(a) Establishment; grants; contracts; research and demonstration projects
The Secretary shall make grants or enter into contracts with academic health centers for the establishment, maintenance, and operation of centers for research and demonstration with respect to health promotion and disease prevention. Centers established, maintained, or operated under this section shall undertake research and demonstration projects in health promotion, disease prevention, and improved methods of appraising health hazards and risk factors, and shall serve as demonstration sites for the use of new and innovative research in public health techniques to prevent chronic diseases.
(b) Location; types of research and projects
Each center established, maintained, or operated under this section shall—
(1)be located in an academic health center with—
(A)a multidisciplinary faculty with expertise in public health and which has working relationships with relevant groups in such fields as medicine, psychology, nursing, social work, education and business;
(B)graduate training programs relevant to disease prevention;
(C)a core faculty in epidemiology, biostatistics, social sciences, behavioral and environmental health sciences, and health administration;
(D)a demonstrated curriculum in disease prevention;
(E)a capability for residency training in public health or preventive medicine; and
(F)such other qualifications as the Secretary may prescribe;
(A)health promotion and disease prevention research, including retrospective studies and longitudinal prospective studies in population groups and communities;
(B)demonstration projects for the delivery of services relating to health promotion and disease prevention to defined population groups using, as appropriate, community outreach and organization techniques and other methods of educating and motivating communities; and
(C)evaluation studies on the efficacy of demonstration projects conducted under subparagraph (B) of this paragraph.
The design of any evaluation study conducted under subparagraph (C) shall be established prior to the commencement of the demonstration project under subparagraph (B) for which the evaluation will be conducted.
(c) Equitable geographic distribution of centers; procedures
(1)In making grants and entering into contracts under this section, the Secretary shall provide for an equitable geographical distribution of centers established, maintained, and operated under this section and for the distribution of such centers among areas containing a wide range of population groups which exhibit incidences of diseases which are most amenable to preventive intervention.
(2)The Secretary, through the Director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and in consultation with the Director of the National Institutes of Health, shall establish procedures for the appropriate peer review of applications for grants and contracts under this section by peer review groups composed principally of non-Federal experts.
(d) “Academic health center” defined
For purposes of this section, the term “academic health center” means a school of medicine, a school of osteopathy, or a school of public health, as such terms are defined in section
292a(4) of this title.
(e) Authorization of appropriations
For the purpose of carrying out this section, there are authorized to be appropriated $10,000,000 for fiscal year 1992, and such sums as may be necessary for each of the fiscal years 1993 through 2003.
292a of this title, referred to in subsec. (d), was in the original a reference to section 701 of act July 1, 1944. Section 701 of that Act was omitted in the general revision of subchapter V of this chapter by Pub. L. 102–408, title I, § 102,Oct. 13, 1992, 106 Stat. 1994. Pub. L. 102–408enacted a new section 701 of act July 1, 1944, relating to statement of purpose, and a new section
702, relating to scope and duration of loan insurance program, which are classified to sections
292a, respectively, of this title. For provisions relating to definitions, see section
295p of this title.
1993—Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 103–183substituted “through 1998” for “through 1996”.
1992—Subsec. (c)(2). Pub. L. 102–531, which directed amendment of subsec. (c)(2)(B) by substituting “Centers for Disease Control and Prevention” for “Centers for Disease Control”, was executed by making the substitution in subsec. (c)(2) to reflect the probable intent of Congress and the redesignation of subsec. (c)(2)(B) assubsec. (c)(2) by Pub. L. 102–168. See 1991 Amendment note below.
1991—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 102–168, § 102(b), redesignated subpars. (A) and (B) of par. (2) as pars. (1) and (2), respectively, and struck out former par. (1), which read as follows: “During fiscal year 1985, the Secretary shall make grants or enter into contracts for the establishment of three centers under this section. During fiscal year 1986, the Secretary shall make grants and enter into contracts for the establishment of five centers under this section and the maintenance and operation of the three centers established under this section in fiscal year 1985. During fiscal year 1987, the Secretary shall make grants and enter into contracts for the establishment of five centers under this section and the operation and maintenance of the eight centers established under this section in fiscal years 1985 and 1986.”
Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 102–168, § 102(a), amended subsec. (e) generally. Prior to amendment, subsec. (e) read as follows: “To carry out this section, there are authorized to be appropriated $3,000,000 for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1985, $8,000,000 for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1986, $13,000,000 for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1987, $6,000,000 for fiscal year 1989, $8,000,000 for fiscal year 1990, and $10,000,000 for fiscal year 1991.”
1988—Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 100–607struck out “and” after “1986,” and inserted “, $6,000,000 for fiscal year 1989, $8,000,000 for fiscal year 1990, and $10,000,000 for fiscal year 1991” before period at end.
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