42 U.S. Code § 1395w–115 - Subsidies for part D eligible individuals for qualified prescription drug coverage

(a) Subsidy payment
In order to reduce premium levels applicable to qualified prescription drug coverage for part D eligible individuals consistent with an overall subsidy level of 74.5 percent for basic prescription drug coverage, to reduce adverse selection among prescription drug plans and MA–PD plans, and to promote the participation of PDP sponsors under this part and MA organizations under part C of this subchapter, the Secretary shall provide for payment to a PDP sponsor that offers a prescription drug plan and an MA organization that offers an MA–PD plan of the following subsidies in accordance with this section:
(1) Direct subsidy
A direct subsidy for each part D eligible individual enrolled in a prescription drug plan or MA–PD plan for a month equal to—
(A) the amount of the plan’s standardized bid amount (as defined in section 1395w–113 (a)(5) of this title), adjusted under subsection (c)(1) of this section, reduced by
(B) the base beneficiary premium (as computed under paragraph (2) of section 1395w–113 (a) of this title and as adjusted under paragraph (1)(B) of such section).
(2) Subsidy through reinsurance
The reinsurance payment amount (as defined in subsection (b) of this section).
This section constitutes budget authority in advance of appropriations Acts and represents the obligation of the Secretary to provide for the payment of amounts provided under this section.
(b) Reinsurance payment amount
(1) In general
The reinsurance payment amount under this subsection for a part D eligible individual enrolled in a prescription drug plan or MA–PD plan for a coverage year is an amount equal to 80 percent of the allowable reinsurance costs (as specified in paragraph (2)) attributable to that portion of gross covered prescription drug costs as specified in paragraph (3) incurred in the coverage year after such individual has incurred costs that exceed the annual out-of-pocket threshold specified in section 1395w–102 (b)(4)(B) of this title.
(2) Allowable reinsurance costs
For purposes of this section, the term “allowable reinsurance costs” means, with respect to gross covered prescription drug costs under a prescription drug plan offered by a PDP sponsor or an MA–PD plan offered by an MA organization, the part of such costs that are actually paid (net of discounts, chargebacks, and average percentage rebates) by the sponsor or organization or by (or on behalf of) an enrollee under the plan, but in no case more than the part of such costs that would have been paid under the plan if the prescription drug coverage under the plan were basic prescription drug coverage, or, in the case of a plan providing supplemental prescription drug coverage, if such coverage were standard prescription drug coverage.
(3) Gross covered prescription drug costs
For purposes of this section, the term “gross covered prescription drug costs” means, with respect to a part D eligible individual enrolled in a prescription drug plan or MA–PD plan during a coverage year, the costs incurred under the plan, not including administrative costs, but including costs directly related to the dispensing of covered part D drugs during the year and costs relating to the deductible. Such costs shall be determined whether they are paid by the individual or under the plan, regardless of whether the coverage under the plan exceeds basic prescription drug coverage.
(4) Coverage year defined
For purposes of this section, the term “coverage year” means a calendar year in which covered part D drugs are dispensed if the claim for such drugs (and payment on such claim) is made not later than such period after the end of such year as the Secretary specifies.
(c) Adjustments relating to bids
(1) Health status risk adjustment
(A) Establishment of risk adjustors
The Secretary shall establish an appropriate methodology for adjusting the standardized bid amount under subsection (a)(1)(A) of this section to take into account variation in costs for basic prescription drug coverage among prescription drug plans and MA–PD plans based on the differences in actuarial risk of different enrollees being served. Any such risk adjustment shall be designed in a manner so as not to result in a change in the aggregate amounts payable to such plans under subsection (a)(1) of this section and through that portion of the monthly beneficiary prescription drug premiums described in subsection (a)(1)(B) of this section and MA monthly prescription drug beneficiary premiums.
(B) Considerations
In establishing the methodology under subparagraph (A), the Secretary may take into account the similar methodologies used under section 1395w–23 (a)(3) of this title to adjust payments to MA organizations for benefits under the original medicare fee-for-service program option.
(C) Data collection
In order to carry out this paragraph, the Secretary shall require—
(i) PDP sponsors to submit data regarding drug claims that can be linked at the individual level to part A and part B data and such other information as the Secretary determines necessary; and
(ii) MA organizations that offer MA–PD plans to submit data regarding drug claims that can be linked at the individual level to other data that such organizations are required to submit to the Secretary and such other information as the Secretary determines necessary.
(D) Publication
At the time of publication of risk adjustment factors under section 1395w–23 (b)(1)(B)(i)(II) of this title, the Secretary shall publish the risk adjusters established under this paragraph for the succeeding year.
(2) Geographic adjustment
(A) In general
Subject to subparagraph (B), for purposes of section 1395w–113 (a)(1)(B)(iii) of this title, the Secretary shall establish an appropriate methodology for adjusting the national average monthly bid amount (computed under section 1395w–113 (a)(4) of this title) to take into account differences in prices for covered part D drugs among PDP regions.
(B) De minimis rule
If the Secretary determines that the price variations described in subparagraph (A) among PDP regions are de minimis, the Secretary shall not provide for adjustment under this paragraph.
(C) Budget neutral adjustment
Any adjustment under this paragraph shall be applied in a manner so as to not result in a change in the aggregate payments made under this part that would have been made if the Secretary had not applied such adjustment.
(d) Payment methods
(1) In general
Payments under this section shall be based on such a method as the Secretary determines. The Secretary may establish a payment method by which interim payments of amounts under this section are made during a year based on the Secretary’s best estimate of amounts that will be payable after obtaining all of the information.
(2) Requirement for provision of information
(A) Requirement
Payments under this section to a PDP sponsor or MA organization are conditioned upon the furnishing to the Secretary, in a form and manner specified by the Secretary, of such information as may be required to carry out this section.
(B) Restriction on use of information
Information disclosed or obtained pursuant to subparagraph (A) may be used by officers, employees, and contractors of the Department of Health and Human Services only for the purposes of, and to the extent necessary in, carrying out this section.
(3) Source of payments
Payments under this section shall be made from the Medicare Prescription Drug Account.
(4) Application of enrollee adjustment
The provisions of section 1395w–23 (a)(2) of this title shall apply to payments to PDP sponsors under this section in the same manner as they apply to payments to MA organizations under section 1395w–23 (a) of this title.
(e) Portion of total payments to a sponsor or organization subject to risk (application of risk corridors)
(1) Computation of adjusted allowable risk corridor costs
(A) In general
For purposes of this subsection, the term “adjusted allowable risk corridor costs” means, for a plan for a coverage year (as defined in subsection (b)(4) of this section)—
(i) the allowable risk corridor costs (as defined in subparagraph (B)) for the plan for the year, reduced by
(ii) the sum of
(I) the total reinsurance payments made under subsection (b) of this section to the sponsor of the plan for the year, and
(II) the total subsidy payments made under section 1395w–114 of this title to the sponsor of the plan for the year.
(B) Allowable risk corridor costs
For purposes of this subsection, the term “allowable risk corridor costs” means, with respect to a prescription drug plan offered by a PDP sponsor or an MA–PD plan offered by an MA organization, the part of costs (not including administrative costs, but including costs directly related to the dispensing of covered part D drugs during the year) incurred by the sponsor or organization under the plan that are actually paid (net of discounts, chargebacks, and average percentage rebates) by the sponsor or organization under the plan, but in no case more than the part of such costs that would have been paid under the plan if the prescription drug coverage under the plan were basic prescription drug coverage, or, in the case of a plan providing supplemental prescription drug coverage, if such coverage were basic prescription drug coverage taking into account the adjustment under section 1395w–111 (c)(2) of this title. In computing allowable costs under this paragraph, the Secretary shall compute such costs based upon imposition under paragraphs (1)(D) and (2)(E) of section 1395w–114 (a) of this title of the maximum amount of copayments permitted under such paragraphs.
(2) Adjustment of payment
(A) No adjustment if adjusted allowable risk corridor costs within risk corridor
If the adjusted allowable risk corridor costs (as defined in paragraph (1)) for the plan for the year are at least equal to the first threshold lower limit of the risk corridor (specified in paragraph (3)(A)(i)), but not greater than the first threshold upper limit of the risk corridor (specified in paragraph (3)(A)(iii)) for the plan for the year, then no payment adjustment shall be made under this subsection.
(B) Increase in payment if adjusted allowable risk corridor costs above upper limit of risk corridor
(i) Costs between first and second threshold upper limits If the adjusted allowable risk corridor costs for the plan for the year are greater than the first threshold upper limit, but not greater than the second threshold upper limit, of the risk corridor for the plan for the year, the Secretary shall increase the total of the payments made to the sponsor or organization offering the plan for the year under this section by an amount equal to 50 percent (or, for 2006 and 2007, 75 percent or 90 percent if the conditions described in clause (iii) are met for the year) of the difference between such adjusted allowable risk corridor costs and the first threshold upper limit of the risk corridor.
(ii) Costs above second threshold upper limits If the adjusted allowable risk corridor costs for the plan for the year are greater than the second threshold upper limit of the risk corridor for the plan for the year, the Secretary shall increase the total of the payments made to the sponsor or organization offering the plan for the year under this section by an amount equal to the sum of—
(I) 50 percent (or, for 2006 and 2007, 75 percent or 90 percent if the conditions described in clause (iii) are met for the year) of the difference between the second threshold upper limit and the first threshold upper limit; and
(II) 80 percent of the difference between such adjusted allowable risk corridor costs and the second threshold upper limit of the risk corridor.
(iii) Conditions for application of higher percentage for 2006 and 2007 The conditions described in this clause are met for 2006 or 2007 if the Secretary determines with respect to such year that—
(I) at least 60 percent of prescription drug plans and MA–PD plans to which this subsection applies have adjusted allowable risk corridor costs for the plan for the year that are more than the first threshold upper limit of the risk corridor for the plan for the year; and
(II) such plans represent at least 60 percent of part D eligible individuals enrolled in any prescription drug plan or MA–PD plan.
(C) Reduction in payment if adjusted allowable risk corridor costs below lower limit of risk corridor
(i) Costs between first and second threshold lower limits If the adjusted allowable risk corridor costs for the plan for the year are less than the first threshold lower limit, but not less than the second threshold lower limit, of the risk corridor for the plan for the year, the Secretary shall reduce the total of the payments made to the sponsor or organization offering the plan for the year under this section by an amount (or otherwise recover from the sponsor or organization an amount) equal to 50 percent (or, for 2006 and 2007, 75 percent) of the difference between the first threshold lower limit of the risk corridor and such adjusted allowable risk corridor costs.
(ii) Costs below second threshold lower limit If the adjusted allowable risk corridor costs for the plan for the year are less the second threshold lower limit of the risk corridor for the plan for the year, the Secretary shall reduce the total of the payments made to the sponsor or organization offering the plan for the year under this section by an amount (or otherwise recover from the sponsor or organization an amount) equal to the sum of—
(I) 50 percent (or, for 2006 and 2007, 75 percent) of the difference between the first threshold lower limit and the second threshold lower limit; and
(II) 80 percent of the difference between the second threshold upper limit of the risk corridor and such adjusted allowable risk corridor costs.
(3) Establishment of risk corridors
(A) In general
For each plan year the Secretary shall establish a risk corridor for each prescription drug plan and each MA–PD plan. The risk corridor for a plan for a year shall be equal to a range as follows:
(i) First threshold lower limit The first threshold lower limit of such corridor shall be equal to—
(I) the target amount described in subparagraph (B) for the plan; minus
(II) an amount equal to the first threshold risk percentage for the plan (as determined under subparagraph (C)(i)) of such target amount.
(ii) Second threshold lower limit The second threshold lower limit of such corridor shall be equal to—
(I) the target amount described in subparagraph (B) for the plan; minus
(II) an amount equal to the second threshold risk percentage for the plan (as determined under subparagraph (C)(ii)) of such target amount.
(iii) First threshold upper limit The first threshold upper limit of such corridor shall be equal to the sum of—
(I) such target amount; and
(II) the amount described in clause (i)(II).
(iv) Second threshold upper limit The second threshold upper limit of such corridor shall be equal to the sum of—
(I) such target amount; and
(II) the amount described in clause (ii)(II).
(B) Target amount described
The target amount described in this paragraph is, with respect to a prescription drug plan or an MA–PD plan in a year, the total amount of payments paid to the PDP sponsor or MA–PD organization for the plan for the year, taking into account amounts paid by the Secretary and enrollees, based upon the standardized bid amount (as defined in section 1395w–113 (a)(5) of this title and as risk adjusted under subsection (c)(1) of this section), reduced by the total amount of administrative expenses for the year assumed in such standardized bid.
(C) First and second threshold risk percentage defined
(i) First threshold risk percentage Subject to clause (iii), for purposes of this section, the first threshold risk percentage is—
(I) for 2006 and 2007, and  [1] 2.5 percent;
(II) for 2008 through 2011, 5 percent; and
(III) for 2012 and subsequent years, a percentage established by the Secretary, but in no case less than 5 percent.
(ii) Second threshold risk percentage Subject to clause (iii), for purposes of this section, the second threshold risk percentage is—
(I) for 2006 and 2007, 5 percent;
(II) for 2008 through 2011, 10 percent; and
(III) for 2012 and subsequent years, a percentage established by the Secretary that is greater than the percent established for the year under clause (i)(III), but in no case less than 10 percent.
(iii) Reduction of risk percentage to ensure 2 plans in an area Pursuant to section 1395w–111 (b)(2)(E)(ii) of this title, a PDP sponsor may submit a bid that requests a decrease in the applicable first or second threshold risk percentages or an increase in the percents applied under paragraph (2).
(4) Plans at risk for entire amount of supplemental prescription drug coverage
A PDP sponsor and MA organization that offers a plan that provides supplemental prescription drug benefits shall be at full financial risk for the provision of such supplemental benefits.
(5) No effect on monthly premium
No adjustment in payments made by reason of this subsection shall affect the monthly beneficiary premium or the MA monthly prescription drug beneficiary premium.
(f) Disclosure of information
(1) In general
Each contract under this part and under part C of this subchapter shall provide that—
(A) the PDP sponsor offering a prescription drug plan or an MA organization offering an MA–PD plan shall provide the Secretary with such information as the Secretary determines is necessary to carry out this section; and
(B) the Secretary shall have the right in accordance with section 1395w–27 (d)(2)(B) of this title (as applied under section 1395w–112 (b)(3)(C) of this title) to inspect and audit any books and records of a PDP sponsor or MA organization that pertain to the information regarding costs provided to the Secretary under subparagraph (A).
(2) Restriction on use of information
Information disclosed or obtained pursuant to the provisions of this section may be used—
(A) by officers, employees, and contractors of the Department of Health and Human Services for the purposes of, and to the extent necessary in—
(i) carrying out this section; and
(ii) conducting oversight, evaluation, and enforcement under this subchapter; and
(B) by the Attorney General and the Comptroller General of the United States for the purposes of, and to the extent necessary in, carrying out health oversight activities.
(g) Payment for fallback prescription drug plans
In lieu of the amounts otherwise payable under this section to a PDP sponsor offering a fallback prescription drug plan (as defined in section 1395w–111 (g)(4) of this title  [2] ), the amount payable shall be the amounts determined under the contract for such plan pursuant to section 1395w–111 (g)(5) of this title.


[1]  So in original. The word “and” probably should not appear.

[2]  See References in Text note below.

Source

(Aug. 14, 1935, ch. 531, title XVIII, § 1860D–15, as added Pub. L. 108–173, title I, § 101(a)(2),Dec. 8, 2003, 117 Stat. 2113; amended Pub. L. 111–148, title VI, § 6402(b)(1),Mar. 23, 2010, 124 Stat. 756.)
References in Text

Section 1395w–111 (g)(4) of this title, referred to in subsec. (g), was in the original “section 1860D–3(c)(4)”, and was translated as reading “section 1860D–11(g)(4)”, meaning section 1860D–11(g)(4) of the Social Security Act, to reflect the probable intent of Congress, because section 1860D–3, which is classified to section 1395w–103 of this title, does not contain a subsec. (c), andsection 1395w–111 (g)(4) of this title defines “fallback prescription drug plan” for purposes of this part.
Amendments

2010—Subsec. (f)(2). Pub. L. 111–148substituted “may be used—” for “may be used by officers, employees, and contractors of the Department of Health and Human Services only for the purposes of, and to the extent necessary in, carrying out this section.” in introductory provisions and added subpars. (A) and (B).

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42 USCDescription of ChangeSession YearPublic LawStatutes at Large

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20 CFR - Employees' Benefits

20 CFR Part 418 - MEDICARE SUBSIDIES

42 CFR - Public Health

42 CFR Part 406 - HOSPITAL INSURANCE ELIGIBILITY AND ENTITLEMENT

42 CFR Part 411 - EXCLUSIONS FROM MEDICARE AND LIMITATIONS ON MEDICARE PAYMENT

 

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