42 U.S. Code § 15908 - Preservation of geological and geophysical data
(a) Short title
This section may be cited as the “National Geological and Geophysical Data Preservation Program Act of 2005”.
The Secretary shall carry out a National Geological and Geophysical Data Preservation Program in accordance with this section—
Not later than 1 year after August 8, 2005, the Secretary shall submit to Congress a plan for the implementation of the Program.
(d) Data archive system
The Secretary shall establish, as a component of the Program, a data archive system to provide for the storage, preservation, and archiving of subsurface, surface, geological, geophysical, and engineering data and samples. The Secretary, in consultation with the Advisory Committee, shall develop guidelines relating to the data archive system, including the types of data and samples to be preserved.
(2) System components
The system shall be comprised of State agencies that elect to be part of the system and agencies within the Department of the Interior that maintain geological and geophysical data and samples that are designated by the Secretary in accordance with this subsection. The Program shall provide for the storage of data and samples through data repositories operated by such agencies.
(3) Limitation of designation
The Secretary may not designate a State agency as a component of the data archive system unless that agency is the agency that acts as the geological survey in the State.
(4) Data from Federal land
The data archive system shall provide for the archiving of relevant subsurface data and samples obtained from Federal land—
(A) in the most appropriate repository designated under paragraph (2), with preference being given to archiving data in the State in which the data were collected; and
(e) National catalog
(1) In general
As soon as practicable after August 8, 2005, the Secretary shall develop and maintain, as a component of the Program, a national catalog that identifies—
(f) Advisory Committee
(1) In general
The Advisory Committee shall advise the Secretary on planning and implementation of the Program.
(2) New duties
In addition to its duties under the National Geologic Mapping Act of 1992 (43 U.S.C. 31a et seq.), the Advisory Committee shall perform the following duties:
(A) Advise the Secretary on developing guidelines and procedures for providing assistance for facilities under subsection (g)(1).
(B) Review and critique the draft implementation plan prepared by the Secretary under subsection (c).
(C) Identify useful studies of data archived under the Program that will advance understanding of the Nation’s energy and mineral resources, geologic hazards, and engineering geology.
(D) Review the progress of the Program in archiving significant data and preventing the loss of such data, and the scientific progress of the studies funded under the Program.
(g) Financial assistance
(1) Archive facilities
Subject to the availability of appropriations, the Secretary shall provide financial assistance to a State agency that is designated under subsection (d)(2) for providing facilities to archive energy material.
Subject to the availability of appropriations, the Secretary shall provide financial assistance to any State agency designated under subsection (d)(2) for studies and technical assistance activities that enhance understanding, interpretation, and use of materials archived in the data archive system established under subsection (d).
(3) Federal share
The Federal share of the cost of an activity carried out with assistance under this subsection shall be not more than 50 percent of the total cost of the activity.
The Secretary shall include in each report under section 8 of the National Geologic Mapping Act of 1992 (43 U.S.C. 31g)—
(2) an evaluation of the progress achieved in developing the Program during the period covered by the report; and
(i) Maintenance of State effort
It is the intent of Congress that the States not use this section as an opportunity to reduce State resources applied to the activities that are the subject of the Program.
In this section:
(1) Advisory Committee
The term “Program” means the National Geological and Geophysical Data Preservation Program carried out under this section.
The term “Secretary” means the Secretary of the Interior, acting through the Director of the United States Geological Survey.
(k) Authorization of appropriations
There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section $30,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2006 through 2010.
 See References in Text note below.
Source(Pub. L. 109–58, title III, § 351,Aug. 8, 2005, 119 Stat. 711.)
References in Text
The National Geologic Mapping Act of 1992, referred to in subsec. (f)(2), is Pub. L. 102–285, May 18, 1992, 106 Stat. 166, which is classified principally to sections 31a to 31h of Title 43, Public Lands. Par. (3) of section 5(b) of the Act was redesignated par. (4) by Pub. L. 111–11, title XI, § 11001(f)(2)(B),Mar. 30, 2009, 123 Stat. 1415, and is now classified to section 31d (b)(4) of Title 43. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 31a of Title 43 and Tables.