42 U.S. Code § 1397kk - Phase-out of coverage for nonpregnant childless adults; conditions for coverage of parents

(a) Termination of coverage for nonpregnant childless adults
(1) No new CHIP waivers; automatic extensions at State option through 2009
Notwithstanding section 1315 of this title or any other provision of this subchapter, except as provided in this subsection—
(A) the Secretary shall not on or after February 4, 2009, approve or renew a waiver, experimental, pilot, or demonstration project that would allow funds made available under this subchapter to be used to provide child health assistance or other health benefits coverage to a nonpregnant childless adult; and
(B) notwithstanding the terms and conditions of an applicable existing waiver, the provisions of paragraph (2) shall apply for purposes of any period beginning on or after January 1, 2010, in determining the period to which the waiver applies, the individuals eligible to be covered by the waiver, and the amount of the Federal payment under this subchapter.
(2) Termination of CHIP coverage under applicable existing waivers at the end of 2009
(A) In general
No funds shall be available under this subchapter for child health assistance or other health benefits coverage that is provided to a nonpregnant childless adult under an applicable existing waiver after December 31, 2009.
(B) Extension upon State request
If an applicable existing waiver described in subparagraph (A) would otherwise expire before January 1, 2010, notwithstanding the requirements of subsections (e) and (f) ofsection 1315 of this title, a State may submit, not later than September 30, 2009, a request to the Secretary for an extension of the waiver. The Secretary shall approve a request for an extension of an applicable existing waiver submitted pursuant to this subparagraph, but only through December 31, 2009.
(C) Application of enhanced FMAP
The enhanced FMAP determined under section 1397ee (b) of this title shall apply to expenditures under an applicable existing waiver for the provision of child health assistance or other health benefits coverage to a nonpregnant childless adult during the period beginning on February 4, 2009, and ending on December 31, 2009.
(3) State option to apply for Medicaid waiver to continue coverage for nonpregnant childless adults
(A) In general
Each State for which coverage under an applicable existing waiver is terminated under paragraph (2)(A) may submit, not later than September 30, 2009, an application to the Secretary for a waiver under section 1315 of this title of the State plan under subchapter XIX to provide medical assistance to a nonpregnant childless adult whose coverage is so terminated (in this subsection referred to as a “Medicaid nonpregnant childless adults waiver”).
(B) Deadline for approval
The Secretary shall make a decision to approve or deny an application for a Medicaid nonpregnant childless adults waiver submitted under subparagraph (A) within 90 days of the date of the submission of the application. If no decision has been made by the Secretary as of December 31, 2009, on the application of a State for a Medicaid nonpregnant childless adults waiver that was submitted to the Secretary by September 30, 2009, the application shall be deemed approved.
(C) Standard for budget neutrality
The budget neutrality requirement applicable with respect to expenditures for medical assistance under a Medicaid nonpregnant childless adults waiver shall—
(i) in the case of fiscal year 2010, allow expenditures for medical assistance under subchapter XIX for all such adults to not exceed the total amount of payments made to the State under paragraph (2)(B) for fiscal year 2009, increased by the percentage increase (if any) in the projected nominal per capita amount of National Health Expenditures for 2010 over 2009, as most recently published by the Secretary; and
(ii) in the case of any succeeding fiscal year, allow such expenditures to not exceed the amount in effect under this subparagraph for the preceding fiscal year, increased by the percentage increase (if any) in the projected nominal per capita amount of National Health Expenditures for the calendar year that begins during the year involved over the preceding calendar year, as most recently published by the Secretary.
(b) Rules and conditions for coverage of parents of targeted low-income children
(1) Two-year period; automatic extension at State option through fiscal year 2011
(A) No new CHIP waivers
Notwithstanding section 1315 of this title or any other provision of this subchapter, except as provided in this subsection—
(i) the Secretary shall not on or after February 4, 2009, approve or renew a waiver, experimental, pilot, or demonstration project that would allow funds made available under this subchapter to be used to provide child health assistance or other health benefits coverage to a parent of a targeted low-income child; and
(ii) notwithstanding the terms and conditions of an applicable existing waiver, the provisions of paragraphs (2) and (3) shall apply for purposes of any fiscal year beginning on or after October 1, 2011, in determining the period to which the waiver applies, the individuals eligible to be covered by the waiver, and the amount of the Federal payment under this subchapter.
(B) Extension upon State request
If an applicable existing waiver described in subparagraph (A) would otherwise expire before October 1, 2011, and the State requests an extension of such waiver, the Secretary shall grant such an extension, but only, subject to paragraph (2)(A), through September 30, 2011.
(C) Application of enhanced FMAP
The enhanced FMAP determined under section 1397ee (b) of this title shall apply to expenditures under an applicable existing waiver for the provision of child health assistance or other health benefits coverage to a parent of a targeted low-income child during the third and fourth quarters of fiscal year 2009 and during fiscal years 2010 and 2011.
(2) Rules for fiscal years 2012 through 2013
(A) Payments for coverage limited to block grant funded from State allotment
Any State that provides child health assistance or health benefits coverage under an applicable existing waiver for a parent of a targeted low-income child may elect to continue to provide such assistance or coverage through fiscal year 2012 or 2013, subject to the same terms and conditions that applied under the applicable existing waiver, unless otherwise modified in subparagraph (B).
(B) Terms and conditions
(i) Block grant set aside from State allotment If the State makes an election under subparagraph (A), the Secretary shall set aside for the State for each such fiscal year an amount equal to the Federal share of 110 percent of the State’s projected expenditures under the applicable existing waiver for providing child health assistance or health benefits coverage to all parents of targeted low-income children enrolled under such waiver for the fiscal year (as certified by the State and submitted to the Secretary by not later than August 31 of the preceding fiscal year). In the case of fiscal year 2013, the set aside for any State shall be computed separately for each period described in subparagraphs (A) and (B) of section 1397dd (a)(16) of this title and any reduction in the allotment for either such period under section 1397dd (m)(4) of this title shall be allocated on a pro rata basis to such set aside.
(ii) Payments from block grant The Secretary shall pay the State from the amount set aside under clause (i) for the fiscal year, an amount for each quarter of such fiscal year equal to the applicable percentage determined under clause (iii) or (iv) for expenditures in the quarter for providing child health assistance or other health benefits coverage to a parent of a targeted low-income child.
(iii) Enhanced FMAP only in fiscal year 2012 for States with significant child outreach or that achieve child coverage benchmarks; FMAP for any other States For purposes of clause (ii), the applicable percentage for any quarter of fiscal year 2012 is equal to—
(I) the enhanced FMAP determined under section 1397ee (b) of this title in the case of a State that meets the outreach or coverage benchmarks described in any of subparagraph (A), (B), or (C) of paragraph (3) for fiscal year 2011; or
(II) the Federal medical assistance percentage (as determined under section 1396d (b) of this title without regard to clause (4) of such section) in the case of any other State.
(iv) Amount of Federal matching payment in 2013 For purposes of clause (ii), the applicable percentage for any quarter of fiscal year 2013 is equal to—
(I) the REMAP percentage if—
(aa) the applicable percentage for the State under clause (iii) was the enhanced FMAP for fiscal year 2012; and
(bb) the State met either of the coverage benchmarks described in subparagraph (B) or (C) of paragraph (3) for fiscal year 2012; or
(II) the Federal medical assistance percentage (as so determined) in the case of any State to which subclause (I) does not apply.
 For purposes of subclause (I), the REMAP percentage is the percentage which is the sum of such Federal medical assistance percentage and a number of percentage points equal to one-half of the difference between such Federal medical assistance percentage and such enhanced FMAP.
(v) No Federal payments other than from block grant set aside No payments shall be made to a State for expenditures described in clause (ii) after the total amount set aside under clause (i) for a fiscal year has been paid to the State.
(vi) No increase in income eligibility level for parents No payments shall be made to a State from the amount set aside under clause (i) for a fiscal year for expenditures for providing child health assistance or health benefits coverage to a parent of a targeted low-income child whose family income exceeds the income eligibility level applied under the applicable existing waiver to parents of targeted low-income children on February 4, 2009.
(3) Outreach or coverage benchmarks
For purposes of paragraph (2), the outreach or coverage benchmarks described in this paragraph are as follows:
(A) Significant child outreach campaign
The State—
(i) was awarded a grant under section 1397mm of this title for fiscal year 2011;
(ii) implemented 1 or more of the enrollment and retention provisions described in section 1397ee (a)(4) of this title for such fiscal year; or
(iii) has submitted a specific plan for outreach for such fiscal year.
(B) High-performing State
The State, on the basis of the most timely and accurate published estimates of the Bureau of the Census, ranks in the lowest 1/3 of States in terms of the State’s percentage of low-income children without health insurance.
(C) State increasing enrollment of low-income children
The State qualified for a performance bonus payment under section 1397ee (a)(3)(B) of this title for the most recent fiscal year applicable under such section.
(4) Rules of construction
Nothing in this subsection shall be construed as prohibiting a State from submitting an application to the Secretary for a waiver under section 1315 of this title of the State plan under subchapter XIX to provide medical assistance to a parent of a targeted low-income child that was provided child health assistance or health benefits coverage under an applicable existing waiver.
(c) Applicable existing waiver
For purposes of this section—
(1) In general
The term “applicable existing waiver” means a waiver, experimental, pilot, or demonstration project under section 1315 of this title, grandfathered under section 6102(c)(3) of the Deficit Reduction Act of 2005, or otherwise conducted under authority that—
(A) would allow funds made available under this subchapter to be used to provide child health assistance or other health benefits coverage to—
(i) a parent of a targeted low-income child;
(ii) a nonpregnant childless adult; or
(iii) individuals described in both clauses (i) and (ii); and
(B) was in effect during fiscal year 2009.
(2) Definitions
(A) Parent
The term “parent” includes a caretaker relative (as such term is used in carrying out section 1396u–1 of this title) and a legal guardian.
(B) Nonpregnant childless adult
The term “nonpregnant childless adult” has the meaning given such term by section 1397gg (f) of this title.

Source

(Aug. 14, 1935, ch. 531, title XXI, § 2111, as added Pub. L. 111–3, title I, § 112(a)(1),Feb. 4, 2009, 123 Stat. 29.)
References in Text

Section 6102(c)(3) of the Deficit Reduction Act of 2005, referred to in subsec. (c)(1), is section 6102(c)(3) ofPub. L. 109–171, which is set out as a note under section 1397gg of this title.
Effective Date

Section effective Apr. 1, 2009, and applicable to child health assistance and medical assistance provided on or after that date, with certain exceptions, see section 3 ofPub. L. 111–3, set out as a note under section 1396 of this title.

The table below lists the classification updates, since Jan. 3, 2012, for this section. Updates to a broader range of sections may be found at the update page for containing chapter, title, etc.

The most recent Classification Table update that we have noticed was Tuesday, August 13, 2013

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42 USCDescription of ChangeSession YearPublic LawStatutes at Large

 

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