42 U.S. Code § 289a - Peer review requirements
(a) Applications for biomedical and behavioral research grants, cooperative agreements, and contracts; regulations
(1) The Secretary, acting through the Director of NIH, shall by regulation require appropriate technical and scientific peer review of—
(A) applications made for grants and cooperative agreements under this chapter for biomedical and behavioral research; and
(2) Regulations promulgated under paragraph (1) shall require that the review of applications made for grants, contracts, and cooperative agreements required by the regulations be conducted—
(A) to the extent practical, in a manner consistent with the system for technical and scientific peer review applicable on November 20, 1985, to grants under this chapter for biomedical and behavioral research, and
(B) to the extent practical, by technical and scientific peer review groups performing such review on or before November 20, 1985,
(b) Periodic review of research at National Institutes of Health
The Director of NIH shall establish procedures for periodic technical and scientific peer review of research at the National Institutes of Health. Such procedures shall require that—
(c) Compliance with requirements for inclusion of women and minorities in clinical research
(1) In technical and scientific peer review under this section of proposals for clinical research, the consideration of any such proposal (including the initial consideration) shall, except as provided in paragraph (2), include an evaluation of the technical and scientific merit of the proposal regarding compliance with section 289a–2 of this title.
(2) Paragraph (1) shall not apply to any proposal for clinical research that, pursuant to subsection (b) ofsection 289a–2 of this title, is not subject to the requirement of subsection (a) of such section regarding the inclusion of women and members of minority groups as subjects in clinical research.
 See References in Text note below.
Source(July 1, 1944, ch. 373, title IV, § 492, as added Pub. L. 99–158, § 2,Nov. 20, 1985, 99 Stat. 874; amended Pub. L. 103–43, title I, § 132,June 10, 1993, 107 Stat. 135; Pub. L. 109–482, title I, § 102(f)(1)(B),Jan. 15, 2007, 120 Stat. 3685.)
References in Text
Section 282 (b)(6) of this title, referred to in subsec. (b), was redesignated section 282 (b)(16) by Pub. L. 109–482, title I, § 102(a)(3),Jan. 15, 2007, 120 Stat. 3681.
2007—Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 109–482substituted “sections 282 (b)(16)” for “sections 282 (b)(6)” in concluding provisions.
1993—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 103–43added subsec. (c).
Effective Date of 2007 Amendment