42 U.S. Code § 242b - General authority respecting research, evaluations, and demonstrations in health statistics, health services, and health care technology

(a) Scope of activities
The Secretary may, through the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality or the National Center for Health Statistics, or using Ruth L. Kirschstein National Research Service Awards or other appropriate authorities, undertake and support training programs to provide for an expanded and continuing supply of individuals qualified to perform the research, evaluation, and demonstration projects set forth in section 242k of this title and in subchapter VII of this chapter.
(b) Additional authority; scope of activities
To implement subsection (a) of this section and section 242k of this title, the Secretary may, in addition to any other authority which under other provisions of this chapter or any other law may be used by him to implement such subsection, do the following:
(1) Utilize personnel and equipment, facilities, and other physical resources of the Department of Health and Human Services, permit appropriate (as determined by the Secretary) entities and individuals to utilize the physical resources of such Department, provide technical assistance and advice, make grants to public and nonprofit private entities and individuals, and, when appropriate, enter into contracts with public and private entities and individuals.
(2) Admit and treat at hospitals and other facilities of the Service persons not otherwise eligible for admission and treatment at such facilities.
(3) Secure, from time to time and for such periods as the Secretary deems advisable but in accordance with section 3109 of title 5, the assistance and advice of consultants from the United States or abroad. The Secretary may for the purpose of carrying out the functions set forth in sections 242c, [1] 242k, and 242n  [1] of this title, obtain (in accordance with section 3109 of title 5, but without regard to the limitation in such section on the number of days or the period of service) for each of the centers the services of not more than fifteen experts who have appropriate scientific or professional qualifications.
(4) Acquire, construct, improve, repair, operate, and maintain laboratory, research, and other necessary facilities and equipment, and such other real or personal property (including patents) as the Secretary deems necessary; and acquire, without regard to section 8141 of title 40, by lease or otherwise, through the Administrator of General Services, buildings or parts of buildings in the District of Columbia or communities located adjacent to the District of Columbia.
(c) Coordination of activities through units of Department
(1) The Secretary shall coordinate all health services research, evaluations, and demonstrations, all health statistical and epidemiological activities, and all research, evaluations, and demonstrations respecting the assessment of health care technology undertaken and supported through units of the Department of Health and Human Services. To the maximum extent feasible such coordination shall be carried out through the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality and the National Center for Health Statistics.
(2) The Secretary shall coordinate the health services research, evaluations, and demonstrations, the health statistical and (where appropriate) epidemiological activities, and the research, evaluations, and demonstrations respecting the assessment of health care technology authorized by this chapter through the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality and the National Center for Health Statistics.


[1]  See References in Text note below.

Source

(July 1, 1944, ch. 373, title III, § 304, as added July 28, 1955, ch. 417, § 3,69 Stat. 382; amended Aug. 2, 1956, ch. 871, title V, § 502,70 Stat. 930; Pub. L. 90–174, § 3(a),Dec. 5, 1967, 81 Stat. 534; Pub. L. 91–296, title IV, § 401(b)(1)(A),June 30, 1970, 84 Stat. 352; Pub. L. 91–515, title II, §§ 201(a)–(c), 202, 203, Oct. 30, 1970, 84 Stat. 1301–1303; Pub. L. 93–45, title I, § 102,June 18, 1973, 87 Stat. 91; Pub. L. 93–353, title I, § 103,July 23, 1974, 88 Stat. 362; Pub. L. 95–623, §§ 3, 7,Nov. 9, 1978, 92 Stat. 3443, 3451; Pub. L. 96–32, § 5(a)–(c), July 10, 1979, 93 Stat. 82; Pub. L. 97–35, title IX, § 918,Aug. 13, 1981, 95 Stat. 565; Pub. L. 98–551, § 5(c),Oct. 30, 1984, 98 Stat. 2819; Pub. L. 101–239, title VI, § 6103(e)(1),Dec. 19, 1989, 103 Stat. 2205; Pub. L. 103–183, title V, § 501(b),Dec. 14, 1993, 107 Stat. 2237; Pub. L. 106–129, § 2(b)(2),Dec. 6, 1999, 113 Stat. 1670; Pub. L. 107–206, title I, § 804(c),Aug. 2, 2002, 116 Stat. 874.)
References in Text

Sections 242c and 242n of this title, referred to in subsec. (b)(3), were repealed by Pub. L. 101–239, title VI, § 6103(d)(1),Dec. 19, 1989, 103 Stat. 2205.
Codification

In subsec. (b)(4), “section 8141 of title 40” substituted for “the Act of March 3, 1877 (40 U.S.C. 34)” on authority of Pub. L. 107–217, § 5(c),Aug. 21, 2002, 116 Stat. 1303, the first section of which enacted Title 40, Public Buildings, Property, and Works.
Amendments

2002—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 107–206substituted “Ruth L. Kirschstein National Research Service Awards” for “National Research Service Awards”.
1999—Subsecs. (a), (c). Pub. L. 106–129substituted “Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality” for “Agency for Health Care Policy and Research” wherever appearing.
1993—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 103–183struck out subsec. (d) which directed Secretary to conduct an ongoing study of present and projected future health costs of pollution and other environmental conditions resulting from human activity and to submit to Congress reports on the study.
1989—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 101–239, § 6103(e)(1)(B), substituted “the Agency for Health Care Policy and Research” for “the National Center for Health Services Research and Health Care Technology Assessment” and “in section 242k of this title and in subchapter VII of this chapter” for “in sections 242c, 242k, and 242n of this title”.
Pub. L. 101–239, § 6103(e)(1)(A), redesignated par. (3) as entire subsec. (a) and struck out pars. (1) and (2) which required Secretary to conduct and support research, demonstrations, evaluations, and statistical and epidemiological activities for purpose of improving health services in the United States, and which specified types of activities Secretary was to emphasize in carrying out par. (1).
Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 101–239, § 6103(e)(1)(C), substituted “subsection (a) of this section and section 242k of this title” for “subsection (a) of this section”.
Subsec. (c)(1), (2). Pub. L. 101–239, § 6103(e)(1)(D), substituted “the Agency for Health Care Policy and Research” for “the National Center for Health Services Research and Health Care Technology Assessment”.
1984—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 98–551, § 5(c)(1), (2), substituted “the National Center for Health Services Research and Health Care Technology Assessment and the National Center for Health Statistics” for “the National Center for Health Services Research, the National Center for Health Statistics, and the National Center for Health Care Technology”.
Subsec. (a)(3). Pub. L. 98–551, § 5(c)(1), (3), substituted “the National Center for Health Services Research and Health Care Technology Assessment or the National Center for Health Statistics” for “the National Center for Health Services Research, the National Center for Health Statistics, or the National Center for Health Care Technology”.
Subsec. (c)(1), (2). Pub. L. 98–551, § 5(c)(1), (2), substituted “the National Center for Health Services Research and Health Care Technology Assessment and the National Center for Health Statistics” for “the National Center for Health Services Research, the National Center for Health Statistics, and the National Center for Health Care Technology”.
1981—Subsec. (a)(3). Pub. L. 97–35, § 918(a), substituted “may” for “shall”, “or the” for “and the”, “or using” for “and using”, and “or other” for “and other”.
Subsecs. (b)(1), (c)(1). Pub. L. 97–35, § 918(d)(1), substituted “Health and Human Services” for “Health, Education, and Welfare”.
Subsec. (d)(1). Pub. L. 97–35, § 918(b)(1), (2), substituted provisions relating to advice and assistance of the National Academy of Sciences, for provisions relating to joint authority of the National Academy of Sciences, and struck out definition of “Academy” as meaning the National Academy of Sciences.
Subsec. (d)(3). Pub. L. 97–35, § 918(b)(3), (c), (d)(2), substituted “every three years” for “every two years”, and “Energy and” for “Interstate and Foreign”, and struck out references to the Academy.
1979—Subsec. (b)(1), (3). Pub. L. 96–32, § 5(a), (b), amended directory language of Pub. L. 95–623, § 3(b), (d), and required no change in text. See 1978 Amendment note below.
Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 96–32, § 5(c), substituted “(d)” for “(e)” as designation of subsection added by Pub. L. 95–623, § 7, thereby correcting the subsection designation.
1978—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 95–623, § 3(a), substituted provision for the Secretary acting through the National Center for Health Care Technology for such action through other units of the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare and “conduct” for “undertake”, included epidemiological activities, and declared as an objective the improvement of the effectiveness, efficiency, and quality of Federal health services.
Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 95–623, § 3(a), provided for emphasis to demonstrations, evaluations, and epidemiological activities; redesignated as subpar. (A) former subpar. (C); struck out “technology” and “quality” after “organization,” and “utilization,”, respectively, and end clause “including systems for the delivery of preventive, personal, and mental health care” and former subpar. (A) activities respecting “the determination of an individual’s health”; added subpars. (B) through (D); struck out former subpar. (D) activities respecting “individual and community knowledge of individual health and the systems for the delivery of health care”; added subpars. (E) through (I); and redesignated as subpar. (J) former subpar. (B).
Subsec. (a)(3). Pub. L. 95–623, § 3(a), added par. (3).
Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 95–623, § 3(b), as amended by Pub. L. 96–32, § 5(a), substituted “, when appropriate, enter into contracts with public and private entities and individuals” for “enter into contracts with public and private entities and individuals, for (A) health services research, evaluation, and demonstrations, and (B) health services research and health statistics training, and (C) health statistical activities”.
Subsec. (b)(3). Pub. L. 95–623, § 3(d), as amended by Pub. L. 96–32, § 5(b), substituted “advisable but in accordance with section 3109 of title 5” for “advisable”, struck out “experts and” before “consultants”, and authorized the Secretary to obtain for the centers the services of experts with appropriate scientific or professional qualifications.
Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 95–623, § 3(c), designated existing text as par. (1), substituted “evaluations, and demonstrations, all health statistical and epidemiological activities, and all research, evaluations, and demonstrations respecting the assessment of health care technology” for “evaluation, demonstration, and health statistical activities” before “undertaken and supported”, required coordination of activities to also be carried out through the National Center for Health Care Technology, and added par. (2).
Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 95–623, § 7, as amended by Pub. L. 96–32, § 5(c), added subsec. (d).
1974—Pub. L. 93–353, in revising generally provisions of subsecs. (a) to (c), provided for general authority respecting health statistics and health services research, evaluation, and demonstrations, subsec. (a) relating to scope of activities, subsec. (b) relating to additional authority and scope of activities, and subsec. (c) relating to coordination of activities through units of the Department. Former provisions related to research and demonstrations relating to health facilities and services, subsec. (a) relating to grants and contracts for projects for research, experiments, or demonstrations and related training, cost limitation, wage rates, labor standards, and other conditions, and payments (former subsec. (a)(2) and (3) now being covered by section 242m (h) and (e), respectively), subsec. (b) relating to systems analysis of national health care plans, and cost and coverage report on existing legislative proposals, and subsec. (c) relating to authorization of appropriations.
1973—Subsec. (c)(1). Pub. L. 93–45authorized appropriations of $42,617,000 for fiscal year ending June 30, 1974.
1970—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 91–515, §§ 201(a)(1), 203, redesignatedsubsec. (a) as (a)(1), substituted “(A)” and “(B)” for “(1)” and “(2)”, and “(i) to (iii)” for “(A) to (C)”, and added cls. (iv) and (v).
Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 91–515, § 201(a)(2), redesignatedsubsec. (b) as (a)(2), and substituted “subsection” for “section” wherever appearing.
Subsec. (a)(3). Pub. L. 91–515, §§ 201(a)(3), 202, redesignatedsubsec. (c) as (a)(3)(A), substituted “subsection” for “section” wherever appearing, and added subsec. (a)(3)(B).
Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 91–515, § 201(a)(2)(A), (b), added subsec. (b). Former subsec. (b) redesignated (a)(2).
Subsecs. (c), (d). Pub. L. 91–515, §§ 201(a)(3)(A), (c), 202 (1), redesignatedsubsec. (d) as (c), and substituted provisions authorizing appropriations for the fiscal years ending June 30, 1971, June 30, 1972, and June 30, 1973, and authorizing to be appropriated such additional sums for each fiscal year as may be necessary to carry out the provisions of subsec. (b), for provisions authorizing appropriations of $20,000,000 for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1968, $40,000,000 for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1969, and $60,000,000 for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1970. Former subsec. (c) redesignated (a)(3)(A).
Pub. L. 91–296struck out provisions authorizing use of appropriated funds for evaluation of program authorized by this section. See section 229b of this title.
1967—Pub. L. 90–174substituted provisions of subsecs. (a) to (d) for research and demonstrations relating to health facilities (incorporated from former section 291n of this title) for provisions of former subsecs. (a) to (d) for mental health study including grants for special projects, conditions thereof, and definition of “organization”, authorization of appropriations, terms of grant, availability of amounts otherwise appropriated and noninterference with research and study programs of the National Institute of Mental Health, and acceptance of additional financial support.
1956—Act Aug. 2, 1956, changed heading of section 304 of act July 1, 1944 from “Grants for special projects in mental health” to “Mental health study grants”. Section heading has been changed for purposes of codification.
Effective Date of 1970 Amendments

Pub. L. 91–515, title II, § 201(d),Oct. 30, 1970, 84 Stat. 1303, provided that: “The amendments made by subsection (c) of this section [amending this section] shall be effective only with respect to fiscal years ending after June 30, 1970.”
Pub. L. 91–296, title IV, § 401(b)(1),June 30, 1970, 84 Stat. 352, provided that the amendment made by that section is effective with respect to appropriations for fiscal years beginning after June 30, 1970.
Effective Date of 1956 Amendment

Amendment of section by act Aug. 2, 1956, effective July 1, 1956, see section 503 of act Aug. 2, 1956.
Transfer of Functions

Office of Surgeon General abolished by section 3 of Reorg. Plan No. 3 of 1966, eff. June 25, 1966, 31 F.R. 8855, 80 Stat. 1610, and functions thereof transferred to Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare by section 1 of Reorg. Plan No. 3 of 1966, set out as a note under section 202 of this title. Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare redesignated Secretary of Health and Human Services by section 509(b) ofPub. L. 96–88which is classified to section 3508 (b) of Title 20, Education. Office of Surgeon General reestablished within the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Health, see Notice of Department of Health and Human Services, Office of the Assistant Secretary for Health, Mar. 30, 1987, 52 F.R. 11754.
Commission on Systemic Interoperability

Pub. L. 108–173, title X, § 1012,Dec. 8, 2003, 117 Stat. 2435, directed the Secretary of Health and Human Services to establish a commission to be known as the “Commission on Systemic Interoperability”, which would develop a comprehensive strategy for the adoption and implementation of health care information technology standards, and which would terminate 30 days after submitting a report, not later than Oct. 31, 2005, to the Secretary and to Congress, describing the strategy developed.
Model Standards With Respect to Preventive Health Services in Communities

Pub. L. 95–83, title III, § 314,Aug. 1, 1977, 91 Stat. 398, required the Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare, within two years of Aug. 1, 1977, to establish model standards with respect to preventive health services in communities and report such standards to Congress.
Transfer of Equipment

Pub. L. 94–573, § 15,Oct. 21, 1976, 90 Stat. 2719, provided that notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare could vest title to equipment purchased with funds under the seven contracts for emergency medical services demonstration projects entered into in 1972 and 1973 under this section (as in effect at the time the contracts were entered into), and by contractors with the United States under such contracts or subcontractors under such contracts, in such contractors or subcontractors without further obligation to the Government or on such terms as the Secretary considered appropriate.
Congressional Declaration of Purpose

Joint Res. July 28, 1955, ch. 417, § 2,69 Stat. 382, provided a Congressional statement of the critical need for an analysis and reevaluation of the human and economic problems of mental illness and of the resources, methods, and practices utilized in diagnosing, treating, caring for, and rehabilitating the mentally ill, both within and outside of institutions, as might lead to the development of recommendations for such better utilization of those resources or such improvements on and new developments in methods of diagnosis, treatment, care, and rehabilitation as give promise of resulting in a marked reduction in the incidence or duration of mental illness and, in consequence, a lessening of the appalling emotional and financial drain on the families of those afflicted or on the economic resources of the States and of the Nation and a declaration of the policy to promote mental health and to help solve the complex and the interrelated problems posed by mental illness by encouraging the undertaking of nongovernmental, multidisciplinary research into and reevaluation of all aspects of our resources, methods, and practices for diagnosing, treating, caring for, and rehabilitating the mentally ill, including research aimed at the prevention of mental illness.
Children’s Emotional Illness Study; Program Grants; Conditions; Definitions; Appropriations; Terms of Grant

Pub. L. 89–97, title II, § 231,July 30, 1965, 79 Stat. 360, as amended by Pub. L. 90–248, title III, § 305,Jan. 2, 1968, 81 Stat. 929, authorized the Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare upon the recommendation of the National Advisory Mental Health Council and after securing the advice of experts in pediatrics and child welfare, to make grants to organizations on certain conditions for carrying out a program of research into and study of resources, methods, and practices for diagnosing or preventing emotional illness in children and of treating, caring for, and rehabilitating children with emotional illnesses, defined “organization”, and authorized appropriations for the making of such grants for fiscal years ending June 30, 1966, and June 30, 1967, with such research and study to be completed not later than three years from the date it was inaugurated.

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42 USCDescription of ChangeSession YearPublic LawStatutes at Large

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40 CFR - Protection of Environment

40 CFR Part 9 - OMB APPROVALS UNDER THE PAPERWORK REDUCTION ACT

40 CFR Part 30 - UNIFORM ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS FOR GRANTS AND AGREEMENTS WITH INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER EDUCATION, HOSPITALS, AND OTHER NON-PROFIT ORGANIZATIONS

40 CFR Part 40 - RESEARCH AND DEMONSTRATION GRANTS

40 CFR Part 451 - CONCENTRATED AQUATIC ANIMAL PRODUCTION POINT SOURCE CATEGORY

 

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