42 U.S. Code § 706 - Administrative and fiscal accountability

(a) Annual reporting requirements; form, etc.
(1) Each State shall prepare and submit to the Secretary annual reports on its activities under this subchapter. Each such report shall be prepared by, or in consultation with, the State maternal and child health agency. In order properly to evaluate and to compare the performance of different States assisted under this subchapter and to assure the proper expenditure of funds under this subchapter, such reports shall be in such standardized form and contain such information (including information described in paragraph (2)) as the Secretary determines (after consultation with the States) to be necessary
(A) to secure an accurate description of those activities,
(B) to secure a complete record of the purposes for which funds were spent, of the recipients of such funds,, [1]
(C) to describe the extent to which the State has met the goals and objectives it set forth under section 705 (a)(2)(B)(i) of this title and the national health objectives referred to in section 701 (a) of this title, and
(D) to determine the extent to which funds were expended consistent with the State’s application transmitted under section 705 (a) of this title. Copies of the report shall be provided, upon request, to any interested public agency, and each such agency may provide its views on these reports to the Congress.
(2) Each annual report under paragraph (1) shall include the following information:
(A)
(i) The number of individuals served by the State under this subchapter (by class of individuals).
(ii) The proportion of each class of such individuals which has health coverage.
(iii) The types (as defined by the Secretary) of services provided under this subchapter to individuals within each such class.
(iv) The amounts spent under this subchapter on each type of services, by class of individuals served.
(B) Information on the status of maternal and child health in the State, including—
(i) information (by county and by racial and ethnic group) on—
(I) the rate of infant mortality, and
(II) the rate of low-birth-weight births;
(ii) information (on a State-wide basis) on—
(I) the rate of maternal mortality,
(II) the rate of neonatal death,
(III) the rate of perinatal death,
(IV) the number of children with chronic illness and the type of illness,
(V) the proportion of infants born with fetal alcohol syndrome,
(VI) the proportion of infants born with drug dependency,
(VII) the proportion of women who deliver who do not receive prenatal care during the first trimester of pregnancy, and
(VIII) the proportion of children, who at their second birthday, have been vaccinated against each of measles, mumps, rubella, polio, diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, Hib meningitis, and hepatitis B; and
(iii) information on such other indicators of maternal, infant, and child health care status as the Secretary may specify.
(C) Information (by racial and ethnic group) on—
(i) the number of deliveries in the State in the year, and
(ii) the number of such deliveries to pregnant women who were provided prenatal, delivery, or postpartum care under this subchapter or were entitled to benefits with respect to such deliveries under the State plan under subchapter XIX of this chapter in the year.
(D) Information (by racial and ethnic group) on—
(i) the number of infants under one year of age who were in the State in the year, and
(ii) the number of such infants who were provided services under this subchapter or were entitled to benefits under the State plan under subchapter XIX of this chapter or the State plan under subchapter XXI of this chapter at any time during the year.
(E) Information on the number of—
(i) obstetricians,
(ii) family practitioners,
(iii) certified family nurse practitioners,
(iv) certified nurse midwives,
(v) pediatricians, and
(vi) certified pediatric nurse practitioners,
who were licensed in the State in the year.
For purposes of subparagraph (A), each of the following shall be considered to be a separate class of individuals: pregnant women, infants up to age one, children with special health care needs, other children under age 22, and other individuals.
(3) The Secretary shall annually transmit to the Committee on Energy and Commerce of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Finance of the Senate a report that includes—
(A) a description of each project receiving funding under paragraph (2) or (3) of section 702 (a) of this title, including the amount of Federal funds provided, the number of individuals served or trained, as appropriate, under the project, and a summary of any formal evaluation conducted with respect to the project;
(B) a summary of the information described in paragraph (2)(A) reported by States;
(C) based on information described in paragraph (2)(B) supplied by the States under paragraph (1), a compilation of the following measures of maternal and child health in the United States and in each State:
(i) Information on—
(I) the rate of infant mortality, and
(II) the rate of low-birth-weight births.
Information under this clause shall also be compiled by racial and ethnic group.
(ii) Information on—
(I) the rate of maternal mortality,
(II) the rate of neonatal death,
(III) the rate of perinatal death,
(IV) the proportion of infants born with fetal alcohol syndrome,
(V) the proportion of infants born with drug dependency,
(VI) the proportion of women who deliver who do not receive prenatal care during the first trimester of pregnancy, and
(VII) the proportion of children, who at their second birthday, have been vaccinated against each of measles, mumps, rubella, polio, diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, Hib meningitis, and hepatitis B.
(iii) Information on such other indicators of maternal, infant, and child health care status as the Secretary has specified under paragraph (2)(B)(iii).
(iv) Information (by racial and ethnic group) on—
(I) the number of deliveries in the State in the year, and
(II) the number of such deliveries to pregnant women who were provided prenatal, delivery, or postpartum care under this subchapter or were entitled to benefits with respect to such deliveries under the State plan under subchapter XIX of this chapter in the year;
(D) based on information described in subparagraphs (C), (D), and (E) of paragraph (2) supplied by the States under paragraph (1), a compilation of the following information in the United States and in each State:
(i) Information on—
(I) the number of deliveries in the year, and
(II) the number of such deliveries to pregnant women who were provided prenatal, delivery, or postpartum care under this subchapter or were entitled to benefits with respect to such deliveries under a State plan under subchapter XIX of this chapter in the year.
Information under this clause shall also be compiled by racial and ethnic group.
(ii) Information on—
(I) the number of infants under one year of age in the year, and
(II) the number of such infants who were provided services under this subchapter or were entitled to benefits under a State plan under subchapter XIX of this chapter or the State plan under subchapter XXI of this chapter at any time during the year.
Information under this clause shall also be compiled by racial and ethnic group.
(iii) Information on the number of—
(I) obstetricians,
(II) family practitioners,
(III) certified family nurse practitioners,
(IV) certified nurse midwives,
(V) pediatricians, and
(VI) certified pediatric nurse practitioners,
who were licensed in a State in the year; and
(E) an assessment of the progress being made to meet the health status goals and national health objectives referred to in section 701 (a) of this title.
(b) Audits; implementation, standards, etc.
(1) Each State shall, not less often than once every two years, audit its expenditures from amounts received under this subchapter. Such State audits shall be conducted by an entity independent of the State agency administering a program funded under this subchapter in accordance with the Comptroller General’s standards for auditing governmental organizations, programs, activities, and functions and generally accepted auditing standards. Within 30 days following the completion of each audit report, the State shall submit a copy of that audit report to the Secretary.
(2) Each State shall repay to the United States amounts found by the Secretary, after notice and opportunity for a hearing to the State, not to have been expended in accordance with this subchapter and, if such repayment is not made, the Secretary may offset such amounts against the amount of any allotment to which the State is or may become entitled under this subchapter or may otherwise recover such amounts.
(3) The Secretary may, after notice and opportunity for a hearing, withhold payment of funds to any State which is not using its allotment under this subchapter in accordance with this subchapter. The Secretary may withhold such funds until the Secretary finds that the reason for the withholding has been removed and there is reasonable assurance that it will not recur.
(c) Public inspection of reports and audits
The State shall make copies of the reports and audits required by this section available for public inspection within the State.
(d) Access to books, records, etc.; creation of new records
(1) For the purpose of evaluating and reviewing the block grant established under this subchapter, the Secretary and the Comptroller General shall have access to any books, accounts, records, correspondence, or other documents that are related to such block grant, and that are in the possession, custody, or control of States, political subdivisions thereof, or any of their grantees.
(2) In conjunction with an evaluation or review under paragraph (1), no State or political subdivision thereof (or grantee of either) shall be required to create or prepare new records to comply with paragraph (1).
(3) For other provisions relating to deposit, accounting, reports, and auditing with respect to Federal grants to States, see section 6503 (b)  [2] of title 31.


[1]  So in original.

[2]  See References in Text note below.

Source

(Aug. 14, 1935, ch. 531, title V, § 506, as added Pub. L. 97–35, title XXI, § 2192(a),Aug. 13, 1981, 95 Stat. 823; amended Pub. L. 98–369, div. B, title III, § 2373(a)(2),July 18, 1984, 98 Stat. 1111; Pub. L. 101–239, title VI, §§ 6503(c)(3), (4), 6504,Dec. 19, 1989, 103 Stat. 2278; Pub. L. 104–316, title I, § 122(f),Oct. 19, 1996, 110 Stat. 3837; Pub. L. 106–113, div. B, § 1000(a)(6) [title VII, § 703(d)(1)], Nov. 29, 1999, 113 Stat. 1536, 1501A–402.)
References in Text

Section 6503 of title 31, referred to in subsec. (d)(3), was amended generally by Pub. L. 101–453, § 5(b),Oct. 24, 1990, 104 Stat. 1059, and, as so amended, provisions formerly appearing in subsec. (b) are now contained in subsec. (h).
Prior Provisions

A prior section 706, act Aug. 14, 1935, ch. 531, title V, § 506, as added Jan. 2, 1968, Pub. L. 90–248, title III, § 301, 81 Stat. 924; amended Oct. 30, 1972, Pub. L. 92–603, title II, §§ 221(c)(2), 224 (d), 229 (d), 233 (d), 237 (b), 86 Stat. 1389, 1395, 1410, 1412, 1416, related to computation of amount of payments to States, prior to the general revision of this subchapter by section 2192(a) ofPub. L. 97–35. See section 703 of this title. For effective date, savings, and transitional provisions, see section 2194 ofPub. L. 97–35, set out as a note under section 701 of this title.
Provisions similar to those comprising former section 706 were contained in sections 504 and 514 of act Aug. 14, 1935, ch. 531, title V, 49 Stat. 630, 632, as amended (formerly classified to sections 704 and 714 of this title), prior to the general amendment and renumbering of title V of act Aug. 14, 1935, by Pub. L. 90–248, § 301.
Amendments

1999—Subsec. (a)(2)(D)(ii), (3)(D)(ii)(II). Pub. L. 106–113inserted “or the State plan under subchapter XXI of this chapter” after “subchapter XIX of this chapter”.
1996—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 104–316struck out “and the Comptroller General” after “with the States”.
1989—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 101–239, § 6504(a)(1), inserted after first sentence “Each such report shall be prepared by, or in consultation with, the State maternal and child health agency.”, substituted “be in such standardized form and contain such information (including information described in paragraph (2))” for “be in such form and contain such information”, and substituted “, (C) to describe the extent to which the State has met the goals and objectives it set forth under section 705 (a)(2)(B)(i) of this title and the national health objectives referred to in section 701 (a) of this title, and (D)” for “and of the progress made toward achieving the purposes of this subchapter, and (C)”.
Pub. L. 101–239, § 6503(c)(3), (4), substituted “application transmitted under section 705 (a) of this title” for “description and statement transmitted under section 705 of this title” in subpar. (C).
Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 101–239, § 6504(a)(3), added par. (2). Former par. (2) redesignated (3).
Subsec. (a)(3). Pub. L. 101–239, § 6504(b), amended par. (3) generally. Prior to amendment, par. (3) read as follows: “The Secretary shall annually report to the Congress on activities funded under section 702 (a) of this title and shall provide for transmittal of a copy of such report to each State.”
Pub. L. 101–239, § 6504(a)(2), redesignated former par. (2) as (3).
1984—Subsec. (d)(3). Pub. L. 98–369substituted “section 6503 (b) of title 31” for “section 202 of the Intergovernmental Cooperation Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 4212)”.
Change of Name

Committee on Energy and Commerce of House of Representatives treated as referring to Committee on Commerce of House of Representatives by section 1(a) ofPub. L. 104–14, set out as a note preceding section 21 of Title 2, The Congress. Committee on Commerce of House of Representatives changed to Committee on Energy and Commerce of House of Representatives, and jurisdiction over matters relating to securities and exchanges and insurance generally transferred to Committee on Financial Services of House of Representatives by House Resolution No. 5, One Hundred Seventh Congress, Jan. 3, 2001.
Effective Date of 1999 Amendment

Pub. L. 106–113, div. B, § 1000(a)(6) [title VII, § 703(d)(2)], Nov. 29, 1999, 113 Stat. 1536, 1501A–402, provided that: “The amendments made by paragraph (1) [amending this section] apply to annual reports submitted under section 506 of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 706) for years beginning after the date of the enactment of this Act [Nov. 29, 1999].”
Effective Date of 1989 Amendment

Amendment by section 6503(c)(3), (4) ofPub. L. 101–239applicable to payments for allotments for fiscal years beginning with fiscal year 1991, and amendment by section 6504 ofPub. L. 101–239applicable to annual reports for fiscal years beginning with fiscal year 1991, see section 6510(b) ofPub. L. 101–239, set out as a note under section 701 of this title.
Reports to Congress; Activities of States Receiving Allotments and Study of Alternative Formulas for Allotment

Pub. L. 97–35, title XXI, § 2192(b),Aug. 13, 1981, 95 Stat. 826, provided that:
“(1) The Secretary of Health and Human Services shall, no later than October 1, 1984, report to the Congress on the activities of States receiving allotments under title V of the Social Security Act [42 U.S.C. 701 et seq.] (as amended by this section) and include in such report any recommendations for appropriate changes in legislation.
“(2) The Secretary of Health and Human Services, in consultation with the Comptroller General, shall examine alternative formulas, for the allotment of funds to States under section 502(b) of the Social Security Act [42 U.S.C. 702 (b)] (as amended by this section) which might be used as a substitute for the method of allotting funds described in such section, which provide for the equitable distribution of such funds to States (as defined for purposes of such section), and which take into account—
“(A) the populations of the States,
“(B) the number of live births in the States,
“(C) the number of crippled children in the States,
“(D) the number of low income mothers and children in the States,
“(E) the financial resources of the various States, and
“(F) such other factors as the Secretary deems appropriate, and shall report to the Congress thereon not later than June 30, 1982.”

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42 USCDescription of ChangeSession YearPublic LawStatutes at Large

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42 CFR - Public Health

42 CFR Part 51a - PROJECT GRANTS FOR MATERNAL AND CHILD HEALTH

44 CFR - Emergency Management and Assistance

44 CFR Part 17 - [Reserved]

45 CFR - Public Welfare

45 CFR Part 96 - BLOCK GRANTS

 

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