42 U.S. Code § 300s–1a - Recovery of expenditures under certain conditions

(a) Persons liable
If any facility with respect to which funds have been paid under this subchapter shall, at any time within 20 years after the completion of construction or modernization—
(1) be sold or transferred to any entity
(A) which is not qualified to file an application under section 300s–1 or 300t–12 of this title or
(B) which is not approved as a transferee by the State Agency of the State in which such facility is located, or its successor, or
(2) cease to be a public health center or a public or other nonprofit hospital, outpatient facility, facility for long-term care, or rehabilitation facility,
the United States shall be entitled to recover, whether from the transferor or the transferee (or, in the case of a facility which has ceased to be public or nonprofit, from the owners thereof) an amount determined under subsection (c) of this section.
(b) Notice to Secretary
The transferor of a facility which is sold or transferred as described in subsection (a)(1) of this section, or the owner of a facility the use of which is changed as described in subsection (a)(2) of this section, shall provide the Secretary written notice of such sale, transfer, or change not later than the expiration of 10 days from the date on which such sale, transfer, or change occurs.
(c) Amount of recovery; interest; interest period
(1) Except as provided in paragraph (2), the amount the United States shall be entitled to recover under subsection (a) of this section is an amount bearing the same ratio to the then value (as determined by the agreement of the parties or in an action brought in the district court of the United States for the district for which the facility involved is situated) of so much of the facility as constituted an approved project or projects as the amount of the Federal participation bore to the cost of the construction or modernization of such project or projects.
(2)
(A) After the expiration of—
(i) 180 days after the date of the sale, transfer, or change of use for which a notice is required by subsection (b) of this section in the case of a facility which is sold or transferred or the use of which changes after July 18, 1984, or
(ii) thirty days after July 18, 1984, or if later 180 days after the date of the sale, transfer, or change of use for which a notice is required by subsection (b) of this section, in the case of a facility which was sold or transferred or the use of which changed before July 18, 1984,
the amount which the United States is entitled to recover under paragraph (1) with respect to a facility shall be the amount prescribed by paragraph (1) plus interest, during the period described in subparagraph (B), at a rate (determined by the Secretary) based on the average of the bond equivalent of the weekly 90-day Treasury bill auction rate.
(B) The period referred to in subparagraph (A) is the period beginning—
(i) in the case of a facility which was sold or transferred or the use of which changed before July 18, 1984, thirty days after such date or if later 180 days after the date of the sale, transfer, or change of use for which a notice is required by subsection (b) of this section. [1]
(ii) in the case of a facility with respect to which notice is provided in accordance with subsection (b) of this section, upon the expiration of 180 days after the receipt of such notice, or
(iii) in the case of a facility with respect to which such notice is not provided as prescribed by subsection (b) of this section, on the date of the sale, transfer, or changes of use for which such notice was to be provided,
and ending on the date the amount the United States is entitled to under paragraph (1) is collected.
(d) Waiver
(1) The Secretary may waive the recovery rights of the United States under subsection (a)(1) of this section with respect to a facility in any State if the Secretary determines, in accordance with regulations, that the entity to which the facility was sold or transferred—
(A) has established an irrevocable trust—
(i) in an amount equal to the greater of twice the cost of the remaining obligation of the facility under clause (ii) of section 300s–1 (b)(1)(K) of this title or the amount, determined under subsection (c) of this section, that the United States is entitled to recover, and
(ii) which will only be used by the entity to provide the care required by clause (ii) of section 300s–1 (b)(1)(K) of this title; and
(B) will meet the obligation of the facility under clause (i) of section 300s–1 (b)(1)(K) of this title.
(2) The Secretary may waive the recovery rights of the United States under subsection (a)(2) of this section with respect to a facility in any State if the Secretary determines, in accordance with regulations, that there is good cause for waiving such rights with respect to such facility.
(e) Lien
The right of recovery of the United States under subsection (a) of this section shall not constitute a lien on any facility with respect to which funds have been paid under this subchapter.


[1]  So in original. The period probably should be a comma.

Source

(July 1, 1944, ch. 373, title XVI, § 1622, formerly § 1631, as added Pub. L. 93–641, § 4,Jan. 4, 1975, 88 Stat. 2269; amended Pub. L. 94–278, title XI, § 1106(c),Apr. 22, 1976, 90 Stat. 416; renumbered § 1622 and amended Pub. L. 96–79, title II, §§ 202(b), 203 (c),Oct. 4, 1979, 93 Stat. 632, 635; Pub. L. 98–369, div. B. title III, § 2381(b),July 18, 1984, 98 Stat. 1114.)
Codification

Section was formerly classified to section 300s–1 of this title prior to the general revision of this subchapter by Pub. L. 96–79.
Prior Provisions

A prior section 1622 of act July 1, 1944, as added Jan. 4, 1975, Pub. L. 93–641, § 4, 88 Stat. 2265, was renumbered section 1602 as part of the general revision of this subchapter by Pub. L. 96–79and is classified to section 300q–2 of this title.
Amendments

1984—Pub. L. 98–369amended section generally. Prior to the amendment, section read as follows:
“(a) If any facility constructed, modernized, or converted with funds provided under this subchapter is, at any time within twenty years after the completion of such construction, modernization, or conversion with such funds—
“(1) sold or transferred to any person or entity (A) which is not qualified to file an application under section 300s–1 or 300t–12 of this title or (B) which is not approved as a transferee by the State Agency of the State in which such facility is located, or its successor; or
“(2) not used as a medical facility, and the Secretary has not determined that there is good cause for termination of such use,
the United States shall be entitled to recover from either the transferor or the transferee in the case of a sale or transfer or from the owner in the case of termination of use an amount bearing the same ratio to the then value (as determined by the agreement of the parties or by action brought in the district court of the United States for the district in which the facility is situated) of so much of such facility as constituted an approved project or projects, as the amount of the Federal participation bore to the cost of the construction, modernization, or conversion of such project or projects. Such right of recovery shall not constitute a lien upon such facility prior to judgment.
“(b) The Secretary may waive the recovery rights of the United States under subsection (a) of this section with respect to a facility in any State—
“(1) if (as determined under regulations prescribed by the Secretary) the amount which could be recovered under subsection (a) of this section with respect to such facility is applied to the development, expansion, or support of another medical facility located in such State which has been approved by the Statewide Health Coordinating Council for such State as consistent with the State health plan established pursuant to section 300m–3(c) of this title; or
“(2) if the Secretary determines, in accordance with regulations, that there is good cause for waiving such requirement with respect to such facility.
If the amount which the United States is entitled to recover under subsection (a) of this section exceeds 90 per centum of the total cost of the construction or modernization project for a facility, a waiver under this subsection shall only apply with respect to an amount which is not more than 90 per centum of such total cost.”
1979—Subsec. (a)(1)(A). Pub. L. 96–79, § 203(c), substituted “section 300s–1 or 300t–12 of this title” for “section 300o–3 of this title”.
Effective Date of 1979 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 96–79effective Oct. 1, 1979, see section 204 ofPub. L. 96–79, set out as a note under section 300q of this title.
Regulations and Personnel

Requirements for regulations and personnel to implement this section, see section 2381(c) ofPub. L. 98–369, set out as a note under section 291i of this title.

This is a list of parts within the Code of Federal Regulations for which this US Code section provides rulemaking authority.

This list is taken from the Parallel Table of Authorities and Rules provided by GPO [Government Printing Office].

It is not guaranteed to be accurate or up-to-date, though we do refresh the database weekly. More limitations on accuracy are described at the GPO site.


42 CFR - Public Health

42 CFR Part 124 - MEDICAL FACILITY CONSTRUCTION AND MODERNIZATION

 

LII has no control over and does not endorse any external Internet site that contains links to or references LII.