(Pub. L. 93–383, title VI, § 604,Aug. 22, 1974, 88 Stat. 701; Pub. L. 95–128, title IX, § 902(a),Oct. 12, 1977, 91 Stat. 1149; Pub. L. 96–399, title III, § 308(c)(4),Oct. 8, 1980, 94 Stat. 1641; Pub. L. 98–479, title II, § 204(l),Oct. 17, 1984, 98 Stat. 2233; Pub. L. 100–242, title V, § 568,Feb. 5, 1988, 101 Stat. 1948; Pub. L. 102–550, title IX, § 907,Oct. 28, 1992, 106 Stat. 3873; Pub. L. 106–569, title VI, § 604,Dec. 27, 2000, 114 Stat. 2999.)
References in Text
The National Housing Act, referred to in subsec. (f)(3), is act June 27, 1934, ch. 847, 48 Stat. 1246
, as amended. Title II of the National Housing Act is classified principally to subchapter II (§ 1707 et seq.) of chapter
, Banks and Banking. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see section
In subsec. (a)(2)(B), “section
” substituted for “section 4 of the Office of Federal Procurement Policy Act” on authority of Pub. L. 111–350
, § 6(c),Jan. 4, 2011, 124 Stat. 3854
, which Act enacted Title 41, Public Contracts.
2000—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 106–569
, § 604(1), added subsec. (a) and struck out former subsec. (a) which read as follows: “The Secretary, after consultation with the Consumer Product Safety Commission, shall establish by order appropriate Federal manufactured home construction and safety standards. Each such Federal manufactured home standard shall be reasonable and shall meet the highest standards of protection, taking into account existing State and local laws relating to manufactured home safety and construction.”
Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 106–569
, § 604(1), added subsec. (b) and struck out former subsec. (b) which read as follows: “All orders issued under this section shall be issued after notice and an opportunity for interested persons to participate are provided in accordance with the provisions of section
Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 106–569
, § 604(2), inserted at end “Federal preemption under this subsection shall be broadly and liberally construed to ensure that disparate State or local requirements or standards do not affect the uniformity and comprehensiveness of the standards promulgated under this section nor the Federal superintendence of the manufactured housing industry as established by this chapter. Subject to section
of this title, there is reserved to each State the right to establish standards for the stabilizing and support systems of manufactured homes sited within that State, and for the foundations on which manufactured homes sited within that State are installed, and the right to enforce compliance with such standards, except that such standards shall be consistent with the purposes of this chapter and shall be consistent with the design of the manufacturer.”
Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 106–569
, § 604(3), (4), redesignatedsubsec. (f) as (e), inserted heading, substituted “The consensus committee, in recommending standards, regulations, and interpretations, and the Secretary, in establishing standards or regulations or issuing interpretations under this section, shall—” for “In establishing standards under this section, the Secretary shall—” in introductory provisions, and struck out former subsec. (e) which read as follows: “The Secretary may by order amend or revoke any Federal manufactured home construction or safety standard established under this section. Such order shall specify the date on which such amendment or revocation is to take effect, which shall not be sooner than one hundred and eighty days or later than one year from the date the order is issued, unless the Secretary finds, for good cause shown, that an earlier or later date is in the public interest, and publishes his reasons for such finding.”
Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 106–569
, § 604(7), redesignatedsubsec. (h) as (f). Former subsec. (f) redesignated (e).
Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 106–569
, § 604(5), (7), redesignatedsubsec. (i) as (g) and struck out former subsec. (g) which read as follows: “The Secretary shall issue an order establishing initial Federal manufactured home construction and safety standards not later than one year after August 22, 1974.”
Subsec. (h). Pub. L. 106–569
, § 604(7), redesignatedsubsec. (j) as (h). Former subsec. (h) redesignated (f).
Subsec. (i). Pub. L. 106–569
, § 604(7), redesignatedsubsec. (i) as (g).
Subsec. (j). Pub. L. 106–569
, § 604(6), (7), substituted “subsection (e) of this section” for “subsection (f) of this section” and redesignated subsec. (j) as (h).
1992—Subsec. (j). Pub. L. 102–550
added subsec. (j).
1988—Subsec. (i). Pub. L. 100–242
added subsec. (i).
1984—Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 98–479
substituted “that” for “than” before “an earlier or later date”.
1980—Subsecs. (a), (c) to (g). Pub. L. 96–399
substituted “manufactured home” for “mobile home” wherever appearing.
1977—Subsec. (h). Pub. L. 95–128
added subsec. (h).
Effective Date of 2000 Amendment
Amendment by Pub. L. 106–569
effective Dec. 27, 2000, except that amendment has no effect on any order or interpretative bulletin issued under this chapter and published as a proposed rule pursuant to 5
on or before Dec. 27, 2000, see section 612 ofPub. L. 106–569
, set out as a note under section
of this title.
Exception to Federal Preemption for Thermal Insulation and Energy Efficiency Standards
Pub. L. 102–486
, title I, § 104(c),Oct. 24, 1992, 106 Stat. 2792
, provided that: “If the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development has not issued, within 1 year after the date of the enactment of this Act [Oct. 24, 1992], final regulations pursuant to section 604 of the National Manufactured Housing Construction and Safety Standards Act of 1974 (42
) that establish thermal insulation and energy efficiency standards for manufactured housing that take effect before January 1, 1995, then States may establish thermal insulation and energy efficiency standards for manufactured housing if such standards are at least as stringent as thermal performance standards for manufactured housing contained in the Second Public Review Draft of BSR/ASHRAE 90.2P entitled ‘Energy Efficient Design of Low-Rise Residential Buildings’ and all public reviews of Independent Substantive Changes to such document that have been approved on or before the date of the enactment of this Act.”