42 U.S. Code § 1395w–114 - Premium and cost-sharing subsidies for low-income individuals

(a) Income-related subsidies for individuals with income up to 150 percent of poverty line
(1) Individuals with income below 135 percent of poverty line
In the case of a subsidy eligible individual (as defined in paragraph (3)) who is determined to have income that is below 135 percent of the poverty line applicable to a family of the size involved and who meets the resources requirement described in paragraph (3)(D) or who is covered under this paragraph under paragraph (3)(B)(i), the individual is entitled under this section to the following:
(A) Full premium subsidy
An income-related premium subsidy equal to 100 percent of the amount described in subsection (b)(1), but not to exceed the premium amount specified in subsection (b)(2)(B).
(B) Elimination of deductible
A reduction in the annual deductible applicable under section 1395w–102 (b)(1) of this title to $0.
(C) Continuation of coverage above the initial coverage limit
The continuation of coverage from the initial coverage limit (under paragraph (3) of section 1395w–102 (b) of this title) for expenditures incurred through the total amount of expenditures at which benefits are available under paragraph (4) of such section, subject to the reduced cost-sharing described in subparagraph (D).
(D) Reduction in cost-sharing below out-of-pocket threshold
(i) Institutionalized individuals In the case of an individual who is a full-benefit dual eligible individual and who is an institutionalized individual or couple (as defined in section 1396a (q)(1)(B) of this title) or, effective on a date specified by the Secretary (but in no case earlier than January 1, 2012), who would be such an institutionalized individual or couple, if the full-benefit dual eligible individual were not receiving services under a home and community-based waiver authorized for a State under section 1315 of this title or subsection (c) or (d) ofsection 1396n of this title or under a State plan amendment under subsection (i) of such section or services provided through enrollment in a medicaid managed care organization with a contract under section 1396b (m) of this title or under section 1396u–2 of this title, the elimination of any beneficiary coinsurance described in section 1395w–102 (b)(2) of this title (for all amounts through the total amount of expenditures at which benefits are available under section 1395w–102 (b)(4) of this title).
(ii) Lowest income dual eligible individuals In the case of an individual not described in clause (i) who is a full-benefit dual eligible individual and whose income does not exceed 100 percent of the poverty line applicable to a family of the size involved, the substitution for the beneficiary coinsurance described in section 1395w–102 (b)(2) of this title (for all amounts through the total amount of expenditures at which benefits are available under section 1395w–102 (b)(4) of this title) of a copayment amount that does not exceed $1 for a generic drug or a preferred drug that is a multiple source drug (as defined in section 1396r–8 (k)(7)(A)(i) of this title) and $3 for any other drug, or, if less, the copayment amount applicable to an individual under clause (iii).
(iii) Other individuals In the case of an individual not described in clause (i) or (ii), the substitution for the beneficiary coinsurance described in section 1395w–102 (b)(2) of this title (for all amounts through the total amount of expenditures at which benefits are available under section 1395w–102 (b)(4) of this title) of a copayment amount that does not exceed the copayment amount specified under section 1395w–102 (b)(4)(A)(i)(I) of this title for the drug and year involved.
(E) Elimination of cost-sharing above annual out-of-pocket threshold
The elimination of any cost-sharing imposed under section 1395w–102 (b)(4)(A) of this title.
(2) Other individuals with income below 150 percent of poverty line
In the case of a subsidy eligible individual who is not described in paragraph (1), the individual is entitled under this section to the following:
(A) Sliding scale premium subsidy
An income-related premium subsidy determined on a linear sliding scale ranging from 100 percent of the amount described in paragraph (1)(A) for individuals with incomes at or below 135 percent of such level to 0 percent of such amount for individuals with incomes at 150 percent of such level.
(B) Reduction of deductible
A reduction in the annual deductible applicable under section 1395w–102 (b)(1) of this title to $50.
(C) Continuation of coverage above the initial coverage limit
The continuation of coverage from the initial coverage limit (under paragraph (3) of section 1395w–102 (b) of this title) for expenditures incurred through the total amount of expenditures at which benefits are available under paragraph (4) of such section, subject to the reduced coinsurance described in subparagraph (D).
(D) Reduction in cost-sharing below out-of-pocket threshold
The substitution for the beneficiary coinsurance described in section 1395w–102 (b)(2) of this title (for all amounts above the deductible under subparagraph (B) through the total amount of expenditures at which benefits are available under section 1395w–102 (b)(4) of this title) of coinsurance of “15 percent” instead of coinsurance of “25 percent” in section 1395w–102 (b)(2) of this title.
(E) Reduction of cost-sharing above annual out-of-pocket threshold
Subject to subsection (c) of this section, the substitution for the cost-sharing imposed under section 1395w–102 (b)(4)(A) of this title of a copayment or coinsurance not to exceed the copayment or coinsurance amount specified under section 1395w–102 (b)(4)(A)(i)(I) of this title for the drug and year involved.
(3) Determination of eligibility
(A) Subsidy eligible individual defined
For purposes of this part, subject to subparagraph (F), the term “subsidy eligible individual” means a part D eligible individual who—
(i) is enrolled in a prescription drug plan or MA–PD plan;
(ii) has income below 150 percent of the poverty line applicable to a family of the size involved; and
(iii) meets the resources requirement described in subparagraph (D) or (E).
(B) Determinations
(i) In general The determination of whether a part D eligible individual residing in a State is a subsidy eligible individual and whether the individual is described in paragraph (1) shall be determined under the State plan under subchapter XIX of this chapter for the State under section 1396u–5 (a) of this title or by the Commissioner of Social Security. There are authorized to be appropriated to the Social Security Administration such sums as may be necessary for the determination of eligibility under this subparagraph.
(ii) Effective period Determinations under this subparagraph shall be effective beginning with the month in which the individual applies for a determination that the individual is a subsidy eligible individual and shall remain in effect for a period specified by the Secretary, but not to exceed 1 year.
(iii) Redeterminations and appeals through medicaid Redeterminations and appeals, with respect to eligibility determinations under clause (i) made under a State plan under subchapter XIX of this chapter, shall be made in accordance with the frequency of, and manner in which, redeterminations and appeals of eligibility are made under such plan for purposes of medical assistance under such subchapter.
(iv) Redeterminations and appeals through Commissioner With respect to eligibility determinations under clause (i) made by the Commissioner of Social Security—
(I) redeterminations shall be made at such time or times as may be provided by the Commissioner;
(II) the Commissioner shall establish procedures for appeals of such determinations that are similar to the procedures described in the third sentence of section 1383 (c)(1)(A) of this title; and
(III) judicial review of the final decision of the Commissioner made after a hearing shall be available to the same extent, and with the same limitations, as provided in subsections (g) and (h) ofsection 405 of this title.
(v) Treatment of medicaid beneficiaries Subject to subparagraph (F), the Secretary—
(I) shall provide that part D eligible individuals who are full-benefit dual eligible individuals (as defined in section 1396u–5 (c)(6) of this title) or who are recipients of supplemental security income benefits under subchapter XVI of this chapter shall be treated as subsidy eligible individuals described in paragraph (1); and
(II) may provide that part D eligible individuals not described in subclause (I) who are determined for purposes of the State plan under subchapter XIX of this chapter to be eligible for medical assistance under clause (i), (iii), or (iv) of section 1396a (a)(10)(E) of this title are treated as being determined to be subsidy eligible individuals described in paragraph (1).
 Insofar as the Secretary determines that the eligibility requirements under the State plan for medical assistance referred to in subclause (II) are substantially the same as the requirements for being treated as a subsidy eligible individual described in paragraph (1), the Secretary shall provide for the treatment described in such subclause.
(vi) Special rule for widows and widowers Notwithstanding the preceding provisions of this subparagraph, in the case of an individual whose spouse dies during the effective period for a determination or redetermination that has been made under this subparagraph, such effective period shall be extended through the date that is 1 year after the date on which the determination or redetermination would (but for the application of this clause) otherwise cease to be effective.
(C) Income determinations
For purposes of applying this section—
(i) in the case of a part D eligible individual who is not treated as a subsidy eligible individual under subparagraph (B)(v), income shall be determined in the manner described in section 1396d (p)(1)(B) of this title, without regard to the application of section 1396a (r)(2) of this title and except that support and maintenance furnished in kind shall not be counted as income; and
(ii) the term “poverty line” has the meaning given such term in section 9902 (2) of this title, including any revision required by such section.
Nothing in clause (i) shall be construed to affect the application of section 1396a (r)(2) of this title for the determination of eligibility for medical assistance under subchapter XIX of this chapter.
(D) Resource standard applied to full low-income subsidy to be based on three times SSI resource standard
The resources requirement of this subparagraph is that an individual’s resources (as determined under section 1382b of this title for purposes of the supplemental security income program subject to the life insurance policy exclusion provided under subparagraph (G)) do not exceed—
(i) for 2006 three times the maximum amount of resources that an individual may have and obtain benefits under that program; and
(ii) for a subsequent year the resource limitation established under this clause for the previous year increased by the annual percentage increase in the consumer price index (all items; U.S. city average) as of September of such previous year.
Any resource limitation established under clause (ii) that is not a multiple of $10 shall be rounded to the nearest multiple of $10.
(E) Alternative resource standard
(i) In general The resources requirement of this subparagraph is that an individual’s resources (as determined under section 1382b of this title for purposes of the supplemental security income program subject to the life insurance policy exclusion provided under subparagraph (G)) do not exceed—
(I) for 2006, $10,000 (or $20,000 in the case of the combined value of the individual’s assets or resources and the assets or resources of the individual’s spouse); and
(II) for a subsequent year the dollar amounts specified in this subclause (or subclause (I)) for the previous year increased by the annual percentage increase in the consumer price index (all items; U.S. city average) as of September of such previous year.
 Any dollar amount established under subclause (II) that is not a multiple of $10 shall be rounded to the nearest multiple of $10.
(ii) Use of simplified application form and process The Secretary, jointly with the Commissioner of Social Security, shall—
(I) develop a model, simplified application form and process consistent with clause (iii) for the determination and verification of a part D eligible individual’s assets or resources under this subparagraph; and
(II) provide such form to States.
(iii) Documentation and safeguards Under such process—
(I) the application form shall consist of an attestation under penalty of perjury regarding the level of assets or resources (or combined assets and resources in the case of a married part D eligible individual) and valuations of general classes of assets or resources;
(II) such form shall be accompanied by copies of recent statements (if any) from financial institutions in support of the application; and
(III) matters attested to in the application shall be subject to appropriate methods of verification.
(iv) Methodology flexibility The Secretary may permit a State in making eligibility determinations for premium and cost-sharing subsidies under this section to use the same asset or resource methodologies that are used with respect to eligibility for medical assistance for medicare cost-sharing described in section 1396d (p) of this title so long as the Secretary determines that the use of such methodologies will not result in any significant differences in the number of individuals determined to be subsidy eligible individuals.
(F) Treatment of territorial residents
In the case of a part D eligible individual who is not a resident of the 50 States or the District of Columbia, the individual is not eligible to be a subsidy eligible individual under this section but may be eligible for financial assistance with prescription drug expenses under section 1396u–5 (e) of this title.
(G) Life insurance policy exclusion
In determining the resources of an individual (and the eligible spouse of the individual, if any) under section 1382b of this title for purposes of subparagraphs (D) and (E) no part of the value of any life insurance policy shall be taken into account.
(4) Indexing dollar amounts
(A) Copayment for lowest income dual eligible individuals
The dollar amounts applied under paragraph (1)(D)(ii)—
(i) for 2007 shall be the dollar amounts specified in such paragraph increased by the annual percentage increase in the consumer price index (all items; U.S. city average) as of September of such previous year; or
(ii) for a subsequent year shall be the dollar amounts specified in this clause (or clause (i)) for the previous year increased by the annual percentage increase in the consumer price index (all items; U.S. city average) as of September of such previous year.
Any amount established under clause (i) or (ii), that is based on an increase of $1 or $3, that is not a multiple of 5 cents or 10 cents, respectively, shall be rounded to the nearest multiple of 5 cents or 10 cents, respectively.
(B) Reduced deductible
The dollar amount applied under paragraph (2)(B)—
(i) for 2007 shall be the dollar amount specified in such paragraph increased by the annual percentage increase described in section 1395w–102 (b)(6) of this title for 2007; or
(ii) for a subsequent year shall be the dollar amount specified in this clause (or clause (i)) for the previous year increased by the annual percentage increase described in section 1395w–102 (b)(6) of this title for the year involved.
Any amount established under clause (i) or (ii) that is not a multiple of $1 shall be rounded to the nearest multiple of $1.
(5) Waiver of de minimis premiums
The Secretary shall, under procedures established by the Secretary, permit a prescription drug plan or an MA–PD plan to waive the monthly beneficiary premium for a subsidy eligible individual if the amount of such premium is de minimis. If such premium is waived under the plan, the Secretary shall not reassign subsidy eligible individuals enrolled in the plan to other plans based on the fact that the monthly beneficiary premium under the plan was greater than the low-income benchmark premium amount.
(b) Premium subsidy amount
(1) In general
The premium subsidy amount described in this subsection for a subsidy eligible individual residing in a PDP region and enrolled in a prescription drug plan or MA–PD plan is the low-income benchmark premium amount (as defined in paragraph (2)) for the PDP region in which the individual resides or, if greater, the amount specified in paragraph (3).
(2) Low-income benchmark premium amount defined
(A) In general
For purposes of this subsection, the term “low-income benchmark premium amount” means, with respect to a PDP region in which—
(i) all prescription drug plans are offered by the same PDP sponsor, the weighted average of the amounts described in subparagraph (B)(i) for such plans; or
(ii) there are prescription drug plans offered by more than one PDP sponsor, the weighted average of amounts described in subparagraph (B) for prescription drug plans and MA–PD plans described in section 1395w–21 (a)(2)(A)(i) of this title offered in such region.
(B) Premium amounts described
The premium amounts described in this subparagraph are, in the case of—
(i) a prescription drug plan that is a basic prescription drug plan, the monthly beneficiary premium for such plan;
(ii) a prescription drug plan that provides alternative prescription drug coverage the actuarial value of which is greater than that of standard prescription drug coverage, the portion of the monthly beneficiary premium that is attributable to basic prescription drug coverage; and
(iii) an MA–PD plan, the portion of the MA monthly prescription drug beneficiary premium that is attributable to basic prescription drug benefits (described in section 1395w–22 (a)(6)(B)(ii)  [1] of this title) and determined before the application of the monthly rebate computed under section 1395w–24 (b)(1)(C)(i) of this title for that plan and year involved and, in the case of a qualifying plan, before the application of the increase under section 1395w–23 (o) of this title for that plan and year involved.
The premium amounts described in this subparagraph do not include any amounts attributable to late enrollment penalties under section 1395w–113 (b) of this title.
(3) Access to 0 premium plan
In no case shall the premium subsidy amount under this subsection for a PDP region be less than the lowest monthly beneficiary premium for a prescription drug plan that offers basic prescription drug coverage in the region.
(c) Administration of subsidy program
(1) In general
The Secretary shall provide a process whereby, in the case of a part D eligible individual who is determined to be a subsidy eligible individual and who is enrolled in a prescription drug plan or is enrolled in an MA–PD plan—
(A) the Secretary provides for a notification of the PDP sponsor or the MA organization offering the plan involved that the individual is eligible for a subsidy and the amount of the subsidy under subsection (a) of this section;
(B) the sponsor or organization involved reduces the premiums or cost-sharing otherwise imposed by the amount of the applicable subsidy and submits to the Secretary information on the amount of such reduction;
(C) the Secretary periodically and on a timely basis reimburses the sponsor or organization for the amount of such reductions; and
(D) the Secretary ensures the confidentiality of individually identifiable information.
In applying subparagraph (C), the Secretary shall compute reductions based upon imposition under subsections (a)(1)(D) and (a)(2)(E) of this section of unreduced copayment amounts applied under such subsections.
(2) Use of capitated form of payment
The reimbursement under this section with respect to cost-sharing subsidies may be computed on a capitated basis, taking into account the actuarial value of the subsidies and with appropriate adjustments to reflect differences in the risks actually involved.
(d) Facilitation of reassignments
Beginning not later than January 1, 2011, the Secretary shall, in the case of a subsidy eligible individual who is enrolled in one prescription drug plan and is subsequently reassigned by the Secretary to a new prescription drug plan, provide the individual, within 30 days of such reassignment, with—
(1) information on formulary differences between the individual’s former plan and the plan to which the individual is reassigned with respect to the individual’s drug regimens; and
(2) a description of the individual’s right to request a coverage determination, exception, or reconsideration under section 1395w–104 (g) of this title, bring an appeal under section 1395w–104 (h) of this title, or resolve a grievance under section 1395w–104 (f) of this title.
(e) Relation to medicaid program
For special provisions under the medicaid program relating to medicare prescription drug benefits, see section 1396u–5 of this title.


[1]  So in original. Section 1395w–22(a)(6) of this title does not contain a subpar. (B).

Source

(Aug. 14, 1935, ch. 531, title XVIII, § 1860D–14, as added Pub. L. 108–173, title I, § 101(a)(2),Dec. 8, 2003, 117 Stat. 2107; amended Pub. L. 110–275, title I, §§ 114(a)(2), 116(a), 117(a),July 15, 2008, 122 Stat. 2506, 2507; Pub. L. 111–148, title III, §§ 3302(a), 3303 (a), 3304 (a), 3305, 3309,Mar. 23, 2010, 124 Stat. 468–470, 475; Pub. L. 111–152, title I, § 1102(c)(4),Mar. 30, 2010, 124 Stat. 1045.)
Amendments

2010—Subsec. (a)(1)(D)(i). Pub. L. 111–148, § 3309, inserted “or, effective on a date specified by the Secretary (but in no case earlier than January 1, 2012), who would be such an institutionalized individual or couple, if the full-benefit dual eligible individual were not receiving services under a home and community-based waiver authorized for a State under section 1315 of this title or subsection (c) or (d) ofsection 1396n of this title or under a State plan amendment under subsection (i) of such section or services provided through enrollment in a medicaid managed care organization with a contract under section 1396b (m) of this title or under section 1396u–2 of this title” after “1396a(q)(1)(B) of this title)”.
Subsec. (a)(3)(B)(vi). Pub. L. 111–148, § 3304(a), added cl. (vi).
Subsec. (a)(5). Pub. L. 111–148, § 3303(a), added par. (5).
Subsec. (b)(2)(B)(iii). Pub. L. 111–152substituted “and determined before the application of the monthly rebate computed under section 1395w–24 (b)(1)(C)(i) of this title for that plan and year involved and, in the case of a qualifying plan, before the application of the increase under section 1395w–23 (o) of this title for that plan and year involved” for “, determined without regard to any reduction in such premium as a result of any beneficiary rebate under section 1395w–24 (b)(1)(C) of this title or bonus payment under section 1395w–23 (n) of this title”.
Pub. L. 111–148, § 3302(a), inserted “, determined without regard to any reduction in such premium as a result of any beneficiary rebate under section 1854 (b)(1)(C) or bonus payment under section 1395w–23 (n) of this title” before period at end.
Subsecs. (d), (e). Pub. L. 111–148, § 3305, added subsec. (d) and redesignated former subsec. (d) as (e).
2008—Subsec. (a)(1)(A). Pub. L. 110–275, § 114(a)(2), substituted “equal to 100 percent of the amount described in subsection (b)(1), but not to exceed the premium amount specified in subsection (b)(2)(B).” for “equal to—
“(i) 100 percent of the amount described in subsection (b)(1) of this section, but not to exceed the premium amount specified in subsection (b)(2)(B) of this section; plus
“(ii) 80 percent of any late enrollment penalties imposed under section 1395w–113 (b) of this title for the first 60 months in which such penalties are imposed for that individual, and 100 percent of any such penalties for any subsequent month.”
Subsec. (a)(3)(B)(iv)(III). Pub. L. 110–275, § 117(a), added subcl. (III).
Subsec. (a)(3)(C)(i). Pub. L. 110–275, § 116(a)(1), inserted “and except that support and maintenance furnished in kind shall not be counted as income” after “section 1396a (r)(2) of this title”.
Subsec. (a)(3)(D), (E)(i). Pub. L. 110–275, § 116(a)(2), (3), inserted “subject to the life insurance policy exclusion provided under subparagraph (G)” after “program” in introductory provisions.
Subsec. (a)(3)(G). Pub. L. 110–275, § 116(a)(4), added subpar. (G).
Effective Date of 2010 Amendment

Pub. L. 111–148, title III, § 3302(b),Mar. 23, 2010, 124 Stat. 468, provided that: “The amendment made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall apply to premiums for months beginning on or after January 1, 2011.”
Amendment by section 3303(a) ofPub. L. 111–148applicable to premiums for months, and enrollments for plan years, beginning on or after January 1, 2011, see section 3303(c) ofPub. L. 111–148, set out as a note under section 1395w–101 of this title.
Pub. L. 111–148, title III, § 3304(b),Mar. 23, 2010, 124 Stat. 470, provided that: “The amendment made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall take effect on January 1, 2011.”
Effective Date of 2008 Amendment

Amendment by section 114(a)(2) ofPub. L. 110–275applicable to subsidies for months beginning with Jan. 2009, see section 114(b) ofPub. L. 110–275, set out as a note under section 1395w–113 of this title.
Pub. L. 110–275, title I, § 116(b),July 15, 2008, 122 Stat. 2507, provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending this section] shall take effect with respect to applications filed on or after January 1, 2010.”
Pub. L. 110–275, title I, § 117(b),July 15, 2008, 122 Stat. 2507, provided that: “The amendments made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall take effect as if included in the enactment of section 101 of the Medicare Prescription Drug, Improvement, and Modernization Act of 2003 [Pub. L. 108–173].”
GAO Study Regarding Impact of Assets Test for Subsidy Eligible Individuals

Pub. L. 108–173, title I, § 107(e),Dec. 8, 2003, 117 Stat. 2171, provided that:
“(1) Study.—The Comptroller General of the United States shall conduct a study to determine the extent to which drug utilization and access to covered part D drugs under part D of title XVIII of the Social Security Act [42 U.S.C. 1395w–101 et seq.] by subsidy eligible individuals differs from such utilization and access for individuals who would qualify as such subsidy eligible individuals but for the application of section 1860D–14(a)(3)(A)(iii) of such Act [42 U.S.C. 1395w–114 (a)(3)(A)(iii)].
“(2) Report.—Not later than September 30, 2007, the Comptroller General shall submit a report to Congress on the study conducted under paragraph (1) that includes such recommendations for legislation as the Comptroller General determines are appropriate.”

This is a list of parts within the Code of Federal Regulations for which this US Code section provides rulemaking authority.

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20 CFR - Employees' Benefits

20 CFR Part 418 - MEDICARE SUBSIDIES

42 CFR - Public Health

42 CFR Part 406 - HOSPITAL INSURANCE ELIGIBILITY AND ENTITLEMENT

42 CFR Part 411 - EXCLUSIONS FROM MEDICARE AND LIMITATIONS ON MEDICARE PAYMENT

 

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