42 U.S. Code § 13478 - Electric and magnetic fields research and public information dissemination program

(a) Program
The Secretary shall, in accordance with this section (including the agenda developed under subsection (d)(1)(A) of this section) and within 2 months after October 24, 1992, establish a comprehensive program to—
(1) determine whether or not exposure to electric and magnetic fields produced by the generation, transmission, and use of electric energy affects human health;
(2) carry out research, development, and demonstration with respect to technologies to mitigate any adverse human health effects; and
(3) provide for dissemination of information described in subsection (b)(1) of this section to the public.
(b) Contents
The program shall provide for—
(1) collection, compilation, publication, and dissemination of scientifically valid information on—
(A) possible human health effects of electric and magnetic fields;
(B) the types and extent of human exposure to electric and magnetic fields in various occupational and residential settings;
(C) technologies to measure and characterize electric and magnetic fields; and
(D) methods to assess and manage exposure to electric and magnetic fields;
(2)
(A) research on mechanisms by which electric and magnetic fields interact with biological systems; and
(B) epidemiological research on the possible human health effects of electric and magnetic fields; and
(3) research, development, and demonstration with respect to—
(A) technologies to improve the measurement and characterization of electric and magnetic fields; and
(B) techniques to assess and manage exposure to electric and magnetic fields.
(c) Role of Director
(1) Role of Director
The Secretary of Health and Human Services, acting through the Director, shall have sole responsibility under the program for research on possible human health effects of electric and magnetic fields. The Director may delegate this responsibility to the extent the Director determines appropriate.
(2) Agreement
Within 6 months after October 24, 1992, the Secretary shall enter into an agreement with the Secretary of Health and Human Services to carry out, through the Director, the information activities under subsection (b)(1)(A) of this section and the research under subsection (b)(2) of this section.
(3) Actions of Director
The actions of the Director in carrying out research and information responsibilities under this section shall not be subject to approval by the Secretary.
(4) Transfer of funds
The Secretary is authorized, subject to appropriations Acts, to transfer funds to the Director to carry out the Director’s responsibilities under paragraph (2).
(5) Report
The Director shall report, by June 1, 1995, and by March 31, 1998, and as appropriate, to the Interagency Committee established under subsection (d) of this section and to Congress the findings and conclusions of the Director on the extent to which exposure to electric and magnetic fields produced by the generation, transmission, or use of electric energy affects human health.
(d) Interagency Committee
(1) The President shall, within 2 months after October 24, 1992, establish the Electric and Magnetic Fields Interagency Committee to—
(A) develop within 8 months after October 24, 1992, a comprehensive agenda for conducting research, development, and demonstration under the program, with particular emphasis on electric and magnetic fields of the 60 hertz frequency;
(B) develop recommendations, within 8 months after October 24, 1992, for guidelines for the coordination of activities of Federal agencies engaged in research on human health effects of electric and magnetic fields that ensure that such research advances the agenda under subparagraph (A) and is not unnecessarily duplicative of other research activities;
(C) develop recommendations, within 8 months after October 24, 1992, for mechanisms for communication of the results of the program to the public, including recommendations on the scope and nature of the information to be disseminated; and
(D) monitor, review and periodically evaluate the program.
(2)
(A) The Interagency Committee shall be composed of 9 members with 1 member to be appointed from each of the following:
(i) The Department of Energy.
(ii) The National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences.
(iii) The Environmental Protection Agency.
(iv) The Department of Defense.
(v) The Occupational Safety and Health Administration.
(vi) The National Institute of Standards and Technology.
(vii) The Department of Transportation.
(viii) The Rural Electrification Administration.
(ix) The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission.
(B) The Interagency Committee shall elect a chairperson from among its members who shall be responsible for ensuring that the duties of the Interagency Committee are carried out.
(C) Agencies that have members on the Interagency Committee shall provide appropriate staff to carry out the duties of the Interagency Committee.
(e) Advisory Committee
(1) Not later than 2 months after October 24, 1992, the Secretary of Health and Human Services and the Secretary shall establish the National Electric and Magnetic Fields Advisory Committee in accordance with the Federal Advisory Committee Act [5 U.S.C. App.] and this section.
(2) The Advisory Committee shall make recommendations to the Interagency Committee with respect to the duties of the Interagency Committee under subsection (d)(1) of this section and advise the Secretary and the Director with respect to the design and implementation of the program, including preparation of solicitations for proposals to conduct research under the program.
(3) The Advisory Committee shall be composed of 10 members, chosen from among experts in possible human health effects of electric and magnetic fields, experts in the measurement and characterization of electric and magnetic fields, experts in the assessment and management of electric and magnetic fields, State regulatory agencies, State health agencies, electric utilities, electric equipment manufacturers, labor unions and the public. Five members shall be chosen by the Secretary of Health and Human Services in consultation with the Director, and 5 members shall be chosen by the Secretary.
(4) The Advisory Committee shall elect a chairperson from among its members who shall be responsible for ensuring that the duties of the Advisory Committee are carried out.
(5) The Advisory Committee shall terminate not later than December 31, 1998.
(f) Financial assistance
(1) The Secretary and the Director may provide financial assistance and enter into contracts to conduct activities under the program.
(2) The Secretary shall solicit contributions from non-Federal sources to offset at least 50 percent of the total funding for all activities under the program. The Secretary shall adopt procedures, including a mechanism for collecting contributions, that ensures that no contributor of non-Federal funds may influence the program.
(3) The Secretary may not obligate funds under this section in any fiscal year unless funds received from non-Federal sources under paragraph (2) are available to offset at least 50 percent of the appropriations made under subsection (j) of this section for such fiscal year.
(4) Solicitation and selection of proposals.—
(A) In general.— Within 15 months after October 24, 1992, and as often thereafter as appropriate, the Secretary and the Director shall, in consultation with the Interagency Committee, solicit and select proposals to conduct activities under the program.
(B) Consultation with advisory committee.— In preparing solicitations for proposals to conduct activities, the Secretary and the Director shall consult with the Advisory Committee.
(C) Peer review panels.— Before a proposal to conduct activities under the program may be selected by the Secretary or the Director, such proposal must be submitted to, and evaluated by, at least one scientific and technical peer review panel.
(g) Reports
(1) Report upon completion of activity
Any person who conducts activities under the program shall, upon completion of the activity, submit to the National Academy of Sciences, the Interagency Committee, and the Advisory Committee a report summarizing the activities and results thereof.
(2) Report to Interagency Committee and Advisory Committee
The Secretary shall enter into appropriate arrangements with the National Academy of Sciences under which the Academy shall periodically submit to the Interagency Committee and the Advisory Committee a report that evaluates the research activities under the program. The report shall include recommendations to promote the effective transfer of information derived from such research projects, including the transfer to representatives of State regulatory agencies, State health agencies, electric utilities, electrical equipment manufacturers, labor unions, and the public. The Secretary shall be responsible for expenses incurred by the Academy in connection with the preparation of such reports.
(3) Report to Congress
The Interagency Committee, in consultation with the Advisory Committee, shall submit to the Secretary and the Congress—
(A) not later than December 31, 1995, a report summarizing the progress of the research program established under this subsection; and
(B) not later than September 30, 1998, a final report stating the Committee’s findings and conclusions on the effects, if any, of electric and magnetic fields on human health and remedial actions, if any, that may be needed to minimize any such health effects.
(h) Conflicts of interest
The Secretary and the Director shall include conflict of interest provisions in any grant or other funding provided, or contract entered into, under the research program established under this section including provisions—
(1) that require any person conducting a project under such program to disclose any other source of funding received by the person to conduct other related projects, including funding received from consulting on issues relating to electric and magnetic fields; and
(2) that prohibit a person who has been awarded a grant or contract under this program from receiving compensation beyond expenses for testifying in a court of law as an expert on the specific research the person is conducting under such grant or contract.
(i) Definitions
For purposes of this section:
(1) The term “Advisory Committee” means the National Electric and Magnetic Fields Advisory Committee established under subsection (e) of this section.
(2) The term “Interagency Committee” means the Electric and Magnetic Fields Interagency Committee established under subsection (d) of this section.
(3) The term “Director” means the Director of the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences.
(4) The term “program” means the electric and magnetic fields research and public information dissemination program established in subsection (a) of this section.
(5) The term “State” means each of the 50 States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, Guam, the Virgin Islands, American Samoa, the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, and any other commonwealth, territory, or possession of the United States.
(j) Authorization of appropriations
(1) General authorization
There are authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary a total of $46,000,000 for the period encompassing fiscal years 1993 through 1998 to carry out the provisions of this section, except that not more than $1,000,000 may be expended in any such fiscal year for activities under subsection (b)(1) of this section. Any amounts appropriated pursuant to this paragraph shall remain available until expended.
(2) Restrictions on use of funds
(A) Administrative expenses of certain funding recipients
Of the total funds provided to any institution under this section, the amount of such funds that may be used for the administrative indirect costs of the institution may not exceed 26 percent of the modified direct costs of the project.
(B) Administrative expenses of the Secretary and the Director
Of the total amount of funds made available under this section for any fiscal year, not more than 10 percent of such funds may be used for authorized administrative expenses of the Secretary and the Director in carrying out this section.
(C) Construction and rehabilitation of facilities and equipment
Funds made available under this section may not be used for the construction or rehabilitation of facilities or fixed equipment.
(k) Sense of Congress
It is the sense of the Congress that remedial action taken by the Government on electric and magnetic fields, if and as necessary, should be based on, and consistent with, scientifically valid research such as the results and findings of the research authorized by this Act.
(l) Sunset provision
All authority under this section shall expire on December 31, 1998.

Source

(Pub. L. 102–486, title XXI, § 2118,Oct. 24, 1992, 106 Stat. 3075; Pub. L. 105–23, § 1,July 3, 1997, 111 Stat. 237.)
References in Text

The Federal Advisory Committee Act, referred to in subsec. (e)(1), is Pub. L. 92–463, Oct. 6, 1972, 86 Stat. 770, as amended, which is set out in the Appendix to Title 5, Government Organization and Employees.
This Act, referred to in subsec. (k), is Pub. L. 102–486, Oct. 24, 1992, 106 Stat. 2776, known as the Energy Policy Act of 1992. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 13201 of this title and Tables.
Amendments

1997—Subsecs. (c)(5), (e)(5), (g)(3)(B). Pub. L. 105–23, § 1(1), substituted “1998” for “1997”.
Subsec. (j)(1). Pub. L. 105–23substituted “$46,000,000” for “$65,000,000” and “1998” for “1997”.
Subsec. (l). Pub. L. 105–23, § 1(1), substituted “1998” for “1997”.
Termination of Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands

For termination of Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, see note set out preceding section 1681 of Title 48, Territories and Insular Possessions.

The table below lists the classification updates, since Jan. 3, 2012, for this section. Updates to a broader range of sections may be found at the update page for containing chapter, title, etc.

The most recent Classification Table update that we have noticed was Tuesday, August 13, 2013

An empty table indicates that we see no relevant changes listed in the classification tables. If you suspect that our system may be missing something, please double-check with the Office of the Law Revision Counsel.

42 USCDescription of ChangeSession YearPublic LawStatutes at Large

 

LII has no control over and does not endorse any external Internet site that contains links to or references LII.