42 U.S. Code § 1383 - Procedure for payment of benefits

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(a) Time, manner, form, and duration of payments; representative payees; promulgation of regulations
(1) Benefits under this subchapter shall be paid at such time or times and (subject to paragraph (10)) in such installments as will best effectuate the purposes of this subchapter, as determined under regulations (and may in any case be paid less frequently than monthly where the amount of the monthly benefit would not exceed $10).
(2)
(A)
(i) Payments of the benefit of any individual may be made to any such individual or to the eligible spouse (if any) of such individual or partly to each.
(ii)
(I) Upon a determination by the Commissioner of Social Security that the interest of such individual would be served thereby, such payments shall be made, regardless of the legal competency or incompetency of the individual or eligible spouse, to another individual, or an organization, with respect to whom the requirements of subparagraph (B) have been met (in this paragraph referred to as such individual’s “representative payee”) for the use and benefit of the individual or eligible spouse.
(II) In the case of an individual eligible for benefits under this subchapter by reason of disability, the payment of such benefits shall be made to a representative payee if the Commissioner of Social Security determines that such payment would serve the interest of the individual because the individual also has an alcoholism or drug addiction condition (as determined by the Commissioner) and the individual is incapable of managing such benefits.
(iii) If the Commissioner of Social Security or a court of competent jurisdiction determines that the representative payee of an individual or eligible spouse has misused any benefits which have been paid to the representative payee pursuant to clause (ii) or section 405 (j)(1) or 1007 of this title, the Commissioner of Social Security shall promptly terminate payment of benefits to the representative payee pursuant to this subparagraph, and provide for payment of benefits to an alternative representative payee of the individual or eligible spouse or, if the interest of the individual under this subchapter would be served thereby, to the individual or eligible spouse.
(iv) For purposes of this paragraph, misuse of benefits by a representative payee occurs in any case in which the representative payee receives payment under this subchapter for the use and benefit of another person and converts such payment, or any part thereof, to a use other than for the use and benefit of such other person. The Commissioner of Social Security may prescribe by regulation the meaning of the term “use and benefit” for purposes of this clause.
(B)
(i) Any determination made under subparagraph (A) for payment of benefits to the representative payee of an individual or eligible spouse shall be made on the basis of—
(I) an investigation by the Commissioner of Social Security of the person to serve as representative payee, which shall be conducted in advance of such payment, and shall, to the extent practicable, include a face-to-face interview with such person; and
(II) adequate evidence that such payment is in the interest of the individual or eligible spouse (as determined by the Commissioner of Social Security in regulations).
(ii) As part of the investigation referred to in clause (i)(I), the Commissioner of Social Security shall—
(I) require the person being investigated to submit documented proof of the identity of such person, unless information establishing such identity was submitted with an application for benefits under subchapter II of this chapter, subchapter VIII of this chapter, or this subchapter;
(II) verify the social security account number (or employer identification number) of such person;
(III) determine whether such person has been convicted of a violation of section 408, 1011, or 1383a of this title;
(IV) obtain information concerning whether the person has been convicted of any other offense under Federal or State law which resulted in imprisonment for more than 1 year;
(V) obtain information concerning whether such person is a person described in section 1382 (e)(4)(A) of this title; and
(VI) determine whether payment of benefits to such person has been terminated pursuant to subparagraph (A)(iii), whether the designation of such person as a representative payee has been revoked pursuant to section 1007 (a) of this title, and whether certification of payment of benefits to such person has been revoked pursuant to section 405 (j) of this title, by reason of misuse of funds paid as benefits under subchapter II of this chapter, subchapter VIII of this chapter, or this subchapter.
(iii) Benefits of an individual may not be paid to any other person pursuant to subparagraph (A)(ii) if—
(I) such person has previously been convicted as described in clause (ii)(III);
(II) except as provided in clause (iv), payment of benefits to such person pursuant to subparagraph (A)(ii) has previously been terminated as described in clause (ii)(VI), the designation of such person as a representative payee has been revoked pursuant to section 1007 (a) of this title, or certification of payment of benefits to such person under section 405 (j) of this title has previously been revoked as described in section 405 (j)(2)(B)(i)(VI) of this title;
(III) except as provided in clause (v), such person is a creditor of such individual who provides such individual with goods or services for consideration;
(IV) the person has previously been convicted as described in clause (ii)(IV) of this subparagraph, unless the Commissioner determines that the payment would be appropriate notwithstanding the conviction; or
(V) such person is a person described in section 1382 (e)(4)(A) of this title.
(iv) The Commissioner of Social Security shall prescribe regulations under which the Commissioner of Social Security may grant an exemption from clause (iii)(II) to any person on a case-by-case basis if such exemption would be in the best interest of the individual or eligible spouse whose benefits under this subchapter would be paid to such person pursuant to subparagraph (A)(ii).
(v) Clause (iii)(III) shall not apply with respect to any person who is a creditor referred to therein if such creditor is—
(I) a relative of such individual if such relative resides in the same household as such individual;
(II) a legal guardian or legal representative of such individual;
(III) a facility that is licensed or certified as a care facility under the law of a State or a political subdivision of a State;
(IV) a person who is an administrator, owner, or employee of a facility referred to in subclause (III) if such individual resides in such facility, and the payment of benefits under this subchapter to such facility or such person is made only after good faith efforts have been made by the local servicing office of the Social Security Administration to locate an alternative representative payee to whom the payment of such benefits would serve the best interests of such individual; or
(V) an individual who is determined by the Commissioner of Social Security, on the basis of written findings and under procedures which the Commissioner of Social Security shall prescribe by regulation, to be acceptable to serve as a representative payee.
(vi) The procedures referred to in clause (v)(V) shall require the individual who will serve as representative payee to establish, to the satisfaction of the Commissioner of Social Security, that—
(I) such individual poses no risk to the beneficiary;
(II) the financial relationship of such individual to the beneficiary poses no substantial conflict of interest; and
(III) no other more suitable representative payee can be found.
(vii) In the case of an individual described in subparagraph (A)(ii)(II), when selecting such individual’s representative payee, preference shall be given to—
(I) a certified community-based nonprofit social service agency (as defined in subparagraph (I));
(II) a Federal, State, or local government agency whose mission is to carry out income maintenance, social service, or health care-related activities;
(III) a State or local government agency with fiduciary responsibilities; or
(IV) a designee of an agency (other than of a Federal agency) referred to in the preceding subclauses of this clause, if the Commissioner of Social Security deems it appropriate,
unless the Commissioner of Social Security determines that selection of a family member would be appropriate.
(viii) Subject to clause (ix), if the Commissioner of Social Security makes a determination described in subparagraph (A)(ii) with respect to any individual’s benefit and determines that direct payment of the benefit to the individual would cause substantial harm to the individual, the Commissioner of Social Security may defer (in the case of initial entitlement) or suspend (in the case of existing entitlement) direct payment of such benefit to the individual, until such time as the selection of a representative payee is made pursuant to this subparagraph.
(ix)
(I) Except as provided in subclause (II), any deferral or suspension of direct payment of a benefit pursuant to clause (viii) shall be for a period of not more than 1 month.
(II) Subclause (I) shall not apply in any case in which the individual or eligible spouse is, as of the date of the Commissioner’s determination, legally incompetent, under the age of 15 years, or described in subparagraph (A)(ii)(II).
(x) Payment pursuant to this subparagraph of any benefits which are deferred or suspended pending the selection of a representative payee shall be made to the individual, or to the representative payee upon such selection, as a single sum or over such period of time as the Commissioner of Social Security determines is in the best interests of the individual entitled to such benefits.
(xi) Any individual who is dissatisfied with a determination by the Commissioner of Social Security to pay such individual’s benefits to a representative payee under this subchapter, or with the designation of a particular person to serve as representative payee, shall be entitled to a hearing by the Commissioner of Social Security, and to judicial review of the Commissioner’s final decision, to the same extent as is provided in subsection (c) of this section.
(xii) In advance of the first payment of an individual’s benefit to a representative payee under subparagraph (A)(ii), the Commissioner of Social Security shall provide written notice of the Commissioner’s initial determination to make any such payment. Such notice shall be provided to such individual, except that, if such individual—
(I) is under the age of 15,
(II) is an unemancipated minor under the age of 18, or
(III) is legally incompetent,
then such notice shall be provided solely to the legal guardian or legal representative of such individual.
(xiii) Any notice described in clause (xii) shall be clearly written in language that is easily understandable to the reader, shall identify the person to be designated as such individual’s representative payee, and shall explain to the reader the right under clause (xi) of such individual or of such individual’s legal guardian or legal representative—
(I) to appeal a determination that a representative payee is necessary for such individual,
(II) to appeal the designation of a particular person to serve as the representative payee of such individual, and
(III) to review the evidence upon which such designation is based and submit additional evidence.
(xiv) Notwithstanding the provisions of section 552a of title 5 or any other provision of Federal or State law (other than section 6103 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 and section 1306 (c) of this title), the Commissioner shall furnish any Federal, State, or local law enforcement officer, upon the written request of the officer, with the current address, social security account number, and photograph (if applicable) of any person investigated under this subparagraph, if the officer furnishes the Commissioner with the name of such person and such other identifying information as may reasonably be required by the Commissioner to establish the unique identity of such person, and notifies the Commissioner that—
(I) such person is described in section 1382 (e)(4)(A) of this title,
(II) such person has information that is necessary for the officer to conduct the officer’s official duties, and
(III) the location or apprehension of such person is within the officer’s official duties.
(C)
(i) In any case where payment is made under this subchapter to a representative payee of an individual or spouse, the Commissioner of Social Security shall establish a system of accountability monitoring whereby such person shall report not less often than annually with respect to the use of such payments. The Commissioner of Social Security shall establish and implement statistically valid procedures for reviewing such reports in order to identify instances in which such persons are not properly using such payments.
(ii) Clause (i) shall not apply in any case where the representative payee is a State institution. In such cases, the Commissioner of Social Security shall establish a system of accountability monitoring for institutions in each State.
(iii) Clause (i) shall not apply in any case where the individual entitled to such payment is a resident of a Federal institution and the representative payee is the institution.
(iv) Notwithstanding clauses (i), (ii), and (iii), the Commissioner of Social Security may require a report at any time from any representative payee, if the Commissioner of Social Security has reason to believe that the representative payee is misusing such payments.
(v) In any case in which the person described in clause (i) or (iv) receiving payments on behalf of another fails to submit a report required by the Commissioner of Social Security under clause (i) or (iv), the Commissioner may, after furnishing notice to the person and the individual entitled to the payment, require that such person appear in person at a field office of the Social Security Administration serving the area in which the individual resides in order to receive such payments.
(D)
(i) Except as provided in the next sentence, a qualified organization may collect from an individual a monthly fee for expenses (including overhead) incurred by such organization in providing services performed as such individual’s representative payee pursuant to subparagraph (A)(ii) if the fee does not exceed the lesser of—
(I) 10 percent of the monthly benefit involved, or
(II) $25.00 per month ($50.00 per month in any case in which an individual is described in subparagraph (A)(ii)(II)).
A qualified organization may not collect a fee from an individual for any month with respect to which the Commissioner of Social Security or a court of competent jurisdiction has determined that the organization misused all or part of the individual’s benefit, and any amount so collected by the qualified organization for such month shall be treated as a misused part of the individual’s benefit for purposes of subparagraphs (E) and (F). The Commissioner of Social Security shall adjust annually (after 1995) each dollar amount set forth in subclause (II) of this clause under procedures providing for adjustments in the same manner and to the same extent as adjustments are provided for under the procedures used to adjust benefit amounts under section 415 (i)(2)(A) of this title, except that any amount so adjusted that is not a multiple of $1.00 shall be rounded to the nearest multiple of $1.00. Any agreement providing for a fee in excess of the amount permitted under this clause shall be void and shall be treated as misuse by the organization of such individual’s benefits.
(ii) For purposes of this subparagraph, the term “qualified organization” means any State or local government agency whose mission is to carry out income maintenance, social service, or health care-related activities, any State or local government agency with fiduciary responsibilities, or any certified community-based nonprofit social service agency (as defined in subparagraph (I)), if the agency, in accordance with any applicable regulations of the Commissioner of Social Security—
(I) regularly provides services as a representative payee pursuant to subparagraph (A)(ii) or section 405 (j)(4) or 1007 of this title concurrently to 5 or more individuals; and
(II) demonstrates to the satisfaction of the Commissioner of Social Security that such agency is not otherwise a creditor of any such individual.
The Commissioner of Social Security shall prescribe regulations under which the Commissioner of Social Security may grant an exception from subclause (II) for any individual on a case-by-case basis if such exception is in the best interests of such individual.
(iii) Any qualified organization which knowingly charges or collects, directly or indirectly, any fee in excess of the maximum fee prescribed under clause (i) or makes any agreement, directly or indirectly, to charge or collect any fee in excess of such maximum fee, shall be fined in accordance with title 18, or imprisoned not more than 6 months, or both.
(iv) In the case of an individual who is no longer eligible for benefits under this subchapter but to whom any amount of past-due benefits under this subchapter has not been paid, for purposes of clause (i), any amount of such past-due benefits payable in any month shall be treated as a monthly benefit referred to in clause (i)(I).
(E) Restitution.— In cases where the negligent failure of the Commissioner of Social Security to investigate or monitor a representative payee results in misuse of benefits by the representative payee, the Commissioner of Social Security shall make payment to the beneficiary or the beneficiary’s representative payee of an amount equal to such misused benefits. In any case in which a representative payee that—
(i) is not an individual (regardless of whether it is a “qualified organization” within the meaning of subparagraph (D)(ii)); or
(ii) is an individual who, for any month during a period when misuse occurs, serves 15 or more individuals who are beneficiaries under this subchapter, subchapter II of this chapter, subchapter VIII of this chapter, or any combination of such subchapters;
misuses all or part of an individual’s benefit paid to such representative payee, the Commissioner of Social Security shall pay to the beneficiary or the beneficiary’s alternative representative payee an amount equal to the amount of such benefit so misused. The provisions of this subparagraph are subject to the limitations of subparagraph (H)(ii). The Commissioner of Social Security shall make a good faith effort to obtain restitution from the terminated representative payee.
(F)
(i)
(I) Each representative payee of an eligible individual under the age of 18 who is eligible for the payment of benefits described in subclause (II) shall establish on behalf of such individual an account in a financial institution into which such benefits shall be paid, and shall thereafter maintain such account for use in accordance with clause (ii).
(II) Benefits described in this subclause are past-due monthly benefits under this subchapter (which, for purposes of this subclause, include State supplementary payments made by the Commissioner pursuant to an agreement under section 1382e of this title or section 212(b) ofPublic Law 93–66) in an amount (after any withholding by the Commissioner for reimbursement to a State for interim assistance under subsection (g) of this section and payment of attorney fees under subsection (d)(2)(B) of this section) that exceeds the product of—
(aa) 6, and
(bb) the maximum monthly benefit payable under this subchapter to an eligible individual.
(ii)
(I) A representative payee shall use funds in the account established under clause (i) to pay for allowable expenses described in subclause (II).
(II) An allowable expense described in this subclause is an expense for—
(aa) education or job skills training;
(bb) personal needs assistance;
(cc) special equipment;
(dd) housing modification;
(ee) medical treatment;
(ff) therapy or rehabilitation; or
(gg) any other item or service that the Commissioner determines to be appropriate;
provided that such expense benefits such individual and, in the case of an expense described in item (bb), (cc), (dd), (ff), or (gg), is related to the impairment (or combination of impairments) of such individual.
(III) The use of funds from an account established under clause (i) in any manner not authorized by this clause—
(aa) by a representative payee shall be considered a misapplication of benefits for all purposes of this paragraph, and any representative payee who knowingly misapplies benefits from such an account shall be liable to the Commissioner in an amount equal to the total amount of such benefits; and
(bb) by an eligible individual who is his or her own payee shall be considered a misapplication of benefits for all purposes of this paragraph and in any case in which the individual knowingly misapplies benefits from such an account, the Commissioner shall reduce future benefits payable to such individual (or to such individual and his spouse) by an amount equal to the total amount of such benefits so misapplied.
(IV) This clause shall continue to apply to funds in the account after the child has reached age 18, regardless of whether benefits are paid directly to the beneficiary or through a representative payee.
(iii) The representative payee may deposit into the account established under clause (i) any other funds representing past due benefits under this subchapter to the eligible individual, provided that the amount of such past due benefits is equal to or exceeds the maximum monthly benefit payable under this subchapter to an eligible individual (including State supplementary payments made by the Commissioner pursuant to an agreement under section 1382e of this title or section 212(b) ofPublic Law 93–66).
(iv) The Commissioner of Social Security shall establish a system for accountability monitoring whereby such representative payee shall report, at such time and in such manner as the Commissioner shall require, on activity respecting funds in the account established pursuant to clause (i).
(G)
(i) In addition to such other reviews of representative payees as the Commissioner of Social Security may otherwise conduct, the Commissioner shall provide for the periodic onsite review of any person or agency that receives the benefits payable under this subchapter (alone or in combination with benefits payable under subchapter II of this chapter or subchapter VIII of this chapter) to another individual pursuant to the appointment of the person or agency as a representative payee under this paragraph, section 405 (j) of this title, or section 1007 of this title in any case in which—
(I) the representative payee is a person who serves in that capacity with respect to 15 or more such individuals;
(II) the representative payee is a certified community-based nonprofit social service agency (as defined in subparagraph (I) of this paragraph or section 405 (j)(10) of this title); or
(III) the representative payee is an agency (other than an agency described in subclause (II)) that serves in that capacity with respect to 50 or more such individuals.
(ii) Within 120 days after the end of each fiscal year, the Commissioner shall submit to the Committee on Ways and Means of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Finance of the Senate a report on the results of periodic onsite reviews conducted during the fiscal year pursuant to clause (i) and of any other reviews of representative payees conducted during such fiscal year in connection with benefits under this subchapter. Each such report shall describe in detail all problems identified in the reviews and any corrective action taken or planned to be taken to correct the problems, and shall include—
(I) the number of the reviews;
(II) the results of such reviews;
(III) the number of cases in which the representative payee was changed and why;
(IV) the number of cases involving the exercise of expedited, targeted oversight of the representative payee by the Commissioner conducted upon receipt of an allegation of misuse of funds, failure to pay a vendor, or a similar irregularity;
(V) the number of cases discovered in which there was a misuse of funds;
(VI) how any such cases of misuse of funds were dealt with by the Commissioner;
(VII) the final disposition of such cases of misuse of funds, including any criminal penalties imposed; and
(VIII) such other information as the Commissioner deems appropriate.
(H)
(i) If the Commissioner of Social Security or a court of competent jurisdiction determines that a representative payee that is not a Federal, State, or local government agency has misused all or part of an individual’s benefit that was paid to the representative payee under this paragraph, the representative payee shall be liable for the amount misused, and the amount (to the extent not repaid by the representative payee) shall be treated as an overpayment of benefits under this subchapter to the representative payee for all purposes of this chapter and related laws pertaining to the recovery of the overpayments. Subject to clause (ii), upon recovering all or any part of the amount, the Commissioner shall make payment of an amount equal to the recovered amount to such individual or such individual’s alternative representative payee.
(ii) The total of the amount paid to such individual or such individual’s alternative representative payee under clause (i) and the amount paid under subparagraph (E) may not exceed the total benefit amount misused by the representative payee with respect to such individual.
(I) For purposes of this paragraph, the term “certified community-based nonprofit social service agency” means a community-based nonprofit social service agency which is in compliance with requirements, under regulations which shall be prescribed by the Commissioner, for annual certification to the Commissioner that it is bonded in accordance with requirements specified by the Commissioner and that it is licensed in each State in which it serves as a representative payee (if licensing is available in the State) in accordance with requirements specified by the Commissioner. Any such annual certification shall include a copy of any independent audit on the agency which may have been performed since the previous certification.
(3) The Commissioner of Social Security may by regulation establish ranges of incomes within which a single amount of benefits under this subchapter shall apply.
(4) The Commissioner of Social Security—
(A) may make to any individual initially applying for benefits under this subchapter who is presumptively eligible for such benefits for the month following the date the application is filed and who is faced with financial emergency a cash advance against such benefits, including any federally-administered State supplementary payments, in an amount not exceeding the monthly amount that would be payable to an eligible individual with no other income for the first month of such presumptive eligibility, which shall be repaid through proportionate reductions in such benefits over a period of not more than 6 months; and
(B) may pay benefits under this subchapter to an individual applying for such benefits on the basis of disability or blindness for a period not exceeding 6 months prior to the determination of such individual’s disability or blindness, if such individual is presumptively disabled or blind and is determined to be otherwise eligible for such benefits, and any benefits so paid prior to such determination shall in no event be considered overpayments for purposes of subsection (b) of this section solely because such individual is determined not to be disabled or blind.
(5) Payment of the benefit of any individual who is an aged, blind, or disabled individual solely by reason of blindness (as determined under section 1382c (a)(2) of this title) or disability (as determined under section 1382c (a)(3) of this title), and who ceases to be blind or to be under such disability, shall continue (so long as such individual is otherwise eligible) through the second month following the month in which such blindness or disability ceases.
(6) Notwithstanding any other provision of this subchapter, payment of the benefit of any individual who is an aged, blind, or disabled individual solely by reason of blindness (as determined under section 1382c (a)(2) of this title) or disability (as determined under section 1382c (a)(3) of this title) shall not be terminated or suspended because the blindness or other physical or mental impairment, on which the individual’s eligibility for such benefit is based, has or may have ceased, if—
(A) such individual is participating in a program consisting of the Ticket to Work and Self-Sufficiency Program under section 1320b–19 of this title or another program of vocational rehabilitation services, employment services, or other support services approved by the Commissioner of Social Security, and
(B) the Commissioner of Social Security determines that the completion of such program, or its continuation for a specified period of time, will increase the likelihood that such individual may (following his participation in such program) be permanently removed from the blindness and disability benefit rolls.
(7)
(A) In any case where—
(i) an individual is a recipient of benefits based on disability or blindness under this subchapter,
(ii) the physical or mental impairment on the basis of which such benefits are payable is found to have ceased, not to have existed, or to no longer be disabling, and as a consequence such individual is determined not to be entitled to such benefits, and
(iii) a timely request for review or for a hearing is pending with respect to the determination that he is not so entitled,
such individual may elect (in such manner and form and within such time as the Commissioner of Social Security shall by regulations prescribe) to have the payment of such benefits continued for an additional period beginning with the first month beginning after October 9, 1984, for which (under such determination) such benefits are no longer otherwise payable, and ending with the earlier of
(I) the month preceding the month in which a decision is made after such a hearing, or
(II) the month preceding the month in which no such request for review or a hearing is pending.
(B)
(i) If an individual elects to have the payment of his benefits continued for an additional period under subparagraph (A), and the final decision of the Commissioner of Social Security affirms the determination that he is not entitled to such benefits, any benefits paid under this subchapter pursuant to such election (for months in such additional period) shall be considered overpayments for all purposes of this subchapter, except as otherwise provided in clause (ii).
(ii) If the Commissioner of Social Security determines that the individual’s appeal of his termination of benefits was made in good faith, all of the benefits paid pursuant to such individual’s election under subparagraph (A) shall be subject to waiver consideration under the provisions of subsection (b)(1) of this section.
(C) The provisions of subparagraphs (A) and (B) shall apply with respect to determinations (that individuals are not entitled to benefits) which are made on or after October 9, 1984, or prior to such date but only on the basis of a timely request for review or for a hearing.
(8)
(A) In any case in which an administrative law judge has determined after a hearing as provided in subsection (c) of this section that an individual is entitled to benefits based on disability or blindness under this subchapter and the Commissioner of Social Security has not issued the Commissioner’s final decision in such case within 110 days after the date of the administrative law judge’s determination, such benefits shall be currently paid for the months during the period beginning with the month in which such 110-day period expires and ending with the month in which such final decision is issued.
(B) For purposes of subparagraph (A), in determining whether the 110-day period referred to in subparagraph (A) has elapsed, any period of time for which the action or inaction of such individual or such individual’s representative without good cause results in the delay in the issuance of the Commissioner’s final decision shall not be taken into account to the extent that such period of time exceeds 20 calendar days.
(C) Any benefits currently paid under this subchapter pursuant to this paragraph (for the months described in subparagraph (A)) shall not be considered overpayments for any purposes of this subchapter, unless payment of such benefits was fraudulently obtained.
(9) Benefits under this subchapter shall not be denied to any individual solely by reason of the refusal of the individual to accept an amount offered as compensation for a crime of which the individual was a victim.
(10)
(A) If an individual is eligible for past-due monthly benefits under this subchapter in an amount that (after any withholding for reimbursement to a State for interim assistance under subsection (g) of this section and payment of attorney fees under subsection (d)(2)(B) of this section) equals or exceeds the product of—
(i) 3, and
(ii) the maximum monthly benefit payable under this subchapter to an eligible individual (or, if appropriate, to an eligible individual and eligible spouse),
then the payment of such past-due benefits (after any such reimbursement to a State and payment of attorney fees under subsection (d)(2)(B) of this section) shall be made in installments as provided in subparagraph (B).
(B)
(i) The payment of past-due benefits subject to this subparagraph shall be made in not to exceed 3 installments that are made at 6-month intervals.
(ii) Except as provided in clause (iii), the amount of each of the first and second installments may not exceed an amount equal to the product of clauses (i) and (ii) of subparagraph (A).
(iii) In the case of an individual who has—
(I) outstanding debt attributable to—
(aa) food,
(bb) clothing,
(cc) shelter, or
(dd) medically necessary services, supplies or equipment, or medicine; or
(II) current expenses or expenses anticipated in the near term attributable to—
(aa) medically necessary services, supplies or equipment, or medicine, or
(bb) the purchase of a home, and
such debt or expenses are not subject to reimbursement by a public assistance program, the Secretary under subchapter XVIII of this chapter, a State plan approved under subchapter XIX of this chapter, or any private entity legally liable to provide payment pursuant to an insurance policy, pre-paid plan, or other arrangement, the limitation specified in clause (ii) may be exceeded by an amount equal to the total of such debt and expenses.
(C) This paragraph shall not apply to any individual who, at the time of the Commissioner’s determination that such individual is eligible for the payment of past-due monthly benefits under this subchapter—
(i) is afflicted with a medically determinable impairment that is expected to result in death within 12 months; or
(ii) is ineligible for benefits under this subchapter and the Commissioner determines that such individual is likely to remain ineligible for the next 12 months.
(D) For purposes of this paragraph, the term “benefits under this subchapter” includes supplementary payments pursuant to an agreement for Federal administration under section 1382e (a) of this title, and payments pursuant to an agreement entered into under section 212(b) ofPublic Law 93–66.
(b) Overpayments and underpayments; adjustment, recovery, or payment of amounts by Commissioner
(1)
(A) Whenever the Commissioner of Social Security finds that more or less than the correct amount of benefits has been paid with respect to any individual, proper adjustment or recovery shall, subject to the succeeding provisions of this subsection, be made by appropriate adjustments in future payments to such individual or by recovery from such individual or his eligible spouse (or from the estate of either) or by payment to such individual or his eligible spouse, or, if such individual is deceased, by payment—
(i) to any surviving spouse of such individual, whether or not the individual’s eligible spouse, if (within the meaning of the first sentence of section 402 (i) of this title) such surviving husband or wife was living in the same household with the individual at the time of his death or within the 6 months immediately preceding the month of such death, or
(ii) if such individual was a disabled or blind child who was living with his parent or parents at the time of his death or within the 6 months immediately preceding the month of such death, to such parent or parents.
(B) The Commissioner of Social Security
(i) shall make such provision as the Commissioner finds appropriate in the case of payment of more than the correct amount of benefits with respect to an individual with a view to avoiding penalizing such individual or his eligible spouse who was without fault in connection with the overpayment, if adjustment or recovery on account of such overpayment in such case would defeat the purposes of this subchapter, or be against equity and good conscience, or (because of the small amount involved) impede efficient or effective administration of this subchapter, and
(ii) shall in any event make the adjustment or recovery (in the case of payment of more than the correct amount of benefits), in the case of an individual or eligible spouse receiving monthly benefit payments under this subchapter (including supplementary payments of the type described in section 1382e (a) of this title and payments pursuant to an agreement entered into under section 212(a) ofPublic Law 93–66), in amounts which in the aggregate do not exceed (for any month) the lesser of
(I) the amount of his or their benefit under this subchapter for that month or
(II) an amount equal to 10 percent of his or their income for that month (including such benefit but excluding payments under subchapter II of this chapter when recovery is made from subchapter II payments pursuant to section 1320b–17 of this title and excluding income excluded pursuant to section 1382a (b) of this title), and in the case of an individual or eligible spouse to whom a lump sum is payable under this subchapter (including under section 1382e (a) of this title or under an agreement entered into under section 212(a) ofPublic Law 93–66) shall, as at least one means of recovering such overpayment, make the adjustment or recovery from the lump sum payment in an amount equal to not less than the lesser of the amount of the overpayment or the lump sum payment, unless fraud, willful misrepresentation, or concealment of material information was involved on the part of the individual or spouse in connection with the overpayment, or unless the individual requests that such adjustment or recovery be made at a higher or lower rate and the Commissioner of Social Security determines that adjustment or recovery at such rate is justified and appropriate. The availability (in the case of an individual who has been paid more than the correct amount of benefits) of procedures for adjustment or recovery at a limited rate under clause (ii) of the preceding sentence shall not, in and of itself, prevent or restrict the provision (in such case) of more substantial relief under clause (i) of such sentence.
(2) Notwithstanding any other provision of this section, when any payment of more than the correct amount is made to or on behalf of an individual who has died, and such payment—
(A) is made by direct deposit to a financial institution;
(B) is credited by the financial institution to a joint account of the deceased individual and another person; and
(C) such other person is the surviving spouse of the deceased individual, and was eligible for a payment under this subchapter (including any State supplementation payment paid by the Commissioner of Social Security) as an eligible spouse (or as either member of an eligible couple) for the month in which the deceased individual died,
the amount of such payment in excess of the correct amount shall be treated as a payment of more than the correct amount to such other person. If any payment of more than the correct amount is made to a representative payee on behalf of an individual after the individual’s death, the representative payee shall be liable for the repayment of the overpayment, and the Commissioner of Social Security shall establish an overpayment control record under the social security account number of the representative payee.
(3) If any overpayment with respect to an individual (or an individual and his or her spouse) is attributable solely to the ownership or possession by such individual (and spouse if any) of resources having a value which exceeds the applicable dollar figure specified in paragraph (1)(B) or (2)(B) of section 1382 (a) of this title by $50 or less, such individual (and spouse if any) shall be deemed for purposes of the second sentence of paragraph (1) to have been without fault in connection with the overpayment, and no adjustment or recovery shall be made under the first sentence of such paragraph, unless the Commissioner of Social Security finds that the failure of such individual (and spouse if any) to report such value correctly and in a timely manner was knowing and willful.
(4)
(A) With respect to any delinquent amount, the Commissioner of Social Security may use the collection practices described in sections 3711 (f), 3716, 3717, and 3718 of title 31 and in section 5514 of title 5, all as in effect immediately after April 26, 1996.
(B) For purposes of subparagraph (A), the term “delinquent amount” means an amount—
(i) in excess of the correct amount of payment under this subchapter;
(ii) paid to a person after such person has attained 18 years of age; and
(iii) determined by the Commissioner of Social Security, under regulations, to be otherwise unrecoverable under this section after such person ceases to be a beneficiary under this subchapter.
(5) For payments for which adjustments are made by reason of a retroactive payment of benefits under subchapter II of this chapter, see section 1320a–6 of this title.
(6) For provisions relating to the cross-program recovery of overpayments made under programs administered by the Commissioner of Social Security, see section 1320b–17 of this title.
(7)
(A) In the case of payment of less than the correct amount of benefits to or on behalf of any individual, no payment shall be made to such individual pursuant to this subsection during any period for which such individual—
(i) is not an eligible individual or eligible spouse under section 1382 (e)(1) of this title because such individual is an inmate of a public institution that is a jail, prison, or other penal institution or correctional facility the purpose of which is to confine individuals as described in clause (ii) or (iii) of section 402 (x)(1)(A) of this title, or
(ii) is not an eligible individual or eligible spouse under section 1382 (e)(4) of this title,
until such person is no longer considered an ineligible individual or ineligible spouse under section 1382 (e)(1) or 1382 (e)(4) of this title.
(B) Nothing in subparagraph (A) shall be construed to limit the Commissioner’s authority to withhold amounts, make adjustments, or recover amounts due under this subchapter, subchapter II, or subchapter VIII that would be deducted from a payment that would otherwise be payable to such individual but for such subparagraph.
(c) Hearing to determine eligibility or amount of benefits; subsequent application; time within which to request hearing; time for determinations of Commissioner pursuant to hearing; judicial review
(1)
(A) The Commissioner of Social Security is directed to make findings of fact, and decisions as to the rights of any individual applying for payment under this subchapter. Any such decision by the Commissioner of Social Security which involves a determination of disability and which is in whole or in part unfavorable to such individual shall contain a statement of the case, in understandable language, setting forth a discussion of the evidence, and stating the Commissioner’s determination and the reason or reasons upon which it is based. The Commissioner of Social Security shall provide reasonable notice and opportunity for a hearing to any individual who is or claims to be an eligible individual or eligible spouse and is in disagreement with any determination under this subchapter with respect to eligibility of such individual for benefits, or the amount of such individual’s benefits, if such individual requests a hearing on the matter in disagreement within sixty days after notice of such determination is received, and, if a hearing is held, shall, on the basis of evidence adduced at the hearing affirm, modify, or reverse the Commissioner’s findings of fact and such decision. The Commissioner of Social Security is further authorized, on the Commissioner’s own motion, to hold such hearings and to conduct such investigations and other proceedings as the Commissioner may deem necessary or proper for the administration of this subchapter. In the course of any hearing, investigation, or other proceeding, the Commissioner may administer oaths and affirmations, examine witnesses, and receive evidence. Evidence may be received at any hearing before the Commissioner of Social Security even though inadmissible under the rules of evidence applicable to court procedure. The Commissioner of Social Security shall specifically take into account any physical, mental, educational, or linguistic limitation of such individual (including any lack of facility with the English language) in determining, with respect to the eligibility of such individual for benefits under this subchapter, whether such individual acted in good faith or was at fault, and in determining fraud, deception, or intent.
(B)
(i) A failure to timely request review of an initial adverse determination with respect to an application for any payment under this subchapter or an adverse determination on reconsideration of such an initial determination shall not serve as a basis for denial of a subsequent application for any payment under this subchapter if the applicant demonstrates that the applicant, or any other individual referred to in subparagraph (A), failed to so request such a review acting in good faith reliance upon incorrect, incomplete, or misleading information, relating to the consequences of reapplying for payments in lieu of seeking review of an adverse determination, provided by any officer or employee of the Social Security Administration or any State agency acting under section 421 of this title.
(ii) In any notice of an adverse determination with respect to which a review may be requested under subparagraph (A), the Commissioner of Social Security shall describe in clear and specific language the effect on possible eligibility to receive payments under this subchapter of choosing to reapply in lieu of requesting review of the determination.
(2) Determination on the basis of such hearing, except to the extent that the matter in disagreement involves a disability (within the meaning of section 1382c (a)(3) of this title), shall be made within ninety days after the individual requests the hearing as provided in paragraph (1).
(3) The final determination of the Commissioner of Social Security after a hearing under paragraph (1) shall be subject to judicial review as provided in section 405 (g) of this title to the same extent as the Commissioner’s final determinations under section 405 of this title.
(d) Procedures applicable; prohibition on assignment of payments; representation of claimants; maximum fees; penalties for violations
(1) The provisions of section 407 of this title and subsections (a), (d), and (e) ofsection 405 of this title shall apply with respect to this part to the same extent as they apply in the case of subchapter II of this chapter.
(2)
(A) The provisions of section 406 of this title (other than subsections (a)(4) and (d) thereof) shall apply to this part to the same extent as they apply in the case of subchapter II of this chapter, except that such section shall be applied—
(i) by substituting, in subparagraphs (A)(ii)(I) and (D)(i) of subsection (a)(2)  [1] the phrase “(as determined before any applicable reduction under section 1383 (g) of this title, and reduced by the amount of any reduction in benefits under this subchapter or subchapter II of this chapter made pursuant to section 1320a–6 (a) of this title)” for the parenthetical phrase contained therein;
(ii) by substituting, in subsections (a)(2)(B) and (b)(1)(B)(i), the phrase “paragraph (7)(A) or (8)(A) of section 1383 (a) of this title or the requirements of due process of law” for the phrase “subsection (g) or (h) ofsection 423 of this title”;
(iii) by substituting, in subsection (a)(2)(C)(i), the phrase “under subchapter II of this chapter” for the phrase “under subchapter XVI of this chapter”;
(iv) by substituting, in subsection (b)(1)(A), the phrase “pay the amount of such fee” for the phrase “certify the amount of such fee for payment” and by striking, in subsection (b)(1)(A), the phrase “or certified for payment”;
(v) by substituting, in subsection (b)(1)(B)(ii), the phrase “deemed to be such amounts as determined before any applicable reduction under section 1383 (g) of this title, and reduced by the amount of any reduction in benefits under this subchapter or subchapter II of this chapter made pursuant to section 1320a–6 (a) of this title” for the phrase “determined before any applicable reduction under section 1320a–6 (a) of this title)”;  [2] and
(vi) by substituting, in subsection (e)(1)—
(I) “subparagraphs (B) and (C) of section 1383 (d)(2) of this title” for “the preceding provisions of this section”; and
(II) “subchapter XVI” for “this subchapter”.
(B) Subject to subparagraph (C), if the claimant is determined to be entitled to past-due benefits under this subchapter and the person representing the claimant is an attorney, the Commissioner of Social Security shall pay out of such past-due benefits to such attorney an amount equal to the lesser of—
(i) so much of the maximum fee as does not exceed 25 percent of such past-due benefits (as determined before any applicable reduction under subsection (g) of this section and reduced by the amount of any reduction in benefits under this subchapter or subchapter II of this chapter pursuant to section 1320a–6 (a) of this title), or
(ii) the amount of past-due benefits available after any applicable reductions under subsection (g) of this section and section 1320a–6 (a) of this title.
(C)
(i) Whenever a fee for services is required to be paid to an attorney from a claimant’s past-due benefits pursuant to subparagraph (B), the Commissioner shall impose on the attorney an assessment calculated in accordance with clause (ii).
(ii)
(I) The amount of an assessment under clause (i) shall be equal to the product obtained by multiplying the amount of the representative’s fee that would be required to be paid by subparagraph (B) before the application of this subparagraph, by the percentage specified in subclause (II), except that the maximum amount of the assessment may not exceed $75. In the case of any calendar year beginning after the amendments made by section 302 of the Social Security Protection Act of 2003  [3] take effect, the dollar amount specified in the preceding sentence (including a previously adjusted amount) shall be adjusted annually under the procedures used to adjust benefit amounts under section 415 (i)(2)(A)(ii) of this title, except such adjustment shall be based on the higher of $75 or the previously adjusted amount that would have been in effect for December of the preceding year, but for the rounding of such amount pursuant to the following sentence. Any amount so adjusted that is not a multiple of $1 shall be rounded to the next lowest multiple of $1, but in no case less than $75.
(II) The percentage specified in this subclause is such percentage rate as the Commissioner determines is necessary in order to achieve full recovery of the costs of determining and approving fees to attorneys from the past-due benefits of claimants, but not in excess of 6.3 percent.
(iii) The Commissioner may collect the assessment imposed on an attorney under clause (i) by offset from the amount of the fee otherwise required by subparagraph (B) to be paid to the attorney from a claimant’s past-due benefits.
(iv) An attorney subject to an assessment under clause (i) may not, directly or indirectly, request or otherwise obtain reimbursement for such assessment from the claimant whose claim gave rise to the assessment.
(v) Assessments on attorneys collected under this subparagraph shall be deposited as miscellaneous receipts in the general fund of the Treasury.
(vi) The assessments authorized under this subparagraph shall be collected and available for obligation only to the extent and in the amount provided in advance in appropriations Acts. Amounts so appropriated are authorized to remain available until expended, for administrative expenses in carrying out this subchapter and related laws.
(D) The Commissioner of Social Security shall notify each claimant in writing, together with the notice to such claimant of an adverse determination, of the options for obtaining attorneys to represent individuals in presenting their cases before the Commissioner of Social Security. Such notification shall also advise the claimant of the availability to qualifying claimants of legal services organizations which provide legal services free of charge.
(e) Administrative requirements prescribed by Commissioner; criteria; reduction of benefits to individual for noncompliance with requirements; payment to homeless
(1)
(A) The Commissioner of Social Security shall, subject to subparagraph (B) and subsection (j) of this section, prescribe such requirements with respect to the filing of applications, the suspension or termination of assistance, the furnishing of other data and material, and the reporting of events and changes in circumstances, as may be necessary for the effective and efficient administration of this subchapter.
(B)
(i) The requirements prescribed by the Commissioner of Social Security pursuant to subparagraph (A) shall require that eligibility for benefits under this subchapter will not be determined solely on the basis of declarations by the applicant concerning eligibility factors or other relevant facts, and that relevant information will be verified from independent or collateral sources and additional information obtained as necessary in order to assure that such benefits are only provided to eligible individuals (or eligible spouses) and that the amounts of such benefits are correct. For this purpose and for purposes of federally administered supplementary payments of the type described in section 1382e (a) of this title (including payments pursuant to an agreement entered into under section 212(a) ofPublic Law 93–66), the Commissioner of Social Security shall, as may be necessary, request and utilize information available pursuant to section 6103(l)(7) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, and any information which may be available from State systems under section 1320b–7 of this title, and shall comply with the requirements applicable to States (with respect to information available pursuant to section 6103(l)(7)(B) of such Code) under subsections (a)(6) and (c) of such section 1320b–7 of this title.
(ii)
(I) The Commissioner of Social Security may require each applicant for, or recipient of, benefits under this subchapter to provide authorization by the applicant or recipient (or by any other person whose income or resources are material to the determination of the eligibility of the applicant or recipient for such benefits) for the Commissioner to obtain (subject to the cost reimbursement requirements of section 1115(a) of the Right to Financial Privacy Act [12 U.S.C. 3415]) from any financial institution (within the meaning of section 1101(1) of such Act [12 U.S.C. 3401 (1)]) any financial record (within the meaning of section 1101(2) of such Act [12 U.S.C. 3401 (2)]) held by the institution with respect to the applicant or recipient (or any such other person) whenever the Commissioner determines the record is needed in connection with a determination with respect to such eligibility or the amount of such benefits.
(II) Notwithstanding section 1104(a)(1) of the Right to Financial Privacy Act [12 U.S.C. 3404 (a)(1)], an authorization provided by an applicant or recipient (or any other person whose income or resources are material to the determination of the eligibility of the applicant or recipient) pursuant to subclause (I) of this clause shall remain effective until the earliest of—
(aa) the rendering of a final adverse decision on the applicant’s application for eligibility for benefits under this subchapter;
(bb) the cessation of the recipient’s eligibility for benefits under this subchapter; or
(cc) the express revocation by the applicant or recipient (or such other person referred to in subclause (I)) of the authorization, in a written notification to the Commissioner.
(III)
(aa) An authorization obtained by the Commissioner of Social Security pursuant to this clause shall be considered to meet the requirements of the Right to Financial Privacy Act [12 U.S.C. 3401 et seq.] for purposes of section 1103(a) of such Act [12 U.S.C. 3403 (a)], and need not be furnished to the financial institution, notwithstanding section 1104(a) of such Act [12 U.S.C. 3404 (a)].
(bb) The certification requirements of section 1103(b) of the Right to Financial Privacy Act [12 U.S.C. 3403 (b)] shall not apply to requests by the Commissioner of Social Security pursuant to an authorization provided under this clause.
(cc) A request by the Commissioner pursuant to an authorization provided under this clause is deemed to meet the requirements of section 1104(a)(3) of the Right to Financial Privacy Act [12 U.S.C. 3404 (a)(3)] and the flush language of section 1102 of such Act [12 U.S.C. 3402].
(IV) The Commissioner shall inform any person who provides authorization pursuant to this clause of the duration and scope of the authorization.
(V) If an applicant for, or recipient of, benefits under this subchapter (or any such other person referred to in subclause (I)) refuses to provide, or revokes, any authorization made by the applicant or recipient for the Commissioner of Social Security to obtain from any financial institution any financial record, the Commissioner may, on that basis, determine that the applicant or recipient is ineligible for benefits under this subchapter.
(C) For purposes of making determinations under section 1382 (e) of this title, the requirements prescribed by the Commissioner of Social Security pursuant to subparagraph (A) of this paragraph shall require each administrator of a nursing home, extended care facility, or intermediate care facility, within 2 weeks after the admission of any eligible individual or eligible spouse receiving benefits under this subchapter, to transmit to the Commissioner a report of the admission.
(2) In case of the failure by any individual to submit a report of events and changes in circumstances relevant to eligibility for or amount of benefits under this subchapter as required by the Commissioner of Social Security under paragraph (1), or delay by any individual in submitting a report as so required, the Commissioner of Social Security (in addition to taking any other action the Commissioner may consider appropriate under paragraph (1)) shall reduce any benefits which may subsequently become payable to such individual under this subchapter by—
(A) $25 in the case of the first such failure or delay,
(B) $50 in the case of the second such failure or delay, and
(C) $100 in the case of the third or a subsequent such failure or delay,
except where the individual was without fault or good cause for such failure or delay existed.
(3) The Commissioner of Social Security shall provide a method of making payments under this subchapter to an eligible individual who does not reside in a permanent dwelling or does not have a fixed home or mailing address.
(4) A translation into English by a third party of a statement made in a foreign language by an applicant for or recipient of benefits under this subchapter shall not be regarded as reliable for any purpose under this subchapter unless the third party, under penalty of perjury—
(A) certifies that the translation is accurate; and
(B) discloses the nature and scope of the relationship between the third party and the applicant or recipient, as the case may be.
(5) In any case in which it is determined to the satisfaction of the Commissioner of Social Security that an individual failed as of any date to apply for benefits under this subchapter by reason of misinformation provided to such individual by any officer or employee of the Social Security Administration relating to such individual’s eligibility for benefits under this subchapter, such individual shall be deemed to have applied for such benefits on the later of—
(A) the date on which such misinformation was provided to such individual, or
(B) the date on which such individual met all requirements for entitlement to such benefits (other than application therefor).
(6) In any case in which an individual visits a field office of the Social Security Administration and represents during the visit to an officer or employee of the Social Security Administration in the office that the individual’s visit is occasioned by—
(A) the receipt of a notice from the Social Security Administration indicating a time limit for response by the individual, or
(B) the theft, loss, or nonreceipt of a benefit payment under this subchapter,
the Commissioner of Social Security shall ensure that the individual is granted a face-to-face interview at the office with an officer or employee of the Social Security Administration before the close of business on the day of the visit.
(7)
(A)
(i) The Commissioner of Social Security shall immediately redetermine the eligibility of an individual for benefits under this subchapter if there is reason to believe that fraud or similar fault was involved in the application of the individual for such benefits, unless a United States attorney, or equivalent State prosecutor, with jurisdiction over potential or actual related criminal cases, certifies, in writing, that there is a substantial risk that such action by the Commissioner of Social Security with regard to recipients in a particular investigation would jeopardize the criminal prosecution of a person involved in a suspected fraud.
(ii) When redetermining the eligibility, or making an initial determination of eligibility, of an individual for benefits under this subchapter, the Commissioner of Social Security shall disregard any evidence if there is reason to believe that fraud or similar fault was involved in the providing of such evidence.
(B) For purposes of subparagraph (A), similar fault is involved with respect to a determination if—
(i) an incorrect or incomplete statement that is material to the determination is knowingly made; or
(ii) information that is material to the determination is knowingly concealed.
(C) If, after redetermining the eligibility of an individual for benefits under this subchapter, the Commissioner of Social Security determines that there is insufficient evidence to support such eligibility, the Commissioner of Social Security may terminate such eligibility and may treat benefits paid on the basis of such insufficient evidence as overpayments.
(8)
(A) The Commissioner of Social Security shall request the Immigration and Naturalization Service or the Centers for Disease Control to provide the Commissioner of Social Security with whatever medical information, identification information, and employment history either such entity has with respect to any alien who has applied for benefits under this subchapter to the extent that the information is relevant to any determination relating to eligibility for such benefits under this subchapter.
(B) Subparagraph (A) shall not be construed to prevent the Commissioner of Social Security from adjudicating the case before receiving such information.
(9) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Commissioner shall, at least 4 times annually and upon request of the Immigration and Naturalization Service (hereafter in this paragraph referred to as the “Service”), furnish the Service with the name and address of, and other identifying information on, any individual who the Commissioner knows is not lawfully present in the United States, and shall ensure that each agreement entered into under section 1382e (a) of this title with a State provides that the State shall furnish such information at such times with respect to any individual who the State knows is not lawfully present in the United States.
(f) Furnishing of information by Federal agencies
The head of any Federal agency shall provide such information as the Commissioner of Social Security needs for purposes of determining eligibility for or amount of benefits, or verifying other information with respect thereto.
(g) Reimbursement to States for interim assistance payments
(1) Notwithstanding subsection (d)(1) of this section and subsection (b) of this section as it relates to the payment of less than the correct amount of benefits, the Commissioner of Social Security may, upon written authorization by an individual, withhold benefits due with respect to that individual and may pay to a State (or a political subdivision thereof if agreed to by the Commissioner of Social Security and the State) from the benefits withheld an amount sufficient to reimburse the State (or political subdivision) for interim assistance furnished on behalf of the individual by the State (or political subdivision).
(2) For purposes of this subsection, the term “benefits” with respect to any individual means supplemental security income benefits under this subchapter, and any State supplementary payments under section 1382e of this title or under section 212 ofPublic Law 93–66 which the Commissioner of Social Security makes on behalf of a State (or political subdivision thereof), that the Commissioner of Social Security has determined to be due with respect to the individual at the time the Commissioner of Social Security makes the first payment of benefits with respect to the period described in clause (A) or (B) of paragraph (3). A cash advance made pursuant to subsection (a)(4)(A) of this section shall not be considered as the first payment of benefits for purposes of the preceding sentence.
(3) For purposes of this subsection, the term “interim assistance” with respect to any individual means assistance financed from State or local funds and furnished for meeting basic needs
(A) during the period, beginning with the month following the month in which the individual filed an application for benefits (as defined in paragraph (2)), for which he was eligible for such benefits, or
(B) during the period beginning with the first month for which the individual’s benefits (as defined in paragraph (2)) have been terminated or suspended if the individual was subsequently found to have been eligible for such benefits.
(4) In order for a State to receive reimbursement under the provisions of paragraph (1), the State shall have in effect an agreement with the Commissioner of Social Security which shall provide—
(A) that if the Commissioner of Social Security makes payment to the State (or a political subdivision of the State as provided for under the agreement) in reimbursement for interim assistance (as defined in paragraph (3)) for any individual in an amount greater than the reimbursable amount authorized by paragraph (1), the State (or political subdivision) shall pay to the individual the balance of such payment in excess of the reimbursable amount as expeditiously as possible, but in any event within ten working days or a shorter period specified in the agreement; and
(B) that the State will comply with such other rules as the Commissioner of Social Security finds necessary to achieve efficient and effective administration of this subsection and to carry out the purposes of the program established by this subchapter, including protection of hearing rights for any individual aggrieved by action taken by the State (or political subdivision) pursuant to this subsection.
(5) The provisions of subsection (c) of this section shall not be applicable to any disagreement concerning payment by the Commissioner of Social Security to a State pursuant to the preceding provisions of this subsection nor the amount retained by the State (or political subdivision).
(h) Payment of certain travel expenses
The Commissioner of Social Security shall pay travel expenses, either on an actual cost or commuted basis, to individuals for travel incident to medical examinations requested by the Commissioner of Social Security in connection with disability determinations under this subchapter, and to parties, their representatives, and all reasonably necessary witnesses for travel within the United States (as defined in section 1382c (e) of this title) to attend reconsideration interviews and proceedings before administrative law judges with respect to any determination under this subchapter. The amount available under the preceding sentence for payment for air travel by any person shall not exceed the coach fare for air travel between the points involved unless the use of first-class accommodations is required (as determined under regulations of the Commissioner of Social Security) because of such person’s health condition or the unavailability of alternative accommodations; and the amount available for payment for other travel by any person shall not exceed the cost of travel (between the points involved) by the most economical and expeditious means of transportation appropriate to such person’s health condition, as specified in such regulations. The amount available for payment under this subsection for travel by a representative to attend an administrative proceeding before an administrative law judge or other adjudicator shall not exceed the maximum amount allowable under this subsection for such travel originating within the geographic area of the office having jurisdiction over such proceeding.
(i) Unnegotiated checks; notice to Commissioner; payment to States; notice to States; investigation of payees
(1) The Secretary of the Treasury shall, on a monthly basis, notify the Commissioner of Social Security of all benefit checks issued under this subchapter which include amounts representing State supplementary payments as described in paragraph (2) and which have not been presented for payment within one hundred and eighty days after the day on which they were issued.
(2) The Commissioner of Social Security shall from time to time determine the amount representing the total of the State supplementary payments made pursuant to agreements under section 1382e (a) of this title and under section 212(b) ofPublic Law 93–66 which is included in all such benefit checks not presented for payment within one hundred and eighty days after the day on which they were issued, and shall pay each State (or credit each State with) an amount equal to that State’s share of all such amount. Amounts not paid to the States shall be returned to the appropriation from which they were originally paid.
(3) The Commissioner of Social Security, upon notice from the Secretary of the Treasury under paragraph (1), shall notify any State having an agreement described in paragraph (2) of all such benefit checks issued under that State’s agreement which were not presented for payment within one hundred and eighty days after the day on which they were issued.
(4) The Commissioner of Social Security shall, to the maximum extent feasible, investigate the whereabouts and eligibility of the individuals whose benefit checks were not presented for payment within one hundred and eighty days after the day on which they were issued.
(j) Application and review requirements for certain individuals
(1) Notwithstanding any provision of section 1382 or 1382h of this title, any individual who—
(A) was an eligible individual (or eligible spouse) under section 1382 of this title or was eligible for benefits under or pursuant to section 1382h of this title, and
(B) who, after such eligibility, is ineligible for benefits under or pursuant to both such sections for a period of 12 consecutive months (or 24 consecutive months, in the case of such an individual whose ineligibility for benefits under or pursuant to both such sections is a result of being called to active duty pursuant to section 12301 (d) or 12302 of title 10 or section 502 (f) of title 32),
may not thereafter become eligible for benefits under or pursuant to either such section until the individual has reapplied for benefits under section 1382 of this title and been determined to be eligible for benefits under such section, or has filed a request for reinstatement of eligibility under subsection (p)(2) of this section and been determined to be eligible for reinstatement.
(2)
(A) Notwithstanding any provision of section 1382 of this title or section 1382h of this title (other than subsection (c) thereof), any individual who was eligible for benefits pursuant to section 1382h (b) of this title, and who—
(i)
(I) on the basis of the same impairment on which his or her eligibility under such section 1382h (b) of this title was based becomes eligible (other than pursuant to a request for reinstatement under subsection (p) of this section) for benefits under section 1382 or 1382h (a) of this title for a month that follows a period during which the individual was ineligible for benefits under sections 1382 and 1382h (a) of this title, and
(II) has earned income (other than income excluded pursuant to section 1382a (b) of this title) for any month in the 12-month period preceding such month that is equal to or in excess of the amount that would cause him or her to be ineligible for payments under section 1382 (b) of this title for that month (if he or she were otherwise eligible for such payments); or
(ii)
(I) on the basis of the same impairment on which his or her eligibility under such section 1382h (b) of this title was based becomes eligible under section 1382h (b) of this title for a month that follows a period during which the individual was ineligible under section 1382 of this title and section 1382h of this title, and
(II) has earned income (other than income excluded pursuant to section 1382a (b) of this title) for such month or for any month in the 12-month period preceding such month that is equal to or in excess of the amount that would cause him or her to be ineligible for payments under section 1382 (b) of this title for that month (if he or she were otherwise eligible for such payments);
shall, upon becoming eligible (as described in clause (i)(I) or (ii)(I)), be subject to a prompt review of the type described in section 1382c (a)(4) of this title.
(B) If the Commissioner of Social Security determines pursuant to a review required by subparagraph (A) that the impairment upon which the eligibility of an individual is based has ceased, does not exist, or is not disabling, such individual may not thereafter become eligible for a benefit under or pursuant to section 1382 of this title or section 1382h of this title until the individual has reapplied for benefits under section 1382 of this title and been determined to be eligible for benefits under such section.
(k) Notifications to applicants and recipients
The Commissioner of Social Security shall notify an individual receiving benefits under section 1382 of this title on the basis of disability or blindness of his or her potential eligibility for benefits under or pursuant to section 1382h of this title—
(1) at the time of the initial award of benefits to the individual under section 1382 of this title (if the individual has attained the age of 18 at the time of such initial award), and
(2) at the earliest time after an initial award of benefits to an individual under section 1382 of this title that the individual’s earned income for a month (other than income excluded pursuant to section 1382a (b) of this title) is $200 or more, and periodically thereafter so long as such individual has earned income (other than income so excluded) of $200 or more per month.
(l) Special notice to blind individuals with respect to hearings and other official actions
(1) In any case where an individual who is applying for or receiving benefits under this subchapter on the basis of blindness is entitled (under subsection (c) of this section or otherwise) to receive notice from the Commissioner of Social Security of any decision or determination made or other action taken or proposed to be taken with respect to his or her rights under this subchapter, such individual shall at his or her election be entitled either
(A) to receive a supplementary notice of such decision, determination, or action, by telephone, within 5 working days after the initial notice is mailed,
(B) to receive the initial notice in the form of a certified letter, or
(C) to receive notification by some alternative procedure established by the Commissioner of Social Security and agreed to by the individual.
(2) The election under paragraph (1) may be made at any time; but an opportunity to make such an election shall in any event be given
(A) to every individual who is an applicant for benefits under this subchapter on the basis of blindness, at the time of his or her application, and
(B) to every individual who is a recipient of such benefits on the basis of blindness, at the time of each redetermination of his or her eligibility. Such an election, once made by an individual, shall apply with respect to all notices of decisions, determinations, and actions which such individual may thereafter be entitled to receive under this subchapter until such time as it is revoked or changed.
(m) Pre-release procedures for institutionalized persons
The Commissioner of Social Security shall develop a system under which an individual can apply for supplemental security income benefits under this subchapter prior to the discharge or release of the individual from a public institution.
(n) Concurrent SSI and supplemental nutrition assistance program applications by institutionalized individuals
The Commissioner of Social Security and the Secretary of Agriculture shall develop a procedure under which an individual who applies for supplemental security income benefits under this subchapter shall also be permitted to apply at the same time for participation in the supplemental nutrition assistance program authorized under the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2011 et seq.).
(o) Notice requirements
The Commissioner of Social Security shall take such actions as are necessary to ensure that any notice to one or more individuals issued pursuant to this subchapter by the Commissioner of Social Security or by a State agency—
(1) is written in simple and clear language, and
(2) includes the address and telephone number of the local office of the Social Security Administration which serves the recipient.
In the case of any such notice which is not generated by a local servicing office, the requirements of paragraph (2) shall be treated as satisfied if such notice includes the address of the local office of the Social Security Administration which services the recipient of the notice and a telephone number through which such office can be reached.
(p) Reinstatement of eligibility on the basis of blindness or disability
(1)
(A) Eligibility for benefits under this subchapter shall be reinstated in any case where the Commissioner determines that an individual described in subparagraph (B) has filed a request for reinstatement meeting the requirements of paragraph (2)(A) during the period prescribed in subparagraph (C). Reinstatement of eligibility shall be in accordance with the terms of this subsection.
(B) An individual is described in this subparagraph if—
(i) prior to the month in which the individual files a request for reinstatement—
(I) the individual was eligible for benefits under this subchapter on the basis of blindness or disability pursuant to an application filed therefor; and
(II) the individual thereafter was ineligible for such benefits due to earned income (or earned and unearned income) for a period of 12 or more consecutive months;
(ii) the individual is blind or disabled and the physical or mental impairment that is the basis for the finding of blindness or disability is the same as (or related to) the physical or mental impairment that was the basis for the finding of blindness or disability that gave rise to the eligibility described in clause (i);
(iii) the individual’s blindness or disability renders the individual unable to perform substantial gainful activity; and
(iv) the individual satisfies the nonmedical requirements for eligibility for benefits under this subchapter.
(C)
(i) Except as provided in clause (ii), the period prescribed in this subparagraph with respect to an individual is 60 consecutive months beginning with the month following the most recent month for which the individual was eligible for a benefit under this subchapter (including section 1382h of this title) prior to the period of ineligibility described in subparagraph (B)(i)(II).
(ii) In the case of an individual who fails to file a reinstatement request within the period prescribed in clause (i), the Commissioner may extend the period if the Commissioner determines that the individual had good cause for the failure to so file.
(2)
(A)
(i) A request for reinstatement shall be filed in such form, and containing such information, as the Commissioner may prescribe.
(ii) A request for reinstatement shall include express declarations by the individual that the individual meets the requirements specified in clauses (ii) through (iv) of paragraph (1)(B).
(B) A request for reinstatement filed in accordance with subparagraph (A) may constitute an application for benefits in the case of any individual who the Commissioner determines is not eligible for reinstated benefits under this subsection.
(3) In determining whether an individual meets the requirements of paragraph (1)(B)(ii), the provisions of section 1382c (a)(4) of this title shall apply.
(4)
(A) Eligibility for benefits reinstated under this subsection shall commence with the benefit payable for the month following the month in which a request for reinstatement is filed.
(B)
(i) Subject to clause (ii), the amount of the benefit payable for any month pursuant to the reinstatement of eligibility under this subsection shall be determined in accordance with the provisions of this subchapter.
(ii) The benefit under this subchapter payable for any month pursuant to a request for reinstatement filed in accordance with paragraph (2) shall be reduced by the amount of any provisional benefit paid to such individual for such month under paragraph (7).
(C) Except as otherwise provided in this subsection, eligibility for benefits under this subchapter reinstated pursuant to a request filed under paragraph (2) shall be subject to the same terms and conditions as eligibility established pursuant to an application filed therefor.
(5) Whenever an individual’s eligibility for benefits under this subchapter is reinstated under this subsection, eligibility for such benefits shall be reinstated with respect to the individual’s spouse if such spouse was previously an eligible spouse of the individual under this subchapter and the Commissioner determines that such spouse satisfies all the requirements for eligibility for such benefits except requirements related to the filing of an application. The provisions of paragraph (4) shall apply to the reinstated eligibility of the spouse to the same extent that they apply to the reinstated eligibility of such individual.
(6) An individual to whom benefits are payable under this subchapter pursuant to a reinstatement of eligibility under this subsection for twenty-four months (whether or not consecutive) shall, with respect to benefits so payable after such twenty-fourth month, be deemed for purposes of paragraph (1)(B)(i)(I) to be eligible for such benefits on the basis of an application filed therefor.
(7)
(A) An individual described in paragraph (1)(B) who files a request for reinstatement in accordance with the provisions of paragraph (2)(A) shall be eligible for provisional benefits payable in accordance with this paragraph, unless the Commissioner determines that the individual does not meet the requirements of paragraph (1)(B)(i) or that the individual’s declaration under paragraph (2)(A)(ii) is false. Any such determination by the Commissioner shall be final and not subject to review under paragraph (1) or (3) of subsection (c) of this section.
(B)
(i) Except as otherwise provided in clause (ii), the amount of a provisional benefit for a month shall equal the amount of the monthly benefit that would be payable to an eligible individual under this subchapter with the same kind and amount of income.
(ii) If the individual has a spouse who was previously an eligible spouse of the individual under this subchapter and the Commissioner determines that such spouse satisfies all the requirements of section 1382c (b) of this title except requirements related to the filing of an application, the amount of a provisional benefit for a month shall equal the amount of the monthly benefit that would be payable to an eligible individual and eligible spouse under this subchapter with the same kind and amount of income.
(C)
(i) Provisional benefits shall begin with the month following the month in which a request for reinstatement is filed in accordance with paragraph (2)(A).
(ii) Provisional benefits shall end with the earliest of—
(I) the month in which the Commissioner makes a determination regarding the individual’s eligibility for reinstated benefits;
(II) the fifth month following the month for which provisional benefits are first payable under clause (i); or
(III) the month in which the Commissioner determines that the individual does not meet the requirements of paragraph (1)(B)(i) or that the individual’s declaration made in accordance with paragraph (2)(A)(ii) is false.
(D) In any case in which the Commissioner determines that an individual is not eligible for reinstated benefits, any provisional benefits paid to the individual under this paragraph shall not be subject to recovery as an overpayment unless the Commissioner determines that the individual knew or should have known that the individual did not meet the requirements of paragraph (1)(B).
(8) For purposes of this subsection other than paragraph (7), the term “benefits under this subchapter” includes State supplementary payments made pursuant to an agreement under section 1382e (a) of this title or section 212(b) ofPublic Law 93–66.


[1]  So in original. Probably should be followed by a comma.

[2]  So in original. Closing parenthesis after “title” probably should not appear.

[3]  See References in Text note below.

Source

(Aug. 14, 1935, ch. 531, title XVI, § 1631, as added Pub. L. 92–603, title III, § 301,Oct. 30, 1972, 86 Stat. 1475; amended Pub. L. 93–233, § 18(g),Dec. 31, 1973, 87 Stat. 969; Pub. L. 93–368, § 5,Aug. 7, 1974, 88 Stat. 420; Pub. L. 94–202, §§ 1, 2,Jan. 2, 1976, 89 Stat. 1135; Pub. L. 94–365, § 1,July 14, 1976, 90 Stat. 990; Pub. L. 94–569, § 4(a),Oct. 20, 1976, 90 Stat. 2700; Pub. L. 96–222, title I, § 101(a)(2)(C),Apr. 1, 1980, 94 Stat. 195; Pub. L. 96–265, title III, §§ 301(b), 305 (b), 310(b), title V, § 501(c),June 9, 1980, 94 Stat. 450, 457, 459, 470; Pub. L. 96–473, § 6(h),Oct. 19, 1980, 94 Stat. 2266; Pub. L. 97–35, title XXIII, § 2343(a),Aug. 13, 1981, 95 Stat. 866; Pub. L. 97–248, title I, § 187(a),Sept. 3, 1982, 96 Stat. 407; Pub. L. 98–369, div. B, title VI, §§ 2612(a), 2613, 2651 (j), 2663 (g)(11), (12),July 18, 1984, 98 Stat. 1131, 1150, 1169; Pub. L. 98–460, §§ 7(b), 16 (b),Oct. 9, 1984, 98 Stat. 1803, 1809; Pub. L. 99–272, title XII, § 12113(b),Apr. 7, 1986, 100 Stat. 288; Pub. L. 99–514, § 2, title XVIII, § 1883(d)(1),Oct. 22, 1986, 100 Stat. 2095, 2918; Pub. L. 99–570, title XI, §§ 11005(a), 11006,Oct. 27, 1986, 100 Stat. 3207–169; Pub. L. 99–643, §§ 4(c)(1), (d)(3)(B), 5, 8 (a),Nov. 10, 1986, 100 Stat. 3576–3579; Pub. L. 100–203, title IX, §§ 9109(a), 9110(a), (b), 9111 (a)(1), 9112 (a), 9123,Dec. 22, 1987, 101 Stat. 1330–302 to 1330–304, 1330–313; Pub. L. 100–647, title VIII, § 8001(b),Nov. 10, 1988, 102 Stat. 3779; Pub. L. 101–239, title X, §§ 10302(b)(1), 10303 (b), 10305 (e), 10307 (a)(2), (b)(2),Dec. 19, 1989, 103 Stat. 2482, 2483, 2485; Pub. L. 101–508, title V, §§ 5031(c), 5038(a), 5039(b), 5040, 5105 (a)(1)(B), (2)(A)(ii), (3)(A)(ii), (c)(2), (d)(1)(B), 5106 (a)(2), (c), 5107 (a)(2), 5109(a)(2), 5113 (b),Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1388–224, 1388–226, 1388–227, 1388–255, 1388–258, 1388–261, 1388–265, 1388–266, 1388–268, 1388–269, 1388–271, 1388–273; Pub. L. 103–296, title I, § 107(a)(4), title II, §§ 201(b)(1)(A), (B), (2)(A), (B), 206 (a)(2), (d)(2), (f)(1), title III, § 321(f)(2)(B), (3)(A), (h)(1),Aug. 15, 1994, 108 Stat. 1478, 1499–1501, 1509, 1514, 1515, 1541, 1544; Pub. L. 103–387, § 6(a),Oct. 22, 1994, 108 Stat. 4077; Pub. L. 103–432, title II, §§ 264(b), (e)–(g), 267(b), 268, Oct. 31, 1994, 108 Stat. 4468–4470; Pub. L. 104–121, title I, § 105(b)(2),Mar. 29, 1996, 110 Stat. 853; Pub. L. 104–193, title II, §§ 204(b), (c)(2), 213 (a), 221 (a), (b), title IV, § 404(c),Aug. 22, 1996, 110 Stat. 2188, 2194, 2196, 2197, 2267; Pub. L. 105–33, title V, §§ 5522(b), 5564,Aug. 5, 1997, 111 Stat. 622, 639; Pub. L. 105–306, § 8(b)(2),Oct. 28, 1998, 112 Stat. 2929; Pub. L. 106–169, title II, §§ 201(b), 202 (a), 203 (a), 213, 251 (b)(9),Dec. 14, 1999, 113 Stat. 1831, 1832, 1843, 1856; Pub. L. 106–170, title I, §§ 101(b)(2)(C), 112 (b),Dec. 17, 1999, 113 Stat. 1874, 1884; Pub. L. 108–203, title I, §§ 101(c)(1), (3), 102 (a)(2), (b)(3), 103 (c), 104 (b), 105 (c), 106 (c), title II, § 210(b)(4), title III, § 302(a), (b),Mar. 2, 2004, 118 Stat. 496, 497, 500, 502, 503, 505, 506, 517, 519, 521; Pub. L. 109–163, div. A, title VI, § 689,Jan. 6, 2006, 119 Stat. 3337; Pub. L. 109–171, title VII, § 7502(a),Feb. 8, 2006, 120 Stat. 154; Pub. L. 110–234, title IV, § 4002(b)(1)(A), (B), (2)(V),May 22, 2008, 122 Stat. 1095–1097; Pub. L. 110–246, § 4(a), title IV, § 4002(b)(1)(A), (B), (2)(V),June 18, 2008, 122 Stat. 1664, 1857, 1858; Pub. L. 111–115, § 2(b),Dec. 15, 2009, 123 Stat. 3029; Pub. L. 111–142, § 3(b)(1),Feb. 27, 2010, 124 Stat. 39.)
References in Text

The Internal Revenue Code of 1986, referred to in subsecs. (a)(2)(B)(xiv) and (e)(1)(B)(i), is classified generally to Title 26, Internal Revenue Code.
Section 212 ofPublic Law 93–66, referred to in subsecs. (a)(2)(F)(i)(II), (iii), (10)(D), (b)(1)(B), (e)(1)(B)(i), (g)(2), (i)(2), and (p)(8), is section 212 ofPub. L. 93–66, title II, July 9, 1973, 87 Stat. 155, which is set out in a note under section 1382 of this title.
Section 302 of the Social Security Protection Act of 2003, referred to in subsec. (d)(2)(C)(ii)(I), probably means section 302 of the Social Security Protection Act of 2004, Pub. L. 108–203, which amended this section and enacted provisions set out as a note under this section.
The Right to Financial Privacy Act, referred to in subsec. (e)(1)(B)(ii)(III)(aa), probably means the Right to Financial Privacy Act of 1978, title XI of Pub. L. 95–630, Nov. 10, 1978, 92 Stat. 3697, which is classified generally to chapter 35 (§ 3401 et seq.) of Title 12, Banks and Banking. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 3401 of Title 12 and Tables.
The Food and Nutrition Act of 2008, referred to in subsec. (n), is Pub. L. 88–525, Aug. 31, 1964, 78 Stat. 703, which is classified generally to chapter 51 (§ 2011 et seq.) of Title 7, Agriculture. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 2011 of Title 7 and Tables.
Codification

Pub. L. 110–234and Pub. L. 110–246made identical amendments to this section. The amendments by Pub. L. 110–234were repealed by section 4(a) ofPub. L. 110–246.
Prior Provisions

A prior section 1383, act Aug. 14, 1935, ch. 531, title XVI, § 1603, as added July 25, 1962, Pub. L. 87–543, title I, § 141(a), 76 Stat. 200; amended July 30, 1965, Pub. L. 89–97, title I, § 122, title II, § 221(d)(4), title IV, § 401(b),79 Stat. 353, 359, 414; Jan. 2, 1968, Pub. L. 90–248, title II, § 212(d), 81 Stat. 898; Oct. 20, 1972, Pub. L. 92–512, title III, § 301(b), (d), (e), 86 Stat. 946, 947, related to determination of amounts payable to States, prior to the general amendment of title XVI of the Social Security Act by Pub. L. 92–603, § 301, but is set out below in view of its continued applicability to Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Virgin Islands.
Amendments

2010—Subsec. (d)(2)(A)(vi). Pub. L. 111–142added cl. (vi).
2009—Subsec. (b)(7). Pub. L. 111–115added par. (7).
2008—Subsec. (n). Pub. L. 110–246, § 4002(b)(1)(A), (B), (2)(V), substituted “supplemental nutrition assistance program” for “food stamp program” and “Food and Nutrition Act of 2008” for “Food Stamp Act of 1977”.
2006—Subsec. (a)(10)(A)(i). Pub. L. 109–171substituted “3” for “12”.
Subsec. (j)(1)(B). Pub. L. 109–163inserted “(or 24 consecutive months, in the case of such an individual whose ineligibility for benefits under or pursuant to both such sections is a result of being called to active duty pursuant to section 12301 (d) or 12302 of title 10 or section 502 (f) of title 32)” after “for a period of 12 consecutive months”.
2004—Subsec. (a)(2)(A)(iv). Pub. L. 108–203, § 101(c)(3), added cl. (iv).
Subsec. (a)(2)(B)(ii)(IV) to (VI). Pub. L. 108–203, § 103(c)(1), added subcls. (IV) and (V) and redesignated former subcl. (IV) as (VI).
Subsec. (a)(2)(B)(iii)(II). Pub. L. 108–203, § 103(c)(2), substituted “clause (ii)(VI)” for “clause (ii)(IV)” and “section 405 (j)(2)(B)(i)(VI)” for “section 405 (j)(2)(B)(i)(IV)”.
Subsec. (a)(2)(B)(iii)(IV), (V). Pub. L. 108–203, § 103(c)(3), added subcls. (IV) and (V).
Subsec. (a)(2)(B)(vii)(I). Pub. L. 108–203, § 102(a)(2)(A), substituted “a certified community-based nonprofit social service agency (as defined in subparagraph (I))” for “a community-based nonprofit social service agency licensed or bonded by the State”.
Subsec. (a)(2)(B)(xiv). Pub. L. 108–203, § 103(c)(4), added cl. (xiv).
Subsec. (a)(2)(C)(v). Pub. L. 108–203, § 106(c), added cl. (v).
Subsec. (a)(2)(D)(i). Pub. L. 108–203, § 104(b), in introductory provisions, substituted “Except as provided in the next sentence, a” for “A” and, in concluding provisions, substituted “A qualified organization may not collect a fee from an individual for any month with respect to which the Commissioner of Social Security or a court of competent jurisdiction has determined that the organization misused all or part of the individual’s benefit, and any amount so collected by the qualified organization for such month shall be treated as a misused part of the individual’s benefit for purposes of subparagraphs (E) and (F). The Commissioner” for “The Commissioner”.
Subsec. (a)(2)(D)(ii). Pub. L. 108–203, § 102(a)(2)(B), substituted “or any certified community-based nonprofit social service agency (as defined in subparagraph (I)), if the agency, in accordance” for “or any community-based nonprofit social service agency, which—
“(I) is bonded or licensed in each State in which the agency serves as a representative payee; and
“(II) in accordance”,
redesignated items (aa) and (bb) as subclauses (I) and (II), respectively, realigned margins, and substituted “subclause (II)” for “subclause (II)(bb)” in concluding provisions.
Subsec. (a)(2)(E). Pub. L. 108–203, § 101(c)(1), inserted second and third sentences.
Subsec. (a)(2)(F)(i)(II). Pub. L. 108–203, § 302(b)(1), inserted “and payment of attorney fees under subsection (d)(2)(B) of this section” after “subsection (g) of this section” in introductory provisions.
Subsec. (a)(2)(G). Pub. L. 108–203, § 102(b)(3), amended subpar. (G) generally, substituting provisions relating to periodic onsite reviews and annual report on the results of such reviews for provisions directing the Commissioner of Social Security to include as part of the annual report required under former section 904 of this title certain information with respect to the implementation of the preceding provisions of this par.
Subsec. (a)(2)(G)(i)(II). Pub. L. 108–203, § 105(c)(1), substituted “section 405 (j)(10)” for “section 405 (j)(9)”.
Subsec. (a)(2)(H). Pub. L. 108–203, § 105(c)(2), added subpar. (H) and struck out former subpar. (H) which read as follows: “The Commissioner of Social Security shall make an initial report to each House of the Congress on the implementation of subparagraphs (B) and (C) within 270 days after October 9, 1984. The Commissioner of Social Security shall include in the annual report required under section 904 of this title, information with respect to the implementation of subparagraphs (B) and (C), including the same factors as are required to be included in the Commissioner’s report under section 405 (j)(4)(B) of this title.”
Subsec. (a)(2)(I). Pub. L. 108–203, § 102(a)(2)(C), added subpar. (I).
Subsec. (a)(10)(A). Pub. L. 108–203, § 302(b)(2), inserted “and payment of attorney fees under subsection (d)(2)(B) of this section” after “subsection (g) of this section” in introductory provisions and after “State” in concluding provisions.
Subsec. (b)(1)(B). Pub. L. 108–203, § 210(b)(4)(A), substituted “excluding payments under subchapter II of this chapter when recovery is made from subchapter II payments pursuant to section 1320b–17 of this title and excluding” for “excluding any other” and struck out “50 percent of” before “the lump sum payment,”.
Subsec. (b)(6). Pub. L. 108–203, § 210(b)(4)(B), added par. (6) and struck out former par. (6) which read as follows: “For provisions relating to the recovery of benefits incorrectly paid under this subchapter from benefits payable under subchapter II of this chapter, see section 1320b–17 of this title.”
Subsec. (d)(2)(A). Pub. L. 108–203, § 302(a)(1), in introductory provisions, substituted “section 406” for “section 406 (a)”, “(other than subsections (a)(4) and (d) thereof)” for “(other than paragraph (4) thereof)”, and “such section” for “paragraph (2) thereof”.
Subsec. (d)(2)(A)(i). Pub. L. 108–203, § 302(a)(2), substituted “in subparagraphs (A)(ii)(I) and (D)(i) of subsection (a)(2)” for “in subparagraphs (A)(ii)(I) and (C)(i),” and struck out “and” at end.
Subsec. (d)(2)(A)(ii) to (v). Pub. L. 108–203, § 302(a)(3), added cls. (ii) to (v) and struck out former cl. (ii) which read as follows: “by substituting ‘section 1383 (a)(7)(A) of this title or the requirements of due process of law’ for ‘subsection (g) or (h) ofsection 423 of this title’.”
Subsec. (d)(2)(B) to (D). Pub. L. 108–203, § 302(a)(4), added subpars. (B) and (C) and redesignated former subpar. (B) as (D).
1999—Subsec. (a)(2)(A)(iii). Pub. L. 106–169, § 251(b)(9)(A), inserted “or 1007” after “405(j)(1)”.
Subsec. (a)(2)(B)(ii)(I). Pub. L. 106–169, § 251(b)(9)(B), inserted “, subchapter VIII of this chapter,” before “or this subchapter”.
Subsec. (a)(2)(B)(ii)(III). Pub. L. 106–169, § 251(b)(9)(C), inserted “, 1011,” before “or 1383a”.
Subsec. (a)(2)(B)(ii)(IV). Pub. L. 106–169, § 251(b)(9)(D), inserted “whether the designation of such person as a representative payee has been revoked pursuant to section 1007 (a) of this title,” before “and whether certification” and “, subchapter VIII of this chapter,” before “or this subchapter”.
Subsec. (a)(2)(B)(iii)(II). Pub. L. 106–169, § 251(b)(9)(E), inserted “the designation of such person as a representative payee has been revoked pursuant to section 1007 (a) of this title,” before “or certification”.
Subsec. (a)(2)(D)(ii)(II)(aa). Pub. L. 106–169, § 251(b)(9)(F), inserted “or 1007” after “405(j)(4)”.
Subsec. (a)(6)(A). Pub. L. 106–170, § 101(b)(2)(C), substituted “a program consisting of the Ticket to Work and Self-Sufficiency Program under section 1320b–19 of this title or another program of vocational rehabilitation services, employment services, or other support services” for “a program of vocational rehabilitation services”.
Subsec. (b)(1)(B)(ii). Pub. L. 106–169, § 202(a), inserted “monthly” before “benefit payments” and “and in the case of an individual or eligible spouse to whom a lump sum is payable under this subchapter (including under section 1382e (a) of this title or under an agreement entered into under section 212(a) ofPublic Law 93–66) shall, as at least one means of recovering such overpayment, make the adjustment or recovery from the lump sum payment in an amount equal to not less than the lesser of the amount of the overpayment or 50 percent of the lump sum payment,” before “unless fraud”.
Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 106–169, § 201(b), inserted at end “If any payment of more than the correct amount is made to a representative payee on behalf of an individual after the individual’s death, the representative payee shall be liable for the repayment of the overpayment, and the Commissioner of Social Security shall establish an overpayment control record under the social security account number of the representative payee.”
Subsec. (b)(4) to (6). Pub. L. 106–169, § 203(a), added par. (4) and redesignated former pars. (4) and (5) as (5) and (6), respectively.
Subsec. (e)(1)(B). Pub. L. 106–169, § 213, designated existing provisions as cl. (i) and added cl. (ii).
Subsec. (j)(1). Pub. L. 106–170, § 112(b)(2)(A), inserted before period at end “, or has filed a request for reinstatement of eligibility under subsection (p)(2) of this section and been determined to be eligible for reinstatement”.
Subsec. (j)(2)(A)(i)(I). Pub. L. 106–170, § 112(b)(2)(B), inserted “(other than pursuant to a request for reinstatement under subsection (p) of this section)” after “eligible”.
Subsec. (p). Pub. L. 106–170, § 112(b)(1), added subsec. (p).
1998—Subsec. (b)(5). Pub. L. 105–306added par. (5).
1997—Subsec. (a)(2)(F)(ii)(III)(bb). Pub. L. 105–33, § 5522(b)(1), substituted “in any case in which the individual knowingly misapplies benefits from such an account, the Commissioner shall reduce future benefits payable to such individual (or to such individual and his spouse) by an amount equal to the total amount of such benefits so misapplied” for “the total amount of such benefits so used shall be considered to be the uncompensated value of a disposed resource and shall be subject to the provisions of section 1382b (c) of this title”.
Subsec. (a)(2)(F)(iii). Pub. L. 105–33, § 5522(b)(2), added cl. (iii) and struck out former cl. (iii) which read as follows: “The representative payee may deposit into the account established pursuant to clause (i)—
“(I) past-due benefits payable to the eligible individual in an amount less than that specified in clause (i)(II), and
“(II) any other funds representing an underpayment under this subchapter to such individual, provided that the amount of such underpayment is equal to or exceeds the maximum monthly benefit payable under this subchapter to an eligible individual.”
Subsec. (e)(9). Pub. L. 105–33, § 5564, substituted “not lawfully present in the United States” for “unlawfully in the United States” in two places.
1996—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 104–193, § 221(b), inserted “(subject to paragraph (10))” before “in such installments”.
Subsec. (a)(2)(A)(ii)(II). Pub. L. 104–121, § 105(b)(2)(A), amended subcl. (II) generally. Prior to amendment, subcl. (II) read as follows: “In the case of an individual eligible for benefits under this subchapter by reason of disability, if alcoholism or drug addiction is a contributing factor material to the Commissioner’s determination that the individual is disabled, the payment of such benefits to a representative payee shall be deemed to serve the interest of the individual under this subchapter. In any case in which such payment is so deemed under this subclause to serve the interest of an individual, the Commissioner of Social Security shall include, in the individual’s notification of such eligibility, a notice that alcoholism or drug addiction is a contributing factor material to the Commissioner’s determination that the individual is disabled and that the Commissioner of Social Security is therefore required to pay the individual’s benefits to a representative payee.”
Subsec. (a)(2)(B)(vii). Pub. L. 104–121, § 105(b)(2)(B), substituted “described in subparagraph (A)(ii)(II)” for “eligible for benefits under this subchapter by reason of disability, if alcoholism or drug addiction is a contributing factor material to the Commissioner’s determination that the individual is disabled”.
Subsec. (a)(2)(B)(ix)(II). Pub. L. 104–121, § 105(b)(2)(C), substituted “described in subparagraph (A)(ii)(II).” for “(if alcoholism or drug addiction is a contributing factor material to the Commissioner’s determination that the individual is disabled) is eligible for benefits under this subchapter by reason of disability.”
Subsec. (a)(2)(D)(i)(II). Pub. L. 104–121, § 105(b)(2)(D), substituted “described in subparagraph (A)(ii)(II)” for “eligible for benefits under this subchapter by reason of disability and alcoholism or drug addiction is a contributing factor material to the Commissioner’s determination that the individual is disabled”.
Subsec. (a)(2)(F) to (H). Pub. L. 104–193, § 213(a), added subpar. (F) and redesignated former subpars. (F) and (G) as (G) and (H), respectively.
Subsec. (a)(4)(A). Pub. L. 104–193, § 204(b), inserted “for the month following the date the application is filed” after “is presumptively eligible for such benefits” and “, which shall be repaid through proportionate reductions in such benefits over a period of not more than 6 months” before semicolon.
Subsec. (a)(10). Pub. L. 104–193, § 221(a), added par. (10).
Subsec. (e)(6) to (8). Pub. L. 104–193, § 404(c)(1), redesignated pars. (6), relating to suspicion of fraud or similar fault, and (7) as (7) and (8), respectively.
Subsec. (e)(9). Pub. L. 104–193, § 404(c)(2), added par. (9).
Subsec. (g)(3). Pub. L. 104–193, § 204(c)(2), inserted “following the month” after “beginning with the month”.
1994—Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 103–432, § 264(e), inserted par. (2) designation.
Subsec. (a)(2)(A)(ii). Pub. L. 103–296, § 201(b)(1)(A)(i), designated existing provisions as subcl. (I), struck out “or in the case of any individual or eligible spouse referred to in section 1382 (e)(3)(A) of this title,” after “served thereby,”, and added subcl. (II).
Pub. L. 103–296, § 107(a)(4), in cl. (ii) as amended by Pub. L. 103–296, § 201(b)(1)(A)(i), substituted “Commissioner of Social Security” for “Secretary” wherever appearing and “Commissioner’s” for “Secretary’s” in two places in subcl. (II).
Subsec. (a)(2)(A)(iii). Pub. L. 103–296, § 201(b)(1)(A)(ii), substituted “to an alternative representative payee of the individual or eligible spouse or, if the interest of the individual under this subchapter would be served thereby, to the individual or eligible spouse” for “to the individual or eligible spouse or to an alternative representative payee of the individual or eligible spouse”.
Pub. L. 103–296, § 107(a)(4), substituted “Commissioner of Social Security” for “Secretary” in two places.
Subsec. (a)(2)(B)(i)(I), (ii), (iv) to (vi). Pub. L. 103–296, § 107(a)(4), substituted “Commissioner of Social Security” for “Secretary” wherever appearing.
Subsec. (a)(2)(B)(vii). Pub. L. 103–296, § 201(b)(2)(A)(ii), added cl. (vii). Former cl. (vii) redesignated (viii).
Pub. L. 103–296, § 107(a)(4), in cl. (vii) as added by Pub. L. 103–296, § 201(b)(2)(A)(ii), substituted “Commissioner of Social Security” for “Secretary” in two places and “Commissioner’s” for “Secretary’s”.
Subsec. (a)(2)(B)(viii). Pub. L. 103–296, § 201(b)(2)(A)(i), (iii), redesignated cl. (vii) as (viii) and substituted “clause (ix)” for “clause (viii)”. Former cl. (viii) redesignated (ix).
Pub. L. 103–296, § 201(b)(1)(B), in subcl. (II) substituted “of 15 years, or (if alcoholism or drug addiction is a contributing factor material to the Secretary’s determination that the individual is disabled) is eligible for benefits under this subchapter by reason of disability.” for “15 years, or a drug addict or alcoholic referred to in section 1382 (e)(3)(A) of this title.”
Pub. L. 103–296, § 107(a)(4), in cl. (viii) as redesignated by Pub. L. 103–296, § 201(b)(2)(A)(i), substituted “Commissioner of Social Security” for “Secretary” in two places.
Subsec. (a)(2)(B)(ix). Pub. L. 103–296, § 201(b)(2)(A)(i), (iv), redesignated cl. (viii) as (ix) and in subcl. (I) substituted “clause (viii)” for “clause (vii)”. Former cl. (ix) redesignated (x).
Pub. L. 103–296, § 107(a)(4), in cl. (ix) as redesignated and amended by Pub. L. 103–296, § 201(b)(1)(B), (2)(A)(i), substituted “Commissioner’s” for “Secretary’s” in two places in subcl. (II).
Subsec. (a)(2)(B)(x) to (xii). Pub. L. 103–296, § 201(b)(2)(A)(i), redesignated cls. (ix) to (xi) as (x) to (xii), respectively. Former cl. (xii) redesignated (xiii).
Pub. L. 103–296, § 107(a)(4), in cls. (x) to (xii) as redesignated by Pub. L. 103–296, § 201(b)(2)(A)(i), substituted “Commissioner of Social Security” for “Secretary” and “Commissioner’s” for “Secretary’s” wherever appearing.
Subsec. (a)(2)(B)(xiii). Pub. L. 103–296, § 201(b)(2)(A)(i), (v), redesignated cl. (xii) as (xiii) and substituted “clause (xii)” for “clause (xi)” and “clause (xi)” for “clause (x)”.
Subsec. (a)(2)(C). Pub. L. 103–296, § 107(a)(4), in subpar. (C) as amended by Pub. L. 103–432, § 264(f), substituted “Commissioner of Social Security” for “Secretary” wherever appearing.
Subsec. (a)(2)(C)(i). Pub. L. 103–432, § 264(f)(1), substituted “to a representative payee” for “to representative payee”.
Subsec. (a)(2)(C)(ii). Pub. L. 103–432, § 264(f)(2), (3), redesignated cl. (iii) as (ii) and struck out former cl. (ii) which read as follows: “Clause (i) shall not apply in any case where the representative payee is a parent or spouse of the individual entitled to such payment who lives in the same household as such individual. The Secretary shall require such parent or spouse to verify on a periodic basis that such parent or spouse continues to live in the same household as such individual.”
Subsec. (a)(2)(C)(iii). Pub. L. 103–432, § 264(f)(3), redesignated cl. (iv) as (iii). Former cl. (iii) redesignated (ii).
Subsec. (a)(2)(C)(iv). Pub. L. 103–432, § 264(f)(4), substituted “Notwithstanding clauses (i), (ii), and (iii)” for “Notwithstanding clauses (i), (ii), (iii), and (iv)”.
Pub. L. 103–432, § 264(f)(3), redesignated cl. (v) as (iv). Former cl. (iv) redesignated (iii).
Subsec. (a)(2)(C)(v). Pub. L. 103–432, § 264(f)(3), redesignated cl. (v) as (iv).
Subsec. (a)(2)(D)(i). Pub. L. 103–296, § 201(b)(2)(B)(i)(I)(bb), inserted in closing provisions “The Secretary shall adjust annually (after 1995) each dollar amount set forth in subclause (II) of this clause under procedures providing for adjustments in the same manner and to the same extent as adjustments are provided for under the procedures used to adjust benefit amounts under section 415 (i)(2)(A) of this title, except that any amount so adjusted that is not a multiple of $1.00 shall be rounded to the nearest multiple of $1.00.”
Pub. L. 103–296, § 107(a)(4), in cl. (i) as amended by Pub. L. 103–296, § 201(b)(2)(B)(i)(I)(bb), substituted “Commissioner of Social Security” for “Secretary” in closing provisions.
Subsec. (a)(2)(D)(i)(II). Pub. L. 103–296, § 201(b)(2)(B)(i)(I)(aa), added subcl. (II) and struck out former subcl. (II) which read as follows: “$25.00 per month.”
Pub. L. 103–296, § 104(a)(7), in subcl. (II) as added by Pub. L. 103–296, § 201(b)(2)(B)(i)(I)(aa), substituted “Commissioner’s” for “Secretary’s”.
Subsec. (a)(2)(D)(ii). Pub. L. 103–296, § 201(b)(2)(B)(ii), in introductory provisions inserted “State or local government agency whose mission is to carry out income maintenance, social service, or health care-related activities, any State or local government agency with fiduciary responsibilities, or any” after “means any” and a comma after “service agency”, at end of subcl. (I) inserted “and”, and in subcl. (II) inserted “and” at end of item (aa), substituted a period for “; and” at end of item (bb), and struck out item (cc) which read as follows: “was in existence on October 1, 1988.”
Pub. L. 103–296, § 107(a)(4), substituted “Commissioner of Social Security” for “Secretary” wherever appearing.
Subsec. (a)(2)(D)(iv). Pub. L. 103–296, § 201(b)(2)(B)(iii)(II), redesignated cl. (v) as (iv).
Pub. L. 103–296, § 201(b)(2)(B)(iii)(I), struck out cl. (iv) which read as follows: “This subparagraph shall cease to be effective on July 1, 1994.”
Subsec. (a)(2)(D)(v). Pub. L. 103–296, § 201(b)(2)(B)(iii)(II), redesignated cl. (v) as (iv).
Pub. L. 103–296, § 201(b)(2)(B)(i)(II), added cl. (v).
Subsec. (a)(2)(E). Pub. L. 103–296, § 321(f)(2)(B)(ii), added subpar. (E). Former subpar. (E) redesignated (F).
Pub. L. 103–296, § 107(a)(4), in subpar. (E) as added by Pub. L. 103–296, § 321(f)(2)(B)(ii), substituted “Commissioner of Social Security” for “Secretary” wherever appearing.
Subsec. (a)(2)(F), (G). Pub. L. 103–296, § 321(f)(2)(B)(i), redesignated subpars. (E) and (F) as (F) and (G), respectively.
Pub. L. 103–296, § 107(a)(4), in subpars. (F) and (G) as redesignated by Pub. L. 103–296, § 321(f)(2)(B)(i), substituted “Commissioner of Social Security” for “Secretary” wherever appearing and “Commissioner’s” for “Secretary’s” in subpar. (G).
Subsec. (a)(3), (4), (6) to (8). Pub. L. 103–296, § 107(a)(4), substituted “Commissioner of Social Security” for “Secretary” wherever appearing, “the Commissioner’s” for “his” in par. (8)(A), and “Commissioner’s” for “Secretary’s” in par. (8)(B).
Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 103–296, § 107(a)(4), substituted “Commissioner of Social Security” for “Secretary” wherever appearing and “the Commissioner finds” for “he finds” in par. (1)(B).
Subsec. (b)(3) to (5). Pub. L. 103–432, § 267(b), redesignated pars. (4) and (5) as (3) and (4), respectively, and struck out former par. (3) which read as follows: “In any case in which advance payments for a taxable year made by all employers to an individual under section 3507 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (relating to advance payment of earned income credit) exceed the amount of such individual’s earned income credit allowable under section 32 of such Code for such year, so that such individual is liable under section 32(g) of such Code for a tax equal to such excess, the Secretary shall provide for an appropriate adjustment of such individual’s benefit amount under this subchapter so as to provide payment to such individual of an amount equal to the amount of such benefits lost by such individual on account of such excess advance payments.”
Subsec. (c)(1)(A). Pub. L. 103–296, § 107(a)(4), substituted “Commissioner of Social Security” for “Secretary” wherever appearing, “Commissioner’s determination” for “Secretary’s determination”, “the Commissioner’s findings” for “his findings”, “the Commissioner’s own motion” for “his own motion”, “the Commissioner may deem” for “he may deem”, and “the Commissioner may administer” for “he may administer”.
Subsec. (c)(1)(B). Pub. L. 103–432, § 264(g), substituted “subparagraph (A)” for “paragraph (1)” in cls. (i) and (ii).
Subsec. (c)(1)(B)(ii). Pub. L. 103–296, § 107(a)(4), substituted “Commissioner of Social Security” for “Secretary”.
Subsec. (c)(3). Pub. L. 103–296, § 107(a)(4), substituted “Commissioner of Social Security” for “Secretary” and “Commissioner’s” for “Secretary’s”.
Subsec. (d)(2)(A)(i). Pub. L. 103–296, § 321(f)(3)(A), amended cl. (i) generally. Prior to amendment, cl. (i) read as follows: “by substituting ‘section 1320a–6 (a) or 1383 (g) of this title’ for ‘section 1320a–6 (a) of this title’; and”.
Subsec. (d)(2)(B). Pub. L. 103–296, § 107(a)(4), substituted “Commissioner of Social Security” for “Secretary” in two places.
Subsec. (e)(1). Pub. L. 103–296, § 107(a)(4), substituted “Commissioner of Social Security” for “Secretary” wherever appearing.
Subsec. (e)(1)(C). Pub. L. 103–387added subpar. (C).
Subsec. (e)(2), (3). Pub. L. 103–296, § 107(a)(4), substituted “Commissioner of Social Security” for “Secretary” wherever appearing and “the Commissioner may” for “he may” in par. (2).
Subsec. (e)(4). Pub. L. 103–296, § 206(a)(2), added par. (4).
Subsec. (e)(5). Pub. L. 103–296, § 107(a)(4), substituted “Commissioner of Social Security” for “Secretary” in introductory provisions.
Subsec. (e)(6). Pub. L. 103–432, § 268, redesignated subpars. (1) and (2) of par. (6), relating to face-to-face interviews in field offices, as subpars. (A) and (B), respectively.
Pub. L. 103–296, § 206(d)(2), added par. (6) relating to suspicion of fraud or similar fault.
Pub. L. 103–296, § 107(a)(4), in par. (6), relating to suspicion of fraud or similar fault, as added by Pub. L. 103–296, § 206(d)(2), substituted “Commissioner of Social Security” for “Secretary” wherever appearing.
Pub. L. 103–296, § 107(a)(4), substituted “Commissioner of Social Security” for “Secretary” in closing provisions of par. (6) relating to face-to-face interviews in field offices.
Subsec. (e)(7). Pub. L. 103–296, § 206(f)(1), added par. (7).
Pub. L. 103–296, § 107(a)(4), in par. (7) as added by Pub. L. 103–296, § 206(f)(1), substituted “Commissioner of Social Security” for “Secretary” wherever appearing.
Subsecs. (f) to (m). Pub. L. 103–296, § 107(a)(4), substituted “Commissioner of Social Security” for “Secretary” wherever appearing, except where appearing before “of the Treasury” in subsec. (i)(1) and (3).
Subsec. (n). Pub. L. 103–432, § 264(b), which directed substitution of “section” for “subsection”, could not be executed because of amendment by Pub. L. 103–296, § 321(h)(1)(A), which substituted “subchapter” for “subsection”. See below.
Pub. L. 103–296, § 321(h)(1)(B), redesignatedsubsec. (n) relating to notice requirements as (o).
Pub. L. 103–296, § 321(h)(1)(A), substituted “subchapter” for “subsection” in subsec. (n) relating to concurrent SSI and food stamp applications by institutionalized individuals.
Pub. L. 103–296, § 107(a)(4), substituted “The Commissioner of Social Security and” for “The Secretary and” in subsec. (n) relating to concurrent SSI and food stamp applications by institutionalized individuals.
Subsec. (o). Pub. L. 103–296, § 321(h)(1)(B), redesignatedsubsec. (n) relating to notice requirements as (o).
Pub. L. 103–296, § 107(a)(4), in subsec. (o) as redesignated by Pub. L. 103–296, § 321(h)(1)(B), substituted “Commissioner of Social Security” for “Secretary” in two places in introductory provisions.
1990—Subsec. (a)(2)(A). Pub. L. 101–508, § 5105(a)(1)(B)(i), amended subpar. (A) generally. Prior to amendment, subpar. (A) read as follows: “Payments of the benefit of any individual may be made to any such individual or to his eligible spouse (if any) or partly to each, or, if the Secretary deems it appropriate to any other person (including an appropriate public or private agency) who is interested in or concerned with the welfare of such individual (or spouse). Notwithstanding the provisions of the preceding sentence, in the case of any individual or eligible spouse referred to in section 1382 (e)(3)(A) of this title, the Secretary shall provide for making payments of the benefit to any other person (including an appropriate public or private agency) who is interested in or concerned with the welfare of such individual (or spouse).”
Subsec. (a)(2)(B). Pub. L. 101–508, § 5105(a)(2)(A)(ii), amended subpar. (B) generally. Prior to amendment, subpar. (B) read as follows: “Any determination made under subparagraph (A) that payment should be made to a person other than the individual or spouse entitled to such payment must be made on the basis of an investigation, carried out either prior to such determination or within forty-five days after such determination, and on the basis of adequate evidence that such determination is in the interest of the individual or spouse entitled to such payment (as determined by the Secretary in regulations). The Secretary shall ensure that such determinations are adequately reviewed.”
Subsec. (a)(2)(C)(i). Pub. L. 101–508, § 5105(a)(1)(B)(ii)(I), substituted “representative payee of an individual or spouse” for “a person other than the individual or spouse entitled to such payment”.
Subsec. (a)(2)(C)(ii) to (iv). Pub. L. 101–508, § 5105(a)(1)(B)(ii)(II), substituted “representative payee” for “other person to whom such payment is made”.
Subsec. (a)(2)(C)(v). Pub. L. 101–508, § 5105(a)(1)(B)(ii)(III), substituted “representative payee” for “person receiving payments on behalf of another” and for “person receiving such payments”.
Subsec. (a)(2)(D). Pub. L. 101–508, § 5105(a)(3)(A)(ii)(III)[(II)], added subpar. (D). Former subpar. (D) redesignated (E).
Subsec. (a)(2)(E). Pub. L. 101–508, § 5105(c)(2), added subpar. (E). Former subpar. (E) redesignated (F).
Pub. L. 101–508, § 5105(a)(3)(A)(ii)(I), redesignated subpar. (D) as (E).
Subsec. (a)(2)(F). Pub. L. 101–508, § 5105(d)(1)(B), which directed amendment of subsec. (a)(2)(E), as redesignated by section 5105(c)(2) ofPub. L. 101–508, by redesignating it as subpar. (E) and amending it generally, was executed to subpar. (E), as added by section 5105(c)(2) ofPub. L. 101–508, as the probable intent of Congress. Prior to amendment, subpar. (E) read as follows: “In cases where the negligent failure of the Secretary to investigate or monitor a representative payee results in misuse of benefits by the representative payee, the Secretary shall make payment to the beneficiary or the beneficiary’s representative payee of an amount equal to such misused benefits. The Secretary shall make a good faith effort to obtain restitution from the terminated representative payee.”
Pub. L. 101–508, § 5105(c)(2), redesignated subpar. (E) as (F).
Subsec. (a)(4)(B). Pub. L. 101–508, § 5038(a), substituted “6 months” for “3 months”.
Subsec. (a)(6)(A). Pub. L. 101–508, § 5113(b)(1), added subpar. (A) and struck out former subpar. (A) which read as follows: “such individual is participating in an approved vocational rehabilitation program under a State plan approved under title I of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, and”.
Subsec. (a)(6)(B). Pub. L. 101–508, § 5113(b)(2), substituted “Secretary” for “Commissioner of Social Security”.
Subsec. (a)(9). Pub. L. 101–508, § 5031(c), added par. (9).
Subsec. (c)(1). Pub. L. 101–508, § 5107(a)(2), designated existing provision as subpar. (A) and added subpar. (B).
Subsec. (d)(2)(A). Pub. L. 101–508, § 5106(a)(2), amended subpar. (A) generally, substituting cls. (i) and (ii) for former single par. which authorized Secretary to prescribe regulations relating to representation of claimants before the Secretary, representation by attorneys, suspension of representatives, and maximum fees for representation, provided penalties for deceiving claimants and exceeding maximum fees, and required Secretary to maintain in the electronic information retrieval system of the Social Security Administration the identity of representatives of claimants.
Subsec. (h). Pub. L. 101–508, § 5106(c), inserted at end “The amount available for payment under this subsection for travel by a representative to attend an administrative proceeding before an administrative law judge or other adjudicator shall not exceed the maximum amount allowable under this subsection for such travel originating within the geographic area of the office having jurisdiction over such proceeding.”
Subsec. (j)(2)(A). Pub. L. 101–508, § 5039(b), inserted “(other than subsection (c) thereof)” after first reference to “section 1382h of this title”.
Subsec. (m). Pub. L. 101–508, § 5040(1), struck out at end “The Secretary and the Secretary of Agriculture shall develop a procedure under which an individual who applies for supplemental security income benefits under this subchapter shall also be permitted to apply for participation in the food stamp program by executing a single application.”
Subsec. (n). Pub. L. 101–508, § 5109(a)(2), added subsec. (n) relating to notice requirements.
Pub. L. 101–508, § 5040(2), added subsec. (n) relating to concurrent SSI and food stamp applications by institutionalized individuals.
1989—Subsec. (c)(1). Pub. L. 101–239, § 10305(e), inserted at end “The Secretary shall specifically take into account any physical, mental, educational, or linguistic limitation of such individual (including any lack of facility with the English language) in determining, with respect to the eligibility of such individual for benefits under this subchapter, whether such individual acted in good faith or was at fault, and in determining fraud, deception, or intent.”
Subsec. (d)(2). Pub. L. 101–239, § 10307(b)(2), designated existing provisions as subpar. (A) and added subpar. (B).
Pub. L. 101–239, § 10307(a)(2), inserted at end “The Secretary shall maintain in the electronic information retrieval system used by the Social Security Administration a current record, with respect to any claimant before the Secretary, of the identity of any person representing such claimant in accordance with this paragraph.”
Subsec. (e)(5). Pub. L. 101–239, § 10302(b)(1), added par. (5).
Subsec. (e)(6). Pub. L. 101–239, § 10303(b), added par. (6).
1988—Subsec. (a)(8). Pub. L. 100–647added par. (8).
1987—Subsec. (a)(4)(A). Pub. L. 100–203, § 9109(a), substituted “a cash advance against such benefits, including any federally-administered State supplementary payments, in an amount not exceeding the monthly amount that would be payable to an eligible individual with no other income for the first month of such presumptive eligibility” for “a cash advance against such benefits in an amount not exceeding $100”.
Subsec. (a)(6). Pub. L. 100–203, § 9112(a), in introductory provision inserted “blindness (as determined under section 1382c (a)(2) of this title) or” before “disability” and “blindness or other” before “physical”, and in subpar. (B) inserted “blindness and” before “disability”.
Subsec. (g)(2). Pub. L. 100–203, § 9110(a), substituted “at the time the Secretary makes the first payment of benefits with respect to the period described in clause (A) or (B) of paragraph (3)” for “at the time the Secretary makes the first payment of benefits”.
Subsec. (g)(3). Pub. L. 100–203, § 9110(b), inserted cl. (A) designation after “basic needs” and added cl. (B).
Subsec. (j). Pub. L. 100–203, § 9123, redesignatedsubsec. (j), relating to pre-release procedures for institutionalized persons, as (m).
Subsec. (l). Pub. L. 100–203, § 9111(a)(1), added subsec. (l).
Subsec. (m). Pub. L. 100–203, § 9123, redesignatedsubsec. (j), relating to pre-release procedures for institutionalized persons, as (m) and reenacted heading without change.
1986—Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 99–643, § 8(a), substituted “(A) Whenever the Secretary” for “Whenever the Secretary”, “by recovery from such individual or his eligible spouse (or from the estate of either) or by payment to such individual or his eligible spouse, or, if such individual is deceased, by payment—” for “by recovery from or payment to such individual or his eligible spouse (or by recovery from the estate of either). The Secretary (A) shall make”, added subpar. (A)(i) and (ii), substituted “(B) the Secretary (i) shall make such provision” for “such provision”, “and (ii) shall in any event” for “and (B) shall in any event”, “(I) the amount” for “(i) the amount”, “(II) an amount” for “(ii) an amount”, “clause (ii)” for “clause (B)”, and “clause (i)” for “clause (A)”.
Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 99–272added par. (2). Former par. (2) redesignated (3).
Subsec. (b)(3). Pub. L. 99–514, § 2, substituted “Internal Revenue Code of 1986” for “Internal Revenue Code of 1954”.
Pub. L. 99–272redesignated par. (2) as (3). Former par. (3) redesignated (4).
Subsec. (b)(4), (5). Pub. L. 99–272redesignated pars. (3) and (4) as (4) and (5), respectively.
Subsec. (e)(1)(A). Pub. L. 99–643, § 4(c)(1)(A), substituted “subparagraph (B) and subsection (j) of this section” for “subparagraph (B)”.
Subsec. (e)(1)(B). Pub. L. 99–514, § 2, substituted “Internal Revenue Code of 1986” for “Internal Revenue Code of 1954”.
Subsec. (e)(3). Pub. L. 99–570, § 11005(a), added par. (3).
Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 99–514, § 1883(d)(1), amended heading generally.
Subsec. (j). Pub. L. 99–570, § 11006, added subsec. (j) relating to pre-release procedures for institutionalized persons.
Pub. L. 99–643, § 4(c)(1)(B), added subsec. (j) relating to application and review requirements for certain individuals.
Subsec. (j)(2)(A). Pub. L. 99–643, § 4(d)(3)(B), in subsec. (j) relating to application and review requirements, substituted “section 1382c (a)(4) of this title” for “section 1382c (a)(5) of this title” in closing provisions.
Subsec. (k). Pub. L. 99–643, § 5, added subsec. (k).
1984—Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 98–460, § 16(b), redesignated existing provisions as subpar. (A) and added subpars. (B) to (D).
Subsec. (a)(7). Pub. L. 98–460, § 7(b), added par. (7).
Pub. L. 98–369, § 2612(a), inserted “(A)” before “shall make such provision” in second sentence, and added cl. (B).
Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 98–369, § 2663(g)(11)(A), substituted “equity and good conscience” for “equity or good conscience”.
Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 98–369, § 2663(g)(11)(B), substituted “section 32” and “section 32 (g)” for “section 43” and “section 43 (g)”, respectively.
Subsec. (b)(3), (4). Pub. L. 98–369, § 2613, added par. (3) and redesignated former par. (3) as (4).
Subsec. (d)(1). Pub. L. 98–369, § 2663(g)(12), substituted “and (e)” for “(e), and (f)”.
Subsec. (e)(1)(B). Pub. L. 98–369, § 2651(j), inserted provision that for this purpose and for purposes of federally administered supplementary payments of the type described in section 1382e (a) of this title (including payments pursuant to an agreement entered into under section 212(a) ofPublic Law 93–66), the Secretary shall, as may be necessary, request and utilize information available pursuant to section 6103(l)(7) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1954, and any information which may be available from State systems under section 1320b–7 of this title, and shall comply with the requirements applicable to States (with respect to information available pursuant to section 6103(l)(7)(B) of such Code) under subsections (a)(6) and (c) of such section 1320b–7 of this title.
1982—Subsec. (i)(2). Pub. L. 97–248substituted “such benefit checks” for “checks payable to individuals entitled to benefits under this subchapter but”.
1981—Subsec. (i). Pub. L. 97–35added subsec. (i).
1980—Subsec. (a)(6). Pub. L. 96–265, § 301(b), added par. (6).
Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 96–473redesignated par. (2) as added by Pub. L. 96–265, § 501(c), as (3).
Pub. L. 96–265, § 501(c), designated existing provisions as par. (1) and added par. (2), without reference to identical amendment made by Pub. L. 96–222. Such par. (2) was subsequently redesignated par. (3) by Pub. L. 96–473.
Pub. L. 96–222designated existing provisions as par. (1) and added par. (2).
Subsec. (c)(1). Pub. L. 96–265, § 305(b), inserted provisions relating to information that must accompany a decision of Secretary.
Subsec. (h). Pub. L. 96–265, § 310(b), added subsec. (h).
1976—Subsec. (a)(4)(B). Pub. L. 94–569inserted “or blindness” after “disability” and “or blind” after “disabled” wherever appearing.
Subsec. (c)(1). Pub. L. 94–202, § 1, increased authority of Secretary by permitting him to hold hearings on his own motion, to administer oaths, examine witnesses, and receive evidence at hearings, and increased time within which a request for a hearing be made after notice of Secretary’s determination is received from thirty to sixty days.
Subsec. (c)(2). Pub. L. 94–202, § 1, reenacted par. (2) without change.
Subsec. (c)(3). Pub. L. 94–202, § 1, struck out exception to judicial review which made factual determinations by the Secretary, after a hearing as provided by subsec. (c)(1), final and conclusive.
Subsec. (d)(2), (3). Pub. L. 94–202, § 2, struck out par. (2) which related to appointment of individuals to serve as hearing examiners without meeting specific standards prescribed for hearing examiners, and redesignated par. (3) as par. (2).
Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 94–365struck out par. (6) which provided that provisions of this subsection were to expire on June 30, 1976, at least sixty days prior to which, the Secretary was to submit to Congress a report assessing effects of actions taken pursuant to this subsection and including whatever recommendations the Secretary deemed appropriate.
1974—Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 93–368added subsec. (g).
1973—Subsec. (a)(4)(B). Pub. L. 93–233inserted “solely because such individual is determined not to be disabled.”
Effective Date of 2010 Amendment

Amendment by section 3(b)(1) ofPub. L. 111–142shall be fully implemented as provided by the Commissioner of Social Security not later than Mar. 1, 2010, see section 3(c) ofPub. L. 111–142, set out as a note under section 406 of this title.
Effective Date of 2009 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 111–115effective for payments that would otherwise be made on or after Dec. 15, 2009, see section 2(c) ofPub. L. 111–115, set out as a note under section 404 of this title.
Effective Date of 2008 Amendment

Amendment of this section and repeal of Pub. L. 110–234by Pub. L. 110–246effective May 22, 2008, the date of enactment of Pub. L. 110–234, except as otherwise provided, see section 4 ofPub. L. 110–246, set out as an Effective Date note under section 8701 of Title 7, Agriculture.
Amendment by section 4002(b)(1)(A), (B), (2)(V) ofPub. L. 110–246effective Oct. 1, 2008, see section 4407 ofPub. L. 110–246, set out as a note under section 1161 of Title 2, The Congress.
Effective Date of 2006 Amendment

Pub. L. 109–171, title VII, § 7502(b),Feb. 8, 2006, 120 Stat. 154, provided that: “The amendment made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall take effect 3 months after the date of the enactment of this Act [Feb. 8, 2006].”
Effective and Termination Dates of 2004 Amendment

Amendment by section 101(c)(1), (3) ofPub. L. 108–203applicable to any case of benefit misuse by a representative payee with respect to which the Commissioner of Social Security makes the determination of misuse on or after Jan. 1, 1995, see section 101(d) ofPub. L. 108–203, set out as a note under section 405 of this title.
Amendment by section 102(a)(2) ofPub. L. 108–203effective on the first day of the thirteenth month beginning after Mar. 2, 2004, see section 102(a)(3) ofPub. L. 108–203, set out as a note under section 405 of this title.
Amendment by section 103(c) ofPub. L. 108–203effective on the first day of the thirteenth month beginning after Mar. 2, 2004, see section 103(d) ofPub. L. 108–203, set out as a note under section 405 of this title.
Amendment by section 104(b) ofPub. L. 108–203applicable to any month involving benefit misuse by a representative payee in any case with respect to which the Commissioner of Social Security or a court of competent jurisdiction makes the determination of misuse after 180 days after Mar. 2, 2004, see section 104(c) ofPub. L. 108–203, set out as a note under section 405 of this title.
Amendment by section 105(c) ofPub. L. 108–203applicable to benefit misuse by a representative payee in any case with respect to which the Commissioner of Social Security or a court of competent jurisdiction makes the determination of misuse after 180 days after Mar. 2, 2004, see section 105(d) ofPub. L. 108–203, set out as a note under section 405 of this title.
Amendment by section 106(c) ofPub. L. 108–203effective 180 days after Mar. 2, 2004, see section 106(d) ofPub. L. 108–203, set out as a note under section 405 of this title.
Amendment by section 210(b)(4) ofPub. L. 108–203effective Mar. 2, 2004, and effective with respect to overpayments under subchapters II, VIII, and XVI of this chapter that are outstanding on or after such date, see section 210(c) ofPub. L. 108–203, set out as a note under section 404 of this title.
Pub. L. 108–203, title III, § 302(c),Mar. 2, 2004, 118 Stat. 521, as amended by Pub. L. 111–142, § 2(a)(2),Feb. 27, 2010, 124 Stat. 38, provided that:
“The amendments made by this section [amending this section] shall apply with respect to fees for representation of claimants which are first required to be paid under section 1631(d)(2) of the Social Security Act [42 U.S.C. 1383 (d)(2)] on or after the date of the submission by the Commissioner of Social Security to each House of Congress pursuant to section 303(d) of this Act [set out as a note under section 406 of this title] of written notice of completion of full implementation of the requirements for operation of the demonstration project under section 303 of this Act [set out as a note under section 406 of this title].”
Effective Date of 1999 Amendments

Amendment by section 101(b)(2)(C) ofPub. L. 106–170effective with the first month following one year after Dec. 17, 1999, subject to section 101(d) ofPub. L. 106–170, see section 101(c) ofPub. L. 106–170, set out as an Effective Date note under section 1320b–19 of this title.
Amendment by section 112(b) ofPub. L. 106–170effective on the first day of the thirteenth month beginning after Dec. 17, 1999, and no benefit to be payable under this subchapter on the basis of a request for reinstatement filed under subsec. (p) of this section before such date, see section 112(c) ofPub. L. 106–170, set out as a note under section 423 of this title.
Amendment by section 201(b) ofPub. L. 106–169applicable to overpayments made 12 months or more after Dec. 14, 1999, see section 201(c) ofPub. L. 106–169, set out as a note under section 404 of this title.
Pub. L. 106–169, title II, § 202(b),Dec. 14, 1999, 113 Stat. 1832, provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending this section] shall take effect 12 months after the date of the enactment of this Act [Dec. 14, 1999] and shall apply to amounts incorrectly paid which remain outstanding on or after such date.”
Amendment by section 203(a) ofPub. L. 106–169applicable to debt outstanding on or after Dec. 14, 1999, see section 203(d) ofPub. L. 106–169, set out as a note under section 3701 of Title 31, Money and Finance.
Effective Date of 1998 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 105–306effective Oct. 28, 1998, and applicable to amounts incorrectly paid which remain outstanding on or after such date, see section 8(c) ofPub. L. 105–306, set out as a note under section 404 of this title.
Effective Date of 1997 Amendment

Amendment by section 5522(b) ofPub. L. 105–33effective as if included in the enactment of title II of the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996, Pub. L. 104–193, see section 5528(a) ofPub. L. 105–33, set out as a note under section 903 of this title.
Amendment by section 5564 ofPub. L. 105–33effective as if included in the enactment of title IV of the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996, Pub. L. 104–193, see section 5582 ofPub. L. 105–33, set out as a note under section 1367 of Title 8, Aliens and Nationality.
Effective Date of 1996 Amendment

Amendment by section 204(b), (c)(2) ofPub. L. 104–193applicable to applications for benefits under this subchapter filed on or after Aug. 22, 1996, without regard to whether regulations have been issued to implement amendments by section 204 ofPub. L. 104–193, see section 204(d) ofPub. L. 104–193, set out as a note under section 1382 of this title.
Amendment by section 213(a) ofPub. L. 104–193applicable to payments made after Aug. 22, 1996, see section 213(d) ofPub. L. 104–193, set out as a note under section 1382a of this title.
Pub. L. 104–193, title II, § 221(c),Aug. 22, 1996, 110 Stat. 2197, provided that:
“(1) In general.—The amendments made by this section [amending this section] are effective with respect to past-due benefits payable under title XVI of the Social Security Act [this subchapter] after the third month following the month in which this Act is enacted [August 1996].
“(2) Benefits payable under title xvi.—For purposes of this subsection, the term ‘benefits payable under title XVI of the Social Security Act’ includes supplementary payments pursuant to an agreement for Federal administration under section 1616(a) of the Social Security Act [section 1382e (a) of this title], and payments pursuant to an agreement entered into under section 212(b) ofPublic Law 93–66 [set out as a note under section 1382 of this title].”
Amendment by Pub. L. 104–121effective July 1, 1996, with respect to any individual whose claim for benefits is finally adjudicated on or after Mar. 29, 1996, or whose eligibility for benefits is based upon eligibility redetermination made pursuant to section 105(b)(5)(C) ofPub. L. 104–121, see section 105(b)(5) ofPub. L. 104–121, as amended, set out as a note under section 1382 of this title.
Effective Date of 1994 Amendment

Amendment by section 264 (b) and (e)–(g) of Pub. L. 103–432effective as if included in the provision of Pub. L. 101–508to which the amendment relates at the time such provision became law, see section 264(h) ofPub. L. 103–432, set out as a note under section 1320b–9 of this title.
Pub. L. 103–387, § 6(b),Oct. 22, 1994, 108 Stat. 4077, provided that: “The amendment made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall apply to admissions occurring on or after October 1, 1995.”
Amendment by section 107(a)(4) ofPub. L. 103–296effective Mar. 31, 1995, see section 110(a) ofPub. L. 103–296, set out as a note under section 401 of this title.
Pub. L. 103–296, title II, § 201(b)(1)(C),Aug. 15, 1994, 108 Stat. 1500, provided that: “The amendments made by this paragraph [amending this section] shall apply with respect to months beginning after 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act [Aug. 15, 1994].”
Pub. L. 103–296, title II, § 201(b)(2)(B)(iii)(I),Aug. 15, 1994, 108 Stat. 1501, provided that the amendment made by section 201 (b)(2)(B)(iii)(I) is effective July 1, 1994.
Pub. L. 103–296, title II, § 201(b)(2)(C),Aug. 15, 1994, 108 Stat. 1501, provided that: “Except as provided in subparagraph (B)(iii)(I) [amending this section and enacting provisions set out as a note above], the amendments made by this paragraph [amending this section] shall apply with respect to months beginning after 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act [Aug. 15, 1994].”
Amendment by section 206(a)(2) ofPub. L. 103–296applicable to translations made on or after Oct. 1, 1994, see section 206(a)(3) ofPub. L. 103–296, set out as a note under section 405 of this title.
Amendment by section 206(d)(2) ofPub. L. 103–296effective Oct. 1, 1994, and applicable to determinations made before, on, or after such date, see section 206(d)(3) ofPub. L. 103–296, set out as a note under section 405 of this title.
Pub. L. 103–296, title II, § 206(f)(2),Aug. 15, 1994, 108 Stat. 1515, provided that: “The amendment made by paragraph (1) [amending this section] shall take effect on October 1, 1994.”
Amendment by section 321(f)(2)(B), (3)(A) ofPub. L. 103–296effective as if included in the provisions of Pub. L. 101–508to which such amendment relates, see section 321(f)(5) ofPub. L. 103–296, set out as a note under section 405 of this title.
Effective Date of 1990 Amendment

Amendment by section 5031(c) ofPub. L. 101–508applicable with respect to benefits for months beginning on or after the first day of the 6th calendar month following November 1990, see section 5031(d) ofPub. L. 101–508, set out as a note under section 1382a of this title.
Pub. L. 101–508, title V, § 5038(b),Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1388–226, provided that: “The amendment made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall apply with respect to benefits for months beginning on or after the first day of the 6th calendar month following the month in which this Act is enacted [November 1990].”
Amendment by section 5105(a)(1)(B), (2)(A)(ii) ofPub. L. 101–508effective July 1, 1991, and applicable only with respect to (i) certifications of payment of benefits under subchapter II of this chapter to representative payees made on or after such date; and (ii) provisions for payment of benefits under this subchapter to representative payees made on or after such date, and amendment by section 5105(a)(3)(A)(ii) ofPub. L. 101–508effective July 1, 1991, see section 5105(a)(5) ofPub. L. 101–508set out as a note under section 405 of this title.
Amendment by section 5105(d)(1)(B) ofPub. L. 101–508applicable with respect to annual reports issued for years after 1991, see section 5105(d)(2) ofPub. L. 101–508, set out as a note under section 405 of this title.
Amendment by section 5106(a)(2), (c) ofPub. L. 101–508applicable with respect to determinations made on or after July 1, 1991, and to reimbursement for travel expenses incurred on or after Apr. 1, 1991, see section 5106(d) ofPub. L. 101–508, set out as a note under section 401 of this title.
Amendment by section 5107(a)(2) ofPub. L. 101–508applicable with respect to adverse determinations made on or after July 1, 1991, see section 5107(b) ofPub. L. 101–508, set out as a note under section 405 of this title.
Amendment by section 5109(a)(2) ofPub. L. 101–508applicable with respect to notices issued on or after July 1, 1991, see section 5109(b) ofPub. L. 101–508, set out as a note under section 405 of this title.
Amendment by section 5113(b) ofPub. L. 101–508effective with respect to benefits payable for months after the eleventh month following November 1990, and applicable only with respect to individuals whose blindness or disability has or may have ceased after such eleventh month, see section 5113(c) ofPub. L. 101–508, set out as a note under section 425 of this title.
Effective Date of 1989 Amendment

Pub. L. 101–239, title X, § 10302(b)(2),Dec. 19, 1989, 103 Stat. 2482, provided that: “The amendment made by paragraph (1) [amending this section] shall apply with respect to misinformation furnished on or after the date of the enactment of this Act [Dec. 19, 1989] and to benefits for months after the month in which this Act is enacted [December 1989].”
Amendment by section 10303(b) ofPub. L. 101–239applicable to visits to field offices of Social Security Administration on or after Jan. 1, 1990, see section 10303(c) ofPub. L. 101–239, set out as a note under section 405 of this title.
Amendment by section 10305(e) ofPub. L. 101–239applicable with respect to determinations made on or after July 1, 1990, see section 10305(f) ofPub. L. 101–239, set out as a note under section 403 of this title.
Amendment by section 10307(a)(2) ofPub. L. 101–239effective June 1, 1991, see section 10307(a)(3) ofPub. L. 101–239, set out as a note under section 406 of this title.
Amendment by section 10307(b)(2) ofPub. L. 101–239applicable with respect to adverse determinations made on or after Jan. 1, 1991, see section 10307(b)(3) ofPub. L. 101–239, set out as a note under section 406 of this title.
Effective Date of 1988 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 100–647applicable to determinations by administrative law judges of entitlement to benefits made after 180 days after Nov. 10, 1988, see section 8001(c) ofPub. L. 100–647, set out as a note under section 423 of this title.
Effective Date of 1987 Amendment

Pub. L. 100–203, title IX, § 9109(b),Dec. 22, 1987, 101 Stat. 1330–302, provided that: “The amendment made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall become effective on the date of the enactment of this Act [Dec. 22, 1987].”
Pub. L. 100–203, title IX, § 9110(c),Dec. 22, 1987, 101 Stat. 1330–303, provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending this section] shall become effective with the 13th month following the month in which this Act is enacted [December 1987], or, if sooner, with the first month for which the Secretary of Health and Human Services determines that it is administratively feasible.”
Pub. L. 100–203, title IX, § 9111(c),Dec. 22, 1987, 101 Stat. 1330–304, provided that: “The amendment made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall become effective July 1, 1988.”
Pub. L. 100–203, title IX, § 9112(b),Dec. 22, 1987, 101 Stat. 1330–304, provided that: “The amendments made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall become effective April 1, 1988.”
Effective Date of 1986 Amendment

Amendment by sections 4(c)(1), (d)(3)(B) and 5 ofPub. L. 99–643effective July 1, 1987, except as otherwise provided, see section 10(b) ofPub. L. 99–643, set out as a note under section 1396a of this title.
Pub. L. 99–643, § 8(b),Nov. 10, 1986, 100 Stat. 3579, provided that: “The amendments made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall apply with respect to benefits payable for months after May 1986.”
Pub. L. 99–570, title XI, § 11005(c)(1),Oct. 27, 1986, 100 Stat. 3207–169, provided that: “The amendment made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall become effective on the date of the enactment of this Act [Oct. 27, 1986].”
Amendment by Pub. L. 99–272applicable only in the case of deaths of which the Secretary is first notified on or after Apr. 7, 1986, see section 12113(c) ofPub. L. 99–272, set out as a note under section 404 of this title.
Effective Date of 1984 Amendment

Amendment by section 16(b) ofPub. L. 98–460effective Oct. 9, 1984, see section 16(d) ofPub. L. 98–460, set out as a note under section 405 of this title.
Amendment by sections 2612(a) and 2613 ofPub. L. 98–369effective Oct. 1, 1984, except as otherwise specifically provided, see section 2646 ofPub. L. 98–369, set out as a note under section 657 of this title.
Amendment by section 2651(j) ofPub. L. 98–369effective July 18, 1984, see section 2651(l)(1) ofPub. L. 98–369, set out as an Effective Date note under section 1320b–7 of this title.
Amendment by section 2663(g)(11), (12) ofPub. L. 98–369effective July 18, 1984, but not to be construed as changing or affecting any right, liability, status, or interpretation which existed (under the provisions of law involved) before that date, see section 2664(b) ofPub. L. 98–369, set out as a note under section 401 of this title.
Effective Date of 1982 Amendment

Pub. L. 97–248, title I, § 187(b),Sept. 3, 1982, 96 Stat. 407, provided that: “The amendment made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall become effective October 1, 1982.”
Effective Date of 1981 Amendment

Pub. L. 97–35, title XXIII, § 2343(b),Aug. 13, 1981, 95 Stat. 866, provided that: “The amendment made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall become effective October 1, 1982.”
Effective Date of 1980 Amendment

Amendment by section 301(b) ofPub. L. 96–265effective on first day of sixth month which begins after June 9, 1980, and applicable with respect to individuals whose disability has not been determined to have ceased prior to such first day, see section 301(c) ofPub. L. 96–265, set out as a note under section 425 of this title.
Amendment by section 305(b) ofPub. L. 96–265applicable with respect to decisions made on or after the first day of the 13th month following June, 1980, see section 305(c) ofPub. L. 96–265, set out as a note under section 405 of this title.
Amendment by section 501(c) ofPub. L. 96–265applicable in the case of payments of monthly insurance benefits under subchapter II of this chapter, entitlement for which is determined on or after July 1, 1981, see section 501(d) ofPub. L. 96–265, set out as an Effective Date note under section 1320a–6 of this title.
Effective Date of 1976 Amendment

Pub. L. 94–569, § 4(b),Oct. 20, 1976, 90 Stat. 2700, provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending this section] shall apply with respect to months after the month following the month in which this Act is enacted [October 1976].”
Amendment by sections 1 and 2 ofPub. L. 94–202effective Jan. 2, 1976, with the amendment by section 2 ofPub. L. 94–202, to the extent that it changes the period within which a hearing must be requested, applicable to any decision or determination which is received on or after Jan. 2, 1976, see section 5 ofPub. L. 94–202, set out as a note under section 405 of this title.
Effective Date of 1973 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 93–233effective Jan. 1, 1974, see Pub. L. 93–233, § 18(z–3)(1), Dec. 31, 1973, 87 Stat. 974.
Effective Date

Pub. L. 92–603, title III, § 301,Oct. 30, 1972, 86 Stat. 1465, provided that this section is effective Jan. 1, 1974.
Regulations

Pub. L. 104–193, title II, § 222,Aug. 22, 1996, 110 Stat. 2197, provided that: “Within 3 months after the date of the enactment of this Act [Aug. 22, 1996], the Commissioner of Social Security shall prescribe such regulations as may be necessary to implement the amendments made by this subtitle [subtitle C (§§ 221, 222) of title II of Pub. L. 104–193, amending this section].”
Abolition of Immigration and Naturalization Service and Transfer of Functions

For abolition of Immigration and Naturalization Service, transfer of functions, and treatment of related references, see note set out under section 1551 of Title 8, Aliens and Nationality.
Payment of Travel Expenses

Pub. L. 102–394, title II, Oct. 6, 1992, 106 Stat. 1807, provided in part: “That for fiscal year 1993 and thereafter, travel expense payments under section 1631(h) of such Act [subsec. (h) of this section] for travel to hearings may be made only when travel of more than seventy-five miles is required”.
Similar provisions were contained in the following prior appropriation acts:
Pub. L. 102–170, title II, Nov. 26, 1991, 105 Stat. 1122.
Pub. L. 101–517, title II, Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 2204.
Pub. L. 101–166, title II, Nov. 21, 1989, 103 Stat. 1173.
Pub. L. 100–436, title II, Sept. 20, 1988, 102 Stat. 1695.
Pub. L. 100–202, § 101(h) [title II], Dec. 22, 1987, 101 Stat. 1329–256, 1329–270.
Pub. L. 99–500, § 101(i) [H.R. 5233, title II], Oct. 18, 1986, 100 Stat. 1783–287, and Pub. L. 99–591, § 101(i) [H.R. 5233, title II], Oct. 30, 1986, 100 Stat. 3341–287.
Pub. L. 99–178, title II, Dec. 12, 1985, 99 Stat. 1116.
Pub. L. 98–619, title II, Nov. 8, 1984, 98 Stat. 3318.
Pub. L. 98–139, title II, Oct. 31, 1983, 97 Stat. 884.
Pub. L. 97–377, title I, § 101(e)(1),Dec. 21, 1982, 96 Stat. 1891.
Pub. L. 97–92, § 101(a) [H.R. 4560, title II], Dec. 15, 1981, 95 Stat. 1183.
Deposit of Overpayments in General Fund of Treasury

Pub. L. 102–170, title II, Nov. 26, 1991, 105 Stat. 1122, provided: “That for fiscal year 1992 and thereafter, all collections from repayments of overpayments shall be deposited in the general fund of the Treasury.”
Opportunity for Individuals Receiving Benefits To Make Election for Type of Notice of Hearing or Other Official Action

Pub. L. 100–203, title IX, § 9111(a)(2),Dec. 22, 1987, 101 Stat. 1330–303, directed Secretary of Health and Human Services, not later than one year after July 1, 1988, to provide every individual receiving benefits under this subchapter on the basis of blindness an opportunity to make an election under subsec. (l)(1) of this section.
Study of Desirability and Feasibility of Special Notices of Hearings and Other Actions to Other Individuals Unable To Read

Pub. L. 100–203, title IX, § 9111(b),Dec. 22, 1987, 101 Stat. 1330–303, directed Secretary of Health and Human Services to study desirability and feasibility of extending special or supplementary notices of the type provided to blind individuals by subsec. (l) of this section to other individuals who may lack the ability to read and comprehend regular written notices, and report the results of such study to Congress, along with recommendations, within 12 months after Dec. 22, 1987.
Demonstration Program To Assist Homeless Individuals

Pub. L. 100–203, title IX, § 9117,Dec. 22, 1987, 101 Stat. 1330–306, as amended by Pub. L. 104–66, title I, § 1061(e),Dec. 21, 1995, 109 Stat. 720, provided that:
“(a) In General.—The Secretary of Health and Human Services (in this section referred to as the ‘Secretary’) is authorized to make grants to States for projects designed to demonstrate and test the feasibility of special procedures and services to ensure that homeless individuals are provided SSI and other benefits under the Social Security Act [this chapter] to which they are entitled and receive assistance in using such benefits to obtain permanent housing, food, and health care. Each project approved under this section shall meet such conditions and requirements, consistent with this section, as the Secretary shall prescribe.
“(b) Scope of Projects.—Projects for which grants are made under this section shall include, more specifically, procedures and services to overcome barriers which prevent homeless individuals (particularly the chronically mentally ill) from receiving and appropriately using benefits, including—
“(1) the creation of cooperative approaches between the Social Security Administration, State and local governments, shelters for the homeless, and other providers of services to the homeless;
“(2) the establishment, where appropriate, of multi-agency SSI Outreach Teams (as described in subsection (c)), to facilitate communication between the agencies and staff involved in taking and processing claims for SSI and other benefits by the homeless who use shelters;
“(3) special efforts to identify homeless individuals who are potentially eligible for SSI or other benefits under the Social Security Act [this chapter];
“(4) the provision of special assistance to the homeless in applying for benefits, including assistance in obtaining and developing evidence of disability and supporting documentation for nondisability-related eligibility requirements;
“(5) the provision of special training and assistance to public and private agency staff, including shelter employees, on disability eligibility procedures and evidentiary requirements;
“(6) the provision of ongoing assistance to formerly homeless individuals to ensure their responding to information requests related to periodic redeterminations of eligibility for SSI and other benefits;
“(7) the provision of assistance in ensuring appropriate use of benefit funds for the purpose of enabling homeless individuals to obtain permanent housing, nutrition, and physical and mental health care, including the use, where appropriate, of the disabled individual’s representative payee for case management services; and
“(8) such other procedures and services as the Secretary may approve.
“(c) SSI Outreach Team Projects.—(1) If a State applies for funds under this section for the purpose of establishing a multi-agency SSI Outreach Team, the membership and functions of such Team shall be as follows (except as provided in paragraph (2)):
“(A) The membership of the Team shall include a social services case worker (or case workers, if necessary); a consultative medical examiner who is qualified to provide consultative examinations for the Disability Determination Service of the State; a disability examiner, from the State Disability Determination Service; and a claims representative from an office of the Social Security Administration.
“(B) The Team shall have designated members responsible for—
“(i) identification of homeless individuals who are potentially eligible for SSI or other benefits under the Social Security Act [this chapter];
“(ii) ensuring that such individuals understand their rights under the programs;
“(iii) assisting such individuals in applying for benefits, including assistance in obtaining and developing evidence and supporting documentation relating to disability- and nondisability-related eligibility requirements;
“(iv) arranging transportation and accompanying applicants to necessary examinations, if needed; and
“(v) providing for the tracking and monitoring of all claims for benefits by individuals under the project.
“(2) If the Secretary determines that an application by a State for an SSI Outreach Team Project under this section which proposes a membership and functions for such Team different from those prescribed in paragraph (1) but which is expected to be as effective, the Secretary may waive the requirements of such paragraph.
[(d) Repealed. Pub. L. 104–66, title I, § 1061(e),Dec. 21, 1995, 109 Stat. 720.]
“(e) Authorization of Appropriations.—To carry out this section, there are authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary—
“(A) the sum of $1,250,000 for the fiscal year 1988;
“(B) the sum of $2,500,000 for the fiscal year 1989; and
“(C) such sums as may be necessary for each fiscal year thereafter.”
Notification of Adjustment of Benefits by Secretary

Pub. L. 98–369, div. B, title VI, § 2612(b),July 18, 1984, 98 Stat. 1131, provided that: “If an adjustment referred to in section 1631(b)(1) of the Social Security Act [subsec. (b)(1) of this section] is in effect with respect to an individual or eligible spouse on the effective date of this subsection [Oct. 1, 1984], and the amount of such adjustment for a month is greater than the amount described in section 1631(b)(1)(B)(ii) of such Act [subsec. (b)(1)(B)(ii) of this section], as added by subsection (a), the Secretary shall notify the individual whose benefits are being adjusted, in writing, of his or her right to have the adjustment reduced to the amount described in such section 1631(b)(1)(B)(ii).”
Payment of Costs of Rehabilitation Services

Amendment to sections 422 and 1382d of this title by section 11(a), (b) ofPub. L. 98–460applicable with respect to individuals who receive benefits as a result of section 425 (b) orsection 1383 (a)(6) of this title, or who refuse to continue to accept rehabilitation services or fail to cooperate in an approved vocational rehabilitation program, in or after the first month following October 1984, see section 11(c) ofPub. L. 98–460, set out as an Effective Date of 1984 Amendment note under section 422 of this title.
Hearing Examiners Appointed Prior to January 2, 1976

Pub. L. 95–216, title III, § 371,Dec. 20, 1977, 91 Stat. 1559, provided that: “The persons who were appointed to serve as hearing examiners under section 1631(d)(2) of the Social Security Act [subsec. (d)(2) of this section] (as in effect prior to January 2, 1976), and who by section 3 ofPublic Law 94–202 [set out as a note under this section] were deemed to be appointed under section 3105 of title 5, United States Code (with such appointments terminating no later than at the close of the period ending December 31, 1978), shall be deemed appointed to career-absolute positions as hearing examiners under and in accordance with section 3105 of title 5, United States Code, with the same authority and tenure (without regard to the expiration of such period) as hearing examiners appointed directly under such section 3105, and shall receive compensation at the same rate as hearing examiners appointed by the Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare [now Health and Human Services] directly under such section 3105. All of the provisions of title 5, United States Code and the regulations promulgated pursuant thereto, which are applicable to hearing examiners appointed under such section 3105, shall apply to the persons described in the preceding sentence.”
Pub. L. 94–202, § 3,Jan. 2, 1976, 89 Stat. 1135, provided that: “The persons appointed under section 1631(d)(2) of the Social Security Act [subsec. (d)(2) of this section] (as in effect prior to the enactment of this Act) to serve as hearing examiners in hearings under section 1631(c) of such Act [subsec. (c) of this section] may conduct hearings under titles II, XVI, and XVIII of the Social Security Act [subchapters II, XVI, and XVIII of this chapter] if the Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare [now Health and Human Services] finds it will promote the achievement of the objectives of such titles [subchapters], notwithstanding the fact that their appointments were made without meeting the requirements for hearing examiners appointed under section 3105 of title 5, United States Code but their appointments shall terminate not later than at the close of the period ending December 31, 1978, and during that period they shall be deemed to be hearing examiners appointed under such section 3105 and subject as such to subchapter II of chapter 5 of title 5, United States Code, to the second sentence of such section 3105, and to all of the other provisions of such title 5 which apply to hearing examiners appointed under such section 3105.”
Presumptive Disability Benefits; Time Extension

Pub. L. 93–256, § 1,Mar. 28, 1974, 88 Stat. 52, provided: “That any individual who would be considered disabled under section 1614(a)(3)(E) of the Social Security Act [section 1382c (a)(3)(E) of this title] except that he did not receive aid under the appropriate State plan for at least one month prior to July 1973 may be considered to be presumptively disabled under section 1631(a)(4)(B) of that Act [subsec. (a)(4)(B) of this section] and may be paid supplemental security income benefits under title XVI of that Act [this subchapter] on the basis of such presumptive disability, and State supplementary payments under section 212 ofPublic Law 93–66 [set out as a note under section 1382 of this title] as though he had been determined to be disabled within the meaning of section 1614(a)(3) of the Social Security Act [section 1382c (a)(3) of this title], for any month in calendar year 1974 for which it has been determined that he is otherwise eligible for such benefits, without regard to the three-month limitation in section 1631(a)(4)(B) of that Act [subsec. (a)(4)(B) of this section] on the period for which benefits may be paid to presumptively disabled individuals, except that no such benefits may be paid on the basis of such presumptive disability for any month after the month in which the Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare [now Health and Human Services] has made a determination as to whether such individual is disabled, as defined in section 1614(a)(3)(A) of that Act [section 1382c (a)(3)(A) of this title].”
Application to Northern Mariana Islands

For applicability of this section to the Northern Mariana Islands, see section 502(a)(1) of the Covenant to Establish a Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands in Political Union with the United States of America and Proc. No. 4534, Oct. 24, 1977, 42 F.R. 6593, set out as notes under section 1801 of Title 48, Territories and Insular Possessions.
Puerto Rico, Guam, and Virgin Islands

As enacted by Pub. L. 92–603, title XVIof the Social Security Act, which did not contain a section 1603, was not applicable to Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Virgin Islands. See section 303(b) ofPub. L. 92–603, set out as a note under section 301 of this title. Therefore, as to Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Virgin Islands, section 1603 of the Social Security Act as it existed prior to the enactment of Pub. L. 92–603[former 42 U.S.C. 1383], and as amended, continues to apply and reads as follows:
§ 1383. Payments to States; quarterly expenditures to exceed average of total expenditures for each quarter of fiscal year ending June 30, 1965
(a) From the sums appropriated therefor, the Commissioner of Social Security shall pay to each State which has a plan approved under this subchapter, for each quarter, beginning with the quarter commencing October 1, 1962—
(1) Repealed. Pub. L. 97–35, title XXI, § 2184(d)(5)(A),Aug. 13, 1981, 95 Stat. 818.
(2) in the case of Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, and Guam, an amount equal to—
(A) one-half of the total of the sums expended during such quarter as aid to the aged, blind, or disabled under the State plan, not counting so much of any expenditure with respect to any month as exceeds $37.50 multiplied by the total number of recipients of aid to the aged, blind, or disabled for such month; plus
(B) one-half of the amount by which such expenditures exceed the maximum which may be counted under clause (A), not counting so much of any expenditure with respect to any month as exceeds the product of $45 multiplied by the total number of such recipients of aid to the aged, blind, or disabled for such month; and
(3) Repealed. Pub. L. 97–35, title XXI, § 2184(d)(5)(A),Aug. 13, 1981, 95 Stat. 818.
(4) in the case of any State, an amount equal to 50 percent of the total amounts expended during such quarter as found necessary by the Commissioner of Social Security for the proper and efficient administration of the State plan.
(b)(1) Prior to the beginning of each quarter, the Commissioner of Social Security shall estimate the amount to which a State will be entitled under subsection (a) of this section for such quarter, such estimates to be based on (A) a report filed by the State containing its estimate of the total sum to be expended in such quarter in accordance with the provisions of such subsection, and stating the amount appropriated or made available by the State and its political subdivisions for such expenditures in such quarter, and if such amount is less than the State’s proportionate share of the total sum of such estimated expenditures, the source or sources from which the difference is expected to be derived, and (B) such other investigation as the Commissioner of Social Security may find necessary.
(2) The Commissioner of Social Security shall then pay, in such installments as the Commissioner may determine, to the State the amount so estimated, reduced or increased to the extent of any overpayment or underpayment which the Commissioner of Social Security determines was made under this section to such State for any prior quarter and with respect to which adjustment has not already been made under this subsection.
(3) The pro rata share to which the United States is equitably entitled, as determined by the Commissioner of Social Security, of the net amount recovered during any quarter by the State or any political subdivision thereof with respect to aid or assistance furnished under the State plan, but excluding any amount of such aid or assistance recovered from the estate of a deceased recipient which is not in excess of the amount expended by the State or any political subdivision thereof for the funeral expenses of the deceased, shall be considered an overpayment to be adjusted under this subsection.
(4) Upon the making of any estimate by the Commissioner of Social Security under this subsection, any appropriations available for payments under this section shall be deemed obligated.
(Aug. 14, 1935, ch. 531, title XVI, § 1603, as added Pub. L. 87–543, title I, § 141(a),July 25, 1962, 76 Stat. 200; amended Pub. L. 89–97, title I, § 122, title II, § 221(d)(4), title IV, § 401(b),July 30, 1965, 79 Stat. 353, 359, 414; Pub. L. 90–248, title II, § 212(d),Jan. 2, 1968, 81 Stat. 898; Pub. L. 92–512, title III, § 301(b), (d),Oct. 20, 1972, 86 Stat. 946, 947; Pub. L. 93–647, §§ 3(e)(2), 5 (e),Jan. 4, 1975, 88 Stat. 2349, 2350; Pub. L. 97–35, title XXI, § 2184(d)(5), title XXIII, § 2353(m)(2), (3),Aug. 13, 1981, 95 Stat. 818, 873; Pub. L. 99–603, title I, § 121(b)(4),Nov. 6, 1986, 100 Stat. 3391; Pub. L. 103–66, title XIII, § 13741(b),Aug. 10, 1993, 107 Stat. 663; Pub. L. 103–296, title I, § 107(a)(4),Aug. 15, 1994, 108 Stat. 1478.)
[Amendment by section 107(a)(4) ofPub. L. 103–296effective Mar. 31, 1995, see section 110(a) ofPub. L. 103–296, set out as an Effective Date of 1994 Amendment note under section 401 of this title.]
[Amendment by Pub. L. 103–66effective with respect to calendar quarters beginning on or after Apr. 1, 1994, with special rule for States whose legislature meets biennially, and does not have regular session scheduled in calendar year 1994, see section 13741(c) ofPub. L. 103–66, set out as an Effective Date of 1993 Amendment note under section 303 of this title.]
[Amendment by Pub. L. 99–603effective Oct. 1, 1987, see section 121(c)(2) ofPub. L. 99–603, set out as an Effective Date of 1986 Amendment note under section 502 of this title.]
Reimbursement for Erroneous State Supplementary Payments; Authorization of Appropriations

Pub. L. 95–216, title IV, § 405,Dec. 20, 1977, 91 Stat. 1564, provided that:
“(a) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare [now Health and Human Services] is authorized and directed to pay to each State an amount equal to the amount expended by such State for erroneous supplementary payments to aged, blind, or disabled individuals whenever, and to the extent to which, the Secretary through an audit by the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare [now Health and Human Services] which has been reviewed and concurred in by the Inspector General of such department determines that—
“(1) such amount was paid by such State as a supplementary payment during the calendar year 1974 pursuant to an agreement between the State and the Secretary required by section 212 of the Act entitled ‘An Act to extend the Renegotiation Act of 1951 for one year, and for other purposes’, approved July 9, 1973, [set out as a note under section 1382 of this title], or such amount was paid by such State as an optional State supplementation, as defined in section 1616 of the Social Security Act [42 U.S.C. 1382], during the calendar year 1974,
“(2) the erroneous payments were the result of good faith reliance by such State upon erroneous or incomplete information supplied by the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare [now Health and Human Services], through the State data exchange, or good faith reliance upon incorrect supplemental security income benefit payments made by such department, and
“(3) recovery of the erroneous payments by such State would be impossible or unreasonable.
“(b) There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as are necessary to carry out the provisions of this section.”

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42 USCDescription of ChangeSession YearPublic LawStatutes at Large
§ 13832014113-79 [Sec.] 4030(r)128 Stat. 815

This is a list of parts within the Code of Federal Regulations for which this US Code section provides rulemaking authority.

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20 CFR - Employees' Benefits

20 CFR Part 405 - ADMINISTRATIVE REVIEW PROCESS FOR ADJUDICATING INITIAL DISABILITY CLAIMS

20 CFR Part 416 - SUPPLEMENTAL SECURITY INCOME FOR THE AGED, BLIND, AND DISABLED

20 CFR Part 422 - ORGANIZATION AND PROCEDURES

31 CFR - Money and Finance: Treasury

31 CFR Part 212 - GARNISHMENT OF ACCOUNTS CONTAINING FEDERAL BENEFIT PAYMENTS

45 CFR - Public Welfare

45 CFR Part 201 - GRANTS TO STATES FOR PUBLIC ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS

45 CFR Part 205 - GENERAL ADMINISTRATION—PUBLIC ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS

45 CFR Part 1393

 

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