42 U.S. Code § 1382j - Attribution of sponsor’s income and resources to aliens

(a) Attribution as unearned income
For purposes of determining eligibility for and the amount of benefits under this subchapter for an individual who is an alien, the income and resources of any person who (as a sponsor of such individual’s entry into the United States) executed an affidavit of support or similar agreement with respect to such individual, and the income and resources of the sponsor’s spouse, shall be deemed to be the income and resources of such individual (in accordance with subsections (b) and (c) of this section) for a period of 3 years after the individual’s entry into the United States. Any such income deemed to be income of such individual shall be treated as unearned income of such individual.
(b) Determination of amount and resources
(1) The amount of income of a sponsor (and his spouse) which shall be deemed to be the unearned income of an alien for any year shall be determined as follows:
(A) The total yearly rate of earned and unearned income (as determined under section 1382a (a) of this title) of such sponsor and such sponsor’s spouse (if such spouse is living with the sponsor) shall be determined for such year.
(B) The amount determined under subparagraph (A) shall be reduced by an amount equal to
(i) the maximum amount of the Federal benefit under this subchapter for such year which would be payable to an eligible individual who has no other income and who does not have an eligible spouse (as determined under section 1382 (b)(1) of this title), plus
(ii) one-half of the amount determined under clause (i) multiplied by the number of individuals who are dependents of such sponsor (or such sponsor’s spouse if such spouse is living with the sponsor), other than such alien and such alien’s spouse.
(C) The amount of income which shall be deemed to be unearned income of such alien shall be at a yearly rate equal to the amount determined under subparagraph (B). The period for determination of such amount shall be the same as the period for determination of benefits under section 1382 (c) of this title.
(2) The amount of resources of a sponsor (and his spouse) which shall be deemed to be the resources of an alien for any year shall be determined as follows:
(A) The total amount of the resources (as determined under section 1382b of this title) of such sponsor and such sponsor’s spouse (if such spouse is living with the sponsor) shall be determined.
(B) The amount determined under subparagraph (A) shall be reduced by an amount equal to
(i) the applicable amount determined under section 1382 (a)(3)(B) of this title in the case of a sponsor who has no spouse with whom he is living, or
(ii) the applicable amount determined under section 1382 (a)(3)(A) of this title in the case of a sponsor who has a spouse with whom he is living.
(C) The resources of such sponsor (and spouse) as determined under subparagraphs (A) and (B) shall be deemed to be resources of such alien in addition to any resources of such alien.
(c) Support and maintenance
In determining the amount of income of an alien during the period of 3 years after such alien’s entry into the United States, the reduction in dollar amounts otherwise required under section 1382a (a)(2)(A)(i) of this title shall not be applicable if such alien is living in the household of a person who is a sponsor (or such sponsor’s spouse) of such alien, and is receiving support and maintenance in kind from such sponsor (or spouse), nor shall support or maintenance furnished in cash or kind to an alien by such alien’s sponsor (to the extent that it reflects income or resources which were taken into account in determining the amount of income and resources to be deemed to the alien under subsection (a) or (b) of this section) be considered to be income of such alien under section 1382a (a)(2)(A) of this title.
(d) Information and documentation; agreements with Secretary of State and Attorney General
(1) Any individual who is an alien shall, during the period of 3 years after entry into the United States, in order to be an eligible individual or eligible spouse for purposes of this subchapter, be required to provide to the Commissioner of Social Security such information and documentation with respect to his sponsor as may be necessary in order for the Commissioner of Social Security to make any determination required under this section, and to obtain any cooperation from such sponsor necessary for any such determination. Such alien shall also be required to provide to the Commissioner of Social Security such information and documentation as the Commissioner of Social Security may request and which such alien or his sponsor provided in support of such alien’s immigration application.
(2) The Commissioner of Social Security shall enter into agreements with the Secretary of State and the Attorney General whereby any information available to such persons and required in order to make any determination under this section will be provided by such persons to the Commissioner of Social Security, and whereby such persons shall inform any sponsor of an alien, at the time such sponsor executes an affidavit of support or similar agreement, of the requirements imposed by this section.
(e) Joint and several liability of alien and sponsor for overpayments
Any sponsor of an alien, and such alien, shall be jointly and severally liable for an amount equal to any overpayment made to such alien during the period of 3 years after such alien’s entry into the United States, on account of such sponsor’s failure to provide correct information under the provisions of this section, except where such sponsor was without fault, or where good cause for such failure existed. Any such overpayment which is not repaid to the Commissioner of Social Security or recovered in accordance with section 1383 (b) of this title shall be withheld from any subsequent payment to which such alien or such sponsor is entitled under any provision of this chapter.
(f) Exemptions
(1) The provisions of this section shall not apply with respect to any individual who is an “aged, blind, or disabled individual” for purposes of this subchapter by reason of blindness (as determined under section 1382c (a)(2) of this title) or disability (as determined under section 1382c (a)(3) of this title), from and after the onset of the impairment, if such blindness or disability commenced after the date of such individual’s admission into the United States for permanent residence.
(2) The provisions of this section shall not apply with respect to any alien who is—
(A) admitted to the United States as a result of the application, prior to April 1, 1980, of the provisions of section 1153 (a)(7) of title 8;
(B) admitted to the United States as a result of the application, after March 31, 1980, of the provisions of section 1157 (c)(1) of title 8;
(C) paroled into the United States as a refugee under section 1182 (d)(5) of title 8; or
(D) granted political asylum by the Attorney General.

Source

(Aug. 14, 1935, ch. 531, title XVI, § 1621, as added Pub. L. 96–265, title V, § 504(b),June 9, 1980, 94 Stat. 471; amended Pub. L. 98–369, div. B, title VI, §§ 2611(d), 2663 (g)(10),July 18, 1984, 98 Stat. 1131, 1169; Pub. L. 103–152, § 7(a)(1), (b)(1),Nov. 24, 1993, 107 Stat. 1519; Pub. L. 103–296, title I, § 107(a)(4),Aug. 15, 1994, 108 Stat. 1478.)
References in Text

Section 1153 (a)(7) of title 8, referred to in subsec. (f)(2)(A), to be deemed a reference to such section as in effect prior to Apr. 1, 1980, and to sections 1157 and 1158 of Title 8, Aliens and Nationality. See section 203(h) ofPub. L. 96–212, set out as a note under section 1153 of Title 8.
Amendments

1994—Subsecs. (d), (e). Pub. L. 103–296substituted “Commissioner of Social Security” for “Secretary” wherever appearing, except where appearing before “of State” in subsec. (d)(2).
1993—Pub. L. 103–152, § 7(b)(1), substituted “3 years” for “5 years” in subsecs. (a), (c), (d)(1), and (e).
Pub. L. 103–152, § 7(a)(1), substituted “5 years” for “three years” in subsecs. (a), (c), (d)(1), and (e).
1984—Subsec. (b)(2)(B). Pub. L. 98–369, § 2611(d), substituted “the applicable amount determined under section 1382 (a)(3)(B) of this title” for “$1,500” and “the applicable amount determined under section 1382 (a)(3)(A) of this title” for “$2,250”.
Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 98–369, § 2663(g)(10), substituted “severally” for “severably”.
Effective Date of 1994 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 103–296effective Mar. 31, 1995, see section 110(a) ofPub. L. 103–296, set out as a note under section 401 of this title.
Effective Date of 1993 Amendment

Pub. L. 103–152, § 7(a)(2),Nov. 24, 1993, 107 Stat. 1519, provided that: “The amendments made by paragraph (1) [amending this section] shall take effect on January 1, 1994.”
Pub. L. 103–152, § 7(b)(2),Nov. 24, 1993, 107 Stat. 1519, provided that: “The amendments made by paragraph (1) [amending this section] shall take effect on October 1, 1996.”
Effective Date of 1984 Amendment

Amendment by section 2611(d) ofPub. L. 98–369effective Oct. 1, 1984, except as otherwise specifically provided, see section 2646 ofPub. L. 98–369, set out as a note under section 657 of this title.
Amendment by section 2663(g)(10) ofPub. L. 98–369effective July 18, 1984, but not to be construed as changing or affecting any right, liability, status, or interpretation which existed (under the provisions of law involved) before that date, see section 2664(b) ofPub. L. 98–369, set out as a note under section 401 of this title.
Effective Date

Pub. L. 96–265, title V, § 504(c),June 9, 1980, 94 Stat. 473, provided that: “The amendments made by this section [enacting this section and amending section 1382c of this title] shall be effective with respect to individuals applying for supplemental security income benefits under title XVI of the Social Security Act [42 U.S.C. 1381 et seq.] for the first time after September 30, 1980.”
Abolition of Immigration and Naturalization Service and Transfer of Functions

For abolition of Immigration and Naturalization Service, transfer of functions, and treatment of related references, see note set out under section 1551 of Title 8, Aliens and Nationality.

The table below lists the classification updates, since Jan. 3, 2012, for this section. Updates to a broader range of sections may be found at the update page for containing chapter, title, etc.

The most recent Classification Table update that we have noticed was Tuesday, August 13, 2013

An empty table indicates that we see no relevant changes listed in the classification tables. If you suspect that our system may be missing something, please double-check with the Office of the Law Revision Counsel.

42 USCDescription of ChangeSession YearPublic LawStatutes at Large

This is a list of parts within the Code of Federal Regulations for which this US Code section provides rulemaking authority.

This list is taken from the Parallel Table of Authorities and Rules provided by GPO [Government Printing Office].

It is not guaranteed to be accurate or up-to-date, though we do refresh the database weekly. More limitations on accuracy are described at the GPO site.


20 CFR - Employees' Benefits

20 CFR Part 416 - SUPPLEMENTAL SECURITY INCOME FOR THE AGED, BLIND, AND DISABLED

 

LII has no control over and does not endorse any external Internet site that contains links to or references LII.