A person may not knowingly and willfully make or cause to be made any false statement or representation of a material fact in connection with the furnishing of items or services for which payments may be made by a State from amounts paid to the State under section
300d–11(a) of this title.
(2) Concealing or failing to disclose information
A person with knowledge of the occurrence of any event affecting the right of the person to receive any payments from amounts paid to the State under section
300d–11(a) of this title may not conceal or fail to disclose any such event with the intent of fraudulently securing such amount.
(b) Criminal penalty for violation of prohibition
Any person who violates a prohibition established in subsection (a) of this section may for each violation be fined in accordance with title 18, or imprisoned for not more than 5 years, or both.