42 U.S. Code § 2201 - General duties of Commission

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In the performance of its functions the Commission is authorized to—
(a) Establishment of advisory boards
establish advisory boards to advise with and make recommendations to the Commission on legislation, policies, administration, research, and other matters, provided that the Commission issues regulations setting forth the scope, procedure, and limitations of the authority of each such board;
(b) Standards governing use and possession of material
establish by rule, regulation, or order, such standards and instructions to govern the possession and use of special nuclear material, source material, and byproduct material as the Commission may deem necessary or desirable to promote the common defense and security or to protect health or to minimize danger to life or property; in addition, the Commission shall prescribe such regulations or orders as may be necessary or desirable to promote the Nation’s common defense and security with regard to control, ownership, or possession of any equipment or device, or important component part especially designed for such equipment or device, capable of separating the isotopes of uranium or enriching uranium in the isotope 235;
(c) Studies and investigations
make such studies and investigations, obtain such information, and hold such meetings or hearings as the Commission may deem necessary or proper to assist it in exercising any authority provided in this chapter, or in the administration or enforcement of this chapter, or any regulations or orders issued thereunder. For such purposes the Commission is authorized to administer oaths and affirmations, and by subpena to require any person to appear and testify, or to appear and produce documents, or both, at any designated place. Witnesses subpenaed under this subsection shall be paid the same fees and mileage as are paid witnesses in the district courts of the United States;
(d) Employment of personnel
appoint and fix the compensation of such officers and employees as may be necessary to carry out the functions of the Commission. Such officers and employees shall be appointed in accordance with the civil-service laws and their compensation fixed in accordance with chapter 51 and subchapter III of chapter 53 of title 5, except that, to the extent the Commission deems such action necessary to the discharge of its responsibilities, personnel may be employed and their compensation fixed without regard to such laws: Provided, however, That no officer or employee (except such officers and employees whose compensation is fixed by law, and scientific and technical personnel up to a limit of the highest rate of grade 18 of the General Schedule) whose position would be subject to chapter 51 and subchapter III of chapter 53 of title 5, if such provisions were applicable to such position, shall be paid a salary at a rate in excess of the rate payable under such provisions for positions of equivalent difficulty or responsibility. Such rates of compensation may be adopted by the Commission as may be authorized by chapter 51 and subchapter III of chapter 53 of title 5, as of the same date such rates are authorized for positions subject to such provisions. The Commission shall make adequate provision for administrative review of any determination to dismiss any employee;
(e) Acquisition of material, property, etc.; negotiation of commercial leases
acquire such material, property, equipment, and facilities, establish or construct such buildings and facilities, and modify such buildings and facilities from time to time, as it may deem necessary, and construct, acquire, provide, or arrange for such facilities and services (at project sites where such facilities and services are not available) for the housing, health, safety, welfare, and recreation of personnel employed by the Commission as it may deem necessary, subject to the provisions of section 2224 of this title: Provided, however, That in the communities owned by the Commission, the Commission is authorized to grant privileges, leases and permits upon adjusted terms which (at the time of the initial grant of any privilege grant, lease, or permit, or renewal thereof, or in order to avoid inequities or undue hardship prior to the sale by the United States of property affected by such grant) are fair and reasonable to responsible persons to operate commercial businesses without advertising and without advertising  [1] and without securing competitive bids, but taking into consideration, in addition to the price, and among other things
(1) the quality and type of services required by the residents of the community,
(2) the experience of each concession applicant in the community and its surrounding area,
(3) the ability of the concession applicant to meet the needs of the community, and
(4) the contribution the concession applicant has made or will make to the other activities and general welfare of the community;
(f) Utilization of other Federal agencies
with the consent of the agency concerned, utilize or employ the services or personnel of any Government agency or any State or local government, or voluntary or uncompensated personnel, to perform such functions on its behalf as may appear desirable;
(g) Acquisition of real and personal property
acquire, purchase, lease, and hold real and personal property, including patents, as agent of and on behalf of the United States, subject to the provisions of section 2224 of this title, and to sell, lease, grant, and dispose of such real and personal property as provided in this chapter;
(h) Consideration of license applications
consider in a single application one or more of the activities for which a license is required by this chapter, combine in a single license one or more of such activities, and permit the applicant or licensee to incorporate by reference pertinent information already filed with the Commission;
(i) Regulations governing Restricted Data
prescribe such regulations or orders as it may deem necessary
(1) to protect Restricted Data received by any person in connection with any activity authorized pursuant to this chapter,
(2) to guard against the loss or diversion of any special nuclear material acquired by any person pursuant to section 2073 of this title or produced by any person in connection with any activity authorized pursuant to this chapter, to prevent any use or disposition thereof which the Commission may determine to be inimical to the common defense and security, including regulations or orders designating activities, involving quantities of special nuclear material which in the opinion of the Commission are important to the common defense and security, that may be conducted only by persons whose character, associations, and loyalty shall have been investigated under standards and specifications established by the Commission and as to whom the Commission shall have determined that permitting each such person to conduct the activity will not be inimical to the common defense and security,
(3) to govern any activity authorized pursuant to this chapter, including standards and restrictions governing the design, location, and operation of facilities used in the conduct of such activity, in order to protect health and to minimize danger to life or property, and
(4) to ensure that sufficient funds will be available for the decommissioning of any production or utilization facility licensed under section 2133 or 2134 (b) of this title, including standards and restrictions governing the control, maintenance, use, and disbursement by any former licensee under this chapter that has control over any fund for the decommissioning of the facility;
(j) Disposition of surplus materials
without regard to the provisions of chapters 1 to 11 (except section 559) of title 40 and division C (except sections 3302, 3307 (e), 3501 (b), 3509, 3906, 4710, and 4711) of subtitle I of title 41, or any other law, make such disposition as it may deem desirable of
(1) radioactive materials, and
(2) any other property, the special disposition of which is, in the opinion of the Commission, in the interest of the national security: Provided, however, That the property furnished to licensees in accordance with the provisions of subsection (m) of this section shall not be deemed to be property disposed of by the Commission pursuant to this subsection;
(k) Carrying of firearms; authority to make arrests without warrant
authorize such of its members, officers, and employees as it deems necessary in the interest of the common defense and security to carry firearms while in the discharge of their official duties. The Commission may also authorize such of those employees of its contractors and subcontractors (at any tier) engaged in the protection of property under the jurisdiction of the United States located at facilities owned by or contracted to the United States or being transported to or from such facilities as it deems necessary in the interests of the common defense and security to carry firearms while in the discharge of their official duties. A person authorized to carry firearms under this subsection may, while in the performance of, and in connection with, official duties, make arrests without warrant for any offense against the United States committed in that person’s presence or for any felony cognizable under the laws of the United States if that person has reasonable ground to believe that the individual to be arrested has committed or is committing such felony. An employee of a contractor or subcontractor authorized to carry firearms under this subsection may make such arrests only when the individual to be arrested is within, or in direct flight from, the area of such offense. A person granted authority to make arrests by this subsection may exercise that authority only in the enforcement of
(1) laws regarding the property of the United States in the custody of the Department of Energy, the Nuclear Regulatory Commission, or a contractor of the Department of Energy or Nuclear Regulatory Commission, or
(2) any provision of this chapter that may subject an offender to a fine, imprisonment, or both. The arrest authority conferred by this subsection is in addition to any arrest authority under other laws. The Secretary, with the approval of the Attorney General, shall issue guidelines to implement this subsection;
(l) Repealed. Pub. L. 87–456, title III, § 303(c),May 24, 1962, 76 Stat. 78
(m) Agreements regarding production
enter into agreements with persons licensed under section 2133, 2134, 2073 (a)(4), or 2093 (a)(4) of this title for such periods of time as the Commission may deem necessary or desirable
(1) to provide for the processing, fabricating, separating, or refining in facilities owned by the Commission of source, byproduct, or other material or special nuclear material owned by or made available to such licensees and which is utilized or produced in the conduct of the licensed activity, and
(2) to sell, lease, or otherwise make available to such licensees such quantities of source or byproduct material, and other material not defined as special nuclear material pursuant to this chapter, as may be necessary for the conduct of the licensed activity: Provided, however, That any such agreement may be canceled by the licensee at any time upon payment of such reasonable cancellation charges as may be agreed upon by the licensee and the Commission: And provided further, That the Commission shall establish prices to be paid by licensees for material or services to be furnished by the Commission pursuant to this subsection, which prices shall be established on such a nondiscriminatory basis as, in the opinion of the Commission, will provide reasonable compensation to the Government for such material or services and will not discourage the development of sources of supply independent of the Commission;
(n) Delegation of functions
delegate to the General Manager or other officers of the Commission any of those functions assigned to it under this chapter except those specified in sections 2071, 2077 (b), 2091, 2138, 2153, 2165 (b) of this title (with respect to the determination of those persons to whom the Commission may reveal Restricted Data in the national interest), 2165(f) of this title and subsection (a) of this section;
(o) Reports
require by rule, regulation, or order, such reports, and the keeping of such records with respect to, and to provide for such inspections of, activities and studies of types specified in section 2051 of this title and of activities under licenses issued pursuant to sections 2073, 2093, 2111, 2133, and 2134 of this title, as may be necessary to effectuate the purposes of this chapter, including section 2135 of this title; and
(p) Rules and regulations
make, promulgate, issue, rescind, and amend such rules and regulations as may be necessary to carry out the purposes of this chapter.
(q) Easements for rights-of-way
The Commission is authorized and empowered, under such terms and conditions as are deemed advisable by it, to grant easements for rights-of-way over, across, in, and upon acquired lands under its jurisdiction and control, and public lands permanently withdrawn or reserved for the use of the Commission, to any State, political subdivision thereof, or municipality, or to any individual, partnership, or corporation of any State, Territory, or possession of the United States, for
(a) railroad tracks;
(b) oil pipe lines;
(c) substations for electric power transmission lines, telephone lines, and telegraph lines, and pumping stations for gas, water, sewer, and oil pipe lines;
(d) canals;
(e) ditches;
(f) flumes;
(g) tunnels;
(h) dams and reservoirs in connection with fish and wildlife programs, fish hatcheries, and other fish-cultural improvements;
(i) roads and streets; and
(j) for any other purpose or purposes deemed advisable by the Commission: Provided, That such rights-of-way shall be granted only upon a finding by the Commission that the same will not be incompatible with the public interest: Provided further, That such rights-of-way shall not include any more land than is reasonably necessary for the purpose for which granted: And provided further, That all or any part of such rights-of-way may be annulled and forfeited by the Commission for failure to comply with the terms and conditions of any grant hereunder or for nonuse for a period of two consecutive years or abandonment of rights granted under authority hereof. Copies of all instruments granting easements over public lands pursuant to this section shall be furnished to the Secretary of the Interior.
(r) Sale of utilities and related services
Under such regulations and for such periods and at such prices the Commission may prescribe, the Commission may sell or contract to sell to purchasers within Commission-owned communities or in the immediate vicinity of the Commission community, as the case may be, any of the following utilities and related services, if it is determined that they are not available from another local source and that the sale is in the interest of the national defense or in the public interest:
(1) Electric power.
(2) Steam.
(3) Compressed air.
(4) Water.
(5) Sewage and garbage disposal.
(6) Natural, manufactured, or mixed gas.
(7) Ice.
(8) Mechanical refrigeration.
(9) Telephone service.
Proceeds of sales under this subsection shall be credited to the appropriation currently available for the supply of that utility or service. To meet local needs the Commission may make minor expansions and extensions of any distributing system or facility within or in the immediate vicinity of a Commission-owned community through which a utility or service is furnished under this subsection.
(s) Succession of authority
establish a plan for a succession of authority which will assure the continuity of direction of the Commission’s operations in the event of a national disaster due to enemy activity. Notwithstanding any other provision of this chapter, the person or persons succeeding to command in the event of disaster in accordance with the plan established pursuant to this subsection shall be vested with all of the authority of the Commission: Provided, That any such succession to authority, and vesting of authority shall be effective only in the event and as long as a quorum of three or more members of the Commission is unable to convene and exercise direction during the disaster period: Provided further, That the disaster period includes the period when attack on the United States is imminent and the post-attack period necessary to reestablish normal lines of command;
(t) Contracts
enter into contracts for the processing, fabricating, separating, or refining in facilities owned by the Commission of source, byproduct or other material, or special nuclear material, in accordance with and within the period of an agreement for cooperation while comparable services are available to persons licensed under section 2133 or 2134 of this title: Provided, That the prices for services under such contracts shall be no less than the prices currently charged by the Commission pursuant to subsection (m) of this section;
(u) Additional contracts; guiding principles; appropriations
(1) enter into contracts for such periods of time as the Commission may deem necessary or desirable, but not to exceed five years from the date of execution of the contract, for the purchase or acquisition of reactor services or services related to or required by the operation of reactors;
(2)
(A) enter into contracts for such periods of time as the Commission may deem necessary or desirable for the purchase or acquisition of any supplies, equipment, materials, or services required by the Commission whenever the Commission determines that:
(i) it is advantageous to the Government to make such purchase or acquisition from commercial sources;
(ii) the furnishing of such supplies, equipment, materials, or services will require the construction or acquisition of special facilities by the vendors or suppliers thereof;
(iii) the amortization chargeable to the Commission constitutes an appreciable portion of the cost of contract performance, excluding cost of materials; and
(iv) the contract for such period is more advantageous to the Government than a similar contract not executed under the authority of this subsection. Such contracts shall be entered into for periods not to exceed five years each from the date of initial delivery of such supplies, equipment, materials, or services or ten years from the date of execution of the contracts excluding periods of renewal under option.
(B) In entering into such contracts the Commission shall be guided by the following principles:
(i) the percentage of the total cost of special facilities devoted to contract performance and chargeable to the Commission should not exceed the ratio between the period of contract deliveries and the anticipated useful life of such special facilities;
(ii) the desirability of obtaining options to renew the contract for reasonable periods at prices not to include charges for special facilities already amortized; and
(iii) the desirability of reserving in the Commission the right to take title to the special facilities under appropriate circumstances; and
(3) include in contracts made under this subsection provisions which limit the obligation of funds to estimated annual deliveries and services and the unamortized balance of such amounts due for special facilities as the parties shall agree is chargeable to the performance of the contract. Any appropriation available at the time of termination or thereafter made available to the Commission for operating expenses shall be available for payment of such costs which may arise from termination as the contract may provide. The term “special facilities” as used in this subsection means any land and any depreciable buildings, structures, utilities, machinery, equipment, and fixtures necessary for the production or furnishing of such supplies, equipment, materials, or services and not available to the vendors or suppliers for the performance of the contract.
(v) Support of United States Enrichment Corporation
provide services in support of the United States Enrichment Corporation, except that the Secretary of Energy shall annually collect payments and other charges from the Corporation sufficient to ensure recovery of the costs (excluding depreciation and imputed interest on original plant investments in the Department’s gaseous diffusion plants and costs under section 2297c–2 (d)  [2] of this title) incurred by the Department of Energy after October 24, 1992, in performing such services;
(w) License fees for nuclear power reactors
prescribe and collect from any other Government agency, which applies to the Commission for, or is issued by the Commission, a license or certificate, any fee, charge, or price which it may require, in accordance with the provisions of section 9701 of title 31 or any other law.
(x) Standards and instructions for bonding, surety, or other financial arrangements, including performance bonds
Establish by rule, regulation, or order, after public notice, and in accordance with the requirements of section 2231 of this title, such standards and instructions as the Commission may deem necessary or desirable to ensure—
(1) that an adequate bond, surety, or other financial arrangement (as determined by the Commission) will be provided, before termination of any license for byproduct material as defined in section 2014 (e)(2) of this title, by a licensee to permit the completion of all requirements established by the Commission for the decontamination, decommissioning, and reclamation of sites, structures, and equipment used in conjunction with byproduct material as so defined, and
(2) that—
(A) in the case of any such license issued or renewed after November 8, 1978, the need for long-term maintenance and monitoring of such sites, structures and equipment after termination of such license will be minimized and, to the maximum extent practicable, eliminated; and
(B) in the case of each license for such material (whether in effect on November 8, 1978, or issued or renewed thereafter), if the Commission determines that any such long-term maintenance and monitoring is necessary, the licensee, before termination of any license for byproduct material as defined in section 2014 (e)(2) of this title, will make available such bonding, surety, or other financial arrangements as may be necessary to assure such long-term maintenance and monitoring.
Such standards and instructions promulgated by the Commission pursuant to this subsection shall take into account, as determined by the Commission, so as to avoid unnecessary duplication and expense, performance bonds or other financial arrangements which are required by other Federal agencies or State agencies and/or other local governing bodies for such decommissioning, decontamination, and reclamation and long-term maintenance and monitoring except that nothing in this paragraph shall be construed to require that the Commission accept such bonds or arrangements if the Commission determines that such bonds or arrangements are not adequate to carry out subparagraphs (1) and (2) of this subsection.


[1]  So in original.

[2]  See References in Text note below.

Source

(Aug. 1, 1946, ch. 724, title I, § 161, as added Aug. 30, 1954, ch. 1073, § 1,68 Stat. 948; amended July 14, 1956, ch. 608, 70 Stat. 553; Aug. 6, 1956, ch. 1015, § 4,70 Stat. 1069; Pub. L. 85–162, title II, §§ 201, 204,Aug. 21, 1957, 71 Stat. 410; Pub. L. 85–287, § 4,Sept. 4, 1957, 71 Stat. 613; Pub. L. 85–507, § 21(b)(1),July 7, 1958, 72 Stat. 337; Pub. L. 85–681, §§ 6, 7,Aug. 19, 1958, 72 Stat. 633; Pub. L. 86–300, § 1,Sept. 21, 1959, 73 Stat. 574; Pub. L. 87–206, § 13,Sept. 6, 1961, 75 Stat. 478; Pub. L. 87–456, title III, § 303(c),May 24, 1962, 76 Stat. 78; Pub. L. 87–615, § 12,Aug. 29, 1962, 76 Stat. 411; Pub. L. 87–793, title VI, § 1001(g),Oct. 11, 1962, 76 Stat. 864; Pub. L. 88–489, § 16,Aug. 26, 1964, 78 Stat. 606; Pub. L. 90–190, § 11,Dec. 14, 1967, 81 Stat. 578; Pub. L. 91–452, title II, § 237,Oct. 15, 1970, 84 Stat. 930; Pub. L. 91–560, §§ 7, 8,Dec. 19, 1970, 84 Stat. 1474; Pub. L. 92–314, title III, § 301,June 16, 1972, 86 Stat. 227; Pub. L. 93–377, § 7,Aug. 17, 1974, 88 Stat. 475; Pub. L. 95–604, title II, § 203,Nov. 8, 1978, 92 Stat. 3036; Pub. L. 97–90, title II, § 211,Dec. 4, 1981, 95 Stat. 1170; Pub. L. 99–661, div. C, title I, § 3134,Nov. 14, 1986, 100 Stat. 4064; Pub. L. 100–449, title III, § 305(b),Sept. 28, 1988, 102 Stat. 1876; Pub. L. 101–575, § 5(b),Nov. 15, 1990, 104 Stat. 2835; renumbered title I and amended Pub. L. 102–486, title IX, § 902(a)(4), (5), (8),Oct. 24, 1992, 106 Stat. 2944; Pub. L. 109–58, title VI, §§ 623, 626,Aug. 8, 2005, 119 Stat. 783, 784.)
Amendment of Section

For termination of amendment by section 501(c) ofPub. L. 100–449, see Effective and Termination Dates of 1988 Amendment note below.
References in Text

Section 2297c–2 of this title, referred to in subsec. (v), was repealed by Pub. L. 104–134, title III, § 3116(a)(1),Apr. 26, 1996, 110 Stat. 1321–349.
Codification

In subsec. (d), “chapter 51 and subchapter III of chapter 53 of title 5” and “such provisions” substituted for “the Classification Act of 1949, as amended” and “such Act”, respectively, on authority of Pub. L. 89–554, § 7(b),Sept. 6, 1966, 80 Stat. 631, the first section of which enacted Title 5, Government Organization and Employees.
In subsec. (j), “chapters 1 to 11 (except section 559) of title 40 and division C (except sections 3302, 3307 (e), 3501 (b), 3509, 3906, 4710, and 4711) of subtitle I of title 41” substituted for “the Federal Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949, as amended, except section 207 of that Act” on authority of Pub. L. 107–217, § 5(c),Aug. 21, 2002, 116 Stat. 1303, which Act enacted Title 40, Public Buildings, Property, and Works, and Pub. L. 111–350, § 6(c),Jan. 4, 2011, 124 Stat. 3854, which Act enacted Title 41, Public Contracts.
In subsec. (x)(2)(B), “November 8, 1978” was in the original “the date of the enactment of this section”, which has been translated as the date of the enactment of this subsection to reflect the probable intent of Congress.
Prior Provisions

Provisions similar to this section were contained in section 1812 (a) of this title, prior to the general amendment and renumbering of act Aug. 1, 1946, by act Aug. 30, 1954.
Amendments

2005—Subsec. (i)(4). Pub. L. 109–58, § 626, added cl. (4).
Subsec. (w). Pub. L. 109–58, § 623, substituted “to the Commission for, or is issued by the Commission, a license or certificate” for “for or is issued a license for a utilization facility designed to produce electrical or heat energy pursuant to section 2133 or 2134 (b) of this title, or which operates any facility regulated or certified under section 2297f or 2297f–1 of this title” and “section 9701” for “section 483a” and struck out “, of applicants for, or holders of, such licenses or certificates” before period at end.
1992—Subsec. (v). Pub. L. 102–486, § 902(a)(4), amended subsec. (v) generally, substituting provisions relating to duty to provide services in support of United States Energy Enrichment Corporation for provisions relating to duty to enter into contracts for production or enrichment of special nuclear material.
Subsec. (w). Pub. L. 102–486, § 902(a)(5), inserted “or which operates any facility regulated or certified under section 2297f or 2297f–1 of this title,” after “2134(b) of this title,” and “or certificates” after “holders of, such licenses”.
1990—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 101–575, which directed amendment of subsec. (b) by striking the period at the end and inserting “; in addition, the Commission shall prescribe such regulations or orders as may be necessary or desirable to promote the Nation’s common defense and security with regard to control, ownership, or possession of any equipment or device, or important component part especially designed for such equipment or device, capable of separating the isotopes of uranium or enriching uranium in the isotope 235;”, was executed by striking the semicolon at end of subsec. (b) and making insertion to reflect probable intent of Congress.
1988—Subsec. (v). Pub. L. 100–449temporarily inserted in closing provisions “For purposes of this subsection and of section 305 ofPublic Law 99–591 (100 Stat. 3341–209, 210), ‘foreign origin’ excludes source or special nuclear material originating in Canada.” See Effective and Termination Dates of 1988 Amendment note below.
1986—Subsec. (k). Pub. L. 99–661inserted “and subcontractors (at any tier)” after “employees of its contractors”, substituted “under the jurisdiction of the United States” for “owned by the United States and”, inserted “or being transported to or from such facilities” after “contracted to the United States”, inserted after third sentence “An employee of a contractor or subcontractor authorized to carry firearms under this subsection may make such arrests only when the individual to be arrested is within, or in direct flight from, the area of such offense.”, and inserted before the semicolon at end “. The Secretary, with the approval of the Attorney General, shall issue guidelines to implement this subsection”.
1981—Subsec. (k). Pub. L. 97–90inserted provision that a person authorized to carry firearms under this subsection may, while in the performance of, and in connection with, official duties, make arrests without warrant for any offense against the United States committed in that person’s presence or for any felony cognizable under the laws of the United States if that person has reasonable grounds to believe that the individual to be arrested has committed or is committing such felony, that a person granted authority to make arrests by this subsection may exercise that authority only in the enforcement of (1) laws regarding the property of the United States in the custody of the Department of Energy, the Nuclear Regulatory Commission, or a contractor of the Department of Energy or Nuclear Regulatory Commission, or (2) any provision of this chapter that may subject an offender to a fine, imprisonment, or both, and that the arrest authority conferred by this subsection is in addition to any arrest authority under other laws.
1978—Subsec. (x). Pub. L. 95–604added subsec. (x).
1974—Subsec. (i). Pub. L. 93–377inserted provision in cl. (2) relating to regulations or orders designating activities, involving quantities of special nuclear material important to the common defense and security, that may be conducted by persons whose character, etc., have been established so that if they are permitted to conduct such activities it would not be inimical to the common defense and security.
1972—Subsec. (w). Pub. L. 92–314added subsec. (w).
1970—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 91–452struck out provisions that no person be excused from complying with any requirements under this paragraph because of his privilege against self-incrimination, but that the immunity provisions of the Compulsory Testimony Act of Feb. 11, 1893, apply with respect to any individual who specifically claims such privilege.
Subsec. (n). Pub. L. 91–560, § 7, struck out references to section 2132 of this title and the finding of practical value.
Subsec. (v). Pub. L. 91–560, § 8, substituted provisions for the establishment of prices on a basis of recovery of the Government’s costs over a reasonable period of time for provisions for the establishment of prices on a basis which will provide reasonable compensation to the Government.
1967—Subsec. (n). Pub. L. 90–190substituted “2077(b)” for “2077(a)(3)”.
1964—Subsec. (v). Pub. L. 88–489added subsec. (v).
1962—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 87–793substituted “up to a limit of the highest rate of grade 18 of the General Schedule of the Classification Act of 1949, as amended” for “up to a limit of $19,000”.
Subsec. (l). Pub. L. 87–456repealed subsec. (l) which authorized the admittance free of duty into the United States of purchases made abroad of source materials.
Subsec. (n). Pub. L. 87–615substituted “2165(f) of this title” for “2165(e) of this title”.
1961—Subsecs. (s) to (v). Pub. L. 87–206redesignated subsecs. (t) to (v) as (s) to (u), respectively.
1959—Subsec. (m). Pub. L. 86–300inserted references to sections 2073 (a)(4) and 2093 (a)(4) of this title.
1958—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 85–681, § 6, authorized the Commission to adopt compensation rates on a retroactive basis as may be authorized by the Classification Act for other Government employees.
Subsecs. (n) to (s). Pub. L. 85–507redesignated subsecs. (o) to (s) as (n) to (r), respectively. Former subsec. (n), which authorized the Commission to assign employees for instruction, education, or training by public or private agencies, institutions of learning, laboratories, or industrial or commercial organizations, was repealed by Pub. L. 85–507, see section 4101 et seq. of Title 5, Government Organizations and Employees.
Subsecs. (t) to (v). Pub. L. 85–681, § 7, added subsecs. (t) to (v).
1957—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 85–287inserted “up to a limit of $19,000” after “scientific and technical personnel”.
Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 85–162, § 201, inserted “(at the time of the initial grant of any privilege grant, lease, or permit, or renewal thereof, or in order to avoid inequities or undue hardship prior to the sale by the United States of property affected by such grant)” after “adjusted terms which”.
Subsec. (s). Pub. L. 85–162, § 204, added subsec. (s).
1956—Subsec. (e). Act July 14, 1956, inserted proviso relating to negotiation of commercial leases without advertising by the Commission.
Subsec. (r). Act Aug. 6, 1956, added subsec. (r).
Effective and Termination Dates of 1988 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 100–449effective on the date the United States-Canada Free-Trade Agreement enters into force (Jan. 1, 1989), and to cease to have effect on the date the Agreement ceases to be in force, see section 501(a), (c) ofPub. L. 100–449, set out in a note under section 2112 of Title 19, Customs Duties.
Effective Date of 1970 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 91–452effective on sixtieth day following Oct. 15, 1970, and not to affect any immunity to which any individual is entitled under this section by reason of any testimony given before sixtieth day following Oct. 15, 1970, see section 260 ofPub. L. 91–452, set out as an Effective Date; Savings Provision note under section 6001 of Title 18, Crimes and Criminal Procedure.
Effective Date of 1962 Amendments

Amendment by Pub. L. 87–793effective on first day of first pay period which begins on or after Oct. 11, 1962, see Pub. L. 87–793, title VI, § 1008,Oct. 11, 1962, 76 Stat. 868.
Repeal of subsec. (l) effective with respect to articles entered, or withdrawn from warehouse, for consumption on or after Aug. 31, 1963, see Pub. L. 87–456, title V, § 501(a),May 24, 1962, 76 Stat. 78.
Effective Date of 1958 Amendment

For effective date of amendment by Pub. L. 85–507, see Pub. L. 85–507, § 21(a),July 7, 1958, 72 Stat. 337.
References to United States Enrichment Corporation

References to the United States Enrichment Corporation deemed, as of the privatization date (July 28, 1998), to be references to the private corporation, see section 3116(e) ofPub. L. 104–134, set out as a note under former section 2297 of this title.
References in Other Laws to GS–16, 17, or 18 Pay Rates

References in laws to the rates of pay for GS–16, 17, or 18, or to maximum rates of pay under the General Schedule, to be considered references to rates payable under specified sections of Title 5, Government Organization and Employees, see section 529 [title I, § 101(c)(1)] of Pub. L. 101–509, set out in a note under section 5376 of Title 5.
Organizational Conflicts of Interest

Pub. L. 95–209, § 7,Dec. 13, 1977, 91 Stat. 1483, provided that: “The Commission shall by December 31, 1977, promulgate guidelines to be applied by the Commission in determining whether an organization proposing to enter into a contractual arrangement with the Commission has a conflict of interest which might impair the contractor’s judgment or otherwise give the contractor an unfair competitive advantage.”
Applicability to Functions Transferred by Department of Energy Organization Act

Pub. L. 95–91, title VII, § 709(c)(2),Aug. 4, 1977, 91 Stat. 608, provided that: “Section 161(d) of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 [subsec. (d) of this section] shall not apply to functions transferred by this Act [see Short Title note set out under section 7101 of this title].”
Termination of Advisory Boards

Advisory boards in existence on Jan. 5, 1973, to terminate not later than the expiration of the 2-year period following Jan. 5, 1973, unless, in the case of a board established by the President or an officer of the Federal Government, such board is renewed by appropriate action prior to the expiration of such 2-year period, or in the case of a board established by the Congress, its duration is otherwise provided by law. Advisory boards established after Jan. 5, 1973, to terminate not later than the expiration of the 2-year period beginning on the date of their establishment, unless, in the case of a board established by the President or an officer of the Federal Government, such board is renewed by appropriate action prior to the expiration of such 2-year period, or in the case of a board established by the Congress, its duration is otherwise provided by law. See sections 3(2) and 14 ofPub. L. 92–463, Oct. 6, 1972, 86 Stat. 770, 776, set out in the Appendix to Title 5, Government Organization and Employees.
Emergency Preparedness Functions

For assignment of certain emergency preparedness functions to Members of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission, see Parts 1, 2, and 21 of Ex. Ord. No. 12656, Nov. 18, 1988, 53 F.R. 47491, set out as a note under section 5195 of this title.
Principal Office Building for Atomic Energy Commission

Act May 6, 1955, ch. 34, 69 Stat. 47, as amended by Pub. L. 85–107, July 17, 1957, 71 Stat. 307, authorized Atomic Energy Commission to acquire a suitable site in or near District of Columbia and, notwithstanding any other provision of law, to provide for construction on such site, in accordance with plans and specifications prepared by or under direction of Commission, of a modern office building to serve as principal office of Commission at a total cost of not to exceed $13,300,000 and authorized to be appropriated such sums as were necessary.
Report With Respect to Renegotiations, Reappraisals, and Sales Proceedings

Pub. L. 85–162, title II, § 203,Aug. 21, 1957, 71 Stat. 410, directed Atomic Energy Commission, Federal Housing Administration, and Housing and Home Finance Agency to report to Joint Committee by Jan. 31, 1958, with respect to renegotiations, reappraisals, and sales proceedings authorized under sections 201 and 202 ofPub. L. 85–162[amending subsec. (e) of this section and enacting section 2325 (c) of this title].

The table below lists the classification updates, since Jan. 3, 2012, for this section. Updates to a broader range of sections may be found at the update page for containing chapter, title, etc.

The most recent Classification Table update that we have noticed was Tuesday, August 13, 2013

An empty table indicates that we see no relevant changes listed in the classification tables. If you suspect that our system may be missing something, please double-check with the Office of the Law Revision Counsel.

42 USCDescription of ChangeSession YearPublic LawStatutes at Large

This is a list of parts within the Code of Federal Regulations for which this US Code section provides rulemaking authority.

This list is taken from the Parallel Table of Authorities and Rules provided by GPO [Government Printing Office].

It is not guaranteed to be accurate or up-to-date, though we do refresh the database weekly. More limitations on accuracy are described at the GPO site.


5 CFR - Administrative Personnel

5 CFR Part 5801 - SUPPLEMENTAL STANDARDS OF ETHICAL CONDUCT FOR EMPLOYEES OF THE NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION

10 CFR - Energy

10 CFR Part 1 - STATEMENT OF ORGANIZATION AND GENERAL INFORMATION

10 CFR Part 2 - AGENCY RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE

10 CFR Part 4 - NONDISCRIMINATION IN FEDERALLY ASSISTED PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES RECEIVING FEDERAL FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE FROM THE COMMISSION

10 CFR Part 7 - ADVISORY COMMITTEES

10 CFR Part 9 - PUBLIC RECORDS

10 CFR Part 10 - CRITERIA AND PROCEDURES FOR DETERMINING ELIGIBILITY FOR ACCESS TO RESTRICTED DATA OR NATIONAL SECURITY INFORMATION OR AN EMPLOYMENT CLEARANCE

10 CFR Part 11 - CRITERIA AND PROCEDURES FOR DETERMINING ELIGIBILITY FOR ACCESS TO OR CONTROL OVER SPECIAL NUCLEAR MATERIAL

10 CFR Part 14 - ADMINISTRATIVE CLAIMS UNDER FEDERAL TORT CLAIMS ACT

10 CFR Part 15 - DEBT COLLECTION PROCEDURES

10 CFR Part 16 - SALARY OFFSET PROCEDURES FOR COLLECTING DEBTS OWED BY FEDERAL EMPLOYEES TO THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT

10 CFR Part 19 - NOTICES, INSTRUCTIONS AND REPORTS TO WORKERS: INSPECTION AND INVESTIGATIONS

10 CFR Part 20 - STANDARDS FOR PROTECTION AGAINST RADIATION

10 CFR Part 21 - REPORTING OF DEFECTS AND NONCOMPLIANCE

10 CFR Part 25 - ACCESS AUTHORIZATION

10 CFR Part 26 - FITNESS FOR DUTY PROGRAMS

10 CFR Part 30 - RULES OF GENERAL APPLICABILITY TO DOMESTIC LICENSING OF BYPRODUCT MATERIAL

10 CFR Part 31 - GENERAL DOMESTIC LICENSES FOR BYPRODUCT MATERIAL

10 CFR Part 32 - SPECIFIC DOMESTIC LICENSES TO MANUFACTURE OR TRANSFER CERTAIN ITEMS CONTAINING BYPRODUCT MATERIAL

10 CFR Part 33 - SPECIFIC DOMESTIC LICENSES OF BROAD SCOPE FOR BYPRODUCT MATERIAL

10 CFR Part 34 - LICENSES FOR INDUSTRIAL RADIOGRAPHY AND RADIATION SAFETY REQUIREMENTS FOR INDUSTRIAL RADIOGRAPHIC OPERATIONS

10 CFR Part 35 - MEDICAL USE OF BYPRODUCT MATERIAL

10 CFR Part 39 - LICENSES AND RADIATION SAFETY REQUIREMENTS FOR WELL LOGGING

10 CFR Part 40 - DOMESTIC LICENSING OF SOURCE MATERIAL

10 CFR Part 50 - DOMESTIC LICENSING OF PRODUCTION AND UTILIZATION FACILITIES

10 CFR Part 51 - ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION REGULATIONS FOR DOMESTIC LICENSING AND RELATED REGULATORY FUNCTIONS

10 CFR Part 52 - LICENSES, CERTIFICATIONS, AND APPROVALS FOR NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS

10 CFR Part 54 - REQUIREMENTS FOR RENEWAL OF OPERATING LICENSES FOR NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS

10 CFR Part 55 - OPERATORS' LICENSES

10 CFR Part 60 - DISPOSAL OF HIGH-LEVEL RADIOACTIVE WASTES IN GEOLOGIC REPOSITORIES

10 CFR Part 61 - LICENSING REQUIREMENTS FOR LAND DISPOSAL OF RADIOACTIVE WASTE

10 CFR Part 62 - CRITERIA AND PROCEDURES FOR EMERGENCY ACCESS TO NON-FEDERAL AND REGIONAL LOW-LEVEL WASTE DISPOSAL FACILITIES

10 CFR Part 63 - DISPOSAL OF HIGH-LEVEL RADIOACTIVE WASTES IN A GEOLOGIC REPOSITORY AT YUCCA MOUNTAIN, NEVADA

10 CFR Part 70 - DOMESTIC LICENSING OF SPECIAL NUCLEAR MATERIAL

10 CFR Part 71 - PACKAGING AND TRANSPORTATION OF RADIOACTIVE MATERIAL

10 CFR Part 72 - LICENSING REQUIREMENTS FOR THE INDEPENDENT STORAGE OF SPENT NUCLEAR FUEL, HIGH-LEVEL RADIOACTIVE WASTE, AND REACTOR-RELATED GREATER THAN CLASS C WASTE

10 CFR Part 73 - PHYSICAL PROTECTION OF PLANTS AND MATERIALS

10 CFR Part 74 - MATERIAL CONTROL AND ACCOUNTING OF SPECIAL NUCLEAR MATERIAL

10 CFR Part 75 - SAFEGUARDS ON NUCLEAR MATERIAL—IMPLEMENTATION OF US/IAEA AGREEMENT

10 CFR Part 76 - CERTIFICATION OF GASEOUS DIFFUSION PLANTS

10 CFR Part 81 - STANDARD SPECIFICATIONS FOR THE GRANTING OF PATENT LICENSES

10 CFR Part 95 - FACILITY SECURITY CLEARANCE AND SAFEGUARDING OF NATIONAL SECURITY INFORMATION AND RESTRICTED DATA

10 CFR Part 100 - REACTOR SITE CRITERIA

10 CFR Part 110 - EXPORT AND IMPORT OF NUCLEAR EQUIPMENT AND MATERIAL

10 CFR Part 140 - FINANCIAL PROTECTION REQUIREMENTS AND INDEMNITY AGREEMENTS

10 CFR Part 150 - EXEMPTIONS AND CONTINUED REGULATORY AUTHORITY IN AGREEMENT STATES AND IN OFFSHORE WATERS UNDER SECTION 274

10 CFR Part 160 - TRESPASSING ON COMMISSION PROPERTY

10 CFR Part 170 - FEES FOR FACILITIES, MATERIALS, IMPORT AND EXPORT LICENSES, AND OTHER REGULATORY SERVICES UNDER THE ATOMIC ENERGY ACT OF 1954, AS AMENDED

10 CFR Part 171 - ANNUAL FEES FOR REACTOR LICENSES AND FUEL CYCLE LICENSES AND MATERIALS LICENSES, INCLUDING HOLDERS OF CERTIFICATES OF COMPLIANCE,...QUALITY ASSURANCE PROGRAM APPROVALS AND GOVERNMENT AGENCIES LICENSED BY THE NRC

10 CFR Part 706 - SECURITY POLICIES AND PRACTICES RELATING TO LABOR-MANAGEMENT RELATIONS

10 CFR Part 708 - DOE CONTRACTOR EMPLOYEE PROTECTION PROGRAM

10 CFR Part 710 - CRITERIA AND PROCEDURES FOR DETERMINING ELIGIBILITY FOR ACCESS TO CLASSIFIED MATTER OR SPECIAL NUCLEAR MATERIAL

10 CFR Part 711

10 CFR Part 719 - CONTRACTOR LEGAL MANAGEMENT REQUIREMENTS

10 CFR Part 725 - PERMITS FOR ACCESS TO RESTRICTED DATA

10 CFR Part 733 - ALLEGATIONS OF RESEARCH MISCONDUCT

10 CFR Part 760 - DOMESTIC URANIUM PROGRAM

10 CFR Part 766 - URANIUM ENRICHMENT DECONTAMINATION AND DECOMMISSIONING FUND; PROCEDURES FOR SPECIAL ASSESSMENT OF DOMESTIC UTILITIES

10 CFR Part 781 - DOE PATENT LICENSING REGULATIONS

10 CFR Part 782 - CLAIMS FOR PATENT AND COPYRIGHT INFRINGEMENT

10 CFR Part 783 - WAIVER OF PATENT RIGHTS

10 CFR Part 810 - ASSISTANCE TO FOREIGN ATOMIC ENERGY ACTIVITIES

10 CFR Part 820 - PROCEDURAL RULES FOR DOE NUCLEAR ACTIVITIES

10 CFR Part 824 - PROCEDURAL RULES FOR THE ASSESSMENT OF CIVIL PENALTIES FOR CLASSIFIED INFORMATION SECURITY VIOLATIONS

10 CFR Part 830 - NUCLEAR SAFETY MANAGEMENT

10 CFR Part 835 - OCCUPATIONAL RADIATION PROTECTION

10 CFR Part 840 - EXTRAORDINARY NUCLEAR OCCURRENCES

10 CFR Part 850 - CHRONIC BERYLLIUM DISEASE PREVENTION PROGRAM

10 CFR Part 851 - WORKER SAFETY AND HEALTH PROGRAM

10 CFR Part 852

10 CFR Part 860 - TRESPASSING ON DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY PROPERTY

10 CFR Part 861 - CONTROL OF TRAFFIC AT NEVADA TEST SITE

10 CFR Part 862 - RESTRICTIONS ON AIRCRAFT LANDING AND AIR DELIVERY AT DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NUCLEAR SITES

10 CFR Part 1009 - GENERAL POLICY FOR PRICING AND CHARGING FOR MATERIALS AND SERVICES SOLD BY DOE

10 CFR Part 1015 - COLLECTION OF CLAIMS OWED THE UNITED STATES

10 CFR Part 1016 - SAFEGUARDING OF RESTRICTED DATA

10 CFR Part 1023 - CONTRACT APPEALS

40 CFR - Protection of Environment

40 CFR Part 23 - JUDICIAL REVIEW UNDER EPA-ADMINISTERED STATUTES

40 CFR Part 191 - ENVIRONMENTAL RADIATION PROTECTION STANDARDS FOR MANAGEMENT AND DISPOSAL OF SPENT NUCLEAR FUEL, HIGH-LEVEL AND TRANSURANIC RADIOACTIVE WASTES

40 CFR Part 194 - CRITERIA FOR THE CERTIFICATION AND RE-CERTIFICATION OF THE WASTE ISOLATION PILOT PLANT'S COMPLIANCE WITH THE 40 CFR PART 191 DISPOSAL REGULATIONS

41 CFR - Public Contracts and Property Management

41 CFR Part 109-40 - TRANSPORTATION AND TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT

48 CFR - Federal Acquisition Regulations System

48 CFR Part 719 - SMALL BUSINESS PROGRAMS

48 CFR Part 911 - DESCRIBING AGENCY NEEDS

48 CFR Part 919 - SMALL BUSINESS PROGRAMS

48 CFR Part 927 - PATENTS, DATA, AND COPYRIGHTS

48 CFR Part 950 - EXTRAORDINARY CONTRACTUAL ACTIONS AND THE SAFETY ACT

48 CFR Part 952 - SOLICITATION PROVISIONS AND CONTRACT CLAUSES

48 CFR Part 970 - DOE MANAGEMENT AND OPERATING CONTRACTS

48 CFR Part 2001 - NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION ACQUISITION REGULATION SYSTEM

48 CFR Part 2002 - DEFINITIONS

48 CFR Part 2003 - IMPROPER BUSINESS PRACTICES AND PERSONAL CONFLICTS OF INTEREST

48 CFR Part 2004 - ADMINISTRATIVE MATTERS

48 CFR Part 2005 - PUBLICIZING CONTRACT ACTIONS

48 CFR Part 2009 - CONTRACTOR QUALIFICATIONS

48 CFR Part 2011 - DESCRIBING AGENCY NEEDS

48 CFR Part 2014 - SEALED BIDDING

48 CFR Part 2015 - CONTRACTING BY NEGOTIATION

48 CFR Part 2016 - TYPES OF CONTRACTS

48 CFR Part 2017 - SPECIAL CONTRACTING METHODS

48 CFR Part 2019 - SMALL BUSINESS PROGRAMS

48 CFR Part 2022 - APPLICATION OF LABOR LAWS TO GOVERNMENT ACQUISITIONS

48 CFR Part 2024 - PROTECTION OF PRIVACY AND FREEDOM OF INFORMATION

48 CFR Part 2027 - PATENTS, DATA, AND COPYRIGHTS

48 CFR Part 2030 - COST ACCOUNTING STANDARDS

48 CFR Part 2031 - CONTRACT COST PRINCIPLES AND PROCEDURES

48 CFR Part 2032 - CONTRACT FINANCING

48 CFR Part 2033 - PROTESTS, DISPUTES, AND APPEALS

48 CFR Part 2035 - RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CONTRACTING

48 CFR Part 2042 - CONTRACT ADMINISTRATION

48 CFR Part 2045 - GOVERNMENT PROPERTY

48 CFR Part 2052 - SOLICITATION PROVISIONS AND CONTRACT CLAUSES

 

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