42 U.S. Code § 2751 - Purpose; appropriations authorized

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(a) Purpose
The purpose of this part is to stimulate and promote the part-time employment of students who are enrolled as undergraduate, graduate, or professional students and who are in need of earnings from employment to pursue courses of study at eligible institutions, and to encourage students receiving Federal student financial assistance to participate in community service activities that will benefit the Nation and engender in the students a sense of social responsibility and commitment to the community.
(b) Authorization of appropriations
There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this part, such sums as may be necessary for fiscal year 2009 and each of the five succeeding fiscal years.
(c) “Community services” defined
For purposes of this part, the term “community services” means services which are identified by an institution of higher education, through formal or informal consultation with local nonprofit, governmental, and community-based organizations, as designed to improve the quality of life for community residents, particularly low-income individuals, or to solve particular problems related to their needs, including—
(1) such fields as health care, child care (including child care services provided on campus that are open and accessible to the community), literacy training, education (including tutorial services), welfare, social services, transportation, housing and neighborhood improvement, public safety, emergency preparedness and response, crime prevention and control, recreation, rural development, and community improvement;
(2) work in a project, as defined in section 12511 (20)  [1] of this title;
(3) support services to students with disabilities, including students with disabilities who are enrolled at the institution; and
(4) activities in which a student serves as a mentor for such purposes as—
(A) tutoring;
(B) supporting educational and recreational activities; and
(C) counseling, including career counseling.


[1]  See References in Text note below.

Source

(Pub. L. 89–329, title IV, § 441, formerly title I, § 141, as added, renumbered, and amended Pub. L. 90–575, title I, §§ 131(a), (b)(1), 132, 133 (a),Oct. 16, 1968, 82 Stat. 1028, 1029; Pub. L. 91–95, § 5,Oct. 22, 1969, 83 Stat. 143; Pub. L. 92–318, title I, §§ 135, 135A(a),June 23, 1972, 86 Stat. 270; Pub. L. 94–482, title I, § 128(a),Oct. 12, 1976, 90 Stat. 2143; Pub. L. 96–374, title IV, § 431,Oct. 3, 1980, 94 Stat. 1433; Pub. L. 99–498, title IV, § 403(a),Oct. 17, 1986, 100 Stat. 1429; Pub. L. 102–325, title IV, § 441(b)–(d), July 23, 1992, 106 Stat. 563; Pub. L. 103–82, title I, § 111(b)(3),Sept. 21, 1993, 107 Stat. 860; Pub. L. 105–244, title IV, § 441,Oct. 7, 1998, 112 Stat. 1711; Pub. L. 110–315, title IV, § 441,Aug. 14, 2008, 122 Stat. 3258.)
References in Text

Section 12511 (20) of this title, referred to in subsec. (c)(2), was redesignated section 12511 (35) by Pub. L. 111–13, title I, § 1102(b)(1),Apr. 21, 2009, 123 Stat. 1467.
Codification

Section was originally enacted as section 121 of the Economic Opportunity Act of 1964, Pub. L. 88–452, title I, Aug. 20, 1964, 78 Stat. 513. As such, it had been amended by Pub. L. 89–329, title IV, § 441(2),Nov. 8, 1965, 79 Stat. 1249, and renumbered section 141 by Pub. L. 90–222, title I, § 111(a),Dec. 23, 1967, 81 Stat. 726.
Under Pub. L. 90–575, title I, § 131(a),Oct. 16, 1968, 82 Stat. 1028, section was transferred along with the remainder of part C of title I of the Economic Opportunity Act of 1964, Pub. L. 88–452, and inserted as Part C of title IV of the Higher Education Act of 1965, Pub. L. 89–329. Former Part C of title IV of Pub. L. 89–329, as originally enacted, comprising sections 441 and 442 thereof, was stricken to accommodate the transferal but the amendment of this section by section 441(2) ofPub. L. 89–329has not been stricken. For amendment of section in addition to the transfers and redesignations treated above, see 1968 Amendment note below.
Prior Provisions

A prior section 441 ofPub. L. 89–329amended this section and sections 2752 to 2756 and 2761 of this title, prior to repeal by section 131(a) ofPub. L. 90–575.
Amendments

2008—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 110–315, § 441(1), substituted “such sums as may be necessary for fiscal year 2009 and each of the five succeeding fiscal years” for “$1,000,000,000 for fiscal year 1999 and such sums as may be necessary for each of the 4 succeeding fiscal years”.
Subsec. (c)(1). Pub. L. 110–315, § 441(2), inserted “emergency preparedness and response,” after “public safety,”.
1998—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 105–244, § 441(a), substituted “$1,000,000,000 for fiscal year 1999” for “$800,000,000 for fiscal year 1993”.
Subsec. (c)(1). Pub. L. 105–244, § 441(b)(1), inserted “(including child care services provided on campus that are open and accessible to the community)” after “child care”.
Subsec. (c)(3). Pub. L. 105–244, § 441(b)(2), inserted “, including students with disabilities who are enrolled at the institution” before the semicolon.
1993—Subsec. (c)(2). Pub. L. 103–82substituted “a project, as defined in section 12511 (20) of this title” for “service opportunities or youth corps as defined in section 12511 of this title, and service in the agencies, institutions and activities designated in section 12544(a) of this title”.
1992—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 102–325, § 441(b), inserted before period at end “, and to encourage students receiving Federal student financial assistance to participate in community service activities that will benefit the Nation and engender in the students a sense of social responsibility and commitment to the community”.
Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 102–325, § 441(c), amended subsec. (b) generally, substituting present provisions for former provisions which authorized appropriations for fiscal years 1987 to 1991.
Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 102–325, § 441(d), added subsec. (c).
1986—Pub. L. 99–498amended section generally. Prior to amendment, section read as follows:
“(a) The purpose of this part is to stimulate and promote the part-time employment of students, particularly students who are in need of earnings from employment to pursue courses of study at eligible institutions.
“(b) There are authorized to be appropriated for carrying out this part $670,000,000 for fiscal year 1981, $720,000,000 for fiscal year 1982, $760,000,000 for fiscal year 1983, $800,000,000 for fiscal year 1984, and $830,000,000 for fiscal year 1985.”
1980—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 96–374substituted “particularly students who are in need of earnings from employment to pursue courses of study at eligible institutions” for “particularly students with great financial need, in eligible institutions who are in need of the earnings from such employment to pursue courses of study at such institutions”.
Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 96–374substituted provisions authorizing appropriations for fiscal years 1981, 1982, 1983, 1984, and 1985 for provisions that had authorized appropriations for fiscal year 1969 through fiscal year 1982.
1976—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 94–482inserted provisions authorizing appropriations for fiscal year ending June 30, 1976, through fiscal year ending Sept. 30, 1982.
1972—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 92–318, § 135, substituted “with great financial need” for “from low-income families”.
Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 92–318, § 135A(a), authorized appropriations of $330,000,000, $360,000,000, $390,000,000, and $420,000,000 for fiscal years ending June 30, 1972, 1973, 1974, and 1975, respectively.
1969—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 91–95increased general authorization of appropriations for fiscal years ending June 30, 1970, and June 30, 1971.
1968—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 90–575, §§ 132, 133 (a), designated existing provisions as subsec. (a) and substituted “eligible institutions” for “institutions of higher education”.
Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 90–575, § 132, added subsec. (b).
Effective Date of 1998 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 105–244effective Oct. 1, 1998, except as otherwise provided in Pub. L. 105–244, see section 3 ofPub. L. 105–244, set out as a note under section 1001 of Title 20, Education.
Effective Date of 1993 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 103–82effective Oct. 1, 1993, see section 123 ofPub. L. 103–82, set out as a note under section 1701 of Title 16, Conservation.
Effective Date of 1992 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 102–325effective Oct. 1, 1992, see section 2 ofPub. L. 102–325, set out as a note under section 1001 of Title 20, Education.
Effective Date of 1980 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 96–374effective Oct. 1, 1980, see section 1393(a) ofPub. L. 96–374, set out as a note under section 1001 of Title 20, Education.
Effective Date of 1976 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 94–482effective 30 days after Oct. 12, 1976, except either as specifically otherwise provided or, if not so specifically otherwise provided, effective July 1, 1976, for those amendments providing for authorization of appropriations, see section 532 ofPub. L. 94–482, set out as a note under section 1001 of Title 20, Education.
Effective Date of 1972 Amendment

Pub. L. 92–318, title I, § 135A(b),June 23, 1972, 86 Stat. 270, provided that: “The amendment made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall be effective after June 30, 1971.”
References to Part C of Title I of the Economic Opportunity Act of 1964

Pub. L. 90–575, title I, § 131(c),Oct. 16, 1968, 82 Stat. 1028, provided that: “Any reference to any provision of part C of title I of the Economic Opportunity Act of 1964 in any law of the United States shall be deemed to be a reference to the corresponding provision of part C of title IV of the Higher Education Act of 1965 as amended by this section [this part].”

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34 CFR - Education

34 CFR Part 673 - GENERAL PROVISIONS FOR THE FEDERAL PERKINS LOAN PROGRAM, FEDERAL WORK-STUDY PROGRAM, AND FEDERAL SUPPLEMENTAL EDUCATIONAL OPPORTUNITY GRANT PROGRAM

34 CFR Part 675 - FEDERAL WORK-STUDY PROGRAMS

34 CFR Part 676 - FEDERAL SUPPLEMENTAL EDUCATIONAL OPPORTUNITY GRANT PROGRAM

 

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