42 U.S. Code § 1490c - Mutual and self-help housing

(a) Purpose
The purposes of this section are
(1) to make financial assistance available on reasonable terms and conditions in rural areas and small towns to needy low-income individuals and their families who, with the benefit of technical assistance and overall guidance and supervision, participate in approved programs of mutual or self-help housing by acquiring and developing necessary land, acquiring building materials, providing their own labor, and working cooperatively with others for the provision of decent, safe, and sanitary dwellings for themselves, their families, and others in the area or town involved, and
(2) to facilitate the efforts of both public and private nonprofit organizations providing assistance to such individuals to contribute their technical and supervisory skills toward more effective and comprehensive programs of mutual or self-help housing in rural areas and small towns wherever necessary.
(b) Contract authority; establishment of Self-Help Housing Land Development Fund; authorization to make loans; conditions of loan
In order to carry out the purposes of this section, the Secretary of Agriculture (in this section referred to as the “Secretary”) is authorized—
(1)
(A) to make grants to, or contract with, public or private nonprofit corporations, agencies, institutions, organizations, Indian tribes, and other associations approved by him, to pay part or all of the costs of developing, conducting, administering, or coordinating effective and comprehensive programs of technical and supervisory assistance which will aid needy low-income individuals and their families in carrying out mutual or self-help housing efforts, including the repair of units financed under section 1472 of this title that are being held in inventory; and
(B) to establish the Self-Help Housing Land Development Fund, referred to herein as the Self-Help Fund, to be used by the Secretary as a revolving fund for making loans, on such terms and conditions and in such amounts as he deems necessary, to public or private nonprofit organizations and to Indian tribes for the acquisition and development of land as building sites to be subdivided and sold to families, nonprofit organizations, and cooperatives eligible for assistance under section 1715z or 1715z–1 of title 12 or section 1490a of this title. Such a loan, with interest at a rate not to exceed 3 percent per annum, shall be repaid within a period not to exceed two years from the making of the loan, or within such additional period as may be authorized by the Secretary in any case as being necessary to carry out the purposes hereof: Provided, That the Secretary may advance funds under this paragraph to organizations receiving assistance under clause (A) to enable them to establish revolving accounts for the purchase of land options and any such advances may bear interest at a rate determined by the Secretary and shall be repaid to the Secretary at the expiration of the period for which the grant to the organization involved was made;
(2) to make grants to, or contract with, national or regional private nonprofit corporations to provide training and technical assistance to public or private nonprofit corporations, agencies, institutions, organizations, and other associations, including Indian tribes, eligible to receive assistance under this section in order to expand the use of authorities contained in this section and to improve performance; and
(3) to make loans, on such terms and conditions and in such amounts as he deems necessary, to needy low-income individuals participating in programs of mutual or self-help housing approved by him, for the acquisition and development of land and for the purchase of such other building materials as may be necessary in order to enable them, by providing substantially all of their own labor, and by cooperating with others participating in such programs, to carry out to completion the construction of decent, safe, and sanitary dwellings for such individuals and their families, subject to the following limitations:
(A) there is reasonable assurance of repayment of the loan;
(B) the amount of the loan, together with other funds which may be available, is adequate to achieve the purpose for which the loan is made;
(C) the credit assistance is not otherwise available on like terms or conditions from private sources or through other Federal, State, or local programs;
(D) the loan bears interest at a rate not to exceed 3 per centum per annum on the unpaid balance of principal, plus such additional charge, if any, toward covering other costs of the loan program as the Secretary may determine to be consistent with its purposes; and
(E) the loan is repayable within not more than thirty-three years.
(c) Considerations for financial assistance
In determining whether to extend financial assistance under paragraph (1) or (2) of subsection (b) of this section, the Secretary shall take into consideration, among other factors, the suitability of the area within which construction will be carried out to the type of dwelling which can be provided under mutual or self-help housing programs, the extent to which the assistance will facilitate the provision of more decent, safe, and sanitary housing conditions than presently exist in the area, the extent to which the assistance will be utilized efficiently and expeditiously, the extent to which the assistance will effect an increase in the standard of living of low-income individuals participating in the mutual or self-help housing program, and whether the assistance will fulfill a need in the area which is not otherwise being met through other programs, including those carried out by other Federal, State, or local agencies.
(d) “Construction” defined
As used in this section, the term “construction” includes the erection of new dwellings, and the rehabilitation, alteration, conversion, or improvement of existing structures.
(e) Establishment of appropriate criteria and procedures for determining eligibility of applicants
The Secretary is authorized to establish appropriate criteria and procedures in order to determine the eligibility of applicants for the financial assistance provided under this section, including criteria and procedures with respect to the periodic review of any construction carried out with such financial assistance.
(f) Repealed. Pub. L. 102–550, title VII, § 710(2),Oct. 28, 1992, 106 Stat. 3840
(g) Deposit in Self-Help Fund; availability of amounts; assets
Amounts appropriated under this subsection, together with principal collections from loans made under appropriations in any previous fiscal years, shall be deposited in the Self-Help Housing Land Development Fund, which shall be available, to the extent approved in appropriation Acts, as a revolving fund for making loans under subsection (b)(1)(B) of this section; except that not more than $5,000,000 may be made available during fiscal year 1985. Instruments and property acquired by the Secretary in or as a result of making such loans shall be assets of the Self-Help Housing Land Development Fund.
(h) Rules and regulations
The Secretary shall issue rules and regulations for the orderly processing and review of applications under this section and rules and regulations protecting the rights of grantees under this section in the event he determines to end grant assistance prior to the termination date of any grant agreement.

Source

(July 15, 1949, ch. 338, title V, § 523, as added Pub. L. 90–448, title X, § 1005,Aug. 1, 1968, 82 Stat. 553; amended Pub. L. 93–117, § 13(d),Oct. 2, 1973, 87 Stat. 423; Pub. L. 93–383, title V, § 512,Aug. 22, 1974, 88 Stat. 695; Pub. L. 95–60, § 4(d),June 30, 1977, 91 Stat. 258; Pub. L. 95–80, § 4(d),July 31, 1977, 91 Stat. 340; Pub. L. 95–128, title V, § 501(d),Oct. 12, 1977, 91 Stat. 1139; Pub. L. 95–406, § 7(d),Sept. 30, 1978, 92 Stat. 881; Pub. L. 95–557, title V, § 501(g), (h),Oct. 31, 1978, 92 Stat. 2111; Pub. L. 96–71, § 5(d),Sept. 28, 1979, 93 Stat. 502; Pub. L. 96–105, § 5(d),Nov. 8, 1979, 93 Stat. 795; Pub. L. 96–153, title V, §§ 501(d), (e), 505,Dec. 21, 1979, 93 Stat. 1133, 1135; Pub. L. 96–372, § 6(e),Oct. 3, 1980, 94 Stat. 1365; Pub. L. 96–399, title V, §§ 501(d), 507(e),Oct. 8, 1980, 94 Stat. 1668, 1670; Pub. L. 97–35, title III, § 351(e),Aug. 13, 1981, 95 Stat. 421; Pub. L. 97–289, § 3(c),Oct. 6, 1982, 96 Stat. 1231; Pub. L. 98–35, § 3(c),May 26, 1983, 97 Stat. 198; Pub. L. 98–109, § 4(c),Oct. 1, 1983, 97 Stat. 746; Pub. L. 98–181, title I[title V, § 511(d), (e)], Nov. 30, 1983, 97 Stat. 1244; Pub. L. 98–479, title II, § 204(c)(2),Oct. 17, 1984, 98 Stat. 2233; Pub. L. 99–120, § 3(c),Oct. 8, 1985, 99 Stat. 503; Pub. L. 99–156, § 3(c),Nov. 15, 1985, 99 Stat. 816; Pub. L. 99–219, § 3(c),Dec. 26, 1985, 99 Stat. 1731; Pub. L. 99–267, § 3(c),Mar. 27, 1986, 100 Stat. 74; Pub. L. 99–272, title III, § 3009(c),Apr. 7, 1986, 100 Stat. 106; Pub. L. 99–289, § 1(b),May 2, 1986, 100 Stat. 412; Pub. L. 99–345, § 1,June 24, 1986, 100 Stat. 673; Pub. L. 99–430, Sept. 30, 1986, 100 Stat. 986; Pub. L. 100–122, § 1,Sept. 30, 1987, 101 Stat. 793; Pub. L. 100–154, Nov. 5, 1987, 101 Stat. 890; Pub. L. 100–170, Nov. 17, 1987, 101 Stat. 914; Pub. L. 100–179, Dec. 3, 1987, 101 Stat. 1018; Pub. L. 100–200, Dec. 21, 1987, 101 Stat. 1327; Pub. L. 100–242, title III, § 301(f),Feb. 5, 1988, 101 Stat. 1893; Pub. L. 101–137, § 7(c),Nov. 3, 1989, 103 Stat. 826; Pub. L. 101–625, title VII, § 701(f),Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat. 4282; Pub. L. 102–142, title VII, § 743(b),Oct. 28, 1991, 105 Stat. 915; Pub. L. 102–550, title VII, § 710,Oct. 28, 1992, 106 Stat. 3840.)
Amendments

1992—Subsec. (b)(1)(A). Pub. L. 102–550, § 710(1), inserted “, including the repair of units financed under section 1472 of this title that are being held in inventory” after “efforts”.
Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 102–550, § 710(2), struck out subsec. (f) which read as follows: “No grant or loan may be made or contract entered into under the authority of this section after September 30, 1992, except pursuant to a commitment or other obligation entered into pursuant to this section before that date.”
1991—Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 102–142substituted “1992” for “1991”.
1990—Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 101–625substituted “1991” for “1990”.
1989—Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 101–137substituted “1990” for “1989”.
1988—Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 100–242substituted “September 30, 1989” for “March 15, 1988”.
1987—Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 100–200substituted “March 15, 1988” for “December 16, 1987”.
Pub. L. 100–179substituted “December 16, 1987” for “December 2, 1987”.
Pub. L. 100–170substituted “December 2, 1987” for “November 15, 1987”.
Pub. L. 100–154substituted “November 15, 1987” for “October 31, 1987”.
Pub. L. 100–122substituted “October 31, 1987” for “September 30, 1987”.
1986—Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 99–430substituted “1987” for “1986”.
Pub. L. 99–345substituted “September 30, 1986” for “June 6, 1986”.
Pub. L. 99–289substituted “June 6, 1986” for “April 30, 1986”.
Pub. L. 99–272directed amendment identical to Pub. L. 99–219, substituting “March 17, 1986” for “December 15, 1985”.
Pub. L. 99–267substituted “April 30, 1986” for “March 17, 1986”.
1985—Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 99–219substituted “March 17, 1986” for “December 15, 1985”.
Pub. L. 99–156substituted “December 15, 1985” for “November 14, 1985”.
Pub. L. 99–120substituted “November 14, 1985” for “September 30, 1985”.
1984—Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 98–479inserted “Housing” before “Land” after “Self-Help” in last sentence.
1983—Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 98–181, § 511(d), substituted “September 30, 1985” for “November 30, 1983”, and struck out first sentence which authorized not to exceed $5,000,000 to carry out this section for fiscal year 1983.
Pub. L. 98–109substituted “November 30, 1983” for “September 30, 1983” the second time it appeared.
Pub. L. 98–35substituted “September 30, 1983” for “May 20, 1983” in two places.
Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 98–181, § 511(e), substituted “1985” for “1982” and struck out first sentence which authorized not to exceed $3,000,000 to carry out subsec. (b)(1)(B) for fiscal year 1982.
1982—Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 97–289substituted “May 20, 1983” for “September 30, 1982” wherever appearing.
1981—Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 97–35, § 351(e)(1), substituted “1982” for “1981” in two places.
Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 97–35, § 351(e)(2)–(4), inserted provisions relating to availability in appropriation Acts, and substituted provisions relating to authorization of appropriations for fiscal year ending Sept. 30, 1982, for provisions authorizing appropriations for fiscal year ending Sept. 30, 1981.
1980—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 96–399, § 507(e), inserted reference to Indian tribes in subpars. (1)(A) and (B), and in par. (2).
Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 96–399, § 501(d)(1), substituted “September 30, 1981” for “October 15, 1980” wherever appearing.
Pub. L. 96–372substituted “October 15, 1980” for “September 30, 1980” wherever appearing.
Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 96–399, § 501(d)(2), substituted provisions authorizing appropriations not to exceed $2,500,000 for fiscal 1981, such amount together with principal collections from loans under appropriations in prior years to be deposited in the Self-Help Housing Land Development Fund, to be available as a revolving fund for loans under subsec. (b)(1)(B) of this section for provisions authorizing appropriations not to exceed $1,000,000, $2,000,000, $3,000,000 and $1,000,000 for fiscal years ending June 30, 1969, June 30, 1970, Sept. 30, 1979, and Sept. 30, 1980, respectively, provisions allowing appropriation of authorized funds in succeeding years, to be deposited in the Self-Help Fund to be available without fiscal year limitation, and provision for deposit in such Fund of sums received from repayment of such loans.
1979—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 96–153, § 505, redesignated existing par. (2) as (3) and added par. (2).
Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 96–153, § 501(d), substituted authorization of appropriation of $5,000,000 for fiscal year ending Sept. 30, 1980, for provisions containing authorization of appropriation for fiscal years commencing June 30, 1968 to Oct. 1, 1978, and substituted “September 30, 1980” for “November 30, 1979”.
Pub. L. 96–105substituted “December 1, 1979” and “November 30, 1979” for “November 1, 1979” and “October 31, 1979”, respectively.
Pub. L. 96–71substituted “November 1, 1979” and “October 31, 1979” for “October 1, 1979” and “September 30, 1979”, respectively.
Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 96–153, § 501(e), inserted authorization of appropriation of $1,000,000 for fiscal year ending September 30, 1980.
1978—Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 95–557, § 501(g), substituted “October 1, 1979” for “November 1, 1978”, “September 30, 1979” for “October 31, 1978”, and “$16,500,000” for “$10,000,000”.
Pub. L. 95–406substituted “November 1, 1978” for “October 1, 1978” and “October 31, 1978” for “September 30, 1978”.
Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 95–557, § 501(h), inserted “and not to exceed $3,000,000 for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1979”, after “June 30, 1970”.
1977—Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 95–128substituted “1978” for “1977” wherever appearing.
Pub. L. 95–80substituted “October 1, 1977” for “August 1, 1977” and “September 30, 1977” for “July 31, 1977”.
Pub. L. 95–60substituted “August 1, 1977” for “July 1, 1977” and “July 31, 1977” for “June 30, 1977”.
1974—Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 93–383, § 512(a), inserted proviso relating to advance of funds by Secretary at end of cl. (B).
Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 93–383, § 512(b), substituted “1977” for “1974” wherever appearing and “$10,000,000” for “$5,000,000”.
Subsec. (h). Pub. L. 93–383, § 512(c), added subsec. (h).
1973—Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 93–117substituted “1974” for “1973” wherever appearing.
Effective Date of 1981 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 97–35effective Oct. 1, 1981, see section 371 ofPub. L. 97–35, set out as an Effective Date note under section 3701 of Title 12, Banks and Banking.

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7 CFR - Agriculture

7 CFR Part 15 - NONDISCRIMINATION

7 CFR Part 3555 - GUARANTEED RURAL HOUSING PROGRAM (Eff. 9-1-14)

 

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