42 U.S. Code § 422 - Rehabilitation services

(a) , (b) Repealed. Pub. L. 106–170, title I, § 101(b)(1)(B), (C),Dec. 17, 1999, 113 Stat. 1873
(c) “Period of trial work” defined
(1) The term “period of trial work”, with respect to an individual entitled to benefits under section 423, 402 (d), 402 (e), or 402 (f) of this title, means a period of months beginning and ending as provided in paragraphs (3) and (4).
(2) For purposes of sections 416 (i) and 423 of this title, any services rendered by an individual during a period of trial work shall be deemed not to have been rendered by such individual in determining whether his disability has ceased in a month during such period. For purposes of this subsection the term “services” means activity (whether legal or illegal) which is performed for remuneration or gain or is determined by the Commissioner of Social Security to be of a type normally performed for remuneration or gain.
(3) A period of trial work for any individual shall begin with the month in which he becomes entitled to disability insurance benefits, or, in the case of an individual entitled to benefits under section 402 (d) of this title who has attained the age of eighteen, with the month in which he becomes entitled to such benefits or the month in which he attains the age of eighteen, whichever is later, or, in the case of an individual entitled to widow’s or widower’s insurance benefits under section 402 (e) or (f) of this title who became entitled to such benefits prior to attaining age 60, with the month in which such individual becomes so entitled. Notwithstanding the preceding sentence, no period of trial work may begin for any individual prior to the beginning of the month following September 1960; and no such period may begin for an individual in a period of disability of such individual in which he had a previous period of trial work.
(4) A period of trial work for any individual shall end with the close of whichever of the following months is the earlier:
(A) the ninth month, in any period of 60 consecutive months, in which the individual renders services (whether or not such nine months are consecutive); or
(B) the month in which his disability (as defined in section 423 (d) of this title) ceases (as determined after application of paragraph (2) of this subsection).
(5) Upon conviction by a Federal court that an individual has fraudulently concealed work activity during a period of trial work from the Commissioner of Social Security by—
(A) providing false information to the Commissioner of Social Security as to whether the individual had earnings in or for a particular period, or as to the amount thereof;
(B) receiving disability insurance benefits under this subchapter while engaging in work activity under another identity, including under another social security account number or a number purporting to be a social security account number; or
(C) taking other actions to conceal work activity with an intent fraudulently to secure payment in a greater amount than is due or when no payment is authorized,
no benefit shall be payable to such individual under this subchapter with respect to a period of disability for any month before such conviction during which the individual rendered services during the period of trial work with respect to which the fraudulently concealed work activity occurred, and amounts otherwise due under this subchapter as restitution, penalties, assessments, fines, or other repayments shall in all cases be in addition to any amounts for which such individual is liable as overpayments by reason of such concealment.
(d) Cost of rehabilitation services from trust funds
(1) For purposes of making vocational rehabilitation services more readily available to disabled individuals who are—
(A) entitled to disability insurance benefits under section 423 of this title,
(B) entitled to child’s insurance benefits under section 402 (d) of this title after having attained age 18 (and are under a disability),
(C) entitled to widow’s insurance benefits under section 402 (e) of this title prior to attaining age 60, or
(D) entitled to widower’s insurance benefits under section 402 (f) of this title prior to attaining age 60,
to the end that savings will accrue to the Trust Funds as a result of rehabilitating such individuals, there are authorized to be transferred from the Federal Old-Age and Survivors Insurance Trust Fund and the Federal Disability Insurance Trust Fund each fiscal year such sums as may be necessary to enable the Commissioner of Social Security to reimburse the State for the reasonable and necessary costs of vocational rehabilitation services furnished such individuals (including services during their waiting periods), under a State plan for vocational rehabilitation services approved under title I of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 [29 U.S.C. 720 et seq.],
(i) in cases where the furnishing of such services results in the performance by such individuals of substantial gainful activity for a continuous period of nine months,
(ii) in cases where such individuals receive benefits as a result of section 425 (b) of this title (except that no reimbursement under this paragraph shall be made for services furnished to any individual receiving such benefits for any period after the close of such individual’s ninth consecutive month of substantial gainful activity or the close of the month in which his or her entitlement to such benefits ceases, whichever first occurs), and
(iii) in cases where such individuals, without good cause, refuse to continue to accept vocational rehabilitation services or fail to cooperate in such a manner as to preclude their successful rehabilitation. The determination that the vocational rehabilitation services contributed to the successful return of an individual to substantial gainful activity, the determination that an individual, without good cause, refused to continue to accept vocational rehabilitation services or failed to cooperate in such a manner as to preclude successful rehabilitation, and the determination of the amount of costs to be reimbursed under this subsection shall be made by the Commissioner of Social Security in accordance with criteria formulated by the Commissioner.
(2) In the case of any State which is unwilling to participate or does not have a plan which meets the requirements of paragraph (1), the Commissioner of Social Security may provide such services in such State by agreement or contract with other public or private agencies, organizations, institutions, or individuals. The provision of such services shall be subject to the same conditions as otherwise apply under paragraph (1).
(3) Payments under this subsection shall be made in advance or by way of reimbursement, with necessary adjustments for overpayments and underpayments.
(4) Money paid from the Trust Funds under this subsection for the reimbursement of the costs of providing services to individuals who are entitled to benefits under section 423 of this title (including services during their waiting periods), or who are entitled to benefits under section 402 (d) of this title on the basis of the wages and self-employment income of such individuals, shall be charged to the Federal Disability Insurance Trust Fund, and all other money paid from the Trust Funds under this subsection shall be charged to the Federal Old-Age and Survivors Insurance Trust Fund. The Commissioner of Social Security shall determine according to such methods and procedures as the Commissioner may deem appropriate—
(A) the total amount to be reimbursed for the cost of services under this subsection, and
(B) subject to the provisions of the preceding sentence, the amount which should be charged to each of the Trust Funds.
(5) For purposes of this subsection the term “vocational rehabilitation services” shall have the meaning assigned to it in title I of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 [29 U.S.C. 720 et seq.], except that such services may be limited in type, scope, or amount in accordance with regulations of the Commissioner of Social Security designed to achieve the purpose of this subsection.
(e) Treatment referrals for individuals with alcoholism or drug addiction condition
In the case of any individual whose benefits under this subchapter are paid to a representative payee pursuant to section 405 (j)(1)(B) of this title, the Commissioner of Social Security shall refer such individual to the appropriate State agency administering the State plan for substance abuse treatment services approved under subpart II of part B of title XIX of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 300x–21 et seq.).

Source

(Aug. 14, 1935, ch. 531, title II, § 222, as added Sept. 1, 1954, ch. 1206, title I, § 106(g)68 Stat. 1081; amended Aug. 1, 1956, ch. 836, title I, § 103(b),70 Stat. 817; Pub. L. 85–840, title II, § 205(n), title III, § 307(g),Aug. 28, 1958, 72 Stat. 1025, 1032; Pub. L. 86–778, title IV, § 403(a),Sept. 13, 1960, 74 Stat. 968; Pub. L. 89–97, title III, §§ 306(c)(14), 308(d)(11), 336,July 30, 1965, 79 Stat. 373, 379, 408; Pub. L. 90–248, title I, §§ 104(d)(3), (4), 158(c)(5),Jan. 2, 1968, 81 Stat. 832, 869; Pub. L. 92–603, title I, §§ 107(b)(3), (4), 131,Oct. 30, 1972, 86 Stat. 1343, 1360; Pub. L. 96–265, title III, § 303(a),June 9, 1980, 94 Stat. 451; Pub. L. 97–35, title XXII, § 2209(a),Aug. 13, 1981, 95 Stat. 840; Pub. L. 98–21, title III, § 309(l)–(n), Apr. 20, 1983, 97 Stat. 117; Pub. L. 98–369, div. B, title VI, § 2663(a)(15),July 18, 1984, 98 Stat. 1165; Pub. L. 98–460, § 11(a),Oct. 9, 1984, 98 Stat. 1805; Pub. L. 101–508, title V, § 5112(a),Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1388–273; Pub. L. 103–296, title I, § 107(a)(4), title II, § 201(a)(4)(B),Aug. 15, 1994, 108 Stat. 1478, 1499; Pub. L. 104–121, title I, § 105(a)(3),Mar. 29, 1996, 110 Stat. 852; Pub. L. 106–170, title I, § 101(b)(1)(B), (C),Dec. 17, 1999, 113 Stat. 1873; Pub. L. 108–203, title II, § 208(a),Mar. 2, 2004, 118 Stat. 513.)
References in Text

The Rehabilitation Act of 1973, referred to in subsec. (d)(1), (5), is Pub. L. 93–112, Sept. 26, 1973, 87 Stat. 355, as amended. Title I of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 is classified generally to subchapter I (§ 720 et seq.) of chapter 16 of Title 29, Labor. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 701 of Title 29 and Tables.
The Public Health Service Act, referred to in subsec. (e), is act July 1, 1944, ch. 373, 58 Stat. 682, as amended. Subpart II of part B of title XIX of the Act is classified generally to subpart II (§ 300x–21 et seq.) of part B of subchapter XVII of chapter 6A of this title. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 201 of this title and Tables.
Amendments

2004—Subsec. (c)(5). Pub. L. 108–203added par. (5).
1999—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 106–170, § 101(b)(1)(B), struck out heading and text of subsec. (a). Text read as follows: “It is declared to be the policy of the Congress that disabled individuals applying for a determination of disability, and disabled individuals who are entitled to child’s insurance benefits, widow’s insurance benefits, or widower’s insurance benefits, shall be promptly referred to the State agency or agencies administering or supervising the administration of the State plan approved under title I of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 for necessary vocational rehabilitation services, to the end that the maximum number of such individuals may be rehabilitated into productive activity.”
Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 106–170, § 101(b)(1)(C), struck out heading and text of subsec. (b), which authorized deductions from payments under this subchapter up to amount of benefits on account of refusal without good cause to accept rehabilitation services, and authorized deductions from payments to husbands, wives, or children of individuals who refuse to accept such services with exception for children between 18 and 22 who are full-time students.
1996—Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 104–121added subsec. (e).
1994—Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 103–296, § 107(a)(4), substituted “Commissioner of Social Security” for “Secretary”.
Subsec. (c)(2). Pub. L. 103–296, § 201(a)(4)(B), inserted “(whether legal or illegal)” after “activity”.
Pub. L. 103–296, § 107(a)(4), substituted “Commissioner of Social Security” for “Secretary”.
Subsec. (d)(1). Pub. L. 103–296, § 107(a)(4), in closing provisions substituted “Commissioner of Social Security to reimburse” for “Secretary to reimburse”.
Pub. L. 103–296, § 107(a)(4), which directed the amendment of this subchapter by substituting “the Commissioner” for “him” where such word referred to the Secretary of Health and Human Services, was executed in closing provisions by substituting “the Commissioner” for “him” where referring to the Commissioner of Social Security, to reflect the probable intent of Congress.
Subsec. (d)(4). Pub. L. 103–296, § 107(a)(4), substituted “Commissioner of Social Security” for “Secretary” and “the Commissioner may” for “he may”.
Subsec. (d)(5). Pub. L. 103–296, § 107(a)(4), substituted “Commissioner of Social Security” for “Secretary”.
1990—Subsec. (c)(4)(A). Pub. L. 101–508, § 5112(a)(1), substituted “in any period of 60 consecutive months” for “beginning on or after the first day of such period”.
Subsec. (c)(5). Pub. L. 101–508, § 5112(a)(2), struck out par. (5) which read as follows: “In the case of an individual who becomes entitled to benefits under section 423 of this title for any month as provided in clause (ii) of subsection (a)(1) of such section, the preceding provisions of this subsection shall not apply with respect to services in any month beginning with the first month for which he is so entitled and ending with the first month thereafter for which he is not entitled to benefits under section 423 of this title.”
1984—Subsecs. (a), (b)(1). Pub. L. 98–369, § 2663(a)(15)(A), substituted “title I of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973” for “the Vocational Rehabilitation Act”.
Subsec. (b)(3). Pub. L. 98–369, § 2663(a)(15)(B), substituted “equals” for “equal”.
Subsec. (b)(4). Pub. L. 98–369, § 2663(a)(15)(C), substituted “full-time elementary or secondary school student” for “full-time student”.
Subsec. (d)(1). Pub. L. 98–460, § 11(a), in provisions following subpar. (D) struck out “into substantial gainful activity” after “rehabilitating such individuals”, designated existing provisions as cl. (i), added cls. (ii) and (iii), and substituted “of an individual to substantial gainful activity, the determination that an individual, without good cause, refused to continue to accept vocational rehabilitation services or failed to cooperate in such a manner as to preclude successful rehabilitation,” for “of such individuals to substantial gainful activity” after cl. (iii).
1983—Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 98–21, § 309(l), substituted “, surviving divorced wife, or surviving divorced husband” for “or surviving divorced wife”.
Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 98–21, § 309(m), inserted “or father’s” after “mother’s” wherever appearing.
Subsec. (b)(3). Pub. L. 98–21, § 309(n), inserted “divorced husband,” after “husband,”.
1981—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 97–35substituted provisions authorizing the transfer of funds as may be necessary to enable the Secretary to reimburse the State for the reasonable and necessary costs of vocational rehabilitation, under a State plan approved under title I of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, which results in performance of substantial gainful activity for a continuous period of nine months, with the determination that the vocational rehabilitation services contributed to the successful return to substantial gainful activity and the amount of costs to be reimbursed made by the Commissioner of Social Security for provisions authorizing the transfer of funds as may be necessary to enable the Secretary to pay the cost of vocational rehabilitation services, restricting the amount of such cost that may be expended in any one fiscal year, establishing specific criteria which a State plan must meet, and providing that the selection of individuals to receive services be made in conformance with criteria formulated by the Secretary.
1980—Subsec. (c)(1). Pub. L. 96–265, § 303(a)(1), inserted references to sections 402 (e) and 402 (f) of this title.
Subsec. (c)(3). Pub. L. 96–265, § 303(a)(2), inserted reference to individuals entitled to widow’s or widower’s insurance benefits under section 402 (e) or (f) of this title who became entitled to such benefits prior to attaining age 60.
1972—Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 92–603, § 107(b)(3), substituted “a widow, widower or surviving divorced wife who has not attained age 60” or “a widow or surviving divorced wife who has not attained age 60, a widower who has not attained age 62”.
Subsec. (d)(1). Pub. L. 92–603, §§ 107(b)(4), 131, substituted “age 60” for “age 62”, and inserted provisions increasing applicable percentages so that the total amount made available pursuant to subsec. (d) may not exceed 1.25 percent, in fiscal year ending June 30, 1973, and 1.5 percent, in fiscal year ending June 30, 1974, and thereafter, of the total of the benefits under section 402 (d) of this title for children who have attained age 18 and are under a disability.
1968—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 90–248, § 104(d)(3)(A), inserted “widow’s insurance benefits, or widower’s insurance benefits,” after “benefits,”.
Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 90–248, § 104(d)(3)(B), substituted “child’s insurance benefits, a widow or surviving divorced wife who has not attained age 60, a widower who has not attained age 62, or” for “child’s insurance benefits or if”.
Subsec. (c)(4)(B). Pub. L. 90–248, § 158(c)(5), substituted reference to “423(d)” for “423(c)(2)”.
Subsec. (d)(1). Pub. L. 90–248, § 104(d)(4), added subpars. (C) and (D), and inserted “the benefits under section 402 (e) of this title for widows and surviving divorced wives who have not attained age 60 and are under a disability, the benefits under section 402 (f) of this title for widowers who have not attained age 62,” after “disability,” in text following subpar. (D).
1965—Subsec. (b)(3). Pub. L. 89–97, § 308(d)(11), inserted “divorced wife,” after “wife,”.
Subsec. (b)(4). Pub. L. 89–97, § 306(c)(14), added par. (4).
Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 89–97, § 336, added subsec. (d).
1960—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 86–778amended subsection generally by substituting provisions relating to period of trial work for provisions which related to services performed pursuant to a State-approved rehabilitation program.
1958—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 85–840designated existing provisions thereof as par. (1) and added pars. (2) and (3).
1956—Subsec. (a). Act Aug. 1, 1956, designated existing provisions as subsec. (a), authorized referral of disabled individuals who are entitled to child’s insurance benefits, and substituted “rehabilitated into productive activity” for “restored to productive activity”.
Subsecs. (b), (c). Act Aug. 1, 1956, added subsecs. (b) and (c).
Effective Date of 2004 Amendment

Pub. L. 108–203, title II, § 208(b),Mar. 2, 2004, 118 Stat. 513, provided that: “The amendment made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall apply with respect to work activity performed after the date of the enactment of this Act [Mar. 2, 2004].”
Effective Date of 1999 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 106–170effective with the first month following one year after Dec. 17, 1999, subject to section 101(d) ofPub. L. 106–170, see section 101(c) ofPub. L. 106–170, set out as an Effective Date note under section 1320b–19 of this title.
Effective Date of 1996 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 104–121effective July 1, 1996, with respect to any individual whose claim for benefits is finally adjudicated on or after Mar. 29, 1996, or whose entitlement to benefits is based upon an entitlement redetermination made pursuant to section 105(a)(5)(C) ofPub. L. 104–121, see section 105(a)(5) ofPub. L. 104–121, as amended, set out as a note under section 405 of this title.
Effective Date of 1994 Amendment

Amendment by section 107(a)(4) ofPub. L. 103–296effective Mar. 31, 1995, see section 110(a) ofPub. L. 103–296, set out as a note under section 401 of this title.
Pub. L. 103–296, title II, § 201(a)(4)(C),Aug. 15, 1994, 108 Stat. 1499, provided that: “The amendments made by this paragraph [amending this section and section 423 of this title] shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act [Aug. 15, 1994].”
Effective Date of 1990 Amendment

Pub. L. 101–508, title V, § 5112(b),Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1388–273, provided that: “The amendments made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall take effect on January 1, 1992.”
Effective Date of 1984 Amendment

Pub. L. 98–460, § 11(c),Oct. 9, 1984, 98 Stat. 1806, provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending this section and section 1382d of this title] shall apply with respect to individuals who receive benefits as a result of section 225 (b) orsection 1631(a)(6) of the Social Security Act [42 U.S.C. 425 (b) or 1383 (a)(6)], or who refuse to continue to accept rehabilitation services or fail to cooperate in an approved vocational rehabilitation program, in or after the first month following the month in which this Act is enacted [October 1984].”
Amendment by Pub. L. 98–369effective July 18, 1984, but not to be construed as changing or affecting any right, liability, status, or interpretation which existed (under the provisions of law involved) before that date, see section 2664(b) ofPub. L. 98–369, set out as a note under section 401 of this title.
Effective Date of 1983 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 98–21applicable only with respect to monthly payments payable under this subchapter for months after April, 1983, see section 310 ofPub. L. 98–21, set out as a note under section 402 of this title.
Effective Date of 1981 Amendment

Pub. L. 97–35, title XXII, § 2209(b),Aug. 13, 1981, 95 Stat. 841, provided that: “The amendment made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall apply with respect to services rendered on or after October 1, 1981.”
Effective Date of 1980 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 96–265effective on first day of sixth month which begins after June 9, 1980, and applicable to any individual whose disability has not been determined to have ceased prior to such first day, see section 303(d) ofPub. L. 96–265, set out as a note under section 402 of this title.
Effective Date of 1972 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 92–603applicable with respect to monthly benefits under this subchapter for months after Dec. 1972, with specified exceptions, see section 107(c) ofPub. L. 92–603, set out as a note under section 402 of this title.
Effective Date of 1968 Amendment

Amendment by section 104(d)(3), (4) ofPub. L. 90–248applicable with respect to monthly benefits under this subchapter for and after the month of February 1968, but only on the basis of applications for such benefits filed in or after January 1968, see section 104(e) ofPub. L. 90–248, set out as a note under section 402 of this title.
Amendment by section 158(c)(5) ofPub. L. 90–248applicable with respect to applications for disability insurance benefits under section 423 of this title and to disability determinations under section 416 (i) of this title, see section 158(e) ofPub. L. 90–248, set out as a note under section 423 of this title.
Effective Date of 1965 Amendment

Amendment by section 308(d)(11) ofPub. L. 89–97applicable with respect to monthly insurance benefits under this subchapter beginning with the second month following July 1965, but, in the case of an individual who was not entitled to a monthly insurance benefit under section 402 of this title for the first month following July 1965, only on the basis of an application filed in or after July 1965, see section 308(e) ofPub. L. 89–97, set out as a note under section 402 of this title.
Effective Date of 1960 Amendment

Pub. L. 86–778, title IV, § 403(e),Sept. 13, 1960, 74 Stat. 969, provided that:
“(1) The amendment made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall be effective only with respect to months beginning after the month in which this Act is enacted [September 1960].
“(2) The amendments made by subsections (b) and (d) [amending sections 423 and 402 of this title] shall apply only with respect to benefits under section 223(a) or 202(d) of the Social Security Act [42 U.S.C. 423 (a) or 402 (d)] for months after the month in which this Act is enacted in the case of individuals who, without regard to such amendments, would have been entitled to such benefits for the month in which this Act is enacted or for any succeeding month.
“(3) The amendment made by subsection (c) [amending section 416 of this title] shall apply only in the case of individuals who have a period of disability (as defined in section 216(i) of the Social Security Act [42 U.S.C. 416 (i)]) beginning on or after the date of the enactment of this Act [Sept. 13, 1960], or beginning before such date and continuing, without regard to such amendment, beyond the end of the month in which this Act is enacted.”
Effective Date of 1958 Amendment

Amendment by section 205(n) ofPub. L. 85–840applicable with respect to monthly benefits under this subchapter for months after August 1958, but only if an application for such benefits is filed on or after August 28, 1958, see section 207(a) ofPub. L. 85–840, set out as a note under section 416 of this title.
Pub. L. 85–840, title III, § 307(h)(3),Aug. 28, 1958, 72 Stat. 1033, provided that: “The amendments made by subsection (g) [amending this section] shall apply with respect to monthly benefits under section 202 of the Social Security Act [42 U.S.C. 402] for months, occurring after the month in which this Act is enacted [August 1958], in which a deduction is incurred under paragraph (1) of section 222(b) of the Social Security Act [42 U.S.C. 422 (b)(1)].”

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42 USCDescription of ChangeSession YearPublic LawStatutes at Large

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20 CFR - Employees' Benefits

20 CFR Part 404 - FEDERAL OLD-AGE, SURVIVORS AND DISABILITY INSURANCE (1950-)

 

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