42 U.S. Code § 290bb–23 - Prevention, treatment, and rehabilitation model projects for high risk youth

(a) Grants to public and nonprofit private entities
The Secretary, through the Director of the Prevention Center, shall make grants to public and nonprofit private entities for projects to demonstrate effective models for the prevention, treatment, and rehabilitation of drug abuse and alcohol abuse among high risk youth.
(b) Priority of projects
(1) In making grants for drug abuse and alcohol abuse prevention projects under this section, the Secretary shall give priority to applications for projects directed at children of substance abusers, latchkey children, children at risk of abuse or neglect, preschool children eligible for services under the Head Start Act [42 U.S.C. 9831 et seq.], children at risk of dropping out of school, children at risk of becoming adolescent parents, and children who do not attend school and who are at risk of being unemployed.
(2) In making grants for drug abuse and alcohol abuse treatment and rehabilitation projects under this section, the Secretary shall give priority to projects which address the relationship between drug abuse or alcohol abuse and physical child abuse, sexual child abuse, emotional child abuse, dropping out of school, unemployment, delinquency, pregnancy, violence, suicide, or mental health problems.
(3) In making grants under this section, the Secretary shall give priority to applications from community based organizations for projects to develop innovative models with multiple, coordinated services for the prevention or for the treatment and rehabilitation of drug abuse or alcohol abuse by high risk youth.
(4) In making grants under this section, the Secretary shall give priority to applications for projects to demonstrate effective models with multiple, coordinated services which may be replicated and which are for the prevention or for the treatment and rehabilitation of drug abuse or alcohol abuse by high risk youth.
(5) In making grants under this section, the Secretary shall give priority to applications that employ research designs adequate for evaluating the effectiveness of the program.
(c) Strategies for reducing use
The Secretary shall ensure that projects under subsection (a) of this section include strategies for reducing the use of alcoholic beverages and tobacco products by individuals to whom it is unlawful to sell or distribute such beverages or products.
(d) Regionally equal distribution of grants
To the extent feasible, the Secretary shall make grants under this section in all regions of the United States, and shall ensure the distribution of grants under this section among urban and rural areas.
(e) Application for grants
In order to receive a grant for a project under this section for a fiscal year, a public or nonprofit private entity shall submit an application to the Secretary, acting through the Office. [1] The Secretary may provide to the Governor of the State the opportunity to review and comment on such application. Such application shall be in such form, shall contain such information, and shall be submitted at such time as the Secretary may by regulation prescribe.
(f) Evaluation of projects
The Director of the Office  [1] shall evaluate projects conducted with grants under this section.
(g) “High risk youth” defined
For purposes of this section, the term “high risk youth” means an individual who has not attained the age of 21 years, who is at high risk of becoming, or who has become, a drug abuser or an alcohol abuser, and who—
(1) is identified as a child of a substance abuser;
(2) is a victim of physical, sexual, or psychological abuse;
(3) has dropped out of school;
(4) has become pregnant;
(5) is economically disadvantaged;
(6) has committed a violent or delinquent act;
(7) has experienced mental health problems;
(8) has attempted suicide;
(9) has experienced long-term physical pain due to injury; or
(10) has experienced chronic failure in school.
(h) Authorization of appropriations
For the purpose of carrying out this section, there are authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary for each of the fiscal years 2001 through 2003.


[1]  So in original. Probably should be “Prevention Center”.

Source

(July 1, 1944, ch. 373, title V, § 517, formerly § 509A, as added Pub. L. 99–570, title IV, § 4005(a),Oct. 27, 1986, 100 Stat. 3207–113; amended Pub. L. 100–690, title II, § 2051(d),Nov. 18, 1988, 102 Stat. 4206; renumbered § 517 and amended Pub. L. 102–321, title I, § 114,July 10, 1992, 106 Stat. 346; Pub. L. 106–310, div. B, title XXXI, § 3103,Oct. 17, 2000, 114 Stat. 1171.)
References in Text

The Head Start Act, referred to in subsec. (b)(1), is subchapter B (§§ 635–657) of chapter 8 of subtitle A of title VI of Pub. L. 97–35, Aug. 13, 1981, 95 Stat. 499, as amended, which is classified generally to subchapter II (§ 9831 et seq.) of chapter 105 of this title. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 9801 of this title and Tables.
Codification

Section was formerly classified to section 290aa–8 of this title prior to renumbering by Pub. L. 102–321.
Prior Provisions

A prior section 517 of act July 1, 1944, was classified to section 290cc–2 of this title, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 102–321, title I, § 123(c),July 10, 1992, 106 Stat. 363.
Amendments

2000—Subsec. (h). Pub. L. 106–310substituted “such sums as may be necessary for each of the fiscal years 2001 through 2003” for “$70,000,000 for fiscal year 1993, and such sums as may be necessary for fiscal year 1994”.
1992—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 102–321, § 114(d), substituted “Prevention Center” for “Office”.
Subsecs. (c) to (g). Pub. L. 102–321, § 114(b), added subsec. (c) and redesignated former subsecs. (c) through (f) as (d) through (g), respectively.
Subsec. (h). Pub. L. 102–321, § 114(c), added subsec. (h).
1988—Subsec. (b)(5). Pub. L. 100–690, § 2051(d)(1), added par. (5).
Subsec. (f)(9). Pub. L. 100–690, § 2051(d)(2)(B), amended par. (9) generally, substituting “has experienced long-term physical pain due to injury; or” for “is disabled by injuries.”
Subsec. (f)(10). Pub. L. 100–690, § 2051(d)(2)(C), added par. (10).
Effective Date of 1992 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 102–321effective Oct. 1, 1992, with provision for programs providing financial assistance, see section 801(c), (d) ofPub. L. 102–321, set out as a note under section 236 of this title.

 

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