42 U.S. Code § 414 - Insured status for purposes of old-age and survivors insurance benefits

For the purposes of this subchapter—
(a) “Fully insured individual” defined
The term “fully insured individual” means any individual who had not less than—
(1) one quarter of coverage (whenever acquired) for each calendar year elapsing after 1950 (or, if later, the year in which he attained age 21) and before the year in which he died or (if earlier) the year in which he attained age 62, except that in no case shall an individual be a fully insured individual unless he has at least 6 quarters of coverage; or
(2) 40 quarters of coverage; or
(3) in the case of an individual who died before 1951, 6 quarters of coverage;
not counting as an elapsed year for purposes of paragraph (1) any year any part of which was included in a period of disability (as defined in section 416 (i) of this title), and who satisfies the criterion specified in subsection (c) of this section.
(b) “Currently insured individual” defined
The term “currently insured individual” means any individual who had not less than six quarters of coverage during the thirteen-quarter period ending with
(1) the quarter in which he died,
(2) the quarter in which he became entitled to old-age insurance benefits,
(3) the quarter in which he became entitled to primary insurance benefits under this subchapter as in effect prior to August 28, 1950, or
(4) in the case of any individual entitled to disability insurance benefits, the quarter in which he most recently became entitled to disability insurance benefits, not counting as part of such thirteen-quarter period any quarter any part of which was included in a period of disability unless such quarter was a quarter of coverage, and who satisfies the criterion specified in subsection (c) of this section.
(c) Criterion described
For purposes of subsections (a) and (b) of this section, the criterion specified in this subsection is that the individual, if not a United States citizen or national—
(1) has been assigned a social security account number that was, at the time of assignment, or at any later time, consistent with the requirements of subclause (I) or (III) of section 405 (c)(2)(B)(i) of this title; or
(2) at the time any such quarters of coverage are earned—
(A) is described in subparagraph (B) or (D) of section 1101 (a)(15) of title 8,
(B) is lawfully admitted temporarily to the United States for business (in the case of an individual described in such subparagraph (B)) or the performance as a crewman (in the case of an individual described in such subparagraph (D)), and
(C) the business engaged in or service as a crewman performed is within the scope of the terms of such individual’s admission to the United States.

Source

(Aug. 14, 1935, ch. 531, title II, § 214, as added Aug. 28, 1950, ch. 809, title I, § 104(a),64 Stat. 492, 505; amended July 18, 1952, ch. 945, § 3(b),66 Stat. 770; Sept. 1, 1954, ch. 1206, title I, §§ 106(b), 108 (a),68 Stat. 1079, 1083; Aug. 1, 1956, ch. 836, title I, § 108,70 Stat. 830; Pub. L. 85–840, title II, § 205(l),Aug. 28, 1958, 72 Stat. 1025; Pub. L. 86–778, title II, § 204(a),Sept. 13, 1960, 74 Stat. 948; Pub. L. 87–64, title I, § 103(a),June 30, 1961, 75 Stat. 137; Pub. L. 92–603, title I, § 104(a),Oct. 30, 1972, 86 Stat. 1340; Pub. L. 108–203, title II, § 211(a),Mar. 2, 2004, 118 Stat. 518.)
Codification

Section 211(a) ofPub. L. 108–203, which directed amendment of section 214, was executed to this section, which is section 214 of the Social Security Act, to reflect the probable intent of Congress. See 2004 Amendment notes below.
Amendments

2004—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 108–203, § 211(a)(1), inserted “, and who satisfies the criterion specified in subsection (c) of this section” before period at end. See Codification note above.
Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 108–203, § 211(a)(2), inserted “, and who satisfies the criterion specified in subsection (c) of this section” before period at end. See Codification note above.
Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 108–203, § 211(a)(3), added subsec. (c). See Codification note above.
1972—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 92–603struck out provisions setting a separate age computation point for women and reduced from age 65 to age 62 the age computation point for men.
1961—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 87–64required one quarter of coverage for each calendar year elapsing after 1950 (or after the year in which the individual attained age 21, if that was later than 1950) instead of one quarter of coverage for each three of the quarters elapsing after 1950, and struck out “unless such quarter was a quarter of coverage” after “a period of disability (as defined in section 41i (i) of this title)”.
1960—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 86–778changed provisions which required an individual to have one quarter of coverage for each two quarters to provide that an individual is fully insured if he has not less than one quarter of coverage for each three quarters elapsing after Dec. 31, 1950, or, if later, December 31 of the year in which he attained the age of 21 years, and inserted provisions defining fully insured in the case of an individual who died prior to 1951 as one who had six quarters of coverage.
1958—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 85–840included within definition of “currently insured individual” an individual entitled to disability insurance benefits who has not less than six quarters of coverage during the thirteen-quarter period ending with the quarter in which he most recently became entitled to disability insurance benefits.
1956—Subsec. (a)(3). Act Aug. 1, 1956, provided that an individual who had at least six quarters of coverage after 1954 would be fully insured if all but four of the quarters elapsing after 1954 and prior to July 1, 1957, or if later, the quarter in which he attained retirement age or died, whichever first occurred, are quarters of coverage.
1954—Subsec. (a)(2)(B). Act Sept. 1, 1954, § 106(b)(1), excluded from the elapsed period under subsec. (a)(2)(A) any quarter any part of which was included in a period of disability, unless such quarter was a quarter of coverage.
Subsec. (a)(3), (4). Act Sept. 1, 1954, § 108(a), added par. (3) and redesignated former par. (3) as (4).
Subsec. (b). Act Sept. 1, 1954, § 106(b)(2), inserted “, not counting as part of such thirteen-quarter period any quarter any part of which was included in a period of disability unless such quarter was a quarter of coverage.”
1952—Subsec. (a)(2)(B). Act July 18, 1952, § 3(b)(1), inserted “not counting as an elapsed quarter for purposes of subparagraph (A) any quarter any part of which was included in a period of disability (as defined in section 416 (i) of this title unless such quarter was a quarter of coverage”.
Subsec. (b). Act July 18, 1952, § 3(b)(2), inserted “not counting as part of such thirteen-quarter period any quarter any part of which was included in a period of disability unless such quarter was a quarter of coverage” after “August 28, 1950”.
Effective Date of 2004 Amendment

Pub. L. 108–203, title II, § 211(c),Mar. 2, 2004, 118 Stat. 518, provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending this section and section 423 of this title] apply to benefit applications based on social security account numbers issued on or after January 1, 2004.”
Effective Date of 1972 Amendment

Pub. L. 92–603, title I, § 104(j),Oct. 30, 1972, 86 Stat. 1341, provided that:
“(1) The amendments made by this section [amending this section and sections 415, 416, 423, and 427 of this title and provisions set out as a note under section 415 of this title] (except the amendment made by subsection (i), and the amendment made by subsection (g) tosection 209(i) of the Social Security Act) shall apply only in the case of a man who attains (or would attain) age 62 after December 1974. The amendment made by subsection (i), and the amendment made by subsection (g) tosection 209(i) of the Social Security Act [42 U.S.C. 409 (i)], shall apply only with respect to payments after 1974.
“(2) In the case of a man who attains age 62 prior to 1975, the number of his elapsed years for purposes of section 215(b)(3) of the Social Security Act [42 U.S.C. 415 (b)(3)] shall be equal to (A) the number determined under such section as in effect on September 1, 1972, or (B) if less, the number determined as though he attained age 65 in 1975, except that monthly benefits under title II of the Social Security Act [42 U.S.C. 401 et seq.] for months prior to January 1973 payable on the basis of his wages and self-employment income shall be determined as though this section had not been enacted.
“(3)(A) In the case of a man who attains or will attain age 62 in 1973, the figure ‘65’ in sections 214(a)(1), 223(c)(1)(A), and 216(i)(3)(A) of the Social Security Act [42 U.S.C. 414 (a)(1), 423 (c)(1)(A), 416 (i)(3)(A)] shall be deemed to read ‘64’.
“(B) In the case of a man who attains or will attain age 62 in 1974, the figure ‘65’ in sections 214(a)(1), 223(c)(1)(A), and 216(i)(3)(A) of the Social Security Act [42 U.S.C. 414 (a)(1), 423 (c)(1)(A), 416 (i)(3)(A)] shall be deemed to read ‘63’.”
Effective Date of 1961 Amendment

Pub. L. 87–64, title I, § 103(b),June 30, 1961, 75 Stat. 137, provided that: “The amendment made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall apply—
“(1) in the case of monthly benefits under title II of the Social Security Act [42 U.S.C. 401 et seq.] for months beginning on or after the effective date of this title [see note set out under section 402 of this title], based on applications filed in or after March 1961,
“(2) in the case of lump-sum death payments under such title with respect to deaths on or after the effective date of this title, and
“(3) in the case of an application for a disability determination (with respect to a period of disability, as defined in section 216(i) of such Act [42 U.S.C. 416 (i)]) filed in or after March 1961.”
Effective Date of 1960 Amendment

Pub. L. 86–778, title II, § 204(d)(1),Sept. 13, 1960, 74 Stat. 948, provided that: “The amendments made by subsections (a) and (b) of this section [amending this section and provisions set out as a note under section 415 of this title] shall be applicable (A) in the case of monthly benefits under title II of the Social Security Act [42 U.S.C. 401 et seq.], for months after the month in which this Act is enacted [September 1960], on the basis of applications filed in or after such month, (B) in the case of lump-sum death payments under such title with respect to deaths occurring after such month, and (C) in the case of an application for a disability determination with respect to a period of disability (as defined in section 216(i) of the Social Security Act [42 U.S.C. 416 (i)]) filed after such month.”
Effective Date of 1958 Amendment

Amendment by section 205(l) ofPub. L. 85–840applicable with respect to monthly benefits under this subchapter for months after August 1958, but only if an application for such benefits is filed on or after Aug. 28, 1958, see section 207(a) ofPub. L. 85–840, set out as a note under section 416 of this title.
Effective Date of 1954 Amendment

Amendment by section 106(b) of act Sept. 1, 1954, applicable with respect to monthly benefits under subchapter II of this chapter for months after June 1955, and with respect to lump-sum death payments under such subchapter in the case of deaths occurring after June 1955; but that no recomputation of benefits by reason of such amendments shall be regarded as a recomputation for purposes of section 415 (f) of this title, see section 106(h) of act Sept. 1, 1954, set out as a note under section 413 of this title.
Effective and Termination Date of 1952 Amendment

For effective and termination dates of amendment by act July 18, 1952, see section 3(f), (g) of act July 18, 1952, set out as a note under section 413 of this title.
Employees of Nonprofit Organizations as Fully Insured Individuals

Pub. L. 98–21, title I, § 102(e),Apr. 20, 1983, 97 Stat. 71, as amended by Pub. L. 99–514, § 2,Oct. 22, 1986, 100 Stat. 2095, provided that:
“(1) If any individual—
“(A) on January 1, 1984, is age 55 or over, and is an employee of an organization described in section 210(a)(8)(B) of the Social Security Act [42 U.S.C. 410 (a)(8)(B)] (A) which does not have in effect (on that date) a waiver certificate under section 3121(k) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 [formerly I.R.C. 1954] [26 U.S.C. 3121 (k)] and (B) to the employees of which social security coverage is extended on January 1, 1984, solely by reason of the enactment of this section [amending section 410 of this title and section 3121 of Title 26, Internal Revenue Code, and enacting provisions set out as notes under section 3121 of Title 26], and
“(B) after December 31, 1983, acquires the number of quarters of coverage (within the meaning of section 213 of the Social Security Act [42 U.S.C. 413]) which is required for purposes of this subparagraph under paragraph (2),
then such individual shall be deemed to be a fully insured individual (as defined in section 214 of the Social Security Act [42 U.S.C. 414]) for all of the purposes of title II of such Act [42 U.S.C. 401 et seq.].
“(2) The number of quarters of coverage which is required for purposes of subparagraph (B) of paragraph (1) shall be determined as follows:
 “In the case of an individual The number of quarters   who on January 1, 1984, of coverage so required   is— shall be— age 60 or over 6   age 59 or over but less than age 60 8   age 58 or over but less than age 59 12   age 57 or over but less than age 58 16   age 55 or over but less than age 57 20.”
Determination of Entitlement to Monthly Benefits for Sept. 1960 and Prior Months and Individual’s Closing Date Prior to 1960

Pub. L. 86–778, title II, § 204(d)(2),Sept. 13, 1960, 74 Stat. 948, provided that the provisions of subsec. (a) of this section in effect prior to Sept. 13, 1960, and the provisions of section 109 of act Sept. 1, 1954, ch. 1206, 68 Stat. 1084, set out as a note under section 415 of this title, as in effect prior to such date were to apply for purposes of determining entitlement to monthly benefits under this subchapter for Sept. 1960 and prior months with respect to wages and self-employment income of an individual and for purposes of determining an individual’s closing date prior to 1960 under section 415 (b)(3)(B) of this title.

The table below lists the classification updates, since Jan. 3, 2012, for this section. Updates to a broader range of sections may be found at the update page for containing chapter, title, etc.

The most recent Classification Table update that we have noticed was Tuesday, August 13, 2013

An empty table indicates that we see no relevant changes listed in the classification tables. If you suspect that our system may be missing something, please double-check with the Office of the Law Revision Counsel.

42 USCDescription of ChangeSession YearPublic LawStatutes at Large

This is a list of parts within the Code of Federal Regulations for which this US Code section provides rulemaking authority.

This list is taken from the Parallel Table of Authorities and Rules provided by GPO [Government Printing Office].

It is not guaranteed to be accurate or up-to-date, though we do refresh the database weekly. More limitations on accuracy are described at the GPO site.


20 CFR - Employees' Benefits

20 CFR Part 404 - FEDERAL OLD-AGE, SURVIVORS AND DISABILITY INSURANCE (1950-)

 

LII has no control over and does not endorse any external Internet site that contains links to or references LII.