The Secretary, in conjunction with the Director of the National Institutes of Health and taking into consideration the recommendations of the Advisory Committee, may continue carrying out, coordinating, and expanding research in newborn screening (to be known as “Hunter Kelly Newborn Screening Research Program”) including—
(A)identifying, developing, and testing the most promising new screening technologies, in order to improve already existing screening tests, increase the specificity of newborn screening, and expand the number of conditions for which screening tests are available;
(B)experimental treatments and disease management strategies for additional newborn conditions, and other genetic, metabolic, hormonal, or functional conditions that can be detected through newborn screening for which treatment is not yet available; and
(C)other activities that would improve newborn screening, as identified by the Director.
(2) Additional newborn condition
For purposes of this subsection, the term “additional newborn condition” means any condition that is not one of the core conditions recommended by the Advisory Committee and adopted by the Secretary.
In carrying out the research program under this section, the Secretary and the Director shall ensure that entities receiving funding through the program will provide assurances, as practicable, that such entities will work in consultation with the appropriate State departments of health, and, as practicable, focus their research on screening technology not currently performed in the States in which the entities are located, and the conditions on the uniform screening panel (or the standard test existing on the uniform screening panel).
The Director is encouraged to include information about the activities carried out under this section in the biennial report required under section 403 of the National Institutes of Health Reform Act of 2006. If such information is included, the Director shall make such information available to be included on the Internet Clearinghouse established under section
300b–11 of this title.
In carrying out programs under this section, the Secretary shall minimize duplication and supplement, not supplant, existing efforts of the type carried out under this section.
(e) Peer review
Nothing in this section shall be construed to interfere with the scientific peer-review process at the National Institutes of Health.
Section 403 of the National Institutes of Health Reform Act of 2006, referred to in subsec. (c), probably means section 403 of the Public Health Service Act, as added by section 104(a)(3) of the National Institutes of Health Reform Act of 2006, Pub. L. 109–482, which is classified to section
283 of this title.
300c, act July 1, 1944, ch. 373, title XI, § 1111, as added Aug. 29, 1972, Pub. L. 92–414, § 3,
86 Stat. 650, authorized Secretary to make grants and enter contracts with public and private entities for establishment of screening, treatment, and counseling programs with respect to Cooley’s Anemia.
300c–1, act July 1, 1944, ch. 373, title XI, § 1112, as added Aug. 29, 1972, Pub. L. 92–414, § 3,
86 Stat. 651, required that any participation by an individual in any Cooley’s Anemia programs should be on a purely voluntary basis.
300c–2, act July 1, 1944, ch. 373, title XI, § 1113, as added Aug. 29, 1972, Pub. L. 92–414, § 3,
86 Stat. 651, provided for making of grant upon application to Secretary and listed certain requirements to be met by applicant.
300c–3, act July 1, 1944, ch. 373, title XI, § 1114, as added Aug. 29, 1972, Pub. L. 92–414, § 3,
86 Stat. 652, authorized Secretary to establish a program with Public Health Service to provide for screening, counseling, and treatment with respect to Cooley’s Anemia.
300c–4, act July 1, 1944, ch. 373, title XI, § 1115, as added Aug. 29, 1972, Pub. L. 92–414, § 3,
86 Stat. 652, provided for Secretary’s submission of a report to President for transmittal to Congress annually.
The table below lists the classification updates, since Jan. 3, 2012, for this section. Updates to a broader range of sections may be found at the update page for containing chapter, title, etc.
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