42 U.S. Code § 17272 - Assessment of carbon sequestration and methane and nitrous oxide emissions from ecosystems
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In this section:
(1) Adaptation strategy
The term “adaptation strategy” means a land use and management strategy that can be used—
(3) Covered greenhouse gas
The term “covered greenhouse gas” means carbon dioxide, nitrous oxide, and methane gas.
The term “ecosystem” means any terrestrial, freshwater aquatic, or coastal ecosystem, including an estuary.
(5) Native plant species
The term “native plant species” means any noninvasive, naturally occurring plant species within an ecosystem.
(b) Authorization of assessment
Not later than 2 years after the date on which the final methodology is published under subsection (f)(3)(D), the Secretary shall complete a national assessment of—
(1) the quantity of carbon stored in and released from ecosystems, including from man-caused and natural fires; and
In conducting the assessment under subsection (b), the Secretary shall—
(1) determine the processes that control the flux of covered greenhouse gases in and out of each ecosystem;
(2) estimate the potential for increasing carbon sequestration in natural and managed ecosystems through management activities or restoration activities in each ecosystem;
(3) develop near-term and long-term adaptation strategies or mitigation strategies that can be employed—
(d) Use of native plant species
In developing restoration activities under subsection (c)(2) and management strategies and adaptation strategies under subsection (c)(3), the Secretary shall emphasize the use of native plant species (including mixtures of many native plant species) for sequestering covered greenhouse gas in each ecosystem.
(1) In general
In conducting the assessment under subsection (b) and developing the methodology under subsection (f), the Secretary shall consult with—
(1) In general
Not later than 1 year after December 19, 2007, the Secretary shall develop a methodology for conducting the assessment.
The methodology developed under paragraph (1)—
(i) determine the method for measuring, monitoring, and quantifying covered greenhouse gas emissions and reductions;
(3) External review and publication
On completion of a proposed methodology, the Secretary shall—
(B) at least 60 days before the date on which the final methodology is published, solicit comments from—
(C) establish a panel to review the proposed methodology published under subparagraph (A) and any comments received under subparagraph (B), to be composed of members—
(g) Estimate; review
The Secretary shall—
(1) based on the assessment, prescribe the data, information, and analysis needed to establish a scientifically sound estimate of the carbon sequestration capacity of relevant ecosystems; and
(h) Data and report availability
On completion of the assessment, the Secretary shall incorporate the results of the assessment into a web-accessible database for public use.