use
The Secretary shall use the results of the inventory as guidance in the commercialization and deployment of greenhouse gas intensity reducing technologies.
(4) Updated inventory
The Secretary shall—
(A) periodically update the inventory under paragraph (1), including when determined necessary by the Committee; and
(B) make the updated inventory available to the public.
(f) Climate Change Technology Advisory Committee
(1) In general
The Secretary, in consultation with the Committee, may establish under section 7234 of this title a Climate Change Technology Advisory Committee to identify statutory, regulatory, economic, and other barriers to the commercialization and deployment of greenhouse gas intensity reducing technologies and practices in the United States.
(2) Composition
The Advisory Committee shall be composed of the following members, to be appointed by the Secretary, in consultation with the Committee:
(A) 1 representative shall be appointed from each National Laboratory.
(B) 3 members shall be representatives of energy-producing trade organizations.
(C) 3 members shall represent energy-intensive trade organizations.
(D) 3 members shall represent groups that represent end-use energy and other consumers.
(E) 3 members shall be employees of the Federal Government who are experts in energy technology, intellectual property, and tax.
(F) 3 members shall be representatives of institutions of higher education with expertise in energy technology development that are recommended by the National Academy of Engineering.
(3) Report
Not later than 1 year after August 8, 2005, and annually thereafter, the Advisory Committee shall submit to the Committee a report that describes—
(A) the findings of the Advisory Committee; and
(B) any recommendations of the Advisory Committee for the removal or reduction of barriers to commercialization, deployment, and increasing the use of greenhouse gas intensity reducing technologies and practices.
(g) Greenhouse gas intensity reducing technology deployment
(1) In general
Based on the strategy developed under subsection (c)(1) of this section, the technology inventory conducted under subsection (e)(1) of this section, the greenhouse gas intensity reducing technology study report submitted under subsection (e)(2) of this section, and reports under subsection (f)(3) of this section, if any, the Committee shall develop recommendations that would provide for the removal of domestic barriers to the commercialization and deployment of greenhouse gas intensity reducing technologies and practices.
(2) Requirements
In developing the recommendations under paragraph (1), the Committee shall consider in the aggregate—
(A) the cost-effectiveness of the technology;
(B) fiscal and regulatory barriers;
(C) statutory and other barriers; and
(D) intellectual property issues.
(3) Demonstration projects
In developing recommendations under paragraph (1), the Committee may identify the need for climate change technology demonstration projects.
(4) Report
Not later than 18 months after August 8, 2005, the Committee shall submit to the President and Congress a report that—
(A) identifies, based on the report submitted under subsection (f)(3) of this section, any barriers to, and commercial risks associated with, the deployment of greenhouse gas intensity reducing technologies; and
(B) includes a plan for carrying out demonstration projects.
(5) Updates
The Committee shall—
(A) at the time of submission of the report to Congress under paragraph (4), also make the report available to the public; and
(B) update the report every 5 years, or more frequently as the Committee determines to be necessary.
(h) Procedures for calculating, monitoring, and analyzing greenhouse gas intensity
The Secretary, in collaboration with the Committee and the National Institute of Standards and Technology, and after public notice and opportunity for comment, shall develop standards and best practices for calculating, monitoring, and analyzing greenhouse gas intensity.
(i) Demonstration projects
(1) In general
The Secretary shall, subject to the availability of appropriations, support demonstration projects that—
(A) increase the reduction of the greenhouse gas intensity to levels below that which would be achieved by technologies being used in the United States as of August 8, 2005;
(B) maximize the potential return on Federal investment;
(C) demonstrate distinct roles in public-private partnerships;
(D) produce a large-scale reduction of greenhouse gas intensity if commercialization occurred; and
(E) support a diversified portfolio to mitigate the uncertainty associated with a single technology.
(2) Cost sharing
In supporting a demonstration project under this subsection, the Secretary shall require cost-sharing in accordance with section 16352 of this title.
(3) Authorization of appropriations
There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as are necessary to carry out this subsection.
(j) Cooperative research and development agreements
In carrying out greenhouse gas intensity reduction research and technology deployment activities under this subtitle, [2] the Secretary may enter into cooperative research and development agreements under section 3710a of title 15.


[1]  See References in Text note below.

[2]  So in original. See References in Text note below.

Source

(Pub. L. 102–486, title XVI, § 1610, as added Pub. L. 109–58, title XVI, § 1601,Aug. 8, 2005, 119 Stat. 1109.)
References in Text

Section 15801 (3) of this title, referred to in subsec. (a)(7), was in the original “section 3(3) of the Energy Policy Act of 2005” and was translated as meaning section 2(3) of that Act to reflect the probable intent of Congress, because the Energy Policy Act of 2005 does not contain a section 3 andsection 2 (3) defines “National Laboratory”.
This subtitle, referred to in subsec. (j), appearing in the original, is unidentifiable because title XVI of Pub. L. 102–486, of which this section is a part, does not contain subtitles.

 

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