42 U.S. Code § 17937 - Temporary breach notification requirement for vendors of personal health records and other non-HIPAA covered entities

(a) In general
In accordance with subsection (c), each vendor of personal health records, following the discovery of a breach of security of unsecured PHR identifiable health information that is in a personal health record maintained or offered by such vendor, and each entity described in clause (ii), (iii), or (iv) of section 17953 (b)(1)(A) of this title, following the discovery of a breach of security of such information that is obtained through a product or service provided by such entity, shall—
(1) notify each individual who is a citizen or resident of the United States whose unsecured PHR identifiable health information was acquired by an unauthorized person as a result of such a breach of security; and
(2) notify the Federal Trade Commission.
(b) Notification by third party service providers
A third party service provider that provides services to a vendor of personal health records or to an entity described in clause (ii), (iii). [1] or (iv) of section 17953 (b)(1)(A) of this title in connection with the offering or maintenance of a personal health record or a related product or service and that accesses, maintains, retains, modifies, records, stores, destroys, or otherwise holds, uses, or discloses unsecured PHR identifiable health information in such a record as a result of such services shall, following the discovery of a breach of security of such information, notify such vendor or entity, respectively, of such breach. Such notice shall include the identification of each individual whose unsecured PHR identifiable health information has been, or is reasonably believed to have been, accessed, acquired, or disclosed during such breach.
(c) Application of requirements for timeliness, method, and content of notifications
Subsections (c), (d), (e), and (f) ofsection 17932 of this title shall apply to a notification required under subsection (a) and a vendor of personal health records, an entity described in subsection (a) and a third party service provider described in subsection (b), with respect to a breach of security under subsection (a) of unsecured PHR identifiable health information in such records maintained or offered by such vendor, in a manner specified by the Federal Trade Commission.
(d) Notification of the Secretary
Upon receipt of a notification of a breach of security under subsection (a)(2), the Federal Trade Commission shall notify the Secretary of such breach.
(e) Enforcement
A violation of subsection (a) or (b) shall be treated as an unfair and deceptive act or practice in violation of a regulation under section 57a (a)(1)(B) of title 15 regarding unfair or deceptive acts or practices.
(f) Definitions
For purposes of this section:
(1) Breach of security
The term “breach of security” means, with respect to unsecured PHR identifiable health information of an individual in a personal health record, acquisition of such information without the authorization of the individual.
(2) PHR identifiable health information
The term “PHR identifiable health information” means individually identifiable health information, as defined in section 1320d (6) of this title, and includes, with respect to an individual, information—
(A) that is provided by or on behalf of the individual; and
(B) that identifies the individual or with respect to which there is a reasonable basis to believe that the information can be used to identify the individual.
(3) Unsecured PHR identifiable health information
(A) In general
Subject to subparagraph (B), the term “unsecured PHR identifiable health information” means PHR identifiable health information that is not protected through the use of a technology or methodology specified by the Secretary in the guidance issued under section 17932 (h)(2) of this title.
(B) Exception in case timely guidance not issued
In the case that the Secretary does not issue guidance under section 17932 (h)(2) of this title by the date specified in such section, for purposes of this section, the term “unsecured PHR identifiable health information” shall mean PHR identifiable health information that is not secured by a technology standard that renders protected health information unusable, unreadable, or indecipherable to unauthorized individuals and that is developed or endorsed by a standards developing organization that is accredited by the American National Standards Institute.
(g) Regulations; effective date; sunset
(1) Regulations; effective date
To carry out this section, the Federal Trade Commission shall promulgate interim final regulations by not later than the date that is 180 days after February 17, 2009. The provisions of this section shall apply to breaches of security that are discovered on or after the date that is 30 days after the date of publication of such interim final regulations.
(2) Sunset
If Congress enacts new legislation establishing requirements for notification in the case of a breach of security, that apply to entities that are not covered entities or business associates, the provisions of this section shall not apply to breaches of security discovered on or after the effective date of regulations implementing such legislation.


[1]  So in original. The period probably should be a comma.

Source

(Pub. L. 111–5, div. A, title XIII, § 13407,Feb. 17, 2009, 123 Stat. 269.)

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42 USCDescription of ChangeSession YearPublic LawStatutes at Large

 

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