42 U.S. Code § 1973j - Civil and criminal sanctions

(a) Depriving or attempting to deprive persons of secured rights
Whoever shall deprive or attempt to deprive any person of any right secured by section 1973, 1973a, 1973b, 1973c, or 1973h of this title or shall violate section 1973i (a) of this title, shall be fined not more than $5,000, or imprisoned not more than five years, or both.
(b) Destroying, defacing, mutilating, or altering ballots or official voting records
Whoever, within a year following an election in a political subdivision in which an observer has been assigned
(1) destroys, defaces, mutilates, or otherwise alters the marking of a paper ballot which has been cast in such election, or
(2) alters any official record of voting in such election tabulated from a voting machine or otherwise, shall be fined not more than $5,000, or imprisoned not more than five years, or both.
(c) Conspiring to violate or interfere with secured rights
Whoever conspires to violate the provisions of subsection (a) or (b) of this section, or interferes with any right secured by section 1973, 1973a, 1973b, 1973c, 1973h, or 1973i (a) of this title shall be fined not more than $5,000, or imprisoned not more than five years, or both.
(d) Civil action by Attorney General for preventive relief; injunctive and other relief
Whenever any person has engaged or there are reasonable grounds to believe that any person is about to engage in any act or practice prohibited by section 1973, 1973a, 1973b, 1973c, 1973e, [1] 1973h, 1973i, orsubsection (b) of this section, the Attorney General may institute for the United States, or in the name of the United States, an action for preventive relief, including an application for a temporary or permanent injunction, restraining order, or other order, and including an order directed to the State and State or local election officials to require them
(1) to permit persons listed under subchapters I–A to I–C of this chapter to vote and
(2) to count such votes.
(e) Proceeding by Attorney General to enforce the counting of ballots of registered and eligible persons who are prevented from voting
Whenever in any political subdivision in which there are observers appointed pursuant to subchapters I–A to I–C of this chapter any persons allege to such an observer within forty-eight hours after the closing of the polls that notwithstanding
(1) their listing under subchapters I–A to I–C of this chapter or registration by an appropriate election official and
(2) their eligibility to vote, they have not been permitted to vote in such election, the observer shall forthwith notify the Attorney General if such allegations in his opinion appear to be well founded. Upon receipt of such notification, the Attorney General may forthwith file with the district court an application for an order providing for the marking, casting, and counting of the ballots of such persons and requiring the inclusion of their votes in the total vote before the results of such election shall be deemed final and any force or effect given thereto. The district court shall hear and determine such matters immediately after the filing of such application. The remedy provided in this subsection shall not preclude any remedy available under State or Federal law.
(f) Jurisdiction of district courts; exhaustion of administrative or other remedies unnecessary
The district courts of the United States shall have jurisdiction of proceedings instituted pursuant to this section and shall exercise the same without regard to whether a person asserting rights under the provisions of subchapters I–A to I–C of this chapter shall have exhausted any administrative or other remedies that may be provided by law.

[1]  See References in Text note below.


(Pub. L. 89–110, title I, § 12,Aug. 6, 1965, 79 Stat. 443; Pub. L. 90–284, title I, § 103(c),Apr. 11, 1968, 82 Stat. 75; renumbered title I, Pub. L. 91–285, § 2,June 22, 1970, 84 Stat. 314; Pub. L. 109–246, § 3(d)(3), (4), (e)(2),July 27, 2006, 120 Stat. 580.)
References in Text

Section 1973e of this title, referred to in subsec. (d), was repealed by Pub. L. 109–246, § 3(c),July 27, 2006, 120 Stat. 580.

2006—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 109–246, § 3(e)(2), struck out “1973e,” after “1973c,”.
Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 109–246, § 3(d)(3), substituted “an observer has been assigned” for “an examiner has been appointed”.
Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 109–246, § 3(e)(2), struck out “1973e,” after “1973c,”.
Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 109–246, § 3(d)(4), substituted “observers” for “examiners” and substituted “observer” for “examiner” in two places.
1968—Subsecs. (a), (c). Pub. L. 90–284struck out reference to violation of section 1973i (b) of this title.

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42 USCDescription of ChangeSession YearPublic LawStatutes at Large

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28 CFR - Judicial Administration



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