42 U.S. Code § 1395q - Coverage period

(a) Commencement
The period during which an individual is entitled to benefits under the insurance program established by this part (hereinafter referred to as his “coverage period”) shall begin on whichever of the following is the latest:
(1) July 1, 1966, or (in the case of a disabled individual who has not attained age 65) July 1, 1973; or
(2)
(A) in the case of an individual who enrolls pursuant to subsection (d) ofsection 1395p of this title before the month in which he first satisfies paragraph (1) or (2) of section 1395o of this title, the first day of such month, or
(B) in the case of an individual who enrolls pursuant to such subsection (d) in the month in which he first satisfies such paragraph, the first day of the month following the month in which he so enrolls, or
(C) in the case of an individual who enrolls pursuant to such subsection (d) in the month following the month in which he first satisfies such paragraph, the first day of the second month following the month in which he so enrolls, or
(D) in the case of an individual who enrolls pursuant to such subsection (d) more than one month following the month in which he satisfies such paragraph, the first day of the third month following the month in which he so enrolls, or
(E) in the case of an individual who enrolls pursuant to subsection (e) ofsection 1395p of this title, the July 1 following the month in which he so enrolls; or
(3)
(A) in the case of an individual who is deemed to have enrolled on or before the last day of the third month of his initial enrollment period, the first day of the month in which he first meets the applicable requirements of section 1395o of this title or July 1, 1973, whichever is later, or
(B) in the case of an individual who is deemed to have enrolled on or after the first day of the fourth month of his initial enrollment period, as prescribed under subparagraphs (B), (C), (D), and (E) of paragraph (2) of this subsection.
(b) Continuation
An individual’s coverage period shall continue until his enrollment has been terminated—
(1) by the filing of notice that the individual no longer wishes to participate in the insurance program established by this part, or
(2) for nonpayment of premiums.
The termination of a coverage period under paragraph (1) shall (except as otherwise provided in section 1395v (e) of this title) take effect at the close of the month following the month in which the notice is filed. The termination of a coverage period under paragraph (2) shall take effect on a date determined under regulations, which may be determined so as to provide a grace period in which overdue premiums may be paid and coverage continued. The grace period determined under the preceding sentence shall not exceed 90 days; except that it may be extended to not to exceed 180 days in any case where the Secretary determines that there was good cause for failure to pay the overdue premiums within such 90-day period.
Where an individual who is deemed to have enrolled for medical insurance pursuant to section 1395p (f) of this title files a notice before the first day of the month in which his coverage period begins advising that he does not wish to be so enrolled, the termination of the coverage period resulting from such deemed enrollment shall take effect with the first day of the month the coverage would have been effective. Where an individual who is deemed enrolled for medical insurance benefits pursuant to section 1395p (f) of this title files a notice requesting termination of his deemed coverage in or after the month in which such coverage becomes effective, the termination of such coverage shall take effect at the close of the month following the month in which the notice is filed.
(c) Termination
In the case of an individual satisfying paragraph (1) of section 1395o of this title whose entitlement to hospital insurance benefits under part A of this subchapter is based on a disability rather than on his having attained the age of 65, his coverage period (and his enrollment under this part) shall be terminated as of the close of the last month for which he is entitled to hospital insurance benefits.
(d) Payment of expenses incurred during coverage period
No payments may be made under this part with respect to the expenses of an individual unless such expenses were incurred by such individual during a period which, with respect to him, is a coverage period.
(e) Commencement of coverage for special enrollment periods
Notwithstanding subsection (a) of this section, in the case of an individual who enrolls during a special enrollment period pursuant to section 1395p (i)(3) or 1395p (i)(4)(B) of this title—
(1) in any month of the special enrollment period in which the individual is at any time enrolled in a plan (specified in subparagraph (A) or (B), as applicable, of section 1395p (i)(3) of this title or specified in section 1395p (i)(4)(A)(i) of this title) or in the first month following such a month, the coverage period shall begin on the first day of the month in which the individual so enrolls (or, at the option of the individual, on the first day of any of the following three months), or
(2) in any other month of the special enrollment period, the coverage period shall begin on the first day of the month following the month in which the individual so enrolls.
(f) Commencement of coverage for certain volunteers serving outside United States
Notwithstanding subsection (a), in the case of an individual who enrolls during a special enrollment period pursuant to section 1395p (k) of this title, the coverage period shall begin on the first day of the month following the month in which the individual so enrolls.

Source

(Aug. 14, 1935, ch. 531, title XVIII, § 1838, as added Pub. L. 89–97, title I, § 102(a),July 30, 1965, 79 Stat. 305; amended Pub. L. 90–248, title I, § 145(c),Jan. 2, 1968, 81 Stat. 859; Pub. L. 92–603, title II, §§ 201(c)(3), 206 (b), (c), 257 (a),Oct. 30, 1972, 86 Stat. 1373, 1378, 1447; Pub. L. 96–499, title IX, §§ 945(c)(1), 947(b),Dec. 5, 1980, 94 Stat. 2642, 2643; Pub. L. 97–35, title XXI, §§ 2106(b)(2), 2151 (a)(3),Aug. 13, 1981, 95 Stat. 792, 802; Pub. L. 98–369, div. B, title III, § 2338(c),July 18, 1984, 98 Stat. 1092; Pub. L. 99–272, title IX, § 9201(c)(2),Apr. 7, 1986, 100 Stat. 171; Pub. L. 99–509, title IX, § 9344(b)(1),Oct. 21, 1986, 100 Stat. 2042; Pub. L. 103–432, title I, § 147(f)(1)(B),Oct. 31, 1994, 108 Stat. 4430; Pub. L. 105–33, title IV, § 4581(b)(2),Aug. 5, 1997, 111 Stat. 465; Pub. L. 108–173, title VII, § 736(b)(6),Dec. 8, 2003, 117 Stat. 2356; Pub. L. 109–171, title V, § 5115(a)(2)(B),Feb. 8, 2006, 120 Stat. 46.)
Amendments

2006—Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 109–171added subsec. (f).
2003—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 108–173inserted comma after “1966”.
1997—Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 105–33inserted “or 1395p(i)(4)(B)” after “1395p(i)(3)” in introductory provisions and “or specified in section 1395p (i)(4)(A)(i) of this title” after “1395p(i)(3) of this title” in par. (1).
1994—Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 103–432amended pars. (1) and (2) generally. Prior to amendment, pars. (1) and (2) read as follows:
“(1) in the first month of the special enrollment period, the coverage period shall begin on the first day of that month, or
“(2) in a month after the first month of the special enrollment period, the coverage period shall begin on the first day of the month following the month in which the individual so enrolls.”
1986—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 99–509substituted “month following the month” for “calendar quarter following the calendar quarter” in second and sixth sentences.
Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 99–272amended subsec. (e) generally. Prior to amendment, subsec. (e) read as follows: “Notwithstanding subsection (a) of this section, in the case of an individual who enrolls during a special enrollment period pursuant to—
“(1) subparagraph (A) of section 1395p (i)(3) of this title—
“(A) before the month in which he attains the age of 70, the coverage period shall begin on the first day of the month in which he has attained the age of 70, or
“(B) in or after the month in which he attains the age of 70, the coverage period shall begin on the first day of the month following the month in which he so enrolls; or
“(2) subparagraph (B) of section 1395p (i)(3) of this title—
“(A) in the first month of the special enrollment period, the coverage period shall begin on the first day of such month, or
“(B) in a month after the first month of the special enrollment period, the coverage period shall begin on the first day of the month following the month in which he so enrolls.”
1984—Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 98–369, § 2338(c), added subsec. (e).
1981—Subsec. (a)(2)(E). Pub. L. 97–35, § 2151(a)(3), substituted “the July 1 following” for “the first day of the third month following”.
Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 97–35, § 2106(b)(2), struck out provision that notice filed by an individual enrolled pursuant to section 1395p (f) of this title shall not be considered a disenrollment for purposes of section 1395p (b) of this title.
1980—Subsec. (a)(2)(E). Pub. L. 96–499, § 945(c)(1), substituted “the first day of the third month” for “the July 1”.
Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 96–499, § 947(b), inserted “(except as otherwise provided in section 1395v (e) of this title)”.
1972—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 92–603, § 201(c)(3)(A), inserted “or (in the case of a disabled individual who has not attained age 65) July 1, 1973” after “July 1, 1966”.
Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 92–603, § 201(c)(3)(B), substituted in subpar. (A) “paragraph (1) or (2)” for “paragraphs (1) and (2)” and in subpars. (B) to (D) “paragraph” for “paragraphs”.
Subsec. (a)(3). Pub. L. 92–603, § 206(b), added par. (3).
Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 92–603, §§ 206(c), 257 (a), inserted provisions relating to an individual who is deemed to have enrolled for medical insurance pursuant to section 1395p (f) of this title and an individual who is deemed enrolled for medical insurance benefits pursuant to section 1395p (f) of this title and struck out provisions limiting the allowable grace period to 90 days and inserted provision for extension of such period of up to 180 days where failure to pay premiums is due to good cause.
Subsecs. (c), (d). Pub. L. 92–603, § 202(c)(3)(C), added subsec. (c) and redesignated former subsec. (c) as (d).
1968—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 90–248struck out “, during a general enrollment period described in section 1395p (e) of this title,” after “notice” in par. (1), and substituted in first sentence following par. (2) “the calendar quarter following the calendar quarter” for “December 31 of the year”.
Effective Date of 2006 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 109–171effective Jan. 1, 2007, see section 5115(b) ofPub. L. 109–171, set out as a note under section 1395p of this title.
Effective Date of 1997 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 105–33applicable to involuntary terminations of coverage under a group health plan occurring on or after Aug. 5, 1997, see section 4581(c) ofPub. L. 105–33, set out as a note under section 1395p of this title.
Effective Date of 1994 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 103–432effective on first day of first month beginning after expiration of the 120-day period that begins on Oct. 31, 1994, see section 147(f)(1)(C) ofPub. L. 103–432, set out as a note under section 1395p of this title.
Effective Date of 1986 Amendment

Pub. L. 99–509, title IX, § 9344(b)(2),Oct. 21, 1986, 100 Stat. 2042, provided that: “The amendments made by paragraph (1) [amending this section] shall apply to notices filed on or after July 1, 1987.”
Amendment by Pub. L. 99–272effective May 1, 1986, see section 9201(d)(2) ofPub. L. 99–272, set out as a note under section 1395p of this title.
Effective Date of 1984 Amendment

For effective date of amendment by Pub. L. 98–369, see section 2338(d)(2) ofPub. L. 98–369, set out as a note under section 1395p of this title.
Effective Date of 1981 Amendment

Amendment by section 2106(b)(2) ofPub. L. 97–35effective Apr. 1, 1981, see section 2106(c) ofPub. L. 97–35, set out as a note under section 1395l of this title.
Amendment by section 2151(a)(3) ofPub. L. 97–35not applicable to enrollments pursuant to written requests for enrollment filed before Oct. 1, 1981, see section 2151(b) ofPub. L. 97–35, set out as a note under section 1395p of this title.
Effective Date of 1980 Amendment

Amendment by section 945(c)(1) ofPub. L. 96–499applicable to enrollments occurring on or after Apr. 1, 1981, see section 945(d) ofPub. L. 96–499, set out as a note under section 1395p of this title.
Amendment by section 947(b) ofPub. L. 96–499applicable to notices filed after third calendar month beginning after Dec. 5, 1980, see section 947(d) ofPub. L. 96–499, set out as a note under section 1395v of this title.
Effective Date of 1972 Amendment

Pub. L. 92–603, title II, § 257(b),Oct. 30, 1972, 86 Stat. 1447, provided that: “The amendments made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall apply with respect to nonpayment of premiums which become due and payable on or after the date of the enactment of this Act [Oct. 30, 1972] or which became payable within the 90-day period immediately preceding such date; and for purposes of such amendments any premium which became due and payable within such 90-day period shall be considered a premium becoming due and payable on the date of the enactment of this Act.”
Effective Date of 1968 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 90–248effective Apr. 1, 1968, see section 145(e) ofPub. L. 90–248, set out as a note under section 1395p of this title.
Coverage Period; Termination Dates

Pub. L. 90–97, § 3(a),Sept. 30, 1967, 81 Stat. 249, provided that: “In the case of any individual who, pursuant to section 1838(b)(1) of the Social Security Act [42 U.S.C. 1395q (b)(1)], terminates his enrollment in the insurance program established under part B of title XVIII of such Act [42 U.S.C. 1395j et seq.], his coverage period (as defined in section 1838(a) of such Act) [42 U.S.C. 1395q (a)]—
“(1) shall terminate at the close of December 31, 1967, if he filed his notice of termination before January 1, 1968, or
“(2) shall terminate at the close of March 31, 1968, if he filed his notice of termination after December 31, 1967, and before April 1, 1968.
An individual whose coverage period terminated pursuant to paragraph (1) at the close of December 31, 1967, may, notwithstanding section 1837(b)(2) of such Act [42 U.S.C. 1395p (b)(2)], enroll in such program before April 1, 1968, and for purposes of sections 1838(a)(2)(E) [42 U.S.C. 1395q (a)(2)(E)] and 1837(b)(2) of such Act [42 U.S.C. 1395p (b)(2)] such enrollment shall be deemed an enrollment under section 1837(e) of such Act [42 U.S.C. 1395p (e)] and a second enrollment under such part.”
Extension of 1967 General Enrollment Period Through March 31, 1968

Extension of the general enrollment period under section 1395p (e) of this title through March 31, 1968, see section 1 ofPub. L. 90–97, Sept. 30, 1967, 81 Stat. 249, set out as a note under section 1395p of this title.
Coverage Period for Individuals Becoming Eligible in March 1966 Who Enroll in May 1966

Pub. L. 89–384, § 3(d),Apr. 8, 1966, 80 Stat. 105, provided that: “In the case of an individual who first satisfies paragraphs (1) and (2) of section 1836 of the Social Security Act [42 U.S.C. 1395o] in March, 1966, and who enrolls pursuant to subsection (d) ofsection 1837 of such Act [42 U.S.C. 1395p] in May 1966, his coverage period shall, notwithstanding section 1838(a)(2)(D) of such Act [42 U.S.C. 1395q (a)(2)(D)], begin on July 1, 1966.”
Commencement of Coverage Period of Certain Enrollees

Commencement of coverage period upon enrollment before Oct. 1, 1966 of eligible individuals failing for good cause to enroll before June 1, 1966, see section 102(b) ofPub. L. 89–97, set out as a note under section 1395p of this title.

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42 USCDescription of ChangeSession YearPublic LawStatutes at Large

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42 CFR - Public Health

42 CFR Part 406 - HOSPITAL INSURANCE ELIGIBILITY AND ENTITLEMENT

42 CFR Part 408 - PREMIUMS FOR SUPPLEMENTARY MEDICAL INSURANCE

 

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