(1)enable the Director to identify, develop, evaluate, disseminate, and provide training in innovative methodologies and strategies for quality improvement practices in the delivery of health care services that represent best practices (referred to as “best practices”) in health care quality, safety, and value; and
(2)ensure that the Director is accountable for implementing a model to pursue such research in a collaborative manner with other related Federal agencies.
(b) General functions of the Center
The Center for Quality Improvement and Patient Safety of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (referred to in this section as the “Center”), or any other relevant agency or department designated by the Director, shall—
(1)carry out its functions using research from a variety of disciplines, which may include epidemiology, health services, sociology, psychology, human factors engineering, biostatistics, health economics, clinical research, and health informatics;
(2)conduct or support activities consistent with the purposes described in subsection (a), and for—
(A)best practices for quality improvement practices in the delivery of health care services; and
(B)that include changes in processes of care and the redesign of systems used by providers that will reliably result in intended health outcomes, improve patient safety, and reduce medical errors (such as skill development for health care providers in team-based health care delivery and rapid cycle process improvement) and facilitate adoption of improved workflow;
(3)identify health care providers, including health care systems, single institutions, and individual providers, that—
(A)deliver consistently high-quality, efficient health care services (as determined by the Secretary); and
(B)employ best practices that are adaptable and scalable to diverse health care settings or effective in improving care across diverse settings;
(4)assess research, evidence, and knowledge about what strategies and methodologies are most effective in improving health care delivery;
(5)find ways to translate such information rapidly and effectively into practice, and document the sustainability of those improvements;
(6)create strategies for quality improvement through the development of tools, methodologies, and interventions that can successfully reduce variations in the delivery of health care;
(7)identify, measure, and improve organizational, human, or other causative factors, including those related to the culture and system design of a health care organization, that contribute to the success and sustainability of specific quality improvement and patient safety strategies;
(8)provide for the development of best practices in the delivery of health care services that—
(A)have a high likelihood of success, based on structured review of empirical evidence;
(B)are specified with sufficient detail of the individual processes, steps, training, skills, and knowledge required for implementation and incorporation into workflow of health care practitioners in a variety of settings;
(C)are designed to be readily adapted by health care providers in a variety of settings; and
(D)where applicable, assist health care providers in working with other health care providers across the continuum of care and in engaging patients and their families in improving the care and patient health outcomes;
(9)provide for the funding of the activities of organizations with recognized expertise and excellence in improving the delivery of health care services, including children’s health care, by involving multiple disciplines, managers of health care entities, broad development and training, patients, caregivers and families, and frontline health care workers, including activities for the examination of strategies to share best quality improvement practices and to promote excellence in the delivery of health care services; and
(10)build capacity at the State and community level to lead quality and safety efforts through education, training, and mentoring programs to carry out the activities under paragraphs (1) through (9).
(c) Research functions of Center
(1) In general
The Center shall support, such as through a contract or other mechanism, research on health care delivery system improvement and the development of tools to facilitate adoption of best practices that improve the quality, safety, and efficiency of health care delivery services. Such support may include establishing a Quality Improvement Network Research Program for the purpose of testing, scaling, and disseminating of interventions to improve quality and efficiency in health care. Recipients of funding under the Program may include national, State, multi-State, or multi-site quality improvement networks.
(2) Research requirements
The research conducted pursuant to paragraph (1) shall—
(A)address the priorities identified by the Secretary in the national strategic plan established under section
280j of this title;
(B)identify areas in which evidence is insufficient to identify strategies and methodologies, taking into consideration areas of insufficient evidence identified by the entity with a contract under section
1395aaa(a) of this title in the report required under section
280j–2 of this title;
(C)address concerns identified by health care institutions and providers and communicated through the Center pursuant to subsection (d);
(D)reduce preventable morbidity, mortality, and associated costs of morbidity and mortality by building capacity for patient safety research;
(E)support the discovery of processes for the reliable, safe, efficient, and responsive delivery of health care, taking into account discoveries from clinical research and comparative effectiveness research;
(F)allow communication of research findings and translate evidence into practice recommendations that are adaptable to a variety of settings, and which, as soon as practicable after the establishment of the Center, shall include—
(i)the implementation of a national application of Intensive Care Unit improvement projects relating to the adult (including geriatric), pediatric, and neonatal patient populations;
(ii)practical methods for addressing health care associated infections, including Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus and Vancomycin-Resistant Entercoccus infections and other emerging infections; and
(iii)practical methods for reducing preventable hospital admissions and readmissions;
(G)expand demonstration projects for improving the quality of children’s health care and the use of health information technology, such as through Pediatric Quality Improvement Collaboratives and Learning Networks, consistent with provisions of section
1320b–9a of this title for assessing and improving quality, where applicable;
(H)identify and mitigate hazards by—
(i)analyzing events reported to patient safety reporting systems and patient safety organizations; and
(ii)using the results of such analyses to develop scientific methods of response to such events;
(I)include the conduct of systematic reviews of existing practices that improve the quality, safety, and efficiency of health care delivery, as well as new research on improving such practices; and
(J)include the examination of how to measure and evaluate the progress of quality and patient safety activities.
(d) Dissemination of research findings
(1) Public availability
The Director shall make the research findings of the Center available to the public through multiple media and appropriate formats to reflect the varying needs of health care providers and consumers and diverse levels of health literacy.
(2) Linkage to health information technology
The Secretary shall ensure that research findings and results generated by the Center are shared with the Office of the National Coordinator of Health Information Technology and used to inform the activities of the health information technology extension program under section
300jj–32 of this title, as well as any relevant standards, certification criteria, or implementation specifications.
The Director shall identify and regularly update a list of processes or systems on which to focus research and dissemination activities of the Center, taking into account—
(1)the cost to Federal health programs;
(2)consumer assessment of health care experience;
(3)provider assessment of such processes or systems and opportunities to minimize distress and injury to the health care workforce;
(4)the potential impact of such processes or systems on health status and function of patients, including vulnerable populations including children;
(5)the areas of insufficient evidence identified under subsection (c)(2)(B); and
(6)the evolution of meaningful use of health information technology, as defined in section
300jj of this title.
The Center shall coordinate its activities with activities conducted by the Center for Medicare and Medicaid Innovation established under section
1315a of this title.
There is authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section $20,000,000 for fiscal years 2010 through 2014.
A prior section 933 of act July 1, 1944, was renumbered section
943 and is classified to section
299c–2 of this title.
The table below lists the classification updates, since Jan. 3, 2012, for this section. Updates to a broader range of sections may be found at the update page for containing chapter, title, etc.
The most recent Classification Table update that we have noticed was Tuesday, August 13, 2013
An empty table indicates that we see no relevant changes listed in the classification tables. If you suspect that our system may be missing something, please double-check with the Office of the Law Revision Counsel.