42 U.S. Code § 4623 - Replacement housing for homeowner; mortgage insurance

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(a)
(1) In addition to payments otherwise authorized by this subchapter, the head of the displacing agency shall make an additional payment not in excess of $22,500 to any displaced person who is displaced from a dwelling actually owned and occupied by such displaced person for not less than one hundred and eighty days prior to the initiation of negotiations for the acquisition of the property. Such additional payment shall include the following elements:
(A) The amount, if any, which when added to the acquisition cost of the dwelling acquired by the displacing agency, equals the reasonable cost of a comparable replacement dwelling.
(B) The amount, if any, which will compensate such displaced person for any increased interest costs and other debt service costs which such person is required to pay for financing the acquisition of any such comparable replacement dwelling. Such amount shall be paid only if the dwelling acquired by the displacing agency was encumbered by a bona fide mortgage which was a valid lien on such dwelling for not less than 180 days immediately prior to the initiation of negotiations for the acquisition of such dwelling.
(C) Reasonable expenses incurred by such displaced person for evidence of title, recording fees, and other closing costs incident to the purchase of the replacement dwelling, but not including prepaid expenses.
(2) The additional payment authorized by this section shall be made only to a displaced person who purchases and occupies a decent, safe, and sanitary replacement dwelling within 1 year after the date on which such person receives final payment from the displacing agency for the acquired dwelling or the date on which the displacing agency’s obligation under section 4625 (c)(3) of this title is met, whichever is later, except that the displacing agency may extend such period for good cause. If such period is extended, the payment under this section shall be based on the costs of relocating the person to a comparable replacement dwelling within 1 year of such date.
(b) The head of any Federal agency may, upon application by a mortgagee, insure any mortgage (including advances during construction) on a comparable replacement dwelling executed by a displaced person assisted under this section, which mortgage is eligible for insurance under any Federal law administered by such agency notwithstanding any requirements under such law relating to age, physical condition, or other personal characteristics of eligible mortgagors, and may make commitments for the insurance of such mortgage prior to the date of execution of the mortgage.

Source

(Pub. L. 91–646, title II, § 203,Jan. 2, 1971, 84 Stat. 1896; Pub. L. 100–17, title IV, § 406,Apr. 2, 1987, 101 Stat. 251; Pub. L. 112–141, div. A, title I, § 1521(b),July 6, 2012, 126 Stat. 578.)
Amendment of Subsection (a)(1)

Pub. L. 112–141, div. A, title I, § 1521(b), (g),July 6, 2012, 126 Stat. 578, 579, provided that, effective 2 years after the date of enactment of Pub. L. 112–141, the first sentence of subsection (a)(1) of this section is amended by striking “$22,500” and inserting “$31,000, as adjusted by regulation, in accordance with 4633(d) of this title,” and by striking “one hundred and eighty days prior to” and inserting “90 days before”. See 2012 Amendment note below.
Amendments

2012—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 112–141, in first sentence, substituted “$31,000, as adjusted by regulation, in accordance with 4633(d) of this title,” for “$22,500” and “90 days before” for “one hundred and eighty days prior to”.
1987—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 100–17, § 406(1)–(3), substituted “displacing agency” for “Federal agency” and “$22,500” for “$15,000” in introductory provisions, and in subpar. (A) “acquired by the displacing agency, equals the reasonable cost of a comparable replacement dwelling” for “acquired by the Federal agency, equals the reasonable cost of a comparable replacement dwelling which is a decent, safe, and sanitary dwelling adequate to accommodate such displaced person, reasonably accessible to public services and places of employment and available on the private market. All determinations required to carry out this subparagraph shall be made in accordance with standards established by the head of the Federal agency making the additional payment”.
Subsec. (a)(1)(B). Pub. L. 100–17, § 406(4), added subpar. (B) and struck out former subpar. (B) which read as follows: “The amount, if any, which will compensate such displaced person for any increased interest costs which such person is required to pay for financing the acquisition of any such comparable replacement dwelling. Such amount shall be paid only if the dwelling acquired by the Federal agency was encumbered by a bona fide mortgage which was a valid lien on such dwelling for not less than one hundred and eighty days prior to the initiation of negotiations for the acquisition of such dwelling. Such amount shall be equal to the excess in the aggregate interest and other debt service costs of that amount of the principal of the mortgage on the replacement dwelling which is equal to the unpaid balance of the mortgage on the acquired dwelling, over the remainder term of the mortgage on the acquired dwelling, reduced to discounted present value. The discount rate shall be the prevailing interest rate paid on savings deposits by commercial banks in the general area in which the replacement dwelling is located.”
Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 100–17, § 406(5), added par. (2) and struck out former par. (2) which read as follows: “The additional payment authorized by this subsection shall be made only to such a displaced person who purchases and occupies a replacement dwelling which is decent, safe, and sanitary not later than the end of the one year period beginning on the date on which he receives from the Federal agency final payment of all costs of the acquired dwelling, or on the date on which he moves from the acquired dwelling, whichever is the later date.”
Effective Date of 2012 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 112–141effective 2 years after the date of enactment of Pub. L. 112–141, see section 1521(g) ofPub. L. 112–141, set out as a note under section 308 of Title 23, Highways.
Effective Date of 1987 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 100–17effective on effective date provided in regulations promulgated under section 4633 of this title (as amended by section 412 ofPub. L. 100–17), but not later than 2 years after Apr. 2, 1987, see section 418 ofPub. L. 100–17, set out as a note under section 4601 of this title.

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42 USCDescription of ChangeSession YearPublic LawStatutes at Large
§ 46232012112-141 [Sec.] 1521(b)126 Stat. 578

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23 CFR - Highways

23 CFR Part 200 - TITLE VI PROGRAM AND RELATED STATUTES—IMPLEMENTATION AND REVIEW PROCEDURES

23 CFR Part 751 - JUNKYARD CONTROL AND ACQUISITION

 

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