42 U.S. Code § 629h - Entitlement funding for State courts to assess and improve handling of proceedings relating to foster care and adoption

(a) In general
The Secretary shall make grants, in accordance with this section, to the highest State courts in States participating in the program under part E of this subchapter, for the purpose of enabling such courts—
(1) to conduct assessments, in accordance with such requirements as the Secretary shall publish, of the role, responsibilities, and effectiveness of State courts in carrying out State laws requiring proceedings (conducted by or under the supervision of the courts)—
(A) that implement this part and part E of this subchapter;
(B) that determine the advisability or appropriateness of foster care placement;
(C) that determine whether to terminate parental rights;
(D) that determine whether to approve the adoption or other permanent placement of a child;  [1]
(E) that determine the best strategy to use to expedite the interstate placement of children, including—
(i) requiring courts in different States to cooperate in the sharing of information;
(ii) authorizing courts to obtain information and testimony from agencies and parties in other States without requiring interstate travel by the agencies and parties; and
(iii) permitting the participation of parents, children, other necessary parties, and attorneys in cases involving interstate placement without requiring their interstate travel; and  [2]
(2) to implement improvements the highest state  [3] courts deem necessary as a result of the assessments, including—
(A) to provide for the safety, well-being, and permanence of children in foster care, as set forth in the Adoption and Safe Families Act of 1997 (Public Law 105–89), including the requirements in the Act related to concurrent planning;
(B) to implement a corrective action plan, as necessary, resulting from reviews of child and family service programs under section 1320a–2a of this title; and
(C) to increase and improve engagement of the entire family in court processes relating to child welfare, family preservation, family reunification, and adoption;
(3) to ensure that the safety, permanence, and well-being needs of children are met in a timely and complete manner; and
(4)
(A) to provide for the training of judges, attorneys and other legal personnel in child welfare cases; and
(B) to increase and improve engagement of the entire family in court processes relating to child welfare, family preservation, family reunification, and adoption.
(b) Applications
(1) In general
In order to be eligible to receive a grant under this section, a highest State court shall have in effect a rule requiring State courts to ensure that foster parents, pre-adoptive parents, and relative caregivers of a child in foster care under the responsibility of the State are notified of any proceeding to be held with respect to the child, and shall submit to the Secretary an application at such time, in such form, and including such information and assurances as the Secretary may require, including—
(A) in the case of a grant for the purpose described in subsection (a)(3), a description of how courts and child welfare agencies on the local and State levels will collaborate and jointly plan for the collection and sharing of all relevant data and information to demonstrate how improved case tracking and analysis of child abuse and neglect cases will produce safe and timely permanency decisions;
(B) in the case of a grant for the purpose described in subsection (a)(4), a demonstration that a portion of the grant will be used for cross-training initiatives that are jointly planned and executed with the State agency or any other agency under contract with the State to administer the State program under the State plan under subpart 1, the State plan approved under section 629d of this title, or the State plan approved under part E; and
(C) in the case of a grant for any purpose described in subsection (a), a demonstration of meaningful and ongoing collaboration among the courts in the State, the State agency or any other agency under contract with the State who is responsible for administering the State program under this part or part E, and, where applicable, Indian tribes.
(2) Single grant application
Pursuant to the requirements under paragraph (1) of this subsection, a highest State court desiring a grant under this section shall submit a single application to the Secretary that specifies whether the application is for a grant for—
(A) the purposes described in paragraphs (1) and (2) of subsection (a);
(B) the purpose described in subsection (a)(3);
(C) the purpose described in subsection (a)(4); or
(D) the purposes referred to in 2 or more (specifically identified) of subparagraphs (A), (B), and (C) of this paragraph.
(c) Amount of grant
(1) In general
With respect to each of subparagraphs (A), (B), and (C) of subsection (b)(2) that refers to 1 or more grant purposes for which an application of a highest State court is approved under this section, the court shall be entitled to payment, for each of fiscal years 2012 through 2016, from the amount allocated under paragraph (3) of this subsection for grants for the purpose or purposes, of an amount equal to $85,000 plus the amount described in paragraph (2) of this subsection with respect to the purpose or purposes.
(2) Amount described
The amount described in this paragraph for any fiscal year with respect to the purpose or purposes referred to in a subparagraph of subsection (b)(2) is the amount that bears the same ratio to the total of the amounts allocated under paragraph (3) of this subsection for grants for the purpose or purposes as the number of individuals in the State who have not attained 21 years of age bears to the total number of such individuals in all States the highest State courts of which have approved applications under this section for grants for the purpose or purposes.
(3) Allocation of funds
(A) Mandatory funds
Of the amounts reserved under section 629f (b)(2) of this title for any fiscal year, the Secretary shall allocate—
(i) $9,000,000 for grants for the purposes described in paragraphs (1) and (2) of subsection (a);
(ii) $10,000,000 for grants for the purpose described in subsection (a)(3);
(iii) $10,000,000 for grants for the purpose described in subsection (a)(4); and
(iv) $1,000,000 for grants to be awarded on a competitive basis among the highest courts of Indian tribes or tribal consortia that—
(I) are operating a program under part E, in accordance with section 679c of this title;
(II) are seeking to operate a program under part E and have received an implementation grant under section 676 of this title; or
(III) has  [4] a court responsible for proceedings related to foster care or adoption.
(B) Discretionary funds
The Secretary shall allocate all of the amounts reserved under section 629g (b)(2) of this title for grants for the purposes described in paragraphs (1) and (2) of subsection (a).
(d) Federal share
Each highest State court which receives funds paid under this section may use such funds to pay not more than 75 percent of the cost of activities under this section in each of fiscal years 2012 through 2016.
(e) Funding for grants for improved data collection and training
Out of any money in the Treasury of the United States not otherwise appropriated, there are appropriated to the Secretary, for each of fiscal years 2006 through 2010—
(1) $10,000,000 for grants referred to in subsection (b)(2)(B); and
(2) $10,000,000 for grants referred to in subsection (b)(2)(C).
For fiscal year 2011, out of the amount reserved pursuant to section 629f (b)(2) of this title for such fiscal year, there are available $10,000,000 for grants referred to in subsection (b)(2)(B), and $10,000,000 for grants referred to in subsection (b)(2)(C).


[1]  So in original. Probably should be followed by “and”.

[2]  So in original. The word “and” probably should not appear.

[3]  So in original. Probably should be capitalized.

[4]  So in original. Probably should be “have”.

Source

(Aug. 14, 1935, ch. 531, title IV, § 438, formerly Pub. L. 103–66, title XIII, § 13712,Aug. 10, 1993, 107 Stat. 655, as amended Pub. L. 105–89, title III, § 305(a)(3),Nov. 19, 1997, 111 Stat. 2130; renumbered § 438 of act Aug. 14, 1935, and amended Pub. L. 107–133, title I, § 107,Jan. 17, 2002, 115 Stat. 2418; Pub. L. 109–171, title VII, § 7401(a),Feb. 8, 2006, 120 Stat. 148; Pub. L. 109–239, §§ 8(b), 9,July 3, 2006, 120 Stat. 513; Pub. L. 109–288, § 9,Sept. 28, 2006, 120 Stat. 1255; Pub. L. 111–242, § 133(2),Sept. 30, 2010, 124 Stat. 2613; Pub. L. 112–34, title I, § 104,Sept. 30, 2011, 125 Stat. 374.)
References in Text

The Adoption and Safe Families Act of 1997, referred to in subsec. (a)(2)(A), is Pub. L. 105–89, Nov. 19, 1997, 111 Stat. 2115. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title of 1997 Amendment note set out under section 1305 of this title and Tables.
Codification

Section was formerly set out as a note under section 670 of this title prior to renumbering by Pub. L. 107–133.
Prior Provisions

A prior section 438 of act Aug. 14, 1935, was classified to section 638 of this title prior to repeal by Pub. L. 100–485.
Amendments

2011—Subsec. (a)(2)(A). Pub. L. 112–34, § 104(a)(1)(A), substituted “, including the requirements in the Act related to concurrent planning;” for “; and”.
Subsec. (a)(2)(C). Pub. L. 112–34, § 104(a)(1)(B), (C), added subpar. (C).
Subsec. (a)(4). Pub. L. 112–34, § 104(a)(2), designated existing provisions as subpar. (A) and added subpar. (B).
Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 112–34, § 104(e), made technical amendment to directory language of Pub. L. 109–239, § 8(b). See 2006 Amendment note below.
Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 112–34, § 104(b), amended par. (2) generally. Prior to amendment, text read as follows: “A highest State court desiring grants under this section for 2 or more purposes shall submit separate applications for the following grants:
“(A) A grant for the purposes described in paragraphs (1) and (2) of subsection (a).
“(B) A grant for the purpose described in subsection (a)(3).
“(C) A grant for the purpose described in subsection (a)(4).”
Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 112–34, § 104(c), amended subsec. (c) generally. Prior to amendment, subsec. (c) related to allotments.
Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 112–34, § 104(d), substituted “2012 through 2016” for “2002 through 2011”.
2010—Subsec. (c)(2)(A). Pub. L. 111–242, § 133(2)(A), substituted “2011” for “2010”.
Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 111–242, § 133(2)(B), inserted concluding provisions.
2006—Subsec. (a)(1)(E). Pub. L. 109–239, § 9, added subpar. (E).
Subsec. (a)(3), (4). Pub. L. 109–171, § 7401(a)(1), added pars. (3) and (4).
Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 109–171, § 7401(a)(2), amended subsec. (b) generally. Prior to amendment, text read as follows: “In order to be eligible for a grant under this section, a highest State court shall submit to the Secretary an application at such time, in such form, and including such information and assurances as the Secretary shall require.”
Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 109–239, § 8(b), as amended by Pub. L. 112–34, § 104(e), inserted “shall have in effect a rule requiring State courts to ensure that foster parents, pre-adoptive parents, and relative caregivers of a child in foster care under the responsibility of the State are notified of any proceeding to be held with respect to the child, and” after “highest State court” in introductory provisions.
Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 109–171, § 7401(a)(3), designated existing provisions as par. (1) and inserted heading, redesignated former pars. (1) and (2) as subpars. (A) and (B), respectively, of par. (1), in subpar. (A), inserted “of this section for a grant described in subsection (b)(2)(A) of this section” after “subsection (b)” and substituted “subparagraph (B) of this paragraph” for “paragraph (2) of this subsection”, in subpar. (B), substituted “this subparagraph” for “this paragraph” and “subparagraph (A) of this paragraph” for “paragraph (1) of this subsection” and inserted “for such a grant” after “subsection (b)”, and added par. (2).
Subsec. (c)(1)(A). Pub. L. 109–288substituted “2011” for “2006”.
Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 109–288substituted “2011” for “2006”.
Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 109–171, § 7401(a)(4), added subsec. (e).
2002—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 107–133, § 107(d)(1)(A), made technical amendment to reference in original act which appears in text as reference to part E of this subchapter.
Subsec. (a)(1)(A). Pub. L. 107–133, § 107(d)(1)(B), made technical amendment to reference in original act which appears in text as reference to this part and part E of this subchapter.
Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 107–133, § 107(a)(1), added par. (2) and struck out former par. (2) which read as follows: “to implement changes deemed necessary as a result of the assessments.”
Subsec. (c)(1). Pub. L. 107–133, § 107(a)(2), (b), inserted “and improvement” after “assessment” and substituted “for each of fiscal years 2002 through 2006, from the amount reserved pursuant to section 629f (b)(2) of this title (and the amount, if any, reserved pursuant to section 629g (b)(2) of this title), of an amount equal to the sum of $85,000 plus the amount described in paragraph (2) of this subsection for the fiscal year.” for “for each of fiscal years 1995 through 2001, from amounts reserved pursuant to section 629 (d)(2) of this title, of an amount equal to the sum of—
“(A) for fiscal year 1995, $75,000 plus the amount described in paragraph (2) for fiscal year 1995; and
“(B) for each of fiscal years 1996 through 2001, $85,000 plus the amount described in paragraph (2) for each of such fiscal years.”
Subsec. (c)(2). Pub. L. 107–133, § 107(d)(2), substituted “section 629f (b)(2) of this title (and the amount, if any, reserved pursuant to section 629g (b)(2) of this title)” for “section 629 (d)(2) of this title”.
Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 107–133, § 107(c), in heading substituted “Federal share” for “Use of grant funds” and in text substituted “to pay not more than 75 percent of the cost of activities under this section in each of fiscal years 2002 through 2006.” for “to pay—
“(1) any or all costs of activities under this section in fiscal year 1995; and
“(2) not more than 75 percent of the cost of activities under this section in each of fiscal years 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, and 2001.”
1997—Subsec. (c)(1). Pub. L. 105–89, § 305(a)(3)(A), substituted “2001” for “1998” in introductory provisions and par. (B).
Subsec. (d)(2). Pub. L. 105–89, § 305(a)(3)(B), substituted “1998, 1999, 2000, and 2001” for “and 1998”.
Effective Date of 2011 Amendment

Pub. L. 112–34, title I, § 104(e),Sept. 30, 2011, 125 Stat. 376, provided that the amendment by section 104(e) ofPub. L. 112–34is effective as if included in the enactment of Pub. L. 109–239.
Amendment by section 104 (a)–(d) of Pub. L. 112–34effective Oct. 1, 2011, and applicable to payments under this part and part E of this subchapter for calendar quarters beginning on or after such date, without regard to whether implementing regulations have been promulgated, and with delay permitted if State legislation is required to meet additional requirements, see section 107 ofPub. L. 112–34, set out as a note under section 622 of this title.
Effective Date of 2010 Amendment

Pub. L. 111–242, § 133,Sept. 30, 2010, 124 Stat. 2613, provided that the amendment made by section 133 is effective Oct. 1, 2010.
Effective Date of 2006 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 109–288effective Oct. 1, 2006, and applicable to payments under this part and part E of this subchapter for calendar quarters beginning on or after such date, without regard to whether implementing regulations have been promulgated, and with delay permitted if State legislation is required to meet additional requirements, see section 12(a), (b) ofPub. L. 109–288, set out as a note under section 621 of this title.
Amendment by Pub. L. 109–239effective Oct. 1, 2006, and applicable to payments under this part and part E of this subchapter for calendar quarters beginning on or after such date, without regard to whether implementing regulations have been promulgated, and with delay permitted if State legislation is required to meet additional requirements, see section 14 ofPub. L. 109–239, set out as a note under section 622 of this title.
Amendment by Pub. L. 109–171effective as if enacted on Oct. 1, 2005, except as otherwise provided, see section 7701 ofPub. L. 109–171, set out as a note under section 603 of this title.
Effective Date of 2002 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 107–133effective Jan. 17, 2002, with delay permitted if State legislation is required, see section 301 ofPub. L. 107–133, set out as a note under section 629 of this title.
Effective Date of 1997 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 105–89effective Nov. 19, 1997, except as otherwise provided, with delay permitted if State legislation is required, see section 501 ofPub. L. 105–89, set out as a note under section 622 of this title.

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42 USCDescription of ChangeSession YearPublic LawStatutes at Large

 

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