Notwithstanding any other provision of law, a religious organization, on the same basis as any other nonprofit private provider—
(1)may receive financial assistance under a designated program; and
(2)may be a provider of services under a designated program.
(b) Religious organizations
The purpose of this section is to allow religious organizations to be program participants on the same basis as any other nonprofit private provider without impairing the religious character of such organizations, and without diminishing the religious freedom of program beneficiaries.
(c) Nondiscrimination against religious organizations
(1) Eligibility as program participants
Religious organizations are eligible to be program participants on the same basis as any other nonprofit private organization as long as the programs are implemented consistent with the Establishment Clause and Free Exercise Clause of the First Amendment to the United States Constitution. Nothing in this chapter shall be construed to restrict the ability of the Federal Government, or a State or local government receiving funds under such programs, to apply to religious organizations the same eligibility conditions in designated programs as are applied to any other nonprofit private organization.
Neither the Federal Government nor a State or local government receiving funds under designated programs shall discriminate against an organization that is or applies to be a program participant on the basis that the organization has a religious character.
(d) Religious character and freedom
(1) Religious organizations
Except as provided in this section, any religious organization that is a program participant shall retain its independence from Federal, State, and local government, including such organization’s control over the definition, development, practice, and expression of its religious beliefs.
(2) Additional safeguards
Neither the Federal Government nor a State shall require a religious organization to—
(A)alter its form of internal governance; or
(B)remove religious art, icons, scripture, or other symbols,
in order to be a program participant.
(e) Employment practices
Nothing in this section shall be construed to modify or affect the provisions of any other Federal or State law or regulation that relates to discrimination in employment. A religious organization’s exemption provided under section
2000e–1 of this title regarding employment practices shall not be affected by its participation in, or receipt of funds from, a designated program.
(f) Rights of program beneficiaries
(1) In general
If an individual who is a program beneficiary or a prospective program beneficiary objects to the religious character of a program participant, within a reasonable period of time after the date of such objection such program participant shall refer such individual to, and the appropriate Federal, State, or local government that administers a designated program or is a program participant shall provide to such individual (if otherwise eligible for such services), program services that—
(A)are from an alternative provider that is accessible to, and has the capacity to provide such services to, such individual; and
(B)have a value that is not less than the value of the services that the individual would have received from the program participant to which the individual had such objection.
Upon referring a program beneficiary to an alternative provider, the program participant shall notify the appropriate Federal, State, or local government agency that administers the program of such referral.
Program participants, public agencies that refer individuals to designated programs, and the appropriate Federal, State, or local governments that administer designated programs or are program participants shall ensure that notice is provided to program beneficiaries or prospective program beneficiaries of their rights under this section.
(3) Additional requirements
A program participant making a referral pursuant to paragraph (1) shall—
(A)prior to making such referral, consider any list that the State or local government makes available of entities in the geographic area that provide program services; and
(B)ensure that the individual makes contact with the alternative provider to which the individual is referred.
A religious organization that is a program participant shall not in providing program services or engaging in outreach activities under designated programs discriminate against a program beneficiary or prospective program beneficiary on the basis of religion or religious belief.
(g) Fiscal accountability
(1) In general
Except as provided in paragraph (2), any religious organization that is a program participant shall be subject to the same regulations as other recipients of awards of Federal financial assistance to account, in accordance with generally accepted auditing principles, for the use of the funds provided under such awards.
(2) Limited audit
With respect to the award involved, a religious organization that is a program participant shall segregate Federal amounts provided under award into a separate account from non-Federal funds. Only the award funds shall be subject to audit by the government.
With respect to compliance with this section by an agency, a religious organization may obtain judicial review of agency action in accordance with chapter
7 of title
Another section 582 of act July 1, 1944, is classified to section
290hh–1 of this title.
The table below lists the classification updates, since Jan. 3, 2012, for this section. Updates to a broader range of sections may be found at the update page for containing chapter, title, etc.
The most recent Classification Table update that we have noticed was Tuesday, August 13, 2013
An empty table indicates that we see no relevant changes listed in the classification tables. If you suspect that our system may be missing something, please double-check with the Office of the Law Revision Counsel.