(Pub. L. 90–448, title XIII, § 1307,Aug. 1, 1968, 82 Stat. 576; Pub. L. 93–234, title I, § 109,Dec. 31, 1973, 87 Stat. 980; Pub. L. 93–383, title VIII, § 816(b),Aug. 22, 1974, 88 Stat. 739; Pub. L. 98–181, title IV, § 451(d)(1),Nov. 30, 1983, 97 Stat. 1229; Pub. L. 101–508, title II, § 2302(e)(1),Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1388–24; Pub. L. 102–550, title IX, § 928,Oct. 28, 1992, 106 Stat. 3886; Pub. L. 109–295, title VI, § 612(c),Oct. 4, 2006, 120 Stat. 1410.)
References in Text
This chapter, referred to in subsecs. (a)(2), (d), and (e), was in the original a reference to “this title” meaning title XIII of Pub. L. 90–448
, Aug. 1, 1968, 82 Stat. 572
, known as the National Flood Insurance Act of 1968, which is classified principally to this chapter. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section
of this title and Tables.
1992—Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 102–550
added subsec. (f).
1990—Subsec. (a)(1)(B)(iii). Pub. L. 101–508
, § 2302(e)(1)(A)–(C), added cl. (iii).
Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 101–508
, § 2302(e)(1)(D), inserted before semicolon “, and which, together with a fee charged to policyholders that shall not be not subject to any agents’ commission, company expenses allowances, or State or local premium taxes, shall include any administrative expenses incurred in carrying out the flood insurance and floodplain management programs (including the costs of mapping activities under section
of this title)”.
1983—Subsecs. (a) to (c), (e). Pub. L. 98–181
substituted “Director” for “Secretary” wherever appearing.
1974—Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 93–383
added subsec. (e).
1973—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 93–234
added subsec. (d).
Change of Name
“Administrator of the Federal Emergency Management Agency” substituted for “Director of the Federal Emergency Management Agency” in subsec. (f) on authority of section 612(c) ofPub. L. 109–295
, set out as a note under section
, Domestic Security. Any reference to the Administrator of the Federal Emergency Management Agency in title VI of Pub. L. 109–295
or an amendment by title VI to be considered to refer and apply to the Director of the Federal Emergency Management Agency until Mar. 31, 2007, see section 612(f)(2) ofPub. L. 109–295
, set out as a note under section
Transfer of Functions
For transfer of all functions, personnel, assets, components, authorities, grant programs, and liabilities of the Federal Emergency Management Agency, including the functions of the Under Secretary for Federal Emergency Management relating thereto, to the Federal Emergency Management Agency, see section
, Domestic Security.
For transfer of functions, personnel, assets, and liabilities of the Federal Emergency Management Agency, including the functions of the Director of the Federal Emergency Management Agency relating thereto, to the Secretary of Homeland Security, and for treatment of related references, see former section
, Domestic Security, and the Department of Homeland Security Reorganization Plan of November 25, 2002, as modified, set out as a note under section
Pub. L. 108–7
, div. K, title III, Feb. 20, 2003, 117 Stat. 517
, provided in part: “That beginning in fiscal year 2003 and thereafter, fees authorized in 42
shall be collected only if provided in advance in appropriations acts.”
Study of Economic Effects of Charging Actuarially Based Premium Rates for Pre-FIRM Structures
Pub. L. 103–325
, title V, § 578,Sept. 23, 1994, 108 Stat. 2284
, required the Director of the Federal Emergency Management Agency to conduct a study of the economic effects that would result from increasing premium rates for flood insurance coverage for pre-FIRM structures and submit a report to Congress no later than 12 months after Sept. 23, 1994.
Sea Level Rise Study
Pub. L. 101–137
, § 5,Nov. 3, 1989, 103 Stat. 825
, directed Director of Federal Emergency Management Agency to conduct a study to determine the impact of relative sea level rise on the flood insurance rate maps, such study also to project the economic losses associated with estimated sea level rise and aggregate such data for the United States as a whole and by region, with Director to report results of study to Congress not later than one year after Nov. 3, 1989.